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Journal Articles

Improvement in the elution performance of an N,N,N',N-tetraoctyl diglycolamide impregnated extraction chromatography adsorbent using neodymium via micro-particle-induced X-ray emission analysis

Takahatake, Yoko; Watanabe, So; Arai, Tsuyoshi*; Sato, Takahiro*; Shibata, Atsuhiro

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 196, p.110783_1 - 110783_5, 2023/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Outgassing characteristics from the J-PARC-made internal antenna for a high-intensity radio-frequency H$$^-$$ ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.675 - 679, 2023/01

In J-PARC, we have been conducting the test of a J-PARC-made internal antenna in order to establish the production method and understand the beam characteristics of the antenna. At this time, we investigated the outgas characteristics during the production of a high-density plasma by using the J-PARC-made antenna. It is confirmed that no remarkable impurities are emitted from the antenna by a residual gas analysis using a quadrupole mass analyzer installed downstream the ion source and a spectroscopic analysis of the plasma in the ion source. It is found that the emittances of the H$$^-$$ beam extracted from the J-PARC radio-frequency H$$^-$$ ion source by using the antenna was similar as those in case by using SNS antenna.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of RF antenna lifetime after long-term operation of J-PARC ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Ishida, Masaki*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.863 - 867, 2023/01

Continuous operation duration of the J-PARC Radio Frequency (RF) ion source has been extended step by step these years for the goal to supply stable beam during the entire period of J-PARC user operation (around 7 months) each year. A 3651 hours (5 months) continuous ion source operation has been achieved from Nov. 2020 to Apr. 2021. As the lifetime of the ion source is mainly limited by failure on the RF antenna coil, detailed evaluation of the antenna surface condition is required to ensure the feasibility of the further extension of the operation time. In the present study, dimension measurements and SEM/EDS analyses were applied to understand the surface discoloration of the RF antenna. The discoloration after the long-term continuous operation is due to deposition of injected cesium (for H$$^-$$ surface production process) and of stainless used steel (Fe, Cr, Ni) from the ion source components sputtered by plasma. The results show that the enamel coating of the RF antenna has not worn out in the long-term continuous operation for several months and, hence, extension of the ion source continuous operation duration can be extended.

Journal Articles

Influence of plutonium content in dissolver solutions derived from irradiated fast reactor fuels on plutonium stripping in multistage countercurrent liquid-liquid extraction with acid split flowsheet

Nakahara, Masaumi; Shibata, Atsuhiro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 10 Pages, 2023/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

To develop the acid split method which has highly nuclear proliferation resistance, influence of Pu content in dissolver solutions derived from irradiated fast reactor fuel on the Pu stripping was investigated in experiments and a calculation. The Pu content in the U/Pu and U products increased with increasing the Pu content in the dissolver solution. Moreover, the calculated results indicate that the Pu leakage into the U product is suppressed with the Pu stripping solution only at low temperature.

Journal Articles

Structural changes of polystyrene particles in subcritical and supercritical water revealed by in situ small-angle neutron scattering

Shibata, Motoki*; Nakanishi, Yohei*; Abe, Jun*; Arima, Hiroshi*; Iwase, Hiroki*; Shibayama, Mitsuhiro*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Yamamoto, Katsuhiro*; et al.

Polymer Journal, 6 Pages, 2023/00

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Polymer Science)

Journal Articles

Harmless treatment of radioactive liquid wastes for safe storage in systematic treatment of radioactive liquid waste for decommissioning project

Nakahara, Masaumi; Watanabe, So; Aihara, Haruka; Takahatake, Yoko; Arai, Yoichi; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Fuel Cycle; Sustainable Energy Beyond the Pandemic (GLOBAL 2022) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2022/07

Various radioactive wastes have been generated from Chemical Processing Facility for basic research on advanced reactor fuel reprocessing, radioactive waste disposal, and nuclear fuel cycle technology. Many types of reagents have been used for the experiments, and some troublesome materials were produced in the course of experiments. The radioactive liquid wastes were treated for stable and safe storage using decomposition, solvent extraction, precipitation, and solidification methods. In this study, current status of harmless treatment for the radioactive liquid wastes would be reported.

JAEA Reports

Stabilization treatment of nuclear fuel material contained with organic matter

Senzaki, Tatsuya; Arai, Yoichi; Yano, Kimihiko; Sato, Daisuke; Tada, Kohei; Ogi, Hiromichi*; Kawanobe, Takayuki*; Ono, Shimpei; Nakamura, Masahiro; Kitawaki, Shinichi; et al.

JAEA-Testing 2022-001, 28 Pages, 2022/05


In preparation for the decommissioning of Laboratory B of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineering Laboratory, the nuclear fuel material that had been stored in the glove box for a long time was moved to the Chemical Processing Facility (CPF). This nuclear fuel material was stored with sealed by a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bag in the storage. Since it was confirmed that the PVC bag swelled during storage, it seems that any gas was generated by radiolysis of the some components contained in the nuclear fuel material. In order to avoid breakage of the PVC bag and keep it safety for long time, we began the study on the stabilization treatment of the nuclear fuel material. First, in order to clarify the properties of nuclear fuel material, radioactivity analysis, component analysis, and thermal analysis were carried out. From the results of thermal analysis, the existence of organic matter was clarified. Then, ion exchange resin with similar thermal characteristics was selected and the thermal decomposition conditions were investigated. From the results of these analyzes and examinations, the conditions for thermal decomposition of the nuclear fuel material contained with organic matter was established. Performing a heat treatment of a small amount of nuclear fuel material in order to confirm the safety, after which the treatment amount was scaled up. It was confirmed by the weight change after the heat treatment that the nuclear fuel material contained with organic matter was completely decomposed.

Journal Articles

Soundness evaluation of J-PARC RF ion source after 5-month continuous operation

Shibata, Takanori*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 2244, p.012041_1 - 012041_5, 2022/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.33

In the J-PARC user operation from Nov. 2020 - Apr. 2021, continuous operation of J-PARC Radio Frequency (RF) negative hydrogen ion (H$$^-$$) source up to 3,651 hours (5 months) has been achieved. The ion source was operated with the output H$$^-$$ current of 60 mA, the duty factor (for plasma generation) 2% and the input RF power up to 30 kW. After the operation, phase space diagrams at the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) entrance were measured by the emittance monitor at the ion source test stand (IS-TS) under the same operation condition as in the J-PARC Linac. Comparison of the phase spaces and the beam emittances between the ion sources in the present and the previous operations shows slight difference. From the direct observation of the antenna coil, no exhaustion or the decrease in the thickness of the enamel coating of the coil have been confirmed. The results indicate the possibility of the next goal of the long-run up to 7 months, which is the same as the full duration of the J-PARC user operation in 1 year.

Journal Articles

Ten years after the NPP accident at Fukushima; Review on fuel debris behavior in contact with water

Grambow, B.; Nitta, Ayako; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Takami, Ryu*; Fueda, Kazuki*; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Jegou, C.*; Laffolley, H.*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(1), p.1 - 24, 2022/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:71.66(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Effect of a 2-MHz RF source on the H$$^-$$ beam extracted from an RF-driven high-intensity H$$^-$$ ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Wada, Motoi*

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.230 - 233, 2021/10

In most proton accelerator facilities such as J-PARC, SNS, CERN, a H$$^-$$ ion source equipped with a 2-MHz rf driver for plasma generation produces H$$^-$$ beams. We have reported H$$^-$$ beam characteristics extracted from the J-PARC rf-driven high-intensity H$$^-$$ ion source. We have been developing an emittance measurement apparatus equipped with a highly time-resolved data acquisition system in order to observe fluctuation of the beam emittance in association with the frequency of the rf driver. By using this apparatus, we found that the beam emittance is fluctuated with the frequency with the rf driver and higher harmonics. We will show some obtained results of the emittance fluctuation.

Journal Articles

Synchronization system of ion source RF and cavity RF in J-PARC linac

Shibata, Takanori*; Hirano, Koichiro; Hirane, Tatsuya*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Hayashi, Naoki; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.417 - 421, 2021/10

In J-PARC linac, the operation of an rf-driven high-intensity H$$^-$$ ion source was initiated in 2014. For plasma ignition, the 2-MHz rf amplifier outputs the power of several tens kW. However the rf amplifier for the ion source and those for the accelerating cavities have not been synchronized. As a result, the wave hights in the beam waveforms were different in shot by shot. Therefore, we have developed an synchronization system between the rf system for the ion source and those for the cavity systems and succeeded the same wave hights in the waveforms.

Journal Articles

General overview of the research project investigating the radionuclide solution behavior in mock mortar matrix modeled after conditions at the Fukushima-Daiichi Nuclear Power Station

Igarashi, Go*; Haga, Kazuko*; Yamada, Kazuo*; Aihara, Haruka; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Koma, Yoshikazu; Maruyama, Ippei*

Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 19(9), p.950 - 976, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.72(Construction & Building Technology)

Journal Articles

Oxidative decomposition of ammonium ion with ozone in the presence of cobalt and chloride ions for the treatment of radioactive liquid waste

Aihara, Haruka; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Mahardiani, L.*; Otomo, Ryoichi*; Kamiya, Yuichi*

Progress in Nuclear Energy, 139, p.103872_1 - 103872_9, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

High-speed emittance measurements for beams extracted from J-PARC RF ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Wada, Motoi*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nammo, Kesao*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2373, p.050002_1 - 050002_9, 2021/08

Oscillation of emittance and Twiss parameters in the negative ion beam from the J-PARC 2-MHz RF ion source is measured by applications of a double-slit emittance monitor located at the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) entrance. The emittance monitor is equipped with a newly-developed 60 MS/s data acquisition system, so that beam current oscillation in a few MHz can be observed with enough time resolution. From the measurement, it is shown that the beam phase space consists of (1) a DC component in the beam core, (2) a 2-MHz oscillating component which takes place both in the beam core and the halo and (3) a doubled RF frequency (4 MHz) oscillation which slightly exists in the beam halo. The major component is the 2-MHz component, which resultantly decides the beam emittance oscillation frequency. A typical value of the beam emittance in the present experiment is 0.34 $$pi$$ mm-mrad, while the amplitude of the 2 MHz oscillation is around 0.04 $$pi$$ mm-mrad. The results indicate that the high-frequency oscillation component occupying about ten-percent of the beam from the RF source travels a few meters passing through a magnetic lens focusing system.

JAEA Reports

Comprehensive treatment of radioactive liquid waste of Chemical Processing Facility

Ogi, Hiromichi*; Arai, Yoichi; Aihara, Haruka; Watanabe, So; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori

JAEA-Technology 2021-007, 27 Pages, 2021/06


Chemical Processing Facility (CPF) of Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing the fast reactor fuel reprocessing and vitrification technology. The various kinds of radioactive liquid wastes, which were generated by those experiments and analysis, stored in the hot cells and glove boxes of CPF. The treatment of radioactive liquid wastes were started since July 2015; however, treatment of several kinds of liquid wastes are revealed to be difficult due to contain the various hazardous chemicals. Therefore, in order to establish the new technology suitable for radioactive liquid waste treatment, several collaborative research programs with several universities and national research organizations were started. The combined project lead by JAEA was named to be STRAD (Systematic Treatments of Radioactive liquid wastes for Decommissioning) project. In this project, the process flow for treatment of several actual liquid wastes were established. In this report, treated method and progress of actual liquid wastes of CPF are summarized.

Journal Articles

Observation of Eu adsorption band in the CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P column by neutron resonance absorption imaging

Miyazaki, Yasunori; Watanabe, So; Nakamura, Masahiro; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Nomura, Kazunori; Kai, Tetsuya; Parker, J. D.*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011073_1 - 011073_7, 2021/03

Neutron resonance absorption imaging was adapted to observe the Eu band adsorbed in the CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P column for minor actinide recovery by extraction chromatography. Several wet columns were prepared by either light water or heavy water and compared with the dry column to evaluate the neutron transmission. The neutron transmission spectra showed that 45% was transmitted through the dry column while 20% and 40% were transmitted through the wet columns of light water and heavy water, respectively. The results indicated that heavy water is more applicable than light water to observe the Eu adsorption band in the CMPO/SiO$$_{2}$$-P column.

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011008_1 - 011008_7, 2021/03

A cesiated RF-driven negative hydrogen ion source was initiated to operate in September, 2014 in response to the need for upgrading J-PARC's linac beam current. The ion source mainly comprises a stainless-steel plasma chamber, a beam extractor and a large vacuum chamber equipped with two turbo molecular pumps, each having the pumping speed of 1500 L/s, for differential pumping. The user operation was started with the beam current of 33 mA from the ion source. We gradually increased both beam current and continuous operation time of the ion source. In July, 2018 (Run#79), approximately 2,200 hours operation was achieved with the typical beam current, pulse length and repetition rate of 47 mA, 300 $$mu$$s and 25 Hz, respectively. Since October, 2018 (Run#80), the ion source has been delivering a nominal beam current of approximately 60 mA.

Journal Articles

Phase space formation of high intensity 60 and 80 mA H$$^-$$ beam with orifice in J-PARC front-end

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Liu, Y.*; Otani, Masashi*; Naito, Fujio*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Okabe, Kota; Kondo, Yasuhiro; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011010_1 - 011010_6, 2021/03

Together with the intensity upgrade in J-PARC Linac Front-End, improvement of RFQ transmission ratio is an important task. This RFQ transmission ratio depends strongly upon the solenoid current settings in the low energy beam transport line (LEBT). In the present study, high beam current cases (72 mA and 88 mA H$$^-$$ beam current in LEBT) are investigated at a test-stand. Phase space distributions of the H$$^-$$ beam particles at the RFQ entrance are measured and compared with numerical results by Particle-In-Cell simulation. As a result, it has been clarified that a 15 mm $$phi$$ orifice for differential pumping of H$$_2$$ gas coming from the ion source plays a role as a collimator in these beam conditions. This leads to change the beam emittance and Twiss parameters at the RFQ entrance. Especially in the condition with the beam current up to 88 mA in LEBT, the beam collimation contributes to optimize the phase space distribution to the RFQ acceptance with relatively low solenoid current settings. As a higher solenoid current setting would be necessary to suppress the beam expansion due to high space charge effect, these results suggest that current-saving of the solenoids can be possible even in the higher beam intensity operations.

Journal Articles

High intensity beam studies for the new MEBT1 design

Okabe, Kota; Liu, Y.*; Otani, Masashi*; Moriya, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Chimura, Motoki*; Hirano, Koichiro; Oguri, Hidetomo; Kinsho, Michikazu

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011011_1 - 011011_6, 2021/03

To realize more stable operation of the J-PARC accelerators, we have a re-design plan of an MEBT1 (Medium Energy Beam Transport). At the J-PARC Linac, the MEBT1 has transverse and longitudinal beam matching section for the DTLs. However there are some locally activated spots in DTL area at the current beam power level. To reduce beam loss during a beam acceleration at the DTLs is a most important task for a stable user operation. The first thing we should do is investigation a connection between beam quality in the MEBT1 and parameters of the upstream hardware. In this presentation, we will report a high intensity beam study results at the MEBT1.

Journal Articles

A Project focusing on the contamination mechanism of concrete after the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Yamada, Kazuo*; Maruyama, Ippei*; Haga, Kazuko*; Igarashi, Go*; Aihara, Haruka; Tomita, Sayuri*; Kiran, R.*; Osawa, Norihisa*; Shibata, Atsuhiro; Shibuya, Kazutoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of International Waste Management Symposia 2021 (WM2021) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2021/03

213 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)