Shibata, Hiroki; Saito, Hiroaki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Takano, Masahide
JAEA-Data/Code 2019-023, 138 Pages, 2020/03
Transmutation of minor actinides in the form of nitride fuel by the accelerator driven system has been developed to reduce the radiotoxicity and volume in the radioactive wastes. Nitride fuel behavior under irradiation condition is necessary for its design and development. Nitride fuel performance analysis module based on light water reactor fuel performance code, FEMAXI-7, was developed by introducing fundamental properties of nitride pellet, 9Cr-1Mo ferrite cladding, and Pi-Bi coolant. As a result of test analysis with this module, we have understood that the nitride fuel shows excellent behavior under irradiation due to its high thermal conductivity. We found that, however, it may be a main concern that fuel cladding integrity is maintained during irradiation in which pellet-cladding mechanical interaction is increased by He gas release, low creep rate of nitride pellet at low temperatures, and high creep rate of cladding above 873 K.
Xu, Z. Y.*; Heylen, H.*; Asahi, Koichiro*; Boulay, F.*; Daugas, J. M.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Gins, W.*; Kamalou, O.*; Koszors, .*; Lykiardopoupou, M.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 782, p.619 - 626, 2018/07
no abstracts in English
Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Uehara, Toshiaki*; Ueno, Shunji*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kumahara, Hajime*; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*
JAEA-Technology 2017-026, 26 Pages, 2018/02
Under severe accidents, high-integrity transmission techniques are necessary so as to monitor the situation of the nuclear power plant. In this study, effects of gamma irradiation up to 10Gy on properties of optical devices were evaluated toward the development of a radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system using visible light. After the irradiation, for the LEDs, the total luminous flux decreased and the browning of resin lenses occurred. Meanwhile, the current-voltage characteristics hardly changed. For the PDs, the light sensitivity decreased and the browning of resin window occurred. The dark currents of PDs did not become large enough to adversely affect transmission. These results indicated that both the decreases of the total luminous flux of the LEDs and the light sensitivity of the PDs were mainly caused by not the degradation of the semiconductor parts but the browning of the resin parts by the irradiation. In addition, basic decrease behaviors of light transmission of several different types of glasses by gamma irradiation were also obtained so as to select the suitable optical windows and filters for the developing radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system.
Shamoto, Shinichi; Ito, Takashi; Onishi, Hiroaki; Yamauchi, Hiroki; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Matsuura, Masato*; Akatsu, Mitsuhiro*; Kodama, Katsuaki; Nakao, Akiko*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(5), p.054429_1 - 054429_9, 2018/02
Nuclear and magnetic structure and full magnon dispersions of yttrium iron garnet YFeO have been studied by neutron scattering. The lowest-energy dispersion below 14 meV exhibits a quadratic dispersion as expected from ferromagnetic magnons. The imaginary part of -integrated dynamical spin susceptibility "() exhibits a square-root energy-dependence in the low energies. The magnon density of state is estimated from the "() obtained on an absolute scale. The value is consistent with a single chirality mode for the magnon branch expected theoretically.
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Hayashi, Hirokazu; Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Tsubata, Yasuhiro
NEA/NSC/R(2017)3, p.427 - 432, 2017/11
Transmutation of long-lived radioactive nuclides including minor actinides (MA: Np, Am, Cm) has been studied in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). Pb-Bi cooled sub-critical accelerator-driven system (ADS) is regarded as one of the powerful tools for transmutation of MA under the double strata fuel cycle concept. Uranium-free MA-Pu nitride fuel was chosen as the first candidate for MA transmutation. Reprocessing of spent ADS fuel and reusing MA recovered from the spent ADS fuels is necessary to improve the transmutation ratio. A pyrochemical process has been proposed as the first candidate for reprocessing of the spent nitride fuel for MA transmutation, because this technique has some advantages over aqueous process, such as the resistance to radiation damage, which is an important issue for the fuels containing large amounts of highly radioactive MA, and feasibility for recovering expensive N-15 in the spent fuels to be reused. This paper overviews the current status of the technology development, including our recent study. Development of the anode suitable for electro-refining of nitride fuels and that of the apparatus for renitridation of the metals recovered in Cd cathode for 100g-Cd scale cold tests are main topics. Evaluation of the batch sizes of each process, which is necessary for estimating the scale of the engineering-apparatus, with considering the decay heat of MA and FP, will also be introduced.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09
Shibata, Hiroki; Tokushima, Kazuyuki; Sakamoto, Kan*; Kurata, Masaki
Proceedings of Annual Topical Meeting on LWR Fuels with Enhanced Safety and Performance (TopFuel 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.1033 - 1042, 2016/09
To understand the degradation process of control blade channel, control blade degradation tests using sim-materials were performed under various atmospheres with the temperature increase and temperature gradient conditions. In the steam atmosphere with a flow rate of 0.0125 g/s/rod, control blade, channel box, and fuel rods were degraded, especially at the upper part of the test piece, which was similar to that observed in argon atmosphere test. However, the observed degradation was rather different at a flow rate of 0.0417 g/s/rod. At the upper part of the test piece, only the control blade was degraded preferentially and did not react with channel box wall. In contrast, the eutectic reaction of S.S./BC-melt and Zry occurred at the lower part. These observations suggested the existence of a threshold condition for the control rod degradation between 0.0125 and 0.0417 g/s/rod which is significantly affected by the thickness of the oxide layer on Zry.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P. A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08
Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04
Shibata, Hiroki; Sakamoto, Kan*; Ouchi, Atsushi*; Kurata, Masaki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1313 - 1317, 2015/10
Chemical interactions between S.S. and BC may lead to the melting of control rods and subsequent relocation of control rod materials in the early stage of severe accident. The liquid products interact with the surroundings such as control rod blades, Zircaloy channel boxes and fuel rods, which may accelerate the fuel bundle degradation. Previous studies on the chemical interactions between S.S. and BC have been performed using the BC powders or pellets. However, almost all of control rods of BWR in Japan consist of granular BC filled in S.S. tubes. In the present study, the chemical reaction tests were carried out using the materials adopted in BWR in Japan, namely granular BC and 304L type S.S. and it was concluded that the kinetics of chemical interaction between S.S. and granular BC is clearly different from that between S.S. and pellet or powder BC.
Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Takano, Masahide; Kurata, Masaki
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 52(10), p.1253 - 1258, 2015/08
In order to explore the applicability of the chlorination by MoCl as a potential pretreatment technique for waste treatment of fuel debris by pyrochemical methods, chlorination experiments of UO and (UZr)O simulated fuel debris were carried out in two steps: the first one is a chlorination reaction by homogeneous heating, the second one is a volatilization of molybdenum by-product by heating under temperature gradient condition. Most of UO and (UZr)O powder were converted to UCl or UCl and ZrCl mixture at 573 K, respectively. In the case of (UZr)Osintered particle, most of sample was converted to the chlorides because the products evaporated and be separated from sample surface at 773 K, while only the surface of the sample disk was converted to the chlorides at 573 and 673 K. Most of molybdenum by-product and ZrCl were separated from UCl by volatilization at 573 K.
Shibata, Hiroki; Hayashi, Hirokazu; Koyama, Tadafumi*
Denki Kagaku Oyobi Kogyo Butsuri Kagaku, 83(7), p.532 - 536, 2015/07
The electrochemical properties of curium in a LiCl-KCl eutectic melt were studied in the temperature range of 718-823 K. A small electrochemical cell used in this study was designed for the electrochemical measurement with a small amount (1-20 mg) of the highly radioactive minor actinides contained in molten salts achieved in a hot cell. Our data of apparent standard potentials of a Cm/Cm couple are reasonably in agreement with Osipenko's data (2011) and are lower than Martinot's data (1975). The validity of our data and the reported apparent standard potentials were discussed.
Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hioyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06
Hayashi, Hirokazu; Nishi, Tsuyoshi; Takano, Masahide; Sato, Takumi; Shibata, Hiroki; Kurata, Masaki
NEA/NSC/R(2015)2 (Internet), p.360 - 367, 2015/06
Uranium-free nitride fuel was chosen as the first candidate for transmutation of long-lived minor actinides (MA) using accelerator-driven system (ADS) under the double strata fuel cycle concept by Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). The advantages of nitride fuel are good thermal properties and large mutual solubility among actinide elements. A pyrochemical process is proposed as the first candidate for the reprocessing of the spent nitride fuel, because this technique has some advantages over aqueous process, such as the resistance to radiation damage, which is an important issue for the fuels containing large amounts of highly radioactive MA. This paper overviews the recent progress and future R&D plan of the study on the nitride fuel cycle technology in JAEA.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054324_1 - 054324_11, 2015/05
Lorusso, G.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Watanabe, H.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 114(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2015/05
Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Uehara, Toshiaki; Ueno, Shunji; Kumahara, Hajime*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko
JAEA-Review 2014-050, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2013, P. 33, 2015/03
irradiation effects on LEDs and photo diodes (PDs) were evaluated toward the development of a radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system using visible light. The current-voltage characteristics and total luminous flux of the LEDs and the dark current and light sensitivity of the PDs were measured before and after the irradiation. After the irradiation, for the LEDs, the total luminous flux decreased and the resin lenses turned oxblood. Meanwhile, the current-voltage characteristics hardly changed. For the PDs, the light sensitivity decreased and the resin window turned oxblood while the dark currents stayed at most 10 nA. These results indicated that both the decreases of the total luminous flux of the LEDs and the light sensitivity of the PDs were mainly caused by not the degradation of the semiconductor parts but the coloring of the resin parts by the irradiation.
Tokushima, Kazuyuki; Shibata, Hiroki; Kurata, Masaki; Sawada, Akihiko*; Sakamoto, Kan*
Annual Topical Meeting on Reactor Fuel Performance (TopFuel 2015), Conference Proceedings, Poster (Internet), p.478 - 485, 2015/00
Two type tests were performed to examine the prevention effect of the oxide layers to liquefaction interaction between Zircaloy and core component materials. The oxide layer of Zircaloy was clearly confirmed to prevent the liquefaction interaction under the temperature of melting point of stainless steel even if the oxide layer on Zircaloy of approximately 30 micro meters, which is thinner than it is predicted to be formed under typical accident condition. The oxide layers were able to be formed even in the region where the gas flow is significantly limited by narrow arrangement. Although the oxide layers at the inner position of upper end plug was hard to form, the prevention effect of the oxide layers was sufficiently observed. The axial variation of the thickness of the oxide layers was observed. It suggested that variation of partial pressure of HO should be considered to evaluate the growth rate of the oxide layers for detail.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Nishimura, Shunji*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Ncher, E.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 738, p.223 - 227, 2014/11