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Journal Articles

Quartz cell for a backscattering spectrometer

Tominaga, Taiki*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011086_1 - 011086_5, 2021/03

We developed a quartz double cylindrical sample cell optimized for a backscattering neutron spectrometer, especially for BL02 (DNA), MLF in J-PARC. A quartz glass tube, with one end closed, is shaved to obtain a wall thickness of 0.55 mm. The inner tube is properly centered using a protrusion into the outer tube such that the interstice between the outer and inner tubes keeps constant. This quartz cell can be used for samples that should not be in contact with the aluminum surface. We verified cell's background effect between the quartz cell and Al cell by QENS measurements using D$$_{2}$$O buffer. The elastic intensity profiles of the buffer in a low Q region were identical between both quartz cell and Al cell (A1070). In a high Q region, however, the profiles were different caused by the first sharp diffraction peak of quartz glass. For this region the data should be analyzed by consideration of absorption correction and diffraction in individual thickness of quartz cell.

Journal Articles

Voltage drop analysis and leakage suppression design for mineral-insulated cables

Hirota, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Otsuka, Noriaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 57(12), p.1276 - 1286, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The influence of materials of mineral-insulated (MI) cables on their electrical characteristics upon exposure to high-temperature conditions was examined via a transmission test, in the objective of achieving the stability of the potential distribution along the cable length. Occurrence of a voltage drop along the cable was confirmed for aluminum oxide (Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$) and magnesium oxide (MgO), as insulating materials of the MI cable. A finite-element method (FEM)-based analysis was performed to evaluate the leakage in the potentials, which was found at the terminal end. Voltage drop yields by the transmission test and the analysis were in good agreement for the MI cable of Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$ and MgO materials, which suggests the reproducibility of the magnitude relationship of the experimental results via the FEM analysis. To suppress the voltage drop, the same FEM analysis was conducted, the diameter of the core wires ($$d$$) and the distance between them ($$l$$) were varied. Considering the variation of $$d$$, the potential distribution in the MI cable produced a minimum voltage drop corresponding to a ratio $$d/D$$ of 0.35, obtained by dividing $$d$$ with that of the insulating material ($$D$$). In case of varying $$l$$, a minimum voltage drop was l/$$D$$ of 0.5.

Journal Articles

Non-invasive imaging of radiocesium dynamics in a living animal using a positron-emitting $$^{127}$$Cs tracer

Suzui, Nobuo*; Shibata, Takuya; Yin, Y.-G.*; Funaki, Yoshihito*; Kurita, Keisuke; Hoshina, Hiroyuki*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Fujimaki, Shu*; Seko, Noriaki*; Watabe, Hiroshi*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.16155_1 - 16155_9, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of the high-$$T_{rm C}$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

Sakamoto, Shoya*; Tu, N. T.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; Wakabayashi, Yuki K.*; Shibata, Goro*; Horio, Masafumi*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of the high-$$T_{rm C}$$ ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Fe)Sb; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonance photoemission spectroscopy studies

Sakamoto, Shoya*; Tu, N. T.*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Hai, P. N.*; Anh, L. D.*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Shibata, Goro*; Horio, Masafumi*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; et al.

Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035204_1 - 035204_8, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:67.98(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Local magnetic states of the weakly ferromagnetic iron-based superconductor Sr$$_{2}$$VFeAsO$$_{3-delta}$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Horio, Masafumi*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Namiki, Hiromasa*; Katagiri, Takao*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Nonaka, Yosuke*; Shibata, Goro*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(10), p.105001_1 - 105001_2, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:16.87(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Cation distribution and magnetic properties in ultrathin (Ni$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_{x}$$)Fe$$_{2}$$O$$_{4}$$ (x=0-1) layers on Si(111) studied by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Nonaka, Yosuke*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Ikeda, Keisuke*; Chi, Z.*; Shibata, Goro*; Tanaka, Arata*; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(10), p.104416_1 - 104416_12, 2018/10

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:37.83(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Dynamic properties of nano-confined water in an ionic liquid

Abe, Hiroshi*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru

Journal of Molecular Liquids, 264, p.54 - 57, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.6(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Atmospheric modeling of $$^{137}$$Cs plumes from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant; Evaluation of the model intercomparison data of the Science Council of Japan

Kitayama, Kyo*; Morino, Yu*; Takigawa, Masayuki*; Nakajima, Teruyuki*; Hayami, Hiroshi*; Nagai, Haruyasu; Terada, Hiroaki; Saito, Kazuo*; Shimbori, Toshiki*; Kajino, Mizuo*; et al.

Journal of Geophysical Research; Atmospheres, 123(14), p.7754 - 7770, 2018/07

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:76.82(Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences)

We compared seven atmospheric transport model results for $$^{137}$$Cs released during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. All the results had been submitted for a model intercomparison project of the Science Council of Japan in 2014. We assessed model performance by comparing model results with observed hourly atmospheric concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs, focusing on nine plumes over the Tohoku and Kanto regions. The results showed that model performance for $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations was highly variable among models and plumes. We also assessed model performance for accumulated $$^{137}$$Cs deposition. Simulated areas of high deposition were consistent with the plume pathways, though the models that best simulated $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations were different from those that best simulated deposition. The ensemble mean of all models consistently reproduced $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations and deposition well, suggesting that use of a multimodel ensemble results in more effective and consistent model performance.

Journal Articles

High-temperature oxidation of sheath materials using mineral-insulated cables for a simulated severe accident

Nakano, Hiroko; Hirota, Noriaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 5(2), p.17-00594_1 - 17-00594_12, 2018/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Degradation behavior of optical components by gamma irradiation (Contract research)

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Hanakawa, Hiroki; Uehara, Toshiaki*; Ueno, Shunji*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Kumahara, Hajime*; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*

JAEA-Technology 2017-026, 26 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Technology-2017-026.pdf:4.0MB

Under severe accidents, high-integrity transmission techniques are necessary so as to monitor the situation of the nuclear power plant. In this study, effects of gamma irradiation up to 10$$^{6}$$Gy on properties of optical devices were evaluated toward the development of a radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system using visible light. After the irradiation, for the LEDs, the total luminous flux decreased and the browning of resin lenses occurred. Meanwhile, the current-voltage characteristics hardly changed. For the PDs, the light sensitivity decreased and the browning of resin window occurred. The dark currents of PDs did not become large enough to adversely affect transmission. These results indicated that both the decreases of the total luminous flux of the LEDs and the light sensitivity of the PDs were mainly caused by not the degradation of the semiconductor parts but the browning of the resin parts by the irradiation. In addition, basic decrease behaviors of light transmission of several different types of glasses by gamma irradiation were also obtained so as to select the suitable optical windows and filters for the developing radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system.

JAEA Reports

On-site training using JMTR and related facilities in FY2017

Eguchi, Shohei; Shibata, Hiroshi; Imaizumi, Tomomi; Nagata, Hiroshi; Tanimoto, Masataka; Kusunoki, Tsuyoshi

JAEA-Review 2017-032, 26 Pages, 2018/02

JAEA-Review-2017-032.pdf:2.44MB

A practical training course using the JMTR and other research infrastructures was held from July 24th to August 4th in 2017 for Asian young researchers and engineers. This course was adopted as Japan-Asia Youth Exchange Program in Science (SAKURA Exchange Program in Science) which is the project of the Japan Science and Technology Agency, and this course aims to enlarge the number of high-level nuclear researchers/engineers in Asian countries which are planning to introduce a nuclear power plant, and to promote the use of facilities in future. In this year, 10 young researchers and engineers joined the course from 6 countries. This course consists of lectures, which are related to irradiation test research, safety management of nuclear reactors, nuclear characteristics of the nuclear reactors, etc., practical training such as practice of research reactor operation using simulator and technical tour of nuclear facilities on nuclear energy. The content of this course in FY 2017 is reported in this paper.

JAEA Reports

Establishment of experimental equipments in irradiation technology development building, 2

Shibata, Hiroshi; Nakano, Hiroko; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Otsuka, Noriaki; Nishikata, Kaori; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Hirota, Noriaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

JAEA-Testing 2017-002, 138 Pages, 2017/12

JAEA-Testing-2017-002.pdf:9.3MB

From the viewpoints of utilization improvement of the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), the experimental devices have been established for the out-pile tests in the irradiation technology development building. The devices for the irradiation capsule assembly, material tests and inspections were established at first and experimental data were accumulated before the neutron irradiation tests. On the other hand, after the Great East Japan Earthquake, the repairs and earthquake-resistant measures of the existing devices were carried out. New devices and equipments were also established for the R&D program for power plant safety enhancement of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc production development under the Tsukuba International Strategic Zone. This report describes the outline and basic operation manuals of the devices established from 2011 to 2016 and the management points for the safety works in the irradiation technology development building.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 3; Neutron devices and computational and sample environments

Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09

Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and $$^{3}$$He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.

JAEA Reports

On-site training using JMTR and related facilities in FY2016

Eguchi, Shohei; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Tanimoto, Masataka; Kusunoki, Tsuyoshi

JAEA-Review 2017-007, 32 Pages, 2017/03

JAEA-Review-2017-007.pdf:3.19MB

A practical training course using the JMTR and other research infrastructures was held from July 25th to August 5th in 2016 for domestic and foreign young researchers and engineers. This course aims to enlarge the number of high-level nuclear researchers/engineers in Japan and foreign countries which are planning to introduce a nuclear power plant, and to promote the use of facilities in future. In this year, 13 young researchers and engineers joined the course from 7 countries. This course consists of lectures, which are related to irradiation test research, safety management of nuclear reactors, nuclear characteristics of the nuclear reactors, etc., practical training and technical tour of nuclear facilities on nuclear energy. At the end of the course, the trainees discussed the energy policy and prospect of each country, each country's research reactor, and trainee's current research. The content of this course in FY 2016 is reported in this paper.

Journal Articles

Inelastic and quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers in J-PARC

Seto, Hideki; Ito, Shinichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Shibata, Kaoru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; et al.

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; General Subjects, 1861(1), p.3651 - 3660, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:80.69(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

J-PARC, Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex provides short pulse proton beam at a repetition rate 25 Hz and the maximum power is expected to be 1 MW. Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments have already been operated or under construction / commissioning. There are 6 inelastic / quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers and the complementary use of these spectrometers will open new insight for life science.

Journal Articles

Origin of the large positive magnetoresistance of Ge$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_{x}$$ granular thin films

Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Akiyama, Ryota*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Horio, Masafumi*; Shibata, Goro*; Sakamoto, Shoya*; Ban, Yoshisuke*; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Fujimori, Atsushi*; et al.

Physical Review B, 95(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_6, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:45.89(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system using light emitting diodes and photo diodes

Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Otsuka, Noriaki; Uehara, Toshiaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Shibagaki, Taro*; Komanome, Hirohisa*

IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 63(5), p.2698 - 2702, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:25.63(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

In response to the lesson of the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant, we started a development of a radiation-resistant in-water wireless transmission system. In this study, capability of light emitting diodes (LED) and photo diodes (PD) as light emitting and receiving devices was researched. Results of irradiation tests of LEDs and PDs up to 1 MGy indicated a main cause of the degradation of the optical performances of the diodes was not the radiation damage at the semiconductor parts but the coloring of the resin parts. Assuming that the use of the candidate LED and PD, the PD's output current generated by the emission light of the LED at five meters away in water was estimated to be detectable intensity even considering the effects of the absorption of the light by water and the increased dark current by 1 MGy irradiation. Therefore, a radiation resistant in-water transmission system can be constructed using LEDs and PDs in principle.

Journal Articles

Corrosion property of sheath materials using MI cables at conditions simulated severe accident

Nakano, Hiroko; Shibata, Hiroshi; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Matsui, Yoshinori; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Proceedings of International Conference on Asia-Pacific Conference on Fracture and Strength 2016 (APCFS 2016) (USB Flash Drive), p.283 - 284, 2016/09

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

R&D of high-temperature resistance type mineral insulated cable for sever accident

Miura, Kuniaki*; Shibata, Hiroshi; Onizawa, Tatsuya*; Nakano, Hiroko; Takeno, Naofumi*; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-13-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.387 - 390, 2016/07

no abstracts in English

214 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)