Hashimoto, Shunsuke*; Nakajima, Kenji; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Kamazawa, Kazuya*; Shibata, Kaoru; Yamada, Takeshi*
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 342, p.117580_1 - 117580_8, 2021/11
Quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS) and pulsed-field-gradient nuclear magnetic resonance (PFGNMR) analyses of a nanofluid composed of silicon dioxide (SiO) nanoparticles and a base fluid of ethylene glycol aqueous solution were performed. The aim was to elucidate the mechanism increase in the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid above its theoretical value. The obtained experimental results indicate that SiO particles may decrease the self-diffusion coefficient of the liquid molecules in the ethylene glycol aqueous solution because of their highly restricted motion around these nanoparticles. At a constant temperature, the thermal conductivity increases as the self-diffusion coefficient of the liquid molecules decreases in the SiO nanofluids.
Iwatsuki, Teruki; Shibata, Masahito*; Murakami, Hiroaki; Watanabe, Yusuke; Fukuda, Kenji
Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, G (Kankyo) (Internet), 75(1), p.42 - 54, 2019/03
In order to clarify the influence of shotcrete in the underground facility on the groundwater chemistry, an in-situ closed test was conducted in the mock-up tunnel at the depth of 500 m. Brucite, Ettringite, Ca(OH) , Gibbsite, KCO, NaCO 10HO, SiO (a) and Calcite were identified as the dominant minerals affecting the water chemistry. Furthermore, the shotcrete constructed in the tunnel has a reaction capacity which can produce about 570 m of alkaline groundwater (pH12.4) saturated with Ca(OH). The estimation would improve the accuracy of prediction analysis of the long-term chemical influence of cement materials after the closure of the tunnel.
Katsuta, Nagayoshi*; Ikeda, Hisashi*; Shibata, Kenji*; Kokubu, Yoko; Murakami, Takuma*; Tani, Yukinori*; Takano, Masao*; Nakamura, Toshio*; Tanaka, Atsushi*; Naito, Sayuri*; et al.
Global and Planetary Change, 164, p.11 - 26, 2018/05
Paleoenvironmental and paleoclimate changes in Siberia were reconstructed by continuous, high-resolution records of chemical compositions from a sediment core retrieved from the Buguldeika Saddle, Lake Baikal, dating back to the last 33 cal. ka BP. The Holocene climate followed by a shift at ca. 6.5 cal. ka BP toward warm and dry, suggesting that the climate system transition from the glacial to interglacial state occurred. In the last glacial period, the deposition of carbonate mud from the Primorsky Range was associated with Heinrich events (H3 and H1) and the Selenga River inflow was caused by meltwater of mountain glaciers in the Khamar-Daban Range. The anoxic bottom-water during Allerod-Younger Dryas was probably a result of weakened ventilation associated with reduced Selenga River inflow and microbial decomposition of organic matters from the Primorsky Range. The rapid decline in precipitation during the early Holocene may have been a response to the 8.2 ka cooling event.
Fukushima, Yoshiaki*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Tamura, Kenji*; Shibata, Kaoru
Applied Clay Science, 155, p.15 - 19, 2018/04
Dynamics of a fluoromica (ME100) cation exchanged for dioctadecyl dimethyl ammonium ion (DODA)/ polypropylene composite was analyzed by quasi elastic neutron scattering (QENS), besides XRD and DSC. The QENS spectra for the DODA-ME100 at low Q=2.75 nm were not changed even at temperature higher than 445 K, the melting point of DODA. The results suggested the long range ( 2 nm) molecular motions in interlayer space are restricted due to the rigid silicate layers and the strong electrostatic interaction between DODA and the ME100. Elastic intensity scan results suggested that a little amount of motion of the polymer chains in the composite was also restricted in the molten state at 445 K. The QENS is expected to be one of the useful tools for studying the composite materials.
Li, B.; Wang, H.*; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Zhang, Q.*; Feygenson, M.*; Yu, H. L.*; Wu, D.*; Ohara, Koji*; Kikuchi, Tatsuya*; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.
Nature Materials, 17(3), p.226 - 230, 2018/03
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09
Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.
Sueoka, Shigeru; Ikeda, Yasutaka*; Kano, Kenichi*; Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki*; Tagami, Takahiro*; Kohn, B. P.*; Hasebe, Noriko*; Tamura, Akihiro*; Arai, Shoji*; Shibata, Kenji*
Journal of Geophysical Research; Solid Earth, 122(8), p.6787 - 6810, 2017/08
no abstracts in English
Li, B.; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Liu, Y.*; Wang, M.*; Matsuura, Masato*; Shibata, Kaoru; Kawamura, Seiko; Yamada, Takeshi*; Lin, S.*; Nakajima, Kenji; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 8, p.16086_1 - 16086_9, 2017/06
Shimizu, Mayuko; Shibata, Kenji*; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Niwa, Masakazu
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112(2), p.88 - 96, 2017/04
This paper outlines an advanced procedure involving the chemical Th-U-total Pb isochron method (CHIME) dating of monazite using a field-emission electron probe microanalyzer (FE-EPMA) equipped with spectrometers of 100 mm Rowland circle (R) radius. The higher count rate of R = 100 mm wavelength dispersive spectrometer (WDS) compared to R = 140 mm WDS enables measurements to be taken in a shorter time. CHIME dating using R = 100 mm WDS had previously been difficult because of lower resolution compared to that of R = 140 mm WDS. This problem has been overcome by a new interference correction method using natural monazites.
Tamura, Hajimu*; Shibata, Kenji*; Takahashi, Naoya; Niwa, Masakazu
JAEA-Testing 2017-001, 52 Pages, 2017/03
It is essential to understand the activity of faults in and around a target area to assess the long-term geosphere stability for geological isolation. Potassium-Argon (K-Ar) dating of fault gouge has been conducted in Tono Geoscience Center as one of the dating technique for faulting. This report includes methods for sample preparation, analyses, and age calculation on the K-Ar dating. This can contribute to an evaluation of calculated K-Ar ages.
Shimizu, Mayuko; Sano, Naomi; Shibata, Kenji*
JAEA-Testing 2016-004, 40 Pages, 2017/02
X-ray fluorescence analysis is one of the methods commonly used to reveal whole-rock chemical composition, which is basic information of rock samples. This report shows methods to prepare glass beads of fused samples and to use the X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (Rigaku ZSX Primus II) housed in Tono Geoscience Center, and the evaluation of precision and accuracy of the measurement.
Seto, Hideki; Ito, Shinichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Endo, Hitoshi*; Nakajima, Kenji; Shibata, Kaoru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Kawamura, Seiko; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Kawakita, Yukinobu; et al.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta; General Subjects, 1861(1), p.3651 - 3660, 2017/01
J-PARC, Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex provides short pulse proton beam at a repetition rate 25 Hz and the maximum power is expected to be 1 MW. Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments have already been operated or under construction / commissioning. There are 6 inelastic / quasi-elastic neutron scattering spectrometers and the complementary use of these spectrometers will open new insight for life science.
Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Tamura, Hajimu*; Shibata, Kenji*; Sueoka, Shigeru; Yasue, Kenichi; Ishimaru, Tsuneari; Umeda, Koji*
Clays and Clay Minerals, 64(2), p.86 - 107, 2016/04
no abstracts in English
Shibata, Takanori*; Nishida, Kenjiro*; Mochizuki, Shintaro*; Mattei, S.*; Lettry, J.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B128_1 - 02B128_3, 2016/02
A numerical model of plasma transport and electromagnetic field in the J-PARC RF ion source has been developed to understand relation between antenna coil heat loadings and plasma production/transport processes. From the calculation, the local plasma density increase is observed in the region close to the antenna coil. The magnetic field line with absolute magnetic flux density 30-120 Gauss results in the magnetization of electron which leads to high local ionization rate. The results suggest that modification of magnetic configuration can be made to reduce plasma heat flux onto the antenna.
Shibata, Kenji; Shimizu, Mayuko; Suzuki, Kazuhiro
Nagoya Daigaku Kasokuki Shitsuryo Bunsekikei Gyoseki Hokokusho, 26, p.126 - 131, 2015/03
no abstracts in English
Sueoka, Shigeru; Tsutsumi, Hiroyuki*; Tagami, Takahiro*; Hasebe, Noriko*; Tamura, Akihiro*; Arai, Shoji*; Shibata, Kenji
Fisshion, Torakku Nyusureta, (27), p.17 - 19, 2014/12
We are attempting to reveal uplift/denudation history of the Yoro-Suzuka-Nunobiki mountains, southwest Japan, by using apatite fission-track (AFT) thermochronology. We obtained AFT ages of 47-30 Ma. The ages are younger in the central and southern part of the Suzuka Range and get older to the north and south. Inverse thermal modeling based on the AFT ages and lengths indicates the difference among the ages reflect amount of denudation accommodate with the mountains uplifting in the past few million years. These results imply the process of the mountain uplifting of this area is more complicated than the developments of the basins propagating from south to north.
Yasue, Kenichi; Asamori, Koichi; Niwa, Masakazu; Kokubu, Yoko; Kobori, Kazuo; Makuuchi, Ayumu; Matsubara, Akihiro; Shibata, Kenji; Tamura, Hajimu; Tanabe, Hiroaki; et al.
JAEA-Review 2014-033, 43 Pages, 2014/09
The concept of geological disposal of HLW in Japan is based on a multi-barrier system which combines a stable geological environment with a robust barrier system. Potential geological host formations and their surroundings are chosen, in particular, for their long-term stability, taking into account the fact that Japan is located in a tectonically active zone. This report is a plan of research and development (R&D) on geosphere stability for long-term isolation of HLW in JAEA, in fiscal year 2014. The objectives and contents in fiscal year 2014 are described in detail based on the outline of 5 years plan (fiscal years 2010-2014). In addition, the planned framework is structured into the following categories: (1) Development and systematization of investigation techniques, (2) Development of models for long-term estimation and effective assessment, (3) Development of dating techniques.
Fukaya, Masaaki*; Noda, Masaru*; Hata, Koji*; Takeda, Yoshinori*; Akiyoshi, Kenji*; Ishizeki, Yoshikazu*; Kaneda, Tsutomu*; Sato, Shin*; Shibata, Chihoko*; Ueda, Tadashi*; et al.
JAEA-Technology 2014-019, 495 Pages, 2014/08
The researches on engineering technology in the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU) plan consists of (1) research on engineering technology deep underground, and (2) research on engineering technology as a basis of geological disposal. The former research is mainly aimed in this study, which is categorized in (a) development of design and construction planning technologies, (b) development of construction technologies, (c) development of countermeasure technologies, and (d) development of technologies for security. In this study, the researches on engineering technology are being conducted in these four categories by using data measured during construction as a part of the second phase of the MIU plan.
Hashizume, Shigeru; Matsui, Hiroya; Horiuchi, Yasuharu; Hata, Koji*; Akiyoshi, Kenji*; Sato, Shin*; Shibata, Chihoko*; Niunoya, Sumio*; Noda, Masaru*
Dai-13-Kai Iwa No Rikigaku Kokunai Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.121 - 126, 2013/01
The "Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory" has been studying and developing engineering technology for deep underground applications. These applications are multifaceted and are categorized as development of design and construction planning technology, development construction technology, development countermeasure technology, and development of technology for construction and operation security. In this report, the dynamic stability of shaft and surrounding rock mass has been studied with respect to rock mass displacement and stress, the effect of using a concrete liner and excavating through faulted crystalline rock.