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Journal Articles

Neutron scattering studies on short- and long-range layer structures and related dynamics in imidazolium-based ionic liquids

Nemoto, Fumiya*; Kofu, Maiko; Nagao, Michihiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Takata, Shinichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru; Ueki, Takeshi*; Kitazawa, Yuzo*; et al.

Journal of Chemical Physics, 149(5), p.054502_1 - 054502_11, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:72.95(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of mechanical properties of oxide layers of fuel cladding material Zircaloy-4 and M5 oxidized under PWR condition using Nano indentation with spherical indenter

Shibata, Akira; Wakui, Takashi; Nakamura, Natsuki; Futakawa, Masatoshi; Maekawa, Katsuhiro*; Naka, Michihiro

Zairyo Shiken Gijutsu, 62(1), p.41 - 47, 2017/01

Nuclear reactor fuel cladding material has been gradually replaced from Zircaloy-4 to Zr-Nb alloys such as M5. To reveal the origin of good corrosion resistance of Zr-Nb alloys, evaluation on oxide layer of fuel cladding tube Zircaloy-4 and M5 was performed. Nano-indentation with spherical indenter was performed on oxide layer of those materials. Test results of the indentation were evaluated by the inverse analysis using Kalman filter and Finite Element Method. The results analysis shows that the oxide layer of M5 has more ductility compare from that of Zircaloy 4. Thus, oxide layer of Zircaloy4 could be injured by smaller strain compare from that of M5.

Journal Articles

Damage on the JMTR hot laboratory by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake

Shibata, Akira; Nakamura, Natsuki; Naka, Michihiro

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 11 Pages, 2017/00

An earthquake with magnitude 9.0 hit eastern Japan on 11th March 2011. It is known as "The 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake". The JMTR hot laboratory was damaged by the earthquake. This paper describes various damages on the JMTR hot laboratory caused by the earthquake. In the concrete cell, an electric lock of the shielding door of a hot cell was broken by the earth quake. Cracks were found in the walls of hot laboratory building. The exhaust stack of JMTR Hot laboratory is a part of gaseous waste treatment system. Thinning was found at anchor bolts on base of the stack in 2015. When thinning of anchor bolts were investigated, gaps between anchor bolt nuts and flange plate were found. It was concluded that the thinning was caused by water infiltration over a long period of time and the gaps were caused by elongation of thinning part of anchor bolts by series of earthquakes start from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.

Journal Articles

Management of JMTR hot laboratory without operation of system of air supply and exhaust

Nakamura, Natsuki; Shibata, Akira; Naka, Michihiro

Proceedings of 54th Annual Meeting of Hot Laboratories and Remote Handling (HOTLAB 2017) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2017/00

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Cause investigation for thinning of anchor bolts and gaps between anchor bolt nuts and a flange plate at the JMTR hot laboratory exhaust stack

Shibata, Akira; Kitagishi, Shigeru; Watashi, Katsumi; Matsui, Yoshinori; Omi, Masao; Sozawa, Shizuo; Naka, Michihiro

Nihon Hozen Gakkai Dai-13-Kai Gakujutsu Koenkai Yoshishu, p.290 - 297, 2016/07

The exhaust stack of Japan Materials Testing Reactor Hot laboratory is a part of gaseous waste treatment system. It was built in 1970 and is 40 m in height. In 2015, thinning was found at some anchor bolts on base of the stack. When thinning of anchor bolts were investigated, gaps between anchor bolt nuts and flange plate was found. JAEA removed steel cylinder of stack which is 33 m in height for safety. In the end of investigation, thinning was found in all anchor bolts of the stack. Cause investigation for the thinning and the gaps were performed. It is concluded that the thinning was caused by water infiltration over a long period of time and the gaps were caused by elongation of thinning part of anchor bolts by the 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tohoku.

JAEA Reports

On-site training using JMTR and related facilities in FY2015

Eguchi, Shohei; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Shibata, Hiroshi; Naka, Michihiro; Nakamura, Jinichi; Tanimoto, Masataka; Ito, Haruhiko*

JAEA-Review 2016-001, 31 Pages, 2016/05


Since fiscal 2011, a practical training course using the JMTR and other research infrastructures has been provided by Neutron Irradiation Testing Reactor Center for foreign young researchers and engineers in Asian and other countries which are planning to introduce power reactors. The aim of this course is to contribute to the human resource development in nuclear research field and to increase the future use the JMTR. On the other hand, a training course for Japanese young researchers and engineers has been conducted since fiscal 2010. These two separate courses were integrated. In fiscal 2015, this training course was conducted for 2 weeks and 17 young researchers and engineers from 7 countries were participated. They studied about the general outline of nuclear research, current status and R&D about nuclear energy, safety management of nuclear reactor, irradiation behavior of materials and fuels, facilities and technologies for irradiation and post irradiation, and nuclear characteristics of the reactor through lectures and practical trainings. At the end of the course, we had a discussion about the current status and future of energy mix and renewable energies of each country was discussed. The content of this training course in fiscal 2015 is reported in this paper.

Journal Articles

Performance of a total absorption clover detector for $$Q_{beta}$$ measurements of neutron-rich nuclei far from the $$beta$$-stability line

Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Asai, Masato; Osa, Akihiko; Sato, Tetsuya; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Kimura, Atsushi; Oshima, Masumi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 747, p.41 - 51, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:68.92(Instruments & Instrumentation)

To measure $$beta$$-decay energy $$Q_{beta}$$ of short-lived fission products with good accuracy and high efficiency, we have developed a new total absorption clover detector and demonstrated its performance. Using a large-volume clover-type Ge detector having a through-hole in its center, we could measure total absorption spectra of $$beta$$ + $$gamma$$ rays with extremely high efficiency and high energy resolution, and could determine $$Q_{beta}$$ values with $$pm$$30 keV accuracy. Using this detector, we have determined the $$Q_{beta}$$ values of $$^{166}$$Eu and $$^{165}$$Gd for the first time, and of $$^{160-165}$$Eu and $$^{163}$$Gd with better accuracies. In addition, we have observed a new isomeric state in $$^{163}$$Gd, and determined its half-life and excitation energy.

Journal Articles

Development of in-reactor observation system using Cherenkov light, 4

Kimura, Nobuaki; Takeuchi, Tomoaki; Shibata, Akira; Takemoto, Noriyuki; Kimura, Akihiro; Naka, Michihiro; Nishikata, Kaori; Tanimoto, Masataka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; et al.

KURRI Progress Report 2012, P. 209, 2013/10

In research reactors, CCD cameras are used to observe reactor core for reactor operation management, e.g. to prevent debris from falling. In order to measure the reactor power and fuel burnup exactly by means of observation of Cherenkov light, the development of the on-line measurement device started in 2009. In this study, the wavelength and the absolute irradiance of the Cherenkov light were measured by a spectrometer, and the Cherenkov light was observed by the CCD camera. As a result, the measurement value is good agreement with the nominal value. On the other hand, the value by the visible imaging system was obtained the same tendency of nominal transmittance value of ND-filters.

Journal Articles

Ground-state configuration of the $$N=157$$ nucleus $$^{259}$$No

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sakama, Minoru*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Ichikawa, Takatoshi*; Ishii, Yasuo; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014332_1 - 014332_6, 2013/01

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.33(Physics, Nuclear)

The spin-parity and neutron configuration of the ground state of $$^{259}$$No have been identified through $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy. The $$^{259}$$No is the nucleus with the largest neutron number whose spin-parities and single-particle configurations have ever been identified. The neutron 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] configuration was assigned to the ground state of $$^{259}$$No as well as to the 231.4 keV level in $$^{255}$$Fm. This allowed us to establish energy spacings and order of the neutron single-particle orbitals in such heaviest nuclear region. The appearance of the 9/2$$^{+}$$[615] ground state at $$N$$=157 implies that the order of the neutron orbitals between the $$N$$=152 and 162 deformed shell gaps should change considerably with increasing neutron number.

Journal Articles

The "Study on nuclear data by using a high intensity pulsed neutron source for advanced nuclear system" nuclear data project and the characteristics of the neutron beam line for the capture cross section experiments at J-PARC

Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Kino, Koichi*; Furusaka, Michihiro*; Hiraga, Fujio*; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Kato, Kiyoshi*; Igashira, Masayuki*; Katabuchi, Tatsuya*; Mizumoto, Motoharu*; Oshima, Masumi; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1781 - 1784, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:64.75(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The project of the comprehensive nuclear data research for the development of the advanced reactor systems had been executed successfully by eight organizations from 2005 to 2009. In this project, we constructed the pulsed neutron beamline that was aimed to obtain neutron capture cross-sections of long-lived fission products and minor actinides accurately. The energy spectra, spatial distributions, and pulses of the beam were studied by measurements and simulation calculations, and they were found to be consistent with those of the beamline design. In this paper, we present the overview of the project and the properties of the neutron beam provided by this beam line.

Journal Articles

Precise intensity measurements in the $$^{14}$$N(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{15}$$N reaction as a $$gamma$$-ray intensity standard up to 11 MeV

Miyazaki, Itaru*; Sakane, Hitoshi*; Takayama, Hirokazu*; Kasaishi, Masafumi*; Tojo, Akinori*; Furuta, Masataka*; Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Suematsu, Osamu*; Narasaki, Hiromichi*; Shimizu, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 45(6), p.481 - 486, 2008/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:37.69(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The intensities of the prompt $$gamma$$ rays from the $$^{14}$$N(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{15}$$N reaction have been precisely measured. As the samples, a liquid nitrogen target and a deuterated melamine (C$$_{3}$$D$$_{6}$$N$$_{6}$$) were used. The previous values widely used as intensity standards agreed with those obtained in this study within 4-5% in the 2-11 MeV region, however, showed a monotonous decrease with the increase of $$gamma$$-ray energy.

Journal Articles

$$Q_{beta}$$ measurements of $$^{158,159}$$Pm, $$^{159,161}$$Sm, $$^{160-165}$$Eu, $$^{163}$$Gd and $$^{166}$$Tb using a total absorption BGO detector

Hayashi, Hiroaki*; Akita, Yukinori*; Suematsu, Osamu*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Osa, Akihiko; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 34(4), p.363 - 370, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:72.91(Physics, Nuclear)

$$Q_{beta}$$ values of $$^{160-165}$$Eu and $$^{163}$$Gd were measured for the first time using a total absorption BGO detector, and the data of $$^{158,159}$$Pm, $$^{159,161}$$Sm, and $$^{166}$$Tb obtained previously were reanalyzed. These nuclei were produced by the proton-induced fission of $$^{238}$$U at the JAEA-Tokai tandem accelerator facility, and separated from the reaction products using an on-line isotope separator. The deduced mass excesses and two-neutron separation energies were compared with those of atomic mass evaluations and theoretical predictions.

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$ decay of $$^{238}$$Cm and the new isotope $$^{237}$$Cm

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Sakama, Minoru*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Goto, Shinichi*; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Oura, Yasuji*; et al.

Physical Review C, 73(6), p.067301_1 - 067301_4, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:77.62(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Experimental identification of spin-parities and single-particle configurations in $$^{257}$$No and its $$alpha$$-decay daughter $$^{253}$$Fm

Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sakama, Minoru*; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Ishii, Tetsuro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Akiyama, Kazuhiko; Osa, Akihiko; Oura, Yasuji*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 95(10), p.102502_1 - 102502_4, 2005/09

 Times Cited Count:62 Percentile:88.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Excited states in $$^{253}$$Fm fed by the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{257}$$No have been established through $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ and $$alpha$$-electron coincidence spectroscopy using a gas-jet transport system and an on-line isotope separator. The spin-parity of the 124.1 keV level in $$^{253}$$Fm has been identified on the basis of the measured internal conversion coefficients. The $$nu 3/2^{+}[622]$$ configuration has been assigned to the ground state of $$^{257}$$No as well as to the 124.1 keV level. It was found that the ground state configuration of $$^{257}$$No is different from that of lighter $$N=155$$ isotones.

JAEA Reports

Measurements of Prompt Gamma-Ray Emission Probabilities for Determinations of Neutron Capture Cross Sections of Long Life Nuclides

Miyazaki, Itaru*; Shimizu, Toshiaki*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Kawade, Kiyoshi*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Nakamura, Shoji; Sakane, Hitoshi

JNC TY8400 2005-002, 40 Pages, 2005/06


Accurate cross section data for the neutron capture of long-lived fission products (LLFP) are needed for developing a nuclear transmutation technology which reduces radioactive wastes by transmuting nuclides that have half-lives of as long as a few million years to other nuclides that have much shorter half-lives. There are some nuclides, whose cross sections cannot be measured in activation method. Utilization of prompt gamma-rays is expected to solve this problem. The aim of present study was twofold: (i) to measure emission probabilities of the high energy gamma-ray, up to 10MeV, emitted from$$^{14}$$N(n, gamma)$$^{15}$$N reaction, which are usually used as standards, in order to improve their accuracies and (ii) to develop a measurement method for neutron capture cross sections by using prompt gamma-rays. Emission probabilities of principal prompt gamma-rays from$$^{14}$$N(n, gamma)$$^{15}$$N reaction were determined with 0.2-0.9% errors. For ten nuclides,$$^{23}$$Na,$$^{27}$$Al,$$^{51V,sup}$$55 Mn,$$^{64}$$Ni,$$^{65}$$Cu,$$^{141}$$Pr,$$^{186}$$W, and$$^{197Au,}$$capture cross sections were measured by using prompt gamma-rays and gamma-rays following b-decay. By comparing both cross section values, it was found that emission probabilities of prompt gamma-rays reported in the literatures were systematically larger than those inferred from the cross sections that were determined in activation methods. The cross section of a$$^{104}$$Pd (n, gamma)$$^{105}$$Pd reaction at thermal energy was measured. Considering transmutation of the nuclide, the cross section of$$^{104}$$Pd(n, gamma), which is an isotope of palladium, is also necessary. A lower limit of the cross section was determined with 6% accuracy. Additionally, a method of estimating an upper limit was examined by noting similarity of nuclear structures to the neighboring nuclides. It was estimated that the observed lower limit of emission probabilities correspond to 79% of the cross section.

Journal Articles

$$beta$$-decay half-lives of new neutron-rich rare-earth isotopes $$^{159}$$Pm, $$^{162}$$Sm, and $$^{166}$$Gd

Ichikawa, Shinichi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Shibata, Michihiro*; Sakama, Minoru*; Kojima, Yasuaki*

Physical Review C, 71(6), p.067302_1 - 067302_4, 2005/06

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:75.56(Physics, Nuclear)

The new neutron-rich raer-earth isotopes $$^{159}$$Pm, $$^{162}$$Sm, and $$^{166}$$Gd produced in the proton-induced fission of 238U were identified using the JAERI on-line isotope separator (JAERI-ISOL) coupled to a gas-jet transport sysetm. The half-lives of $$^{159}$$Pm, $$^{162}$$Sm, and $$^{166}$$Gd were determined to be 1.5$$pm$$0.2s, 2.4$$pm$$0.5s, and 4.8$$pm$$1.0s, respectively. The partial decay scheme of $$^{166}$$Gd wes constructed for $$gamma$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence data. The improved half-life values of 25.6$$pm$$2.2s wes obtained for the previously identified isotope $$^{166}$$Tb. The half-lives measured in the present study are in good agreement with the theoretical predictions calculated by the second generation of the gross theory with the atomic masses evaluated by the Audei and Wapstra.

Journal Articles

Proton-neutron configurations in $$^{236g,m}$$Am and its EC-decay daughter $$^{236}$$Pu

Asai, Masato; Sakama, Minoru*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Goto, Shinichi*; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Oura, Yasuji*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 23(3), p.395 - 400, 2005/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:65.45(Physics, Nuclear)

The EC decay of $$^{236}$$Am has been studied through $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. Two EC-decaying states have been found in $$^{236}$$Am with half-lives of 3.6 min and 2.9 min. In $$^{236}$$Pu, we have found the $$K^{pi}=0^{-}$$ octupole band and two-quasiparticle states one of which is a $$K$$ isomer with a 1.2 $$mu$$s half-life. The EC transitions from $$^{236g,m}$$Am to the two-quasiparticle states in $$^{236}$$Pu show small $$log ft$$ values of 4.8--5.3, which allowed us to assign proton-neutron configurations of $$^{236g,m}$$Am and the two-quasiparticle states.

Journal Articles

EC and $$alpha$$ decays of $$^{235}$$Am

Asai, Masato; Sakama, Minoru*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Goto, Shinichi*; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Oura, Yasuji*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 22(3), p.411 - 416, 2004/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:49.41(Physics, Nuclear)

EC and $$alpha$$ decays of $$^{235}$$Am have been studied by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. Excited states in $$^{235}$$Pu have been established for the first time, and tentative spin-parity and Nilsson assignments were given to these levels. The ground state of $$^{235}$$Am was evaluated to be the $$pi 5/2^{-}[523]$$ state from the experimental results. It was found that the $$pi 5/2^{-}[523]$$ state in $$^{231}$$Np is located at $$<$$15~keV, which allowed us to determine the $$Q_{alpha}$$ value of $$^{235}$$Am as 6569$$^{+27}_{-12}$$~keV, in combination with the measured $$alpha$$-particle energy.

Journal Articles

$$alpha$$-decays of neutron-deficient americium isotopes

Sakama, Minoru*; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Goto, Shinichi*; Shibata, Michihiro*; Kawade, Kiyoshi*; et al.

Physical Review C, 69(1), p.014308_1 - 014308_11, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:72.76(Physics, Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

$$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy for neutron-rich A$$approx$$160-170 nuclei; The $$beta^{-}$$ decay of $$^{159}$$Pm, $$^{160-162}$$Sm, $$^{162}$$Eu, $$^{164-166}$$Gd, and $$^{166-168}$$Tb

Asai, Masato; Ichikawa, Shinichi; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Osa, Akihiko; Nishinaka, Ichiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Kojima, Yasuaki*; Shibata, Michihiro*

Fission and Properties of Neutron-Rich Nuclei; Proceedings of 3rd International Conference, p.227 - 232, 2003/10

Structure of neutron-rich A$$approx$$160-170 nuclei produced in the proton-induced fission has been studied through $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy using an on-line isotope separator. $$beta^{-}$$ decays of $$^{159}$$Pm, $$^{161,162}$$Sm, and $$^{165,166}$$Gd have been observed for the first time, and their half-lives were determined. Excited states of their daughter nuclei were revealed. $$gamma$$ rays following the $$beta^{-}$$ decay of $$^{162}$$Eu and $$^{164}$$Gd have been also observed. The results suggest that the ground state of $$^{162}$$Eu would have a spin 5 or 6.

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