Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Maehara, Hiroyuki*; Airapetian, V.*; Notsu, Yuta*; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Notsu, Shota*; Kuroki, Ryusuke*; Murashima, Keiya*; Sato, Hiroaki*; Namekata, Kosuke*; et al.
Astrophysical Journal, 881(2), p.114_1 - 114_24, 2019/08
The impact of Stellar flares on extrasolar planetary systems has been discussed and argued, especially whether there is a potential impact on their life systems. Here, we propose a comprehensive evaluation system for stellar flares, focusing on Stellar Proton Events (SPE) on selected extrasolar planets with hypothetical atmospheres and oceans. This is done by cross-linking KIC flare-observed and flare-estimated stars by their start pots that are directly linked with the Monte Carlo simulation system PHITS through the exoplanetary database system ExoKyoto. The estimated dose at ground level for each planetary surface did not exceed the critical dose for complex animals.
Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Namekawa, Yuya*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo
AIP Conference Proceedings 2052, p.050002_1 - 050002_7, 2018/12
In the 2017/2018 campaign, the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen (H) ion source producing H beam with the beam current of 47 mA accomplished three long-term operations more than 2,000 hours without any serious issues. On the final day of this campaign, the ion source produced an H beam current of 72 mA so that the linac commissioning group could demonstrate the beam current of 60 mA at the linac exit. We are also conducting an endurance test of a J-PARC-made antenna at a test bench. The antenna achieved the operation time approximately 1,400 hours.
Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Sugimura, Takashi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Naito, Fujio*; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*; Kurihara, Toshikazu*; Honda, Yosuke*; Sato, Masaharu*; et al.
Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.385 - 387, 2018/10
Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Namekawa, Yuya*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo
AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.050018_1 - 050018_3, 2018/09
Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Wada, Motoi*
AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.080016_1 - 080016_3, 2018/09
Shibata, Takanori*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nammo, Kesao*; Naito, Fujio*
AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.020008_1 - 020008_3, 2018/09
Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Otani, Masashi*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.
Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.519 - 521, 2018/09
Transport process of negative hydrogen ion (H) in LEBT (Low Energy Beam Transport) is investigated by comparison of experimental and numerical results. A three dimensional Particle-In-Cell (PIC) particle transport model has been developed in order to take into account (i) axial magnetic field by two solenoids in J-PARC LEBT and (ii) radial electric field by space charge (SC) effect. Ratio of H beam particles inside the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) acceptance to the total particles at the RFQ entrance is calculated for different current conditions in LEBT solenoid 1 and 2. The results are compared with RFQ transmission rate measured in the J-PARC linac commissioning. The double peak of RFQ transmission rate to the solenoid applied current seen in the measurement is explained by the calculation results. The results indicate that presence of the LEBT orifice for differential pumping plays a role as a collimator to reduce emittance at RFQ entrance.
Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira; Namekawa, Yuya*; Oguri, Hidetomo
Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.889 - 892, 2018/08
In 2017-2018 campaign, three times of long-time operation more than 2,000 hours of the J-PARC rf-driven negative hydrogen (H) ion source producing H beam with the beam current of 47 mA were successfully achieved without any serious problems. At the final day of this campaign, the ion source produced an H beam with the current of 72 mA in order to demonstrate the beam current of 60 mA at the linac exit. We are also conducting an endurance test of a J-PARC-made antenna at a test bench. Approximately 1,400-hour operation with the antenna was successfully performed.
Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Wada, Motoi*
Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.648 - 650, 2017/12
In J-PARC, peak H current of several tens mA is extracted from an ion source driven by a solid-state rf amplifier with the frequency of 2 MHz for production of a cesiated hydrogen plasma. In case of the rf-driven ion source for producing the high-intensity H current, the plasma density in the source chamber is so high that the ion sheath around the beam extraction area can follow the rf oscillation. The H beam current fluctuation as large as approximately 1 mA was observed at the average beam current of 44 mA measured by a Faraday cup installed downstream of the ion source. The beam exhibited some fluctuation to the transverse motion as well. To further clarify this high frequency oscillation of the beam extraction sheath, we propose a measurement system using a time-resolved and highly sensitive emittance monitor in order to observe the real-time beam fluctuation in the phase space.
Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo
Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.651 - 654, 2017/12
Operation of a cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen ion source was initiated in September 2014 in response to the requirements of beam current upgrade in J-PARC linac. Delivery of the required beam current from the ion source to the J-PARC accelerators has been successfully performed. In 2016-2017 campaign, continuous operation of the ion source for approximately 1,845 hours (from April to July 2017) was achieved with beam current of 47 mA.
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Shinto, Katsuhiro
AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030053_1 - 030053_7, 2017/08
A cesiated RF-driven negative hydrogen ion source was started to operate in September, 2014 in response to the need for upgrading J-PARC's linac beam current. The ion source mainly comprises a stainless-steel plasma chamber, a beam extractor, and a large vacuum chamber with two turbo molecular pumps of 1500 L/s for differential pumping. The ion source has been successfully providing the required beam current to the accelerator without any significant issues other than a single-incident antenna failure occurred in October, 2014. Continuous operation for approximately 1,000 h was achieved with a beam current and duty factor of 45 mA and 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz), respectively. In this paper, we will present the some operation parameters and the beam stability through the long-term user operation.
Shibata, Takanori*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira
AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030017_1 - 030017_11, 2017/08
From September 2014, operation of Cs-seeded, multi-cusp, Radio Frequency (RF), hydrogen negative ion source (J-PARC source) has been started. The operation for 1,000 hours of J-PARC source has been achieved with H beam current 45 mA and duty factor of 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz). In the present study, mechanisms of hydrogen plasma ramp-up and H production/transport processes in the steady state (which lasts for few 100 us) are investigated by numerical modeling for RF plasma. In the simulation, charged particle (e, H, H, and Cs) transport, time variations of inductive and capacitive electromagnetic field, collision processes between charged and neutral (H, H) particles are solved simultaneously. The model is applied to KEK parallel computation System-A with 32 nodes and 256 GB memory in order to solve high density RF plasma up to around 10 m with adequate statisticity. In the presentation, time variations of plasma density distributions and average energy are shown with electromagnetic field variations.
Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Maruta, Tomofumi*; Naito, Fujio*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Miura, Akihiko; Oguri, Hidetomo; et al.
Proceedings of 28th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2016) (Internet), p.251 - 253, 2017/05
After upgrade of J-PARC Linac in 2014, Low Energy Beam Transport (LEBT) beam commissioning of the J-PARC LINAC has been made for improving H beam intensity extracted from Linac. Currents of two solenoid coils and steering magnets in LEBT are optimized with extraction and acceleration voltages for static acceleration in ion source (IS) which decides on an initial emittance diagram of H beam. As a result of LEBT and IS parameter optimization, beam transmission rate of RFQ has been reached up to 96% in 50 mA H current operation. Moreover, PIC-MC (Particle-In-Cell Monte-Carlo) simulation models developed for H transport in LEBT. Comparison between experimental and numerical results are presented to clarify beam physics from IS exit to RFQ entrance.
Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ueno, Akira; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo
Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.940 - 943, 2016/11
In 2014 October, operation of cesium-seeded Radio Frequency (RF)-driven negative hydrogen ion (H) source was started in J-PARC LINAC. Due to the skillful RF antenna screening and the proper pre-conditioning process, long term unscheduled beam stop due to the antenna failure did not occur for more than 1 year. The continuous operation of 1,350 hours with a peak beam current of 45 mA was achieved in the recent beam run. Moreover, the fluctuation of beam current in a low energy beam transport (LEBT) is kept within 2% of target value by application of three feedback systems. An ion source test-stand was assembled to investigate the ion source beam characteristic, for example, the emittance at the position of the RFQ entrance. In the presentation, we will report the recent status of the ion source operation and some experimental results obtained at the ion source test-stand.
Artikova, S.; Takagi, Akira*; Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*
Proceedings of 7th International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '16) (Internet), p.677 - 679, 2016/06
Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ueno, Akira; Shibata, Takanori*
Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B138_1 - 02B138_3, 2016/02
For the upgrade of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) linac beam current, a cesiated RF-driven negative hydrogen ion source was installed in 2014 summer shutdown period, and started to operate on September 29, 2014. The ion source has been successfully operated with a beam current and a duty factor of 33 mA and 1.25% (0.5 ms and 25 Hz), respectively. The result of recent beam operation showed that the ion source is capable of continuous operation for approximately 1,100 h. The spark rate at the beam extractor was observed to be less than once a day, which is acceptable level for the user operation. Although the antenna failure occurred during the user operation on October 26, 2014, there were no further serious troubles since then. In this conference, we will present the some operation parameters and the beam stability of the RF-driven ion source through the long-term user operation.
Shibata, Takanori*; Nishida, Kenjiro*; Mochizuki, Shintaro*; Mattei, S.*; Lettry, J.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; et al.
Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02B128_1 - 02B128_3, 2016/02
A numerical model of plasma transport and electromagnetic field in the J-PARC RF ion source has been developed to understand relation between antenna coil heat loadings and plasma production/transport processes. From the calculation, the local plasma density increase is observed in the region close to the antenna coil. The magnetic field line with absolute magnetic flux density 30-120 Gauss results in the magnetization of electron which leads to high local ionization rate. The results suggest that modification of magnetic configuration can be made to reduce plasma heat flux onto the antenna.
Yoshida, Masafumi; Hanada, Masaya; Kojima, Atsushi; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Grisham, L. R.*; Hatayama, Akiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Takashi*; Akino, Noboru; Endo, Yasuei; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 96-97, p.616 - 619, 2015/10
In JT-60 Super Advanced for the fusion experiment, 22A, 100s negative ions are designed to be extracted from the world largest ion extraction area of 450 mm 1100 mm. One of the key issues for producing such as high current beams is to improve non-uniform production of the negative ions. In order to improve the uniformity of the negative ions, a tent-shaped magnetic filter has newly been developed and tested for JT-60SA negative ion source. The original tent-shaped filter significantly improved the logitudunal uniformity of the extracted H ion beams. The logitudinal uniform areas within a 10 deviation of the beam intensity were improved from 45% to 70% of the ion extraction area. However, this improvement degrades a horizontal uniformity. For this, the uniform areas was no more than 55% of the total ion extraction area. In order to improve the horizontal uniformity, the filter strength has been reduced from 660 Gasuscm to 400 Gasuscm. This reduction improved the horizontal uniform area from 75% to 90% without degrading the logitudinal uniformity. This resulted in the improvement of the uniform area from 45% of the total ion extraction areas. This improvement of the uniform area leads to the production of a 22A H ion beam from 450 mm 1100 mm with a small amount increase of electron current of 10%. The obtained beam current fulfills the requirement for JT-60SA.
Shibata, Takanori; Terasaki, Ryo*; Kashiwagi, Mieko; Inoue, Takashi; Dairaku, Masayuki; Taniguchi, Masaki; Tobari, Hiroyuki; Umeda, Naotaka; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Sakamoto, Keishi; et al.
AIP Conference Proceedings 1515, p.177 - 186, 2013/02
In the neutral beam injector in JT-60SA, one of issues is that negative ion beam is partially intercepted at acceleration grids due to a spatial non-uniformity of negative ion production on large extraction area (0.90.45m). Previous experiments showed that fast electrons emitted from filament cathodes are transported in a longitudinal direction by drift and the spatial distribution of electron temperature () strongly relates with the non-uniformity. In this study, a three-dimensional electron transport analysis has been developed. Electron temperature in the analysis agreed well with measurements in JAEA 10A ion source. This study clarified that the bias of distribution are caused by the following reasons; (1) fast electrons drifted in the longitudinal direction survives near the end wall with energy up to = 25-60 eV and (2) they produces thermal electrons by collision with plasma particles there.