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Journal Articles

A Kinetic analysis of cadmium accumulation in a Cd hyper-accumulator fern, ${it Athyrium yokoscense}$ and tobacco plants

Yoshihara, Toshihiro*; Suzui, Nobuo; Ishii, Satomi; Kitazaki, Mayu*; Yamazaki, Haruaki*; Kitazaki, Kazuyoshi*; Kawachi, Naoki; Yin, Y.-G.; Tanabata, Sayuri*; Hashida, Shinnosuke*; et al.

Plant, Cell & Environment, 37(5), p.1086 - 1096, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:65.64(Plant Sciences)

Journal Articles

In-plane orientation control of 2,7-diphenyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-$$b$$][1]benzothiophene monolayer on bismuth-terminated Si(111) vicinal surfaces with wettability optimization

Otomo, Manabu; Tsuchida, Yuya*; Muraya, Naoki*; Yanase, Takashi*; Sakai, Seiji; Yonezawa, Tetsu*; Nagahama, Taro*; Hasegawa, Tetsuya*; Shimada, Toshihiro*

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 117(22), p.11555 - 11561, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:9.84(Chemistry, Physical)

We report in-plane orientation control of newly developed high-mobility organic semiconductor: 2,7-diphenyl[1]benzothieno[3,2-$$b$$][1]benzothiophene (DPh-BTBT). As previously reported on monolayer pentacene, it was revealed that bunched steps on vicinal Si(111) with bismuth termination break the surface symmetry and reduce three-fold symmetry of DPh-BTBT grains into quasi-single orientation. Interestingly, the critical step height necessary for the orientation control was different from that of pentacene. We examined several mechanisms of orientation control and concluded that the facet nano structure fabricated by step bunching is working as an anisotropic template. We will also show the wettability control of bismuth terminated silicon surface and show that the growth mode of DPh-BTBT is dependent on the surface nanostructure of Bi-Si.

Journal Articles

Recent progress in the energy recovery linac project in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Akemoto, Mitsuo*; Aoto, Tomohiro*; Arakawa, Dai*; Asaoka, Seiji*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; et al.

Proceedings of 1st International Particle Accelerator Conference (IPAC '10) (Internet), p.2338 - 2340, 2010/05

Future synchrotron light source using a 5-GeV energy recovery linac (ERL) is under proposal by our Japanese collaboration team, and we are conducting R&D efforts for that. We are developing high-brightness DC photocathode guns, two types of cryomodules for both injector and main superconducting (SC) linacs, and 1.3 GHz high CW-power RF sources. We are also constructing the Compact ERL (cERL) for demonstrating the recirculation of low-emittance, high-current beams using above-mentioned critical technologies.

Journal Articles

X-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism in codeposited C$$_{60}$$-Co films with giant tunnel magnetoresistance

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Seiji; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Mitani, Seiji*; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Maeda, Yoshihito

Chemical Physics Letters, 470(4-6), p.244 - 248, 2009/03

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:54.64(Chemistry, Physical)

Electronic and spin states of the codeposited C$$_{60}$$-Co films with large tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) effect were investigated with the X-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) spectroscopies. It is revealed that a C$$_{60}$$-Co compound generated in the C$$_{60}$$-Co films shows the clear MCD signal attributed to the spin-polarized Co 3d states hybridized with C$$_{60}$$ $$pi$$ orbitals. The magnetic response of these Co 3d-derived states agrees well with temperature dependence of the observed MR ratios of the granular C$$_{60}$$-Co films. This suggests the incorporation of the spin-polarized Co 3d-derived states of the C$$_{60}$$-Co compound into the observed TMR effect.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

JAEA Reports

Study on evaluation method of potential impact of natural phenomena on a HLW disposal system

Kawamura, Makoto; Oi, Takao; Niizato, Tadafumi; Yasue, Kenichi; Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Niwa, Masakazu; Shimada, Koji; Kurosawa, Hideki; Asamori, Koichi; Kawachi, Susumu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2008-018, 47 Pages, 2008/03

JAEA-Research-2008-018.pdf:24.18MB

In this report, we sophisticated the framework as a part of the total system performance assessment for two purposes: the first one is quantification of relationship of characteristic of natural phenomena between geological environmental conditions (THMCG), and the other one is quantification of relationship of THMCG condition between parameters of performance assessment. On the other hand, we applied the sophisticated framework to all natural phenomena. As a result, to apply the sophisticated framework, we could show that information integration could carry out efficiently. Moreover, we have checked that the framework was applicable to all phenomena. Furthermore, we could show that suitable scenarios might be chosen by information integration.

Journal Articles

The Electronic structures of fullerene/transition-metal hybrid material

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Hirao, Norie*; Baba, Yuji; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Sugai, Isamu; Takanashi, Koki; Maeda, Yoshihito

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1081 (Internet), 6 Pages, 2008/03

Recently, we have found the appearance of substantial MR ratio (80%) in a C$$_{60}$$/Co hybrid material. Such the MR ratio cannot be explained enough only by tunnel conduction through Co grains. Therefore, to obtain information about electronic structures of C$$_{60}$$/Co hybrid material is necessary. Absorption spectra of C$$_{60}$$Co are different from that of pristine C$$_{60}$$. In particular, peak intensity corresponding to $$pi$$ $$^*$$(LUMO) $$leftarrow$$ C 1s excitation of C$$_{60}$$Co is clearly attenuated. In addition, C 1s photoelectron peak of C$$_{60}$$Co slightly shifted to lower binding energy compared to that of pristine C$$_{60}$$. These results indicate that 3d electron of Co transfers to $$pi$$ $$^*$$ orbital of C$$_{60}$$ and new electronic states are formed in the C$$_{60}$$-Co compound. In fact, XPS spectra of valence excitation region also demonstrate the formation of hybrid orbital near the Fermi level due to the coupling of C$$_{60}$$ and Co.

Journal Articles

Study on current drive capability of lower hybrid waves and neutral beam in an ITER steady state scenario

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Shimada, Michiya; Polevoi, A. R.*; Naito, Osamu; Bonoli, P. T.*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Kessel, C. E.*; Ozeki, Takahisa

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2007/03

The current drive capability of lower hybrid waves is assessed for an ITER steady state scenario using a relativistic, one-dimensional Fokker-Planck code and a toroidal ray tracing code. The present LH launcher design provides a current drive efficiency of 1.8$$times$$10$$^{19}$$AW$$^{-1}$$m$$^{-2}$$ and an off-axis profile of the driven current that is fovarable for a reversed magnetic shear configuration. Possible optimizations in the LH power spectrum are investigated. Neutral beam current drive (NBCD) is investigated with theoretical codes employing different approaches. An NBCD code employing the bounce-averaged Fokker-Planck equation to include orbit effects in a toroidal system shows a good agreement with an orbit following Monte-Carlo code.

Journal Articles

Component analysis of particulate products in electron beam-irradiated Xylene/air mixtures using an atmospheric pressure ionizing mass spectrometer

Hakoda, Teruyuki; Sako, Toshihiro*; Shimada, Akihiko; Ishida, Tsuneo*; Kojima, Takuji

Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 79(5), p.731 - 737, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:27.7(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in physics basis and its impact on ITER

Shimada, Michiya; Campbell, D.*; Stambaugh, R.*; Polevoi, A. R.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Costley, A. E.*; Donn$'e$, A. J. H.*; Doyle, E. J.*; Federici, G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 20th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2004) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2004/11

This paper summarises recent progress in the physics basis and its impact on the expected performance of ITER. Significant progress has been made in many outstanding issues and in the development of hybrid and steady state operation scenarios, leading to increased confidence of achieving ITER's goals. Experiments show that tailoring the current profile can improve confinement over the standard H-mode and allow an increase in beta up to the no-wall limit at safety factors $$sim$$ 4. Extrapolation to ITER suggests that at the reduced plasma current of $$sim$$ 12MA, high Q $$>$$ 10 and long pulse ($$>$$1000 s) operation is possible with benign ELMs. Analysis of disruption scenarios has been performed based on guidelines on current quench rates and halo currents, derived from the experimental database. With conservative assumptions, estimated electromagnetic forces on the in-vessel components are below the design target values, confirming the robustness of the ITER design against disruption forces.

Journal Articles

Fusion plasma performance and confinement studies on JT-60 and JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ide, Shunsuke; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shirai, Hiroshi; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fukuda, Takeshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.185 - 254, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:48.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

With the main aim of providing physics basis for ITER and the steady-state tokamak reactors, JT-60/JT-60U has been developing and optimizing the operational concepts, and extending the discharge regimes toward sustainment of high integrated performance in the reactor relevant parameter regime. In addition to achievement of the equivalent break-even condition (QDTeq up to 1.25) and a high fusion triple product = 1.5E21 m-3skeV, JT-60U has demonstrated the integrated performance of high confinement, high beta-N, full non-inductive current drive with a large fraction of bootstrap current in the reversed magnetic shear and in the high-beta-p ELMy H mode plasmas characterized by both internal and edge transport barriers. The key factors in optimizing these plasmas are profile and shape controls. As represented by discovery of various Internal Transport Barriers, JT-60/JT-60U has been emphasizing freedom and restriction of profiles in various confinement modes. JT-60U has demonstrated applicability of these high confinement modes to ITER and also clarified remaining issues.

Journal Articles

Particle confinement and transport in JT-60U

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagashima, Keisuke; Sakasai, Akira; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Kubo, Hirotaka; Higashijima, Satoru; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Shirai, Hiroshi; Fujita, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 39(11Y), p.1917 - 1928, 1999/11

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:57.88(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Particle confinement and transport in JT-60U

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nagashima, Keisuke; Sakasai, Akira; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Kubo, Hirotaka; Higashijima, Satoru; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Fujita, Takaaki; Kamada, Yutaka; et al.

Fusion Energy 1998, Vol.2, p.749 - 752, 1998/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiative divertor with improved core plasma confinement in JT-60U

Itami, Kiyoshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Sakasai, Akira; Konoshima, Shigeru; Fujita, Takaaki; Oikawa, Toshihiro; Shimada, Michiya; Yoshino, Ryuji; JT-60 Team

Fusion Energy 1996, Vol.1, p.385 - 395, 1997/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study of ITER steady-state operation using lower hybrid current drive

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Shimada, Michiya; Polevoi, A. R.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Current drive capability of neutral beam and lower hybrid waves in ITER steady state scenarios

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Shimada, Michiya; Polevoi, A. R.*; Naito, Osamu; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Ozeki, Takahisa

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

An Assessment of ITER scenarios under varying assumptions of NBI and LHCD capability

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Polevoi, A. R.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Shimada, Michiya; Bonoli, P.*; Campbell, D.*; Chuyanov, V.*

no journal, , 

In the ITER design review, reducing the NBI energy is proposed for increasing the plasma rotation. NBI capability is assessed for various design assumptions. In the D-T operation, reliable operation would be obtained well above the H-L transition boundary. In the hydrogen operation, the beam energy has to be less than 500keV due to the NBI shinethrough, and the H-mode operation regime is narrow. The NBI central heating at high density necessary for the ITER mission is difficult at 500keV. NB current drive decreases by 20% at 750keV, which makes it difficult to prospect the steady state scenario. The rotation increases by 13% at 750keV. Based on recent experiments, however, MHD instabilities can be suppressed at a rotation velocity available with 1MeV NBIs. A steady state scenario using LHCD is explored with a transport code employing a LHCD code. With a reasonable HH=1.4, 93% of the plasma current is no-inductively driven, and hence the pulse duration is extended to the machine limit.

Oral presentation

Physics assessment of the NBI capability in ITER plasmas

Oikawa, Toshihiro; Polevoi, A. R.*; Mukhovatov, V.*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Kamada, Yutaka; Shimada, Michiya*; Campbell, D. J.*; Chuyanov, V.*; Schunke, B.*; Tanga, A.*; et al.

no journal, , 

In the ITER design review, reducing the NBI energy is proposed for increasing the plasma rotation in terms of suppressing MHD instabilities. NBI capability has been assessed for various design possibilities. In D-T operation, the planned auxiliary heating power makes possible reliable operation well above the H-L transition boundary. In hydrogen operation the beam energy should be limited to 500keV due to the NBI shinethrough. However, reduction of the NBI central heating at high density necessary for the ITER mission is significant at 500keV, confirming the need for higher energy in DT operation. Although the rotation increases by 13% at 750keV relative to 1MeV at constant power, NB current drive decreases by 20%, which would be problematic for the development of steady-state scenarios. Therefore it is concluded that the beam energy should be kept 1MeV in DT operation. The beam energy variation in a pulse enables the plasma beta control for avoiding the stability boundary.

Oral presentation

Analysis of magnetic properties in C60-Co nanogranular thin film by XMCD spectroscopy

Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sakai, Seiji; Naramoto, Hiroshi*; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Giant TMR effect and spin states of C$$_{60}$$-Co thin films

Sakai, Seiji; Matsumoto, Yoshihiro; Sugai, Isamu*; Mitani, Seiji*; Takanashi, Koki; Takagi, Yasumasa*; Nakagawa, Takeshi*; Yokoyama, Toshihiko*; Shimada, Toshihiro*; Maeda, Yoshihito

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

42 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)