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JAEA Reports

Decommissioning of the Plutonium Research Building No.1 (Plan and Present Status)

Komuro, Michiyasu; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Kokusen, Junya; Shimizu, Osamu; Honda, Junichi; Harada, Katsuya; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Nakada, Masami; Inagawa, Jun

JAEA-Technology 2021-042, 197 Pages, 2022/03


Plutonium Research Building No.1 was constructed in 1960 for the purpose of establishing plutonium handling technology and studying its basic physical properties. Radiochemical research, physicochemical research and analytical chemistry regarding solutions and solid plutonium compounds had been doing for the research program in Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA). In 1964, the laboratory building was expanded and started the researching plutonium-uranium mixed fuel and reprocessing of plutonium-based fuel, playing an advanced role in plutonium-related research in Japan. Since then, the research target has been expanded to include transplutonium elements, and it has functioned as a basic research facility for actinides. The laboratory is constructed by concrete structure and it has the second floor, equipped with 15 glove boxes and 4 chemical hoods. Plutonium Research Building No.1 was decided as one of the facilities to be decommissioned by Japan Atomic Energy Agency Reform Plan in September 2014. So far, the contamination survey of the radioactive materials in the controlled area, the decontamination of glove boxes, and the consideration of the equipment dismantling procedure have been performed as planned. The radioisotope and nuclear fuel materials used in the facility have been transfer to the other facilities in JAEA. The decommissioning of the facility is proceeding with the goal of completing by decommissioning the radiation controlled area in 2026. In this report, the details of the decommissioning plan and the past achievements are reported with the several data.

JAEA Reports

Carrying-out of whole nuclear fuel materials in Plutonium Research Building No.1

Inagawa, Jun; Kitatsuji, Yoshihiro; Otobe, Haruyoshi; Nakada, Masami; Takano, Masahide; Akie, Hiroshi; Shimizu, Osamu; Komuro, Michiyasu; Oura, Hirofumi*; Nagai, Isao*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2021-001, 144 Pages, 2021/08


Plutonium Research Building No.1 (Pu1) was qualified as a facility to decommission, and preparatory operations for decommission were worked by the research groups users and the facility managers of Pu1. The operation of transportation of whole nuclear materials in Pu1 to Back-end Cycle Key Element Research Facility (BECKY) completed at Dec. 2020. In the operation included evaluation of criticality safety for changing permission of the license for use nuclear fuel materials in BECKY, cask of the transportation, the registration request of the cask at the institute, the test transportation, formulation of plan for whole nuclear materials transportation, and the main transportation. This report circumstantially shows all of those process to help prospective decommission.

Journal Articles

Energy-dependent angular distribution of individual $$gamma$$ rays in the $$^{139}$$La($$n, gamma$$)$$^{140}$$La$$^{ast}$$ reaction

Okudaira, Takuya*; Endo, Shunsuke; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Ishizaki, Kohei*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Koga, Jun*; Ninomi, Yudai*; Sakai, Kenji; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(1), p.014601_1 - 014601_6, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Study of neutron-nuclear spin correlation term with a polarized Xe target

Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Okudaira, Takuya; Kai, Tetsuya; Harada, Masahide; Hiroi, Kosuke; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa*; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Hirota, Katsuya*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 33, p.011116_1 - 011116_6, 2021/03

In neutron fundamental physics, study of correlation term $${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$ of a neutron spin $${bf s}$$ and a target nuclear spin $${bf I}$$ is important because $${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$ term interferes to parity non-conserving (PNC) and time reversal non-conserving terms. For this study, a xenon (Xe) is an interesting nucleus because it has been observed an enhancement of PNC effect around neutron resonance peaks, and polarizes up to $$ sim 10^{-1}$$ by using a spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) method. We would plan to develop a polarized Xe gas target with a compact in-situ SEOP system, and to study $${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$ term by utilizing epithermal neutron beams supplied from a high intense pulsed spallation neutron source. As the first step, we attempted to measure neutron polarizing ability caused by $${bf s}cdot{bf I}$$ term at a 9.6 eV s-wave resonance peak of $$^{129}$$Xe at BL10 in MLF, by detecting change $$Delta R$$ of ratio between neutron transmissions with the polarized and unpolarized Xe target. After demonstrating that our apparatus could detect small change ($$Delta R_{rm DB} , {approx},10^{-2}$$) of neutron transmissions caused by Doppler broadening effect, a signified value of $$Delta R$$ has been obtained as preliminary results. For analyzing the obtained $$Delta R$$ in detail, we are improving our nuclear magnetic resonance and electron paramagnetic resonance systems for evaluating Xe polarization independently of neutron beams.

JAEA Reports

Decommissioning of the Uranium Enrichment Laboratory

Kokusen, Junya; Akasaka, Shingo*; Shimizu, Osamu; Kanazawa, Hiroyuki; Honda, Junichi; Harada, Katsuya; Okamoto, Hisato

JAEA-Technology 2020-011, 70 Pages, 2020/10


The Uranium Enrichment Laboratory in the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was constructed in 1972 for the purpose of uranium enrichment research. The smoke emitting accident on 1989 and the fire accident on 1997 had been happened in this facility. The research on uranium enrichment was completed in JFY1998. The decommissioning work was started including the transfer of the nuclear fuel material to the other facility in JFY2012. The decommissioning work was completed in JFY2019 which are consisting of removing the hood, dismantlement of wall and ceiling with contamination caused by fire accident. The releasing the controlled area was performed after the confirmation of any contamination is not remained in the target area. The radioactive waste was generated while decommissioning, burnable and non-flammable are 1.7t and 69.5t respectively. The Laboratory will be used as a general facility for cold experiments.

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Measurement of the angular distribution of $$gamma$$-rays after neutron capture by $$^{139}$$La for a T-violation search

Okudaira, Takuya; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Haddock, C. C.*; Ito, Ikuya*; Yamamoto, Tomoki*; Endo, Shunsuke*; Ishizaki, Kohei*; Sato, Takumi*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 219, p.09001_1 - 09001_6, 2019/12

Parity violating effects enhanced by up to 10$$^6$$ times have been observed in several neutron induced compound nuclei. There is a theoretical prediction that time reversal (T) violating effects can also be enhanced in these nuclei implying that T-violation can be searched for by making very sensitive measurements. However, the enhancement factor has not yet been measured in all nuclei. The angular distribution of the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction was measured with $$^{139}$$La by using a germanium detector assembly at J-PARC, and the enhancement factor was obtained. From the result, the measurement time to achieve the most sensitive T-violation search was estimated as 1.4 days, and a 40% polarized $$^{139}$$La target and a 70% polarized $$^3$$He spin filter whose thickness is 70 atm$$cdot$$cm are needed. Therefore high quality $$^3$$He spin filter is developed in JAEA. The measurement result of the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction at J-PARC and the development status of the $$^3$$He spin filter will be presented.

Journal Articles

Angular distribution of $$gamma$$ rays from neutron-induced compound states of $$^{140}$$La

Okudaira, Takuya*; Takada, Shusuke*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Koga, Jun*; Nagamoto, Kosuke*; Nakao, Taro*; Okada, Anju*; Sakai, Kenji; et al.

Physical Review C, 97(3), p.034622_1 - 034622_15, 2018/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:62.89(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Characterization of germanium detectors for the measurement of the angular distribution of prompt $$gamma$$-rays at the ANNRI in the MLF of the J-PARC

Takada, Shusuke*; Okudaira, Takuya*; Goto, Fumiya*; Hirota, Katsuya*; Kimura, Atsushi; Kitaguchi, Masaaki*; Koga, Jun*; Nakao, Taro*; Sakai, Kenji; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; et al.

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 13(2), p.P02018_1 - P02018_21, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:26.36(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Draft genome sequence of ${it Methylobacterium}$ sp. ME121, isolated from soil as a mixed single colony with ${it Kaistia}$ sp. 32K

Fujinami, Shun*; Takeda, Kiyoko*; Onodera, Takefumi*; Sato, Katsuya; Shimizu, Tetsu*; Wakabayashi, Yu*; Narumi, Issey*; Nakamura, Akira*; Ito, Masahiro*

Genome Announcements (Internet), 3(5), p.e01005-15_1 - e01005-15_2, 2015/09

Journal Articles

Series studies on inter-comparison of radiation calibration fields and calibration techniques between KAERI and JAEA

Yoshitomi, Hiroshi; Tanimura, Yoshihiko*; Tatebe, Yosuke; Tsutsumi, Masahiro; Kawasaki, Katsuya; Kowatari, Munehiko; Yoshizawa, Michio; Shimizu, Shigeru*; Kim, J.-S.*; Lee, J.-G.*; et al.

Proceedings of 4th Asian and Oceanic Congress on Radiation Protection (AOCRP-4) (CD-ROM), 4 Pages, 2015/07

Journal Articles

Interaction of double-stranded DNA with polymerized PprA protein from ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$

Adachi, Motoyasu; Hirayama, Hiroshi; Shimizu, Rumi; Sato, Katsuya; Narumi, Issey*; Kuroki, Ryota

Protein Science, 23(10), p.1349 - 1358, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:31.87(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Pleiotropic protein promoting DNA repair A (PprA) is a key protein that facilitates the extreme radioresistance of ${it Deinococcus radiodurans}$. To clarify the role of PprA in the radioresistance mechanism, the interaction between recombinant PprA expressed in Escherichia coli with several double-stranded DNAs was investigated. In a gel-shift assay, the band shift of supercoiled pUC19 DNA caused by the binding of PprA showed a bimodal distribution, which was promoted by the addition of 1 mM Mg, Ca, or Sr ions. The dissociation constant of the PprA-supercoiled pUC19 DNA complex, calculated from the relative portions of shifted bands, was 0.6 $$mu$$M with a Hill coefficient of 3.3 in the presence of 1 mM Mg acetate. This indicates that at least 281 PprA molecules are required to saturate a supercoiled pUC19 DNA, which is consistent with the number of bound PprA molecules estimated by the UV absorption of the PprA-pUC19 complex purified by gel filtration. This saturation also suggests linear polymerization of PprA along the dsDNA. On the other hand, the bands of linear dsDNA and nicked circular dsDNA that eventually formed PprA complexes did not saturate, but created larger molecular complexes when the PprA concentration was greater than 1.3 $$mu$$M. This result implies that DNA-bound PprA aids association of the termini of damaged DNAs, which is regulated by the concentration of PprA.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous saccharification and fermentation from ionic liquid-pretreated biomass using ionic liquid-tolerant yeast mutant

Ninomiya, Kazuaki*; Omote, Sayuri*; Sato, Katsuya; Narumi, Issey*; Shimizu, Nobuaki*

JAEA-Review 2013-059, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2012, P. 115, 2014/03

Journal Articles

The Possible interplanetary transfer of microbes; Assessing the viability of ${it Deinococcus}$ spp. under the ISS environmental conditions for performing exposure experiments of microbes in the Tanpopo mission

Kawaguchi, Yuko*; Yang, Y.*; Kawashiri, Narutoshi*; Shiraishi, Keisuke*; Takasu, Masako*; Narumi, Issey*; Sato, Katsuya; Hashimoto, Hirofumi*; Nakagawa, Kazumichi*; Tanigawa, Yoshiaki*; et al.

Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres, 43(4-5), p.411 - 428, 2013/10

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:78.06(Biology)

Journal Articles

FACS-based screening for yeast clone highly expressing cellulase

Ninomiya, Kazuaki*; Nomura, Tomoyo*; Sato, Katsuya; Narumi, Issei; Shimizu, Nobuaki*

JAEA-Review 2012-046, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2011, P. 108, 2013/01

Journal Articles

Repeated FACS-based screening for yeast strain highly expressing cellulase

Ninomiya, Kazuaki*; Soda, Hiroshi*; Sato, Katsuya; Narumi, Issei; Shimizu, Nobuaki*

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 111, 2012/01

Journal Articles

Electrical resistance measurement techniques for metal hydrides under high-pressure H$$_2$$ conditions & electrical transport and structural properties of FeH$$_x$$

Matsuoka, Takehiro*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Shimizu, Katsuya*; Machida, Akihiko; Aoki, Katsutoshi

Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu, 21(3), p.190 - 196, 2011/09

We present the newly developed electrical resistance measurement technique for metal hydrides compressed in high-pressure H$$_2$$ and the first successful ${it in-situ}$ simultaneous measurements of electrical resistance and X-ray diffraction of FeH at high pressures and low temperatures. The electrical resistivity $$rho$$ showed a sharp increase with the formation of iron-hydride FeH$$_x$$ ($$xsim1$$) at 3.5 GPa. The $$epsilon$$'-phase of FeH was found to be metallic up to 25.5 GPa. The $$rho$$ vs. $$T$$ curves up to 16.5 GPa approximately follow Fermi-liquid law below 25 K. However, $$T^5$$ was found to be better fitting at 25.5 GPa. This change can be related to the previously reported ferromagnetism collapse at corresponding pressures.

Journal Articles

Structural and valence changes of europium hydride induced by application of high-pressure H$$_{2}$$

Matsuoka, Takahiro*; Fujihisa, Hiroshi*; Hirao, Naohisa*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Mitsui, Takaya; Masuda, Ryo; Seto, Makoto*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Shimizu, Katsuya*; Machida, Akihiko; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 107(2), p.025501_1 - 025501_4, 2011/07

 Times Cited Count:24 Percentile:77.07(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Europium-hydride EuH$$_{x}$$ exposed to high-pressure H$$_{2}$$ conditions has been found to exhibit structural and valence changes, $$Pnma$$ ($$x$$=2, divalent) $$rightarrow$$ $$P$$63/$$mmc$$ ($$x$$=2, 7.2-8.7 GPa) $$rightarrow$$ $$I$$4/$$m$$ ($$x$$$$>$$2, 8.7-9.7 GPa) $$rightarrow$$ $$I$$4/$$mmm$$ ($$x$$$$>$$2, 9.7 GPa-, trivalent). Having trivalent character and distorted cubic fcc structure, the $$I$$4/$$mmm$$ structure is the $$beta$$-phase which has been commonly observed for other rare-earth metal hydrides. Our study clearly demonstrates that EuH$$_{x}$$ is no longer an "irregular" member of the rare earth metal hydrides.

Journal Articles

FACS-based screening of yeast strain highly expressing cellulase

Ninomiya, Kazuaki*; Soda, Hiroshi*; Sato, Katsuya; Narumi, Issei; Shimizu, Nobuaki*

JAEA-Review 2010-065, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2009, P. 78, 2011/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Huge upper critical field in the superconductor with non-centrosymmetric crystal structure CeCoGe$$_3$$

M$'e$asson, M.-A.*; Muranaka, Hiroshi*; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Kawai, Tomoya*; Haga, Yoshinori; Knebel, G.*; Aoki, Dai*; Lapertot, G.*; Honda, Fuminori*; Settai, Rikio*; et al.

Physica C, 470(Suppl.1), p.S536 - S538, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:23.57(Physics, Applied)

69 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)