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Journal Articles

Analysis of the activities of the website "Question and Answer about radiation in Daily Life" after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and some lessons learned from it; To pass on this experience to the future

Kono, Takahiko; Shimo, Michikuni*; Hayakawa, Hironobu*; Taniguchi, Kazufumi*; Tanaka, Masato*; Tanaka, Hitomi*; Onoue, Yosuke*; Nagaya, Hiroshi*; Torii, Hiroyuki*; Uno, Kazuko*

Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 55(4), p.226 - 238, 2020/12

After the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, artificial radionuclides such as radioactive cesium and iodine were released into the environment. It caused great anxiety not only in the vicinity of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station but also in other regions of Japan. Some members of the Japan Health Physics Society (JHPS) which is a leading academic society in Japan in the field of radiation protection volunteered to establish the website called "Question and Answer about radiation in Daily Life" just after the accident to reduce the anxiety of the residents about the health effects of radiation. After that, Committee of "Question and Answer about radiation in Daily Life" was established in August 2011 in JHPS, and this activity had been carried out under the responsibility of the society that answered with sincerity against questions from the public as specialists until February 2013. The number of questions on the website had gradually decreased as time passed; therefore, the Committee members decided to end these activities in February 2013. In this paper, following contents were shown; the activities of the Q&A website for about two years, the issues of the stance on our activities, the information related to the website activities and the analysis of Twitter data. Based on the experience and the knowledge obtained from these activities, the issues and experiences that can be utilized in the initial response to emergencies for radiation protection experts as well as other fields are presented.

Journal Articles

Activity report of the task group of radiation protection about wastes containing natural radioactive nuclides

Saito, Tatsuo; Kobayashi, Shinichi*; Zaitsu, Tomohisa*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Fumoto, Hiromichi*

Hoken Butsuri (Internet), 55(2), p.86 - 91, 2020/06

Safety cases for disposal of uranium bearing waste and NORM with uranium has not yet been fully developed in Japan, because of safety assessment of extraordinary long timespan and uncertainty in unexpected incidents with uncompleted radon impact evaluation measures arising from uranium waste disposal facility in far future. Our task group of radiation protection for wastes with natural radioactive nuclides studied some safety cases with disposal of uranium bearing waste and NORM in terms of nuclides, U-235, U-238 and their progenies, and comprehensively discussed the current state of their disposal in comparison to the ideas of international organizations such as ICRP and IAEA. We developed our ideas for long term uncertainty and radon with the knowledge of experts in each related area of direction, repeating discussions, focusing out the orientation of each directions, and outlined the recommendations with our suggestions of solving important issues in the future to be addressed.

Journal Articles

Improvement of estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts applied by determination of passing-through time of plume using noble gas counts

Yamada, Junya; Hashimoto, Makoto; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

Hoken Butsuri, 52(1), p.5 - 12, 2017/03

The purpose of this study is to improve a quick method for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts in case that a nuclear disaster occurs. In this method, $$^{131}$$I concentrations were estimated by multiplying $$^{131}$$I count rates of cloud-shine measured with NaI (Tl) detector by concentration conversion factor. A previous study suggested that it was difficult to determine passing-through time of plume from temporal change of $$^{131}$$I count rates or dose rate. Our study applies the method for estimating passing-through time of plume from temporal change of noble gas counts. The $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air at Oarai center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency resulting from the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant were estimated by proposal technique. The result of comparison of this method with sampling method for $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air were within factor 3.

Journal Articles

Calculation of conversion factor for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air from pulse-height distribution observed by NaI(Tl) detector in monitoring posts

Yamada, Junya; Hashimoto, Makoto; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

Radioisotopes, 65(10), p.403 - 408, 2016/10

The purpose of this study is to develop a quick method for estimation of $$^{131}$$I concentrations in the air using data measured by monitoring posts. In this method, $$^{131}$$I concentrations were estimated by multiplying $$^{131}$$I count rates at the full-energy peak measured with a NaI(Tl) detector by a concentration conversion factor. The concentration conversion factor for monitoring posts in JAEA Oarai Center was calculated with an EGS5 Monte Carlo code. As a result, the concentration conversion factor for an infinite-air-source was 25.7 Bq/m$$^{3}$$/cps.

Journal Articles

Thoron exhalation rates in areas of Japan

Shimo, Michikuni*; Ishimori, Yuu; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tokonami, Shinji*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 141(4), p.473 - 476, 2010/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:19.27(Environmental Sciences)

Thoron exhalation rates were measured with a newly made portable instrument at 33 areas in 7 prefectures of Japan. Thoron exhalation rates ranged from 49 to 4890 mBq m$$^{-2}$$ s$$^{-1}$$. Radon exhalation rates were also measured in many of the areas at the same time and ranged from 2.1 to 11 mBq m$$^{-2}$$ s$$^{-1}$$. Thoron exhalation rates showed a rough correlation with radon exhalation rates. Both exhalation rates also showed a rough correlation with geological features.

Journal Articles

Epidemiological studies on indoor radon risk; A Review and current issues

Yonehara, Hidenori*; Ishimori, Yuu; Akiba, Suminori*; Iida, Takao*; Iimoto, Takeshi*; Kai, Michiaki*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Yamada, Yuji*; Yoshinaga, Shinji*; et al.

Hoken Butsuri, 42(3), p.201 - 213, 2007/09

The pooled analysis recently carried out in European countries and North American countries showed the excess relative risk of lung cancer increased by 10-20% per 100 Bqm$$^{-3}$$ increase in indoor radon concentration. The Scientific Committee on Indoor Radon Risk and Response to the Issue established by the Japan Health Physic Society reviewed the scientific evidence on the indoor radon risk obtained so far and evaluated the pooled analysis results from the viewpoint of estimating the risk coefficient in Japan. The committee concludes that the risk shown by the pooled analysis results has the consistency from miners risk analysis, and that it is probably not low in the reliability and validity, although the value may include the uncertainties caused from the correction of radon concentration measured, from the effect of thoron on measurement results, from the differences of environmental parameters in exposure, and so on.

Oral presentation

Ultra fine particle generation and induced radioactivity in electron linear accelerator

Yamasaki, Keizo*; Oki, Yuichi*; Osada, Naoyuki*; Yokoyama, Sumi; Yamada, Yuji*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Fukutsu, Kumiko*; Iida, Takao*; Rahman, N. M.*; Shimo, Michikuni*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Generation of natural and artificial radioactive aerosol in electron linear accelerator

Yamasaki, Keizo*; Oki, Yuichi*; Osada, Naoyuki*; Iida, Takao*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Yamada, Yuji*; Tokonami, Shinji*; Fukutsu, Kumiko*; Yokoyama, Sumi

no journal, , 

The physicochemical properties of radioactive aerosols are important factors to assess internal dose at high energy accelerator facilities. In Kyoto University Research Reactor Institute, a generation of radioactive aerosols in ADSR (Accelerator-Driven Subcritical Reactor) facilities was studied as part of the research project of ADSR. The generation of radioactive aerosols in high intensity irradiation fields of ADSR was simulated by irradiation of the target room air at LINAC. We measured the particle size of radioactive aerosols in the target room during the acceleration period. Natural radon aerosols in the target room grew to the larger size because of an attachment of radon daughters to non-radioactive aerosols. The particle size of the produced radioactive aerosols was also larger with time. This would mean that a formation mechanism of the radioactive aerosols produced at high energy accelerator facilities is the same as radon one.

Oral presentation

The Experience obtained by risk communication activity with radiation question and answer in life website after Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Kono, Takahiko; Ogino, Haruyuki*; Hayakawa, Hironobu*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Taniguchi, Kazufumi*; Ban, Nobuhiko*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

The Experience of risk communication activities using the Q&A web site concerning about radiation in life after Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Kono, Takahiko; Ogino, Haruyuki*; Hayakawa, Hironobu*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Taniguchi, Kazufumi*; Ban, Nobuhiko*

no journal, , 

After Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident happened on 11 March 2011, we have been providing the right information about radiation and radioactivity via a Q&A website. Immediately after the accident, volunteers of Japan Health Physics Society (JHPS) built up a website named Questions and Answers about Radiation in Daily Life. They carefully answered all of the questions posted on the website. In August, Steering Committee of the Q&A site was officially established in JHPS. Since then, the Committee has been engaged in the risk communication activities to the public. We have analyzed characteristics of questioners and question contents of about 1,500 posted on our web site so far. It has been found that mothers of small children form the major portion of the questioners all through the period.

Oral presentation

Determination of concentration of radioiodine in plume resulting from the accident at the FDNPP by analysis of pulse-height distributions observed at monitoring posts using the EGS code system

Yamada, Junya; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Study on estimation of I-131 concentrations in atmosphere using measured data by monitoring posts

Yamada, Junya; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Hashimoto, Makoto; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Comparison of I-131 concentrations in atmosphere estimated from pulse-height distribution observed by NaI(Tl) detector at monitoring posts and evaluated from air sampling

Yamada, Junya; Seya, Natsumi; Haba, Risa; Muto, Yasunobu; Hashimoto, Makoto; Shimizu, Takehiko; Takasaki, Koji; Yokoyama, Sumi*; Shimo, Michikuni*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Progress report of the expert panel on management of NORM-containing wastes investigated through the perspective of humanities and social sciences

Yasuda, Hiroshi*; Saito, Tatsuo; Fumoto, Hiromichi*; Kasai, Atsushi*; Shimo, Michikuni*; Sugawara, Shinetsu*; Tsuchida, Shoji*; Furuta, Sadaaki*

no journal, , 

Contaminated with naturally occurring radionuclides uranium and its progeny nuclides, "uranium bearing wastes" have very long half-life to decay its radioactivity, which can be hundreds of thousands of years, and have risk to impose a considerable burden on future generations. Based on this, the authors considered that it is important to consider not only from the viewpoint of science and engineering as has been done so far, but also from the viewpoint of humanities and social sciences such as philosophy and history. Therefore, in 2020, the Health Physics Society of Japan established the "the Expert Panel on Management of NORM-Containing Wastes Investigated through the Perspective of Humanities and Social Sciences, and related fields". In this session, we will report on the history and future outlook of our activities so far.

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