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Journal Articles

Negative muonium ion production with a C12A7 electride film

Otani, Masashi*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; Matoba, Shiro*; Mibe, Tsutomu*; Miyake, Yasuhiro*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yamazaki, Takayuki*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012067_1 - 012067_6, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:57.11

Negative muonium atom ($$mu^+$$e$$^-$$e$$^-$$, Mu$$^-$$) has unique features stimulating potential interesting for several scientific fields. Since its discovery in late 1980's in vacuum, it has been discussed that the production efficiency would be improved using a low-work function material. C12A7 was a well-known insulator as a constituent of alumina cement, but was recently confirmed to exhibit electric conductivity by electron doping. The C12A7 electride has relatively low-work function (2.9 eV). In this paper, the negative muonium production measurement with several materials including a C12A7 electride film will be presented. Measured production rate of the Mu$$^-$$ were 10$$^{-3}$$/s for all the Al, electride, and SUS target. Significant enhancement on electride target was not observed, thus it is presumed that the surface condition should be more carefully treated. There was no material dependence of the Mu$$^-$$ averaged energy: it was 0.2$$pm$$0.1keV.

Journal Articles

First muon acceleration using a radio-frequency accelerator

Bae, S.*; Choi, H.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iijima, Toru*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Kawamura, Naritoshi*; et al.

Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Internet), 21(5), p.050101_1 - 050101_6, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:83.1(Physics, Nuclear)

Muons have been accelerated by using a radio-frequency accelerator for the first time. Negative muonium atoms (Mu$$^{-}$$), which are bound states of positive muons and two electrons, are generated from through the electron capture process in an aluminum degrader. The generated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are initially electrostatically accelerated and injected into a radio-frequency quadrupole linac (RFQ). In the RFQ, the Mu$$^{-}$$'s are accelerated to 89 keV. The accelerated Mu$$^{-}$$'s are identified by momentum measurement and time of flight. This compact muon linac opens the door to various muon accelerator applications including particle physics measurements and the construction of a transmission muon microscope.

Journal Articles

Current preparation and prospects of the muon acceleration test with RFQ in J-PARC

Kitamura, Ryo*; Otani, Masashi*; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Bae, S.*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.100 - 103, 2017/12

Muon acceleration is an important technique in exploring the new frontier of physics. A new measurement of the muon dipole moments is planned in J-PARC using the muon linear accelerator. The low-energy (LE) muon source using the thin metal foil target and beam diagnostic system were developed for the world's first muon acceleration. Negative muonium ions from the thin metal foil target as the LE muon source was successfully observed. Also the beam profile of the LE positive muon was measured by the LE-dedicated beam profile monitor. The muon acceleration test using a Radio-Frequency Quadrupole linac (RFQ) is being prepared as the first step of the muon accelerator development. In this paper, the latest status of the first muon acceleration test is described.

Journal Articles

Non-destructive elemental analysis of a carbonaceous chondrite with direct current Muon beam at MuSIC

Terada, Kentaro*; Sato, Akira*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Kawashima, Yoshitaka*; Shimomura, Koichiro*; Yoshida, Go*; Kawai, Yosuke*; Osawa, Takahito; Tachibana, Shogo*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.15478_1 - 15478_6, 2017/11

AA2017-0455.pdf:1.15MB

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:53.4(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Electron- or X-ray-induced characteristic X-ray analysis has been widely used to determine chemical compositions of materials in vast research fields. In recent years, analysis of characteristic X-rays from muonic atoms, in which a muon is captured, has attracted attention because both a muon beam and a muon-induced characteristic X-ray have high transmission abilities. Here we report the first non-destructive elemental analysis of a carbonaceous chondrite using one of the world-leading intense direct current muon beam source (MuSIC; MUon Science Innovative Channel). We successfully detected characteristic muonic X-rays of Mg, Si, Fe, O, S and C from Jbilet Winselwan CM chondrite, of which carbon content is about 2 wt percent, and the obtained elemental abundance pattern was consistent with that of CM chondrites.

Journal Articles

Study on the seismic buckling evaluation method for Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel cylindrical vessel

Okafuji, Takashi*; Miura, Kazuhiro*; Sago, Hiromi*; Murakami, Hisatomo*; Kubo, Koji*; Sato, Kenichiro*; Wakai, Takashi; Shimomura, Kenta

Nihon Kikai Gakkai M&M 2017 Zairyo Rikigaku Kanfarensu Koen Rombunshu (Internet), p.591 - 595, 2017/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Creep-fatigue tests of double-end notched bar made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel

Shimomura, Kenta; Kato, Shoichi; Wakai, Takashi; Ando, Masanori; Hirose, Yuichi*; Sato, Kenichiro*

Proceedings of 23rd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-23) (DVD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2015/05

This paper describes experimental and analytical works to confirm that the design standard for SFR components sufficiently covers possible failure mechanisms. Creep-fatigue damage evaluation method in JSME design standard for SFR components has been constructed based on experiments and/or numerical analyses of conventional austenitic stainless steels, such as 304SS. Since the material characteristics of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel are substantially different from those of austenitic stainless steels, it is required to verify the applicability of the design standards to the SFR components made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel. A series of uni-axial creep-fatigue tests were conducted using double-ended notch bar specimens made of Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel under displacement controlled condition with 30 minute holding. The curvature radii of the specimens were 1.6mm, 11.2mm and 40.0mm. The specimen having 1.6mm notch and 11.2mm notch failed from outer surface but the specimen having 40.0mm notch showed obvious internal crack nucleation. In addition, though total duration time of the creep-fatigue test was only 2,000 hours, a lot of creep voids and inter granular crack growth were observed. To clarify the cause of such peculiar failure, some additional experiments were performed, as well as some numerical analyses. We could point out that such a peculiar failure aspect might result from corresponding stress distribution in the cross section. As a result of a series of investigations, possible causes of such peculiar failure could be narrowed down. A future investigation plan was proposed to clarify the most significant cause.

Journal Articles

Identified charged hadron production in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Armendariz, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(6), p.064903_1 - 064903_29, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:164 Percentile:99.44(Physics, Nuclear)

Transverse momentum distributions and yields for $$pi^{pm}, K^{pm}, p$$, and $$bar{p}$$ in $$p + p$$ collisions at $$sqrt{s}$$ = 200 and 62.4 GeV at midrapidity are measured by the PHENIX experiment at the RHIC. We present the inverse slope parameter, mean transverse momentum, and yield per unit rapidity at each energy, and compare them to other measurements at different $$sqrt{s}$$ collisions. We also present the scaling properties such as $$m_T$$ and $$x_T$$ scaling and discuss the mechanism of the particle production in $$p + p$$ collisions. The measured spectra are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations.

Journal Articles

Azimuthal correlations of electrons from heavy-flavor decay with hadrons in $$p+p$$ and Au+Au collisions at $$sqrt{s_{NN}}$$ = 200 GeV

Adare, A.*; Afanasiev, S.*; Aidala, C.*; Ajitanand, N. N.*; Akiba, Yasuyuki*; Al-Bataineh, H.*; Alexander, J.*; Aoki, Kazuya*; Aphecetche, L.*; Aramaki, Y.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(4), p.044912_1 - 044912_16, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.82(Physics, Nuclear)

Measurements of electrons from the decay of open-heavy-flavor mesons have shown that the yields are suppressed in Au+Au collisions compared to expectations from binary-scaled $$p+p$$ collisions. Here we extend these studies to two particle correlations where one particle is an electron from the decay of a heavy flavor meson and the other is a charged hadron from either the decay of the heavy meson or from jet fragmentation. These measurements provide more detailed information about the interaction between heavy quarks and the quark-gluon matter. We find the away-side-jet shape and yield to be modified in Au+Au collisions compared to $$p+p$$ collisions.

Oral presentation

Development of trouble data base of sodium-cooled fast reactor

Shimomura, Kenta; Garcia Rodriguez, D.*

no journal, , 

There is a longstanding interest to improve the in-service inspection (ISI) of nuclear power plants in general, and sodium fast reactors (SFR) in particular. With the goal of improving both safety and economic performance, a risk-informed approach to in-service inspection (RI-ISI) has therefore been earmarked for future commercial-scale SFR. A reliable RI-ISI, however, can only be established based on a rich operational experience record. For long, JAEA has compiled information about SFR troubles, but up to now such effort had been limited to specific types of troubles or components, while lacking the reliability and completeness required for the RI-ISI approach. In this paper we introduce recent work aiming to develop a comprehensive SFR trouble database based on original information sources, which both expands and improves any previously available documentation.

Oral presentation

The Formulation of material characteristics of austenitic stainless steels at extremely high temperature

Shimomura, Kenta; Onizawa, Takashi; Kato, Shoichi; Ando, Masanori; Wakai, Takashi

no journal, , 

This paper describes the formulation of material characteristics of austenitic stainless steels at extremely high temperature which meets in some kinds of severe accidents of nuclear power plants. After the severe accident in Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plants, it has been supposed to be very important not only to prevent the occurrence of abnormal conditions, i.e. from the first to the third layer safety, but also to prevent the expansion of the accident conditions, i.e. the fourth layer safety. In order to evaluate the structural integrity under the severe accident condition, material characteristics which can be used in the numerical analyses, such as finite element analysis, were required. However, there were no material characteristics applicable to the structural integrity assessment at extremely high temperature. Therefore, a series of tensile and creep tests was performed for austenitic stainless at extremely high temperature which meets in some kinds of severe accidents of nuclear power plants, namely up to 1000$$^{circ}$$C. Based on the acquired data from the tests, monotonic stress-strain equation and creep rupture equation applicable to the structural analysis at extremely high temperature, up to 1000$$^{circ}$$C were formulated. As a result, these formulae make it possible to conduct the structural integrity assessment using numerical analysis techniques, such as finite element method.

Oral presentation

The Material property equations for 316FR steel at extremely high temperature

Okuda, Takahiro; Yamashita, Hayato; Toyota, Kodai; Shimomura, Kenta; Onizawa, Takashi; Kato, Shoichi

no journal, , 

This study describes the setting of the material property equations of 316FR steel at an extremely high temperature which can be applied to severe accident conditions of generation IV fast reactors. 316FR steel will be applied to structural materials, e.g. reactor vessel, in the generation IV fast reactors. After the severe accident in Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants, the evaluation of structural integrity was found to be very important severe accident condition. The development of the generation IV fast reactors requires the material properties of 316FR steel at the extremely high temperature. However, such data has not been acquired. Therefore, tensile and creep tests were carried out in the temperature range over 700$$^{circ}$$C for 316FR steel. Based on the acquired data from the tests, the equations that can evaluate the material properties of 316FR steel at the extremely high temperature were set up. They are an elasto-plastic stress-strain equation, a creep rupture equation and a creep strain equation.

Oral presentation

Development of extremely high temperature material property equations on austenitic stainless steel

Onizawa, Takashi; Shimomura, Kenta; Kato, Shoichi; Wakai, Takashi

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Evaluation of the longitudinal beam profile monitor with high time resolution for the muon linac in the J-PARC E34 muon g-2/EDM experiment

Yotsuzuka, Mai*; Iijima, Toru*; Inami, Kenji*; Sue, Yuki*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Nakazawa, Yuga*; Saito, Naohito; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; et al.

no journal, , 

The J-PARC E34 experiment aims to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment and the electric dipole moment with a high precision. In this experiment, thermal muonium is produced and ionized by laser resonance to generate ultra-slow muons, which are then accelerated in a multistage muon linac. In order to satisfy the experimental requirements, suppression of the emittance growth during the acceleration is necessary. Because the main cause of the emittance growth is beam mismatching between the accelerating stages, the transverse and longitudinal beam monitoring is important. The longitudinal beam monitor has to measure the bunch length with the resolution equivalent to tens of picoseconds, which is 1% of the acceleration phase of 324 MHz. In addition, it should be sensitive to single muon because the beam intensity is limited during the commissioning phase. To realize above requirements, we are developing a longitudinal beam monitor with a micro channel plate, and the test bench to evaluate the monitor performance. So far, the time resolution of the beam monitor was obtained to be 65 ps in RMS including the jitter on the test bench. We also succeeded in measuring the longitudinal bunch size of the muon beam accelerated by RFQ using the beam monitor. In addition, a beam transport system using this monitor is designed. In this paper, the results of the performance evaluation for this beam monitor and a preriminaly result of the beam transport design are reported.

Oral presentation

Buckling evaluation method of Mod. 9Cr-1Mo steel cylinder under horizontal and vertical loads, 1; Effects of material properties and initial imperfection

Miura, Kazuhiro*; Okafuji, Takashi*; Sago, Hiromi*; Shimomura, Kenta; Okajima, Satoshi; Sato, Kenichiro*

no journal, , 

Buckling evaluation methods capable of evaluating elasto-plastic buckling under axial compression, bending, and shear loads are required for cylindrical vessels of fast reactors in order to cope with thinning due to the increase in diameter, adoption of new materials, and adoption of seismic isolation design due to the increase in the standard seismic ground motion. Buckling evaluation methods corresponding to the above are being considered in the fast reactor standards of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. In this study, in order to examine the applicability of the proposed buckling evaluation equation, Monte Carlo simulation was carried out using material properties and initial imperfections, which are the fluctuation factors of buckling strength, as parameters, and the effect of the fluctuation of these factors on buckling load was evaluated. When the buckling load was normalized by the buckling critical value according to the proposed formula using the longitudinal elastic modulus and the design yield stress of JSME S NC2-2013, the 95% lower confidence limit exceeded the threshold of the proposed formula for both the vertical single load condition and the horizontal and vertical combined load condition. The results show that the buckling critical value calculated by using the design yield stress in the proposed equation is more conservative than the 95% lower confidence limit of the actual buckling load affected by the scatter of material properties and others.

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