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JAEA Reports

Report on cause investigation and countermeasure of leakage trace from the drum

Shimomura, Yusuke; Sato, Takuya; Fukui, Yasutaka; Kudo, Kenji; Yoshioka, Tatsuji

JAEA-Review 2018-023, 220 Pages, 2019/01

JAEA-Review-2018-023.pdf:15.6MB

On September 11, 2015, leaky traces of bituminized wastes were confirmed from four drums filled with bituminization in waste packages storage yard (II) of waste management facility in Oarai Research and Development Center. Moreover, even after the subsequent investigation, a leakage trace was found from one bituminous drum on November 10, 2015. Furthermore, on December 2, 2015, there was no a leakage trace in one bituminous drum, however the upper lid was found to be intensely corroded. To investigate the causes and the countermeasures for leakages of bituminized wastes from the drums, we have set up a Work Group to investigate the causes and the countermeasures to leakage traces from the drums. This report is based on "Report on Cause Investigation and Countermeasure of Leakage Trace from the Drum" summarized by this working group, the report was reconstructed including the contents clarified in the subsequent document investigation.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Keiichi*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:7.43

Journal Articles

Surface modification effects on hydrogen absorption property of a hydrogen storage alloy by short pulse laser irradiation

Abe, Hiroshi; Shimomura, Takuya; Tokuhira, Shinnosuke*; Shimada, Yukihiro*; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Furuyama, Yuta*; Nishimura, Akihiko; Uchida, Hirohisa*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Oshima, Takeshi

Proceedings of 7th International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing (LAMP 2015) (Internet), 4 Pages, 2015/08

A short pulse laser (the nanosecond and femtosecond) was applied to hydrogen absorbing alloys surface layer, and a surface modification experiment was put into effective to aim at improvement of hydrogen adsorption functionally. It was investigated about correlation between an initial hydrogen absorption reaction rate of hydrogen alloys and a laser irradiation in this research. The laser irradiation condition was done with pulse width 100 fsec and energy 0.2 - 3.4 mJ/pulse. It blazed down on hydrogen absorbing alloys (LaNi$$_{4.6}$$Al$$_{0.4}$$) and changed local order in the surface. As a result, the initial hydrogen absorption reaction rate was 1.5 - 3.0 times as fast as a irradiated sample, and the result and laser irradiated sample found out that a hydrogen absorption function improves. A laser irradiation can conclude to be effective in surface modification of the hydrogen storage materials.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of heat resistant fiber Bragg grating sensors based on femtosecond laser processing for vibration monitoring and temperature change

Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Furuyama, Takehiro*; Shimomura, Takuya; Terada, Takaya; Daido, Hiroyuki

Journal of Laser Micro/Nanoengineering, 9(3), p.221 - 224, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Nanoscience & Nanotechnology)

Heat resistant FBG sensors were developed by femtosecond laser processing to apply them to high temperature operated piping system of nuclear power plants. The FBG sensor was installed on the surface of a steel blade and a vibration test was conducted to detect the resonant vibration frequency of the vibrating blade. The FBG sensor had the heatproof performance at 600$$^{circ}$$C. A frequency stabilized sensing system using a tunable laser was tested for structural health monitoring in daily operation of nuclear power plants. The FBG sensor was installed on the surface of a steel blade for vibration induced strain measurements. Welding, brazing, soldering and noble metal powder adhesive were discussed for molding the FBG sensors.

Journal Articles

New instrumentation using a heat resistant FBG sensor installed by laser cladding

Nishimura, Akihiko; Terada, Takaya; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Furuyama, Takehiro*; Shimomura, Takuya

Proceedings of 22nd International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-22) (DVD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2014/07

Since 2007, JAEA has been developing laser based technologies of structural health monitoring. The FBG sensor made by femtosecond laser processing will be the best candidate. To make the best use of the heat resistant characteristic, the FBG sensor was embedded in metal mold by laser cladding. A groove was processed to the surface of a SUS metal plate. We used a QCW laser to weld a filler wire on the plate. A series of weld beads perfectly formed a sealing clad on the groove. Though the FBG sensor was buried tightly, no degradation on the reflection spectrum was detected after the processing. The FBG sensor could detect the vibration of the plate caused by impact shocks and audio vibration. The reflection peak of the FBG sensor under laser cladding condition was shifted to be 6 nm. We demonstrated that the corresponded temperature derive from the reflection peak shift reached 600 degrees in heat shock experiments. The installation procedure of a FBG sensor using a portable laser cladding machine was described.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of heat resistant Bragg grating by femtosecond laser processing for vibration monitoring

Nishimura, Akihiko; Takenaka, Yusuke*; Furuyama, Takehiro*; Shimomura, Takuya; Terada, Takaya; Daido, Hiroyuki

Proceedings of 1st Smart Laser Processing Conference 2014 (SLPC 2014), 4 Pages, 2014/04

Heat resistant FBG sensors were developed by femtosecond laser processing. In order to apply them to piping system of nuclear power plants, vibration test under high temperature was demonstrated. The FBG sensor had the heatproof performance at 600$$^{circ}$$C. A frequency stabilized sensing system using a tunable laser was tested for structural health monitoring in daily operation of nuclear power plants. The FBG sensor was installed on the surface of a steel blade for vibration induced strain measurements. Welding, brazing, soldering and noble metal powder adhesive were discussed for molding the FBG sensors.

Journal Articles

Current status and future prospects of "J-KAREN"; High contrast, high intensity laser for studying relativistic laser-matter interactions

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Okada, Hajime; Shimomura, Takuya; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Yogo, Akifumi; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.015095_1 - 015095_5, 2014/03

We present the design and characterization of a high-contrast, petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system. Two saturable absorbers and low-gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier in the double CPA laser chain have improved the temporal contrast to 1.4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ on the subnanosecond time scale at 70 terawatt level. Final uncompressed broadband pulse energy is 28 J, indicating the potential for reaching peak power near 600 terawatt. We also discuss our upgrade to over petawatt level at a 0.1 Hz repetition rate briefly.

Journal Articles

Measurements of electron-induced neutrons as a tool for determination of electron temperature of fast electrons in the task of optimization laser-produced plasma ions acceleration

Sakaki, Hironao; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Maeda, Shota; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Ogura, Koichi; Fukami, Tomoyo; Matsukawa, Kenya*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(2), p.02A705_1 - 02A705_4, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:85.43(Instruments & Instrumentation)

High intensity laser-plasma interaction has attracted considerable interest for a number of years. The laser-plasma interaction is accompanied by generation of various charged particle beams. Results of simultaneous novel measurements of electron-induced photonuclear neutrons (photoneutron), which are a diagnostic of the laser-plasma interaction, are proposed to use for optimization of the laser-plasma ion generation. The proposed method is demonstrated by the laser irradiation with the intensity os 1$$times$$10$$^{21}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$ on the metal foil target. The photoneutrons are measured by using NE213 liquid scintillation detectors. Heavy-ion signal is registered with the CR39 track detector simultaneously. The measured signals of the electron-induced photoneutrons are well reproduced by using the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS). The results obtained provide useful approach for analyzing the various laser based ion beams.

Journal Articles

Observation of preformed plasma generated from a thin-foil target for laser-driven proton acceleration

Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Ogura, Koichi; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Okada, Hajime; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 42(2), p.160 - 162, 2014/02

High-intensity laser and thin-foil interactions produce high-energy particles, hard X-ray, high-order harmonics, and terahertz radiation. A proton beam driven by a high-intensity laser has received attention as a compact ion source for medical and other applications. We have measured the proton yield from thin-foil targets irradiated with a high-intensity Ti:sapphire laser (J-KAREN) at JAEA. The longitudinal extent of the preformed plasma protruding from the front surface of the target is reduced by decreasing the duration of the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) before the main pulse. The maximum proton energy in the target normal direction increases when the size of the preformed plasma is controlled.

Journal Articles

Insertable pulse cleaning module with a saturable absorber pair and a compensating amplifier for high-intensity ultrashort-pulse lasers

Yogo, Akifumi; Kondo, Kiminori; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Ogura, Koichi; Shimomura, Takuya; Inoue, Norihiro*; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Jinno, Satoshi; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 22(2), p.2060 - 2069, 2014/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:48.66(Optics)

Journal Articles

Generation of 50-MeV/u He ions in laser-driven ion acceleration with cluster-gas targets

Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Kanasaki, Masato; Yogo, Akifumi; Jinno, Satoshi; Tampo, Motonobu*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; et al.

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8779 (Internet), p.87790F_1 - 87790F_7, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We demonstrate a new ion diagnosis method for high energy ions by utilizing a combination of a single CR-39 detector and plastic plates, which enables to detect high energy ions beyond the detection threshold limit of the CR-39. This detection method coupled with a magnetic spectrometer is applied to identify high energy ions of 50 MeV per nucleon in laser-driven ion acceleration experiments using cluster-gas targets.

Journal Articles

Ultra-intense, high spatio-temporal quality petawatt-class laser system and applications

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Applied Sciences (Internet), 3(1), p.214 - 250, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:43.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper reviews techniques for improving the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality in an ultra-intense laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe the design, performance, and characterization of our laser system, which has the potential for achieving a peak power of 600 TW. We also describe applications of the laser system in the relativistically dominant regime of laser-matter interactions and discuss a compact, high efficiency diode-pumped laser system.

Journal Articles

Identification of high energy ions using backscattered particles in laser-driven ion acceleration with cluster-gas targets

Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Kanasaki, Masato; Yogo, Akifumi; Jinno, Satoshi; Tampo, Motonobu; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; Hayashi, Yukio; Kando, Masaki; et al.

Radiation Measurements, 50, p.92 - 96, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:23.23(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new diagnosis method for high energy ions utilizing a single CR-39 detector mounted on plastic plates is demonstrated to identify the presence of the high energy component beyond the CR-39's detection threshold limit. On irradiation with a 25 MeV per nucleon He ion beam from conventional rf-accelerators, a large number of etch pits having elliptical opening shapes are observed on the rear surface. Detailed investigations reveal that these etch pits are created by heavy ions inelastically backscattered from the plastic plates. This ion detection method is applied to laser-driven ion acceleration experiments using cluster-gas targets, and acceleration of ions with energies up to 50 MeV per nucleon are identified.

Journal Articles

X-ray spectroscopy diagnoses of clusters surviving under prepulses of ultra-intense femtosecond laser pulse irradiation

Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Pikuz, S. A.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Hayashi, Yukio; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Shimomura, Takuya; et al.

Laser and Particle Beams, 30(3), p.481 - 488, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:64.05(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Temporal contrast enhancement of petawatt-class laser pulses

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Optics Letters, 37(16), p.3363 - 3365, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:34 Percentile:12.63(Optics)

We demonstrate the temporal contrast enhancement in a petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system. An extra saturable absorber, introduced downstream a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier, has improved the temporal contrast in the system to 1.4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ on the sub-nanosecond time scale at 70 TW power level. We have achieved 28 J of uncompressed broadband output energy with this system, indicating the potential for reaching peak powers near 600 TW.

Journal Articles

The Spectra of the multicharged argon hollow ions; Observation, modeling and using for diagnostics of the early stage of the heating of clusters by a supper high contrast femtosecond laser pulses

Pikuz, T.; Faenov, A.*; Skobelev, I.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Boldarev, A.*; Gasilov, V.*; Chen, L. M.*; Zhang, L.*; Yan, W.*; Yuan, D.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.181 - 201, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Proton acceleration to 40 MeV using a high intensity, high contrast optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification/Ti:sapphire hybrid laser system

Ogura, Koichi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; Sagisaka, Akito*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Kando, Masaki; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Optics Letters, 37(14), p.2868 - 2870, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:71 Percentile:3.26(Optics)

Using high contrast (10$$^{10}$$:1) and high intensity (10$$^{21}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$) laser pulse with the duration of 40 fs from OPCPA/Ti:Sapphire laser, a 40 MeV proton bunch is obtained, which is a record for laser pulse with energy less than 10 J. The efficiency for generation of protons with kinetic energy above 15 MeV is 0.1%.

Journal Articles

Complementary characterization of radioactivity produced by repetitive laser-driven proton beam using shot-to-shot proton spectral measurement and direct activation measurement

Ogura, Koichi; Shizuma, Toshiyuki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yogo, Akifumi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 51(4), p.048003_1 - 048003_2, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:89.28(Physics, Applied)

A proton beam driven by a repetitive high-intensity-laser is utilized to induce a $$^{7}$$Li(p,n)$$^{7}$$Be nuclear reaction. The total activity of $$^{7}$$Be are evaluated by two different methods. The activity obtained measuring the decay $$gamma$$-rays after 1912 shots at 1 Hz is 1.7$$pm$$0.2 Bq. This is in good agreement with 1.6$$pm$$0.3 Bq evaluated from the proton energy distribution measured using a time-of-flight detector and the nuclear reaction cross-sections. We conclude that the production of activity can be monitored in real time using the time-of-flight-detector placed inside a diverging proton beam coupled with a high-speed signal processing system.

Journal Articles

Demonstration of high temporal contrast in a high intensity laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Shimomura, Takuya; Miyanaga, Noriaki*

Osaka Daigaku Reza Enerugigaku Kenkyu Senta Heisei-23-Nendo Kyodo Riyo, Kyodo Kenkyu Seika Hokokusho, p.113 - 114, 2012/03

We have developed a femtosecond high intensity laser system, which combines both Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) and optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) techniques, that produces more than 28 J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving peak powers of 600 TW. With a cleaned high-energy seeded OPCPA preamplifier with a saturable absorber as a front-end in the system, for the final compressed pulse we found that the temporal contrast in this system exceeds 10$$^{12}$$ on the sub-nanosecond timescale before the main femtosecond pulse.

Journal Articles

Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10$$^{-10}$$ contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters

Colgan, J.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Hayashi, Yukio; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kawase, Keigo*; Shimomura, Takuya; et al.

High Energy Density Physics, 7(2), p.77 - 83, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:27.21(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A study is made of the ultra-short laser pulse irradiation of Ar cluster targets. Experiments have been performed with large cluster sizes and using very high laser contrasts, which have allowed clear and unambiguous observation of exotic inner-shell transitions in near-neutral Ar ions. The interaction of the main laser pulse with the unperturbed target is a necessary requirement for observing these lines. Our measurements are supported by kinetics calculations in which a very detailed atomic model is used. The calculations predict all of the spectral features found experimentally, and support the notion that the X-ray emission arises from many ion stages of the Ar plasma, from near-neutral through He-like ions, and from a range of plasma temperatures and densities.

165 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)