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Journal Articles

Anisotropic and inhomogeneous magnetic interactions observed in all-organic nitroxide radical liquid crystals

Uchida, Yoshiaki*; Suzuki, Katsuaki*; Tamura, Rui*; Ikuma, Naohiko*; Shimono, Satoshi*; Noda, Yohei; Yamauchi, Jun*

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132(28), p.9746 - 9752, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:48 Percentile:75.18(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

An anisotropic and inhomogeneous magnetic interaction (the average spin-spin interaction constant, $$bar{rm J}$$ $$>$$ 0) was observed in the various liquid crystalline (LC) phases of racemic and nonracemic all-organic radical LC compounds. We discussed how the LC superstructures induced the magnetic interaction to operate in the LC phases in terms of spin-spin dipole and exchange interactions by means of VT-EPR spectroscopy. The magnitude of the magnetic interaction depended on the type of LC phase, or the superstructure. Furthermore, these radical LC droplets floating on water were commonly attracted to a permanent magnet and moved freely under the influence of this magnet, whereas the crystallized particles of the same compounds never responded to the magnet. The response of the LC droplets to the magnet also varied depending on the type of LC phase, that is, the extent of the magnetic interaction.

Journal Articles

Unusual intermolecular magnetic interaction observed in an all-organic radical liquid crystal

Uchida, Yoshiaki*; Ikuma, Naohiko*; Tamura, Rui*; Shimono, Satoshi*; Noda, Yohei; Yamauchi, Jun*; Aoki, Yoshio*; Nohira, Hiroyuki*

Journal of Materials Chemistry, 18(25), p.2950 - 2952, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:75.07(Chemistry, Physical)

We found out an unusual intermolecular magnetic interaction in the liquid-crystalline (LC) state of an all-organic radical compound on surface of water (73 $$^{circ}$$C); the magnetic interaction actually allows the LC droplet on water to be attracted by a weak permanent magnet, whereas the crystalline phase did not respond to the magnet.

Oral presentation

Molecular orientation of chiral paramagnetic liquid crystals under electric and/or magnetic fields

Noda, Yohei; Koizumi, Satoshi; Hashimoto, Takeji; Shimono, Satoshi*; Baba, Masaaki*; Yamauchi, Jun*; Ikuma, Naohiko*; Uchida, Yoshiaki*; Tamura, Rui*; Iima, Yoshio*

no journal, , 

Recently, the chiral paramagnetic liquid crystals (LCs) were synthesized, whose spin sources are fixed in their rigid core. Their responses to an electric and magnetic fields are attractive topics. In general, LC molecules align with the rubbing direction on the oriented film of the LC cell. By far, by use of this surface stabilization effect on LC cell surface, we have developed this potential method of the EPR measurement with rotating the oriented LC cell sample. More recently, the chiral paramagnetic LC showing ferroelectricity was synthesized. We will report the EPR investigation of the orientation change of the ferroelectric LC in response to the switching of an applied electric field. It was shown by the EPR measurement that with no electric field, the LC molecules directed nearly uniformly along the rubbing direction on the cell surface, on the other hand, with electric field (24V), the LC molecules largely tilted from the normal line of the smectic layer.

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