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Journal Articles

Computation speeds and memory requirements of mesh-type ICRP reference computational phantoms in Geant4, MCNP6, and PHITS

Yeom, Y. S.*; Han, M. C.*; Choi, C.*; Han, H.*; Shin, B.*; Furuta, Takuya; Kim, C. H.*

Health Physics, 116(5), p.664 - 676, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:12.61(Environmental Sciences)

Recently, Task Group 103 of the ICRP developed the mesh-type reference computational phantoms (MCRPs), which are planned for use in future ICRP dose coefficient calculation. Performance of major Monte Carlo particle transport codes (Geant4, MCNP6, and PHITS) were tested with MCRP. External and internal exposure of various particles and energies were calculated and the computational times and required memories were compared. Additionally calculation for voxel-mesh phantom was also conducted so that the influence of different mesh-representation in each code was studied. Memory usage of MRCP was as large as 10 GB with Geant4 and MCNP6 while it is much less with PHITS (1.2 GB). In addition, the computational time required for MRCP tends to increase compared to voxel-mesh phantoms with Geant4 and MCNP6 while it is equal or tends to decrease with PHITS.

Journal Articles

Soft, skin-interfaced microfluidic systems with wireless, battery-free electronics for digital, real-time tracking of sweat loss and electrolyte composition

Kim, S. B.*; Lee, K.-H.*; Raj, M. S.*; Reeder, J. T.*; Koo, J.*; Hourlier-Fargette, A.*; Bandodkar, A. J.*; Won, S. M.*; Sekine, Yurina; Choi, J.*; et al.

Small, 14(45), p.1802876_1 - 1802876_9, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:10.38(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Excretion of sweat from eccrine glands is a dynamic physiological process that varies with body position, activity level, and health status. Information content embodied in sweat rate and chemistry can be used to assess health status and athletic performance. This paper presents a thin, miniaturized, skin-interfaced microfluidic technology that includes a reusable, battery-free electronics module for measuring sweat conductivity and rate in real-time using wireless power from and data communication with capabilities in near field communications (NFC). Systematic studies of these combined microfluidic/electronic systems, accurate correlations of measurements performed with them to those of laboratory standard instrumentation, and field tests on human subjects establish the key operational features and their utility in sweat analytics.

Journal Articles

Multi-threading performance of Geant4, MCNP6, and PHITS Monte Carlo codes for tetrahedral-mesh geometry

Han, M. C.*; Yeom, Y. S.*; Lee, H. S.*; Shin, B.*; Kim, C. H.*; Furuta, Takuya

Physics in Medicine and Biology, 63(9), p.09NT02_1 - 09NT02_9, 2018/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:78.68(Engineering, Biomedical)

The multi-threading computation performances of the Geant4, MCNP6, and PHITS codes were evaluated using three tetrahedral-mesh phantoms with different complexity. Photon and neutron transport simulations were conducted and the initialization time, calculation time, and memory usage were measured as a function of the number of threads N used in the simulation. The initialization time significantly increases with the complexity of the phantom, but not much with the number of the threads. For the calculation time, Geant4 showed good parallelization efficiency with multi-thread computation (30 times speed-up factor for N = 40) adopting the private tallies while saturation of the speed-up factor were observed in MCNP6 and PHITS (10 and a few times for N = 40) due to the time delay for the sharing tallies. On the other hand, Geant4 requires larger memory specification and the memory usage rapidly increases with the number of threads compared to MCNP6 or PHITS. It is notable that when compared to the other codes, the memory usage of PHITS is much smaller, regardless of both the complexity of the phantom and the number of the threads.

Journal Articles

EBR-II passive safety demonstration tests benchmark analyses; Phase 2

Briggs, L.*; Monti, S.*; Hu, W.*; Sui, D.*; Su, G. H.*; Maas, L.*; Vezzoni, B.*; Partha Sarathy, U.*; Del Nevo, A.*; Petruzzi, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 16th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-16) (USB Flash Drive), p.3030 - 3043, 2015/08

The International Atomic Energy Agency Coordinated Research Project, "Benchmark Analyses of an EBR-II Shutdown Heat Removal Test" is in the third year of its four-year term. Nineteen participants representing eleven countries have simulated two of the most severe transients performed during the Shutdown Heat Removal Tests program conducted at Argonne's Experimental Breeder Reactor II. Benchmark specifications were created for these two transients, enabling project participants to develop computer models of the core and primary heat transport system, and simulate both transients. In phase 1 of the project, blind simulations were performed and then evaluated against recorded data. During phase 2, participants have refined their models to address areas where the phase 1 simulations did not predict as well as desired the experimental data. This paper describes the progress that has been made to date in phase 2 in improving on the earlier simulations and presents the direction of planned work for the remainder of the project.

Journal Articles

Shell structure of even-even nickel isotopes containing twenty to forty neutrons

Bespalova, O. V.*; Boboshin, I. N.*; Varlamov, V. V.*; Ermakova, T. A.*; Ishkhanov, B. S.*; Klimochkina, A. A.*; Komarov, S. Yu.*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Romanovsky, E. A.*; Spasskaya, T. I.*

Physics of Atomic Nuclei, 74(11), p.1521 - 1536, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:58.11(Physics, Nuclear)

Shell parameters of even-even nickel isotopes involving twenty to forty neutrons are analyzed, and the results of this analysis are presented. A detailed comparison of the results obtained by calculating, on the basis of the mean-field model with the Koura-Yamada potential and the dispersive optical potential, single-particle energies of proton and neutron subshells with experimental data on the isotopes $$^{56,58,60,62,64,68}$$Ni and with evaluated data on the neutron-deficient isotopes $$^{48,50,52,54}$$Ni is performed. The Koura-Yamada potential predicts correctly special features in dependence of single-particle energy and are useful in evaluating sub-shell energies on unstable nuclei.

Journal Articles

Energies of the single-particle proton 1$$f$$ and 2$$p$$ states in the $$^{58,60,62,64}$$Ni isotopes

Bespalova, O. V.*; Boboshin, I. N.*; Varlamov, V. V.*; Ermakova, T. A.*; Ishkhanov, B. S.*; Komarov, S. Yu.*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Romanovskii, E. A.*; Spasskaya, T. I.*

Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Physics, 73(6), p.820 - 823, 2009/06

Single-particle energies corresponding to the maximum value of the spectroscopic factor were obtained for the proton states near the Fermi energy in the $$^{58,60,62,64}$$Ni nuclei by the joint evaluation of the data on the stripping and pickup reactions on the same nucleus. These results are compared with the center-of-mass energies of the single-particle state fragment distributions obtained by the same method and with the single-particle energies calculated with the Woods-Saxon-like potential and with the dispersive optical model potential. For 2$$p$$$$_{3/2}$$ states (the first unoccupied states), Results of the Woods-Saxon-like potential are in excellent agreement with the energies of maximum (practically the same), for 1$$f$$$$_{7/2}$$, 1$$f$$$$_{5/2}$$ and for 2$$p$$$$_{1/2}$$ states the agreement within 1 - 1.5 MeV was achieved. Sufficient difference between centers of mass and maximums was obtained for 1$$f$$$$_{5/2}$$ and 2$$p$$$$_{1/2}$$ states, which may be connected with the fragmentation effect.

Oral presentation

Single-particle energies of 1f and 2p proton states in $$^{58,60,62,64}$$Ni

Bespalova, O. V.*; Boboshin, I. N.*; Varlamov, V. V.*; Ermakova, T. A.*; Ishkhanov, B. S.*; Komarov, S. Yu.*; Koura, Hiroyuki; Romanovskii, E. A.*; Spasskaya, T. I.*

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