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Journal Articles

Spatial distribution and preferred orientation of crystalline microstructure of lead-bismuth eutectic

Ito, Daisuke*; Sato, Hirotaka*; Odaira, Naoya*; Saito, Yasushi*; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya; Oikawa, Kenichi

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 569, p.153921_1 - 153921_6, 2022/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:40.11(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

An Experimental setup for creating and imaging $$^{4}$$He$$_{2}$$$$^{ast}$$ excimer cluster tracers in superfluid helium-4 via neutron-$$^{3}$$He absorption reaction

Sonnenschein, V.*; Tsuji, Yoshiyuki*; Kokuryu, Shoma*; Kubo, Wataru*; Suzuki, So*; Tomita, Hideki*; Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki*; Iguchi, Tetsuo*; Matsushita, Taku*; Wada, Nobuo*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 91(3), p.033318_1 - 033318_12, 2020/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Neutron transmission spectrum of liquid lead bismuth eutectic

Oba, Yojiro; Ito, Daisuke*; Saito, Yasushi*; Onodera, Yohei*; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Oikawa, Kenichi

Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.160 - 164, 2020/02

Lead Bismuth eutectic (LBE) is a promising candidate of the coolant for accelerator driven system (ADS) and fast breeder reactor. Neutron transmission imaging is a powerful technique to investigate the LBE in flow channel. However, previous studies have focused on the analysis of the neutron transmission spectra due to Bragg diffraction (Bragg edge transmission) from the solid phase of the LBE. If the neutron transmission spectra due to the diffraction from a liquid phase can be observed, it is useful to study the behavior of the molten LBE in the flow channel. Therefore, the energy-resolved neutron transmission imaging measurements of the molten LBE was carried out. The observed neutron transmission spectra can be explained by those calculated from the scattering profiles of the molten LBE. This indicates that the structure of the molten LBE can be characterized and mapped using the neutron transmission imaging.

Journal Articles

Visualization of phase distribution in lead-bismuth eutectic during one-dimensional solidification process

Ito, Daisuke*; Sato, Hirotaka*; Saito, Yasushi*; Parker, J. D.*; Shinohara, Takenao; Kai, Tetsuya

Journal of Visualization, 22(5), p.889 - 895, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.83(Computer Science, Interdisciplinary Applications)

Journal Articles

Reduced-shifted conjugate-gradient method for a Green's function; Efficient numerical approach in a nano-structured superconductor

Nagai, Yuki; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Futamura, Yasunori*; Sakurai, Tetsuya*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 86(1), p.014708_1 - 014708_9, 2017/01

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:54.81(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Femtosecond time-resolved dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect

Otobe, Tomohito; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*

Physical Review B, 93(4), p.045124_1 - 045124_9, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:86.13(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We theoretically investigate the dynamical Franz-Keldysh effect in femtosecond time resolution, that is, the time-dependent modulation of a dielectric function at around the band gap under an irradiation of an intense laser field. We develop a pump-probe formalism in two distinct approaches: first-principles simulation based on real-time time-dependent density functional theory and analytic consideration of a simple two-band model. We find that, while time-average modulation may be reasonably described by the static Franz-Keldysh theory, a remarkable phase shift is found to appear between the dielectric response and the applied electric field.

Journal Articles

Time-dependent density functional theory of high-intensity short-pulse laser irradiation on insulators

Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Lee, K.-M.*; Bertsch, G. F.*

Physical Review B, 92(20), p.205413_1 - 205413_6, 2015/11

 Times Cited Count:44 Percentile:85.02(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate the energy deposition by very short laser pulses in SiO$$_{2}$$ ($$alpha$$-quartz) with a view to establishing systematics for predicting damage and nanoparticle production. The theoretical framework is time-dependent density functional theory, implemented by the real-time method in a multiscale representation. We find that the deposited energy in the medium can be accurately modeled as a function of the local electromagnetic pulse fluence. The energy deposition function can in turn be quite well fitted to the strong-field Keldysh formula. We find reasonable agreement between the damage threshold and the energy required to melt the substrate. The ablation threshold estimated by the energy to convert the substrate to an atomic fluid is higher than the measurement, indicating significance of nonthermal nature of the process. A fair agreement is found for the depth of the ablation.

Journal Articles

Dielectric response of laser-excited silicon at finite electron temperature

Sato, Shunsuke*; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Yabana, Kazuhiro*

Physical Review B, 90(17), p.174303_1 - 174303_8, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:82.35(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate the dielectric response of excited crystalline silicon in electron thermal equilibrium by adiabatic time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) to model the response to irradiation by high-intensity laser pulses. We find that the extracted effective mass are in the range of 0.22-0.36 and lifetimes are in the range of 1-14 fs depending on the temperature.

Journal Articles

Dynamics of low-$$n$$ shear Alfv$'e$n modes driven by energetic N-NB ions in JT-60U

Bierwage, A.; Todo, Yasushi*; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Shinohara, Koji

Nuclear Fusion, 54(10), p.104001_1 - 104001_14, 2014/10

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:66.43(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Multi-time-scale energetic particle dynamics in JT-60U simulated with MHD activity, sources and collisions

Bierwage, A.; Shinohara, Koji; Todo, Yasushi*; Yagi, Masatoshi

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

Journal Articles

First-principles simulation of the optical response of bulk and thin-film $$alpha$$-quartz irradiated with an ultrashort intense laser pulse

Lee, K.-M.*; Kim, C. M.*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Otobe, Tomohito; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Yabana, Kazuhiro; Jeong, T. M.*

Journal of Applied Physics, 115(5), p.053519_1 - 053519_8, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:72.25(Physics, Applied)

A computational method based on a first-principles multiscale simulation has been used for calculating the optical response and the ablation threshold of an optical material irradiated with an ultrashort intense laser pulse. The method was applied to investigate the changes in the optical reflectance of quartz bulk, half-wavelength thin-film and quarter-wavelength thin-film and to estimate their ablation thresholds. Despite the adiabatic local density approximation used in calculating the exchange-correlation potential, the reflectance and the ablation threshold obtained from our method agree well with the previous theoretical and experimental results. The method can be applied to estimate the ablation thresholds for optical materials in general.

Journal Articles

Numerical pump-probe experiments of laser-excited silicon in nonequilibrium phase

Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Bertsch, G. F.*

Physical Review B, 89(6), p.064304_1 - 064304_8, 2014/02

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:89.87(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate the dielectric response of crystalline silicon following irradiation by a high-intensity laser pulse, modeling the dynamics by the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equations in the presence of the laser field. As expected, the excited silicon shows features of an electron-hole plasma of nonequilibrium phase in its response, characterized by a negative divergence in the real part of the dielectric function at small frequencies. We also find that the imaginary part of the dielectric function can be negative, particularly for the parallel polarization of pump and probe fields.

Journal Articles

Numerical construction of a low-energy effective Hamiltonian in a self-consistent Bogoliubov-de Gennes approach of superconductivity

Nagai, Yuki; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Futamura, Yasunori*; Ota, Yukihiro*; Sakurai, Tetsuya*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 82(9), p.094701_1 - 094701_10, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:68.73(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Role of convective amplification of $$n$$=1 energetic particle modes for N-NB ion dynamics in JT-60U

Bierwage, A.; Shinohara, Koji; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Todo, Yasushi*

Nuclear Fusion, 53(7), p.073007_1 - 073007_12, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:63.23(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

First-principles calculation to explore mechanisms of coherent phonon generation

Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Iwata, Junichi*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*

Nihon Butsuri Gakkai-Shi, 67(10), p.685 - 689, 2012/10

Coherent phonon is the macroscopic coherent oscillation of atoms in a solid state generating under the ultrafast laser pulse which is shorter than the frequency of the phonon. Some physical processes for the coherent phonon have been proposed. We are studying the computational method describing the dynamics of the electron and atom employing the time-dependent density functional theory. Our computational results show the origine of the coherent phonon in Si quantitatively.

Journal Articles

Nonlinear simulation of energetic particle modes in JT-60U

Bierwage, A.; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Shinohara, Koji; Todo, Yasushi*; Deng, W.*; Ishikawa, Masao; Matsunaga, Go; Yagi, Masatoshi

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2012/10

Journal Articles

Nonadiabatic generation of coherent phonons

Shinohara, Yasushi*; Sato, Shunsuke*; Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Iwata, Junichi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Bertsch, G. F.*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 137(22), p.22A527_1 - 22A527_8, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:68.37(Chemistry, Physical)

The time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is the leading computationally feasible theory to treat excitations by strong electromagnetic fields. Here the theory is applied to coherent optical phonon generation. We examine the process in the crystalline semimetal antimony (Sb), where nonadiabatic coupling and optical phonon of different symmetries can be observed. The TDDFT is able to account for a number of qualitative features of the observed coherent phonon.

Journal Articles

Nonlinear simulation of energetic particle modes in high-beta tokamak plasma

Bierwage, A.; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Todo, Yasushi*; Deng, W.*; Ishikawa, Masao; Matsunaga, Go; Shinohara, Koji; Yagi, Masatoshi

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 7(Sp.1), p.2403081_1 - 2403081_4, 2012/07

Journal Articles

Development of polarized Xe gas target for neutron experiment at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Shinohara, Takenao; Kira, Hiroshi; Oi, Motoki; Maekawa, Fujio; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Ino, Takashi*; Arimoto, Yasushi*; Shimizu, Hirohiko*; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 340, p.012037_1 - 012037_7, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:62.89

At the Materials and Life science experimental Facility (MLF) in J-PARC, an experiment of detecting a neutron polarizing ability caused by a neutron-nuclear (n-N) spin correlation term at a resonant peak of $$^{129}$$Xe is planned. The Xe gas having a high polarization under low magnetic field and room temperature by a spin exchange optical pumping (SEOP) technique is expected to become a suitable target for verification of the neutron optical theorem (NOPT). We evaluated measurable quantities based on the NOPT, developed a polarized Xe gas system, and carried out a feasibility test of our apparatus. This paper reports on the present status of the experiment.

Journal Articles

Time-dependent density functional theory for strong electromagnetic fields in crystalline solids

Yabana, Kazuhiro*; Sugiyama, Takeshi*; Shinohara, Yasushi*; Otobe, Tomohito; Bertsch, G. F.*

Physical Review B, 85(4), p.045134_1 - 045134_11, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:181 Percentile:97.91(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We apply the coupled dynamics of time-dependent density functional theory and Maxwell equations to the interaction of intense laser pulses with crystalline silicon. As a function of electromagnetic field intensity, we see several regions in the response. At the lowest intensities, the pulse is reflected and transmitted in accord with the dielectric response, and the characteristics of the energy deposition is consistent with two-photon absorption. The absorption process begins to deviate from that at laser intensities $$sim$$ 10$$^{13}$$ W/cm$$^2$$, where the energy deposited is of the order of 1 eV per atom. Changes in the reflectivity are seen as a function of intensity. When it passes a threshold of about $$3times 10^{12}$$ W/cm$$^2$$, there is a small decrease. At higher intensities, above 2$$times$$10$$^{13}$$ W/cm$$^2$$, the reflectivity increases strongly. This behavior can be understood qualitatively in a model treating the excited electron-hole pairs as a plasma.

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