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Journal Articles

Solving beam intensity bottlenecks and 100 mA operation of J-PARC cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 2052, p.050003_1 - 050003_7, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In order to specify the beam intensity bottlenecks of the J-PARC cesiated RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source, the extraction and acceleration voltages (V$$_{rm E}$$ and V$$_{rm A}$$) higher than the design values of 10 kV and 40 kV were examined. A 100 mA beam, whose about 93 mA has transverse emittances used for a common RFQ design, was stably operated with a duty factor of 5% (1 ms $$times$$ 50 Hz) by using the V$$_{rm E}$$ and V$$_{rm A}$$ of 12.4 kV and 49.6 kV, respectively. This breakthrough with important information on the space-charge limited bottlenecks in the extraction and acceleration gaps will derive the optimal electrode shapes for the source operated with a beam intensity higher than 100 mA and realize the next generation benchmark H$$^{-}$$ ion source for high intensity and high energy H$$^{-}$$ LINACs.

Journal Articles

Progress of the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Namekawa, Yuya*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 2052, p.050002_1 - 050002_7, 2018/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

In the 2017/2018 campaign, the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen (H$$^-$$) ion source producing H$$^-$$ beam with the beam current of 47 mA accomplished three long-term operations more than 2,000 hours without any serious issues. On the final day of this campaign, the ion source produced an H$$^-$$ beam current of 72 mA so that the linac commissioning group could demonstrate the beam current of 60 mA at the linac exit. We are also conducting an endurance test of a J-PARC-made antenna at a test bench. The antenna achieved the operation time approximately 1,400 hours.

Journal Articles

Status of development on LaB$$_6$$ filament arc-driven multi-cusp ion source for iBNCT

Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Sugimura, Takashi*; Nammo, Kesao*; Naito, Fujio*; Kobayashi, Hitoshi*; Kurihara, Toshikazu*; Honda, Yosuke*; Sato, Masaharu*; et al.

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.385 - 387, 2018/10

Journal Articles

Present status of the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Namekawa, Yuya*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.050018_1 - 050018_3, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:14.78

Journal Articles

Observation of beam current fluctuation extracted from an RF-driven H$$^-$$ ion source

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Miura, Akihiko; Miyao, Tomoaki*; Wada, Motoi*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.080016_1 - 080016_3, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.78

Journal Articles

Observation of plasma density oscillation with doubled value of RF frequency in J-PARC RF ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Nammo, Kesao*; Naito, Fujio*

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.020008_1 - 020008_3, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:14.78

Journal Articles

How to make extraction electrode current lower than beam and corresponding beam qualities in J-PARC cesiated RF-Driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source 66 mA operation

Ueno, Akira; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo

AIP Conference Proceedings 2011, p.050002_1 - 050002_5, 2018/09

In order to operate the J-PARC cesiated rf-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source with a beam intensity of 66 mA stably, the conditions to minimize the extraction electrode current (I$$_{EE}$$), whose main component is the electron current co-extracted with the beam, were investigated. The 66 mA H$$^{-}$$ ion beam with a low I$$_{EE}$$ of about 40 mA, which was one-fourth of that in the ordinal operation, were stably extracted by optimizing a rod-filter-field (RFF), a cesium (Cs) density and an axial magnetic field correction (AMFC). Especially, the AMFC of only 40 Gauss had the largest I$$_{EE}$$ reduction of about one-third. The corresponding 95 % beam transverse normalized rms emittances were degraded about 24 % due to the higher RFF and Cs density. The source will be operated in the conditions to compromise the stability and the beam quality by the investigated results.

Journal Articles

Numerical and experimental study of H$$^{-}$$ beam dynamics in J-PARC LEBT

Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Liu, Y.*; Miura, Akihiko; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Otani, Masashi*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Proceedings of 29th International Linear Accelerator Conference (LINAC 2018) (Internet), p.519 - 521, 2018/09

Transport process of negative hydrogen ion (H$$^{-}$$) in LEBT (Low Energy Beam Transport) is investigated by comparison of experimental and numerical results. A three dimensional Particle-In-Cell (PIC) particle transport model has been developed in order to take into account (i) axial magnetic field by two solenoids in J-PARC LEBT and (ii) radial electric field by space charge (SC) effect. Ratio of H$$^-$$ beam particles inside the RFQ (Radio Frequency Quadrupole) acceptance to the total particles at the RFQ entrance is calculated for different current conditions in LEBT solenoid 1 and 2. The results are compared with RFQ transmission rate measured in the J-PARC linac commissioning. The double peak of RFQ transmission rate to the solenoid applied current seen in the measurement is explained by the calculation results. The results indicate that presence of the LEBT orifice for differential pumping plays a role as a collimator to reduce emittance at RFQ entrance.

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Nammo, Kesao*; Shibata, Takanori*; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira; Namekawa, Yuya*; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 15th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.889 - 892, 2018/08

In 2017-2018 campaign, three times of long-time operation more than 2,000 hours of the J-PARC rf-driven negative hydrogen (H$$^{-}$$) ion source producing H$$^{-}$$ beam with the beam current of 47 mA were successfully achieved without any serious problems. At the final day of this campaign, the ion source produced an H$$^{-}$$ beam with the current of 72 mA in order to demonstrate the beam current of 60 mA at the linac exit. We are also conducting an endurance test of a J-PARC-made antenna at a test bench. Approximately 1,400-hour operation with the antenna was successfully performed.

Journal Articles

Report of the 17th International Conference on Ion Sources (ICIS 2017)

Shinto, Katsuhiro

Kasokuki, 14(4), p.248 - 250, 2018/01

The 17th International Conference on Ion Sources (ICIS 2017) was held on 15th - 20th October 2017 at Geneva in Switzerland. This conference is held biennially. Most of scientists and engineers for ion sources in the world meet at the conference in order to share results of research and development.

Journal Articles

Effect due to RF discharge from a high intensity H$$^-$$ ion source upon the extracted beam

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Shibata, Takanori*; Wada, Motoi*

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.648 - 650, 2017/12

In J-PARC, peak H$$^-$$ current of several tens mA is extracted from an ion source driven by a solid-state rf amplifier with the frequency of 2 MHz for production of a cesiated hydrogen plasma. In case of the rf-driven ion source for producing the high-intensity H$$^-$$ current, the plasma density in the source chamber is so high that the ion sheath around the beam extraction area can follow the rf oscillation. The H$$^-$$ beam current fluctuation as large as approximately 1 mA was observed at the average beam current of 44 mA measured by a Faraday cup installed downstream of the ion source. The beam exhibited some fluctuation to the transverse motion as well. To further clarify this high frequency oscillation of the beam extraction sheath, we propose a measurement system using a time-resolved and highly sensitive emittance monitor in order to observe the real-time beam fluctuation in the phase space.

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Shibata, Takanori*; Takagi, Akira*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 14th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.651 - 654, 2017/12

Operation of a cesiated rf-driven negative hydrogen ion source was initiated in September 2014 in response to the requirements of beam current upgrade in J-PARC linac. Delivery of the required beam current from the ion source to the J-PARC accelerators has been successfully performed. In 2016-2017 campaign, continuous operation of the ion source for approximately 1,845 hours (from April to July 2017) was achieved with beam current of 47 mA.

Journal Articles

Operation status of the J-PARC RF-driven H$$^{-}$$ ion source

Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Ueno, Akira; Shinto, Katsuhiro

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030053_1 - 030053_7, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:2.66

A cesiated RF-driven negative hydrogen ion source was started to operate in September, 2014 in response to the need for upgrading J-PARC's linac beam current. The ion source mainly comprises a stainless-steel plasma chamber, a beam extractor, and a large vacuum chamber with two turbo molecular pumps of 1500 L/s for differential pumping. The ion source has been successfully providing the required beam current to the accelerator without any significant issues other than a single-incident antenna failure occurred in October, 2014. Continuous operation for approximately 1,000 h was achieved with a beam current and duty factor of 45 mA and 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz), respectively. In this paper, we will present the some operation parameters and the beam stability through the long-term user operation.

Journal Articles

High density plasma calculation of J-PARC RF negative ion source

Shibata, Takanori*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Naito, Fujio*; Nammo, Kesao*; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Takagi, Akira*; Ueno, Akira

AIP Conference Proceedings 1869, p.030017_1 - 030017_11, 2017/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:4.82

From September 2014, operation of Cs-seeded, multi-cusp, Radio Frequency (RF), hydrogen negative ion source (J-PARC source) has been started. The operation for 1,000 hours of J-PARC source has been achieved with H$$^{-}$$ beam current 45 mA and duty factor of 1.25 % (0.5 msec and 25 Hz). In the present study, mechanisms of hydrogen plasma ramp-up and H$$^{-}$$ production/transport processes in the steady state (which lasts for few 100 us) are investigated by numerical modeling for RF plasma. In the simulation, charged particle (e, H$$^{+}$$, H$$_2^{+}$$, and Cs$$^{+}$$) transport, time variations of inductive and capacitive electromagnetic field, collision processes between charged and neutral (H, H$$_{2}$$) particles are solved simultaneously. The model is applied to KEK parallel computation System-A with 32 nodes and 256 GB memory in order to solve high density RF plasma up to around 10$$^{18}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ with adequate statisticity. In the presentation, time variations of plasma density distributions and average energy are shown with electromagnetic field variations.

Journal Articles

Status of the J-PARC RF ion source

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Ikegami, Kiyoshi*; Takagi, Akira*; Asano, Hiroyuki; Ueno, Akira; Shibata, Takanori*; Nammo, Kesao*; Shinto, Katsuhiro; Oguri, Hidetomo

Proceedings of 13th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.940 - 943, 2016/11

In 2014 October, operation of cesium-seeded Radio Frequency (RF)-driven negative hydrogen ion (H$$^{-}$$) source was started in J-PARC LINAC. Due to the skillful RF antenna screening and the proper pre-conditioning process, long term unscheduled beam stop due to the antenna failure did not occur for more than 1 year. The continuous operation of 1,350 hours with a peak beam current of 45 mA was achieved in the recent beam run. Moreover, the fluctuation of beam current in a low energy beam transport (LEBT) is kept within $$pm$$2% of target value by application of three feedback systems. An ion source test-stand was assembled to investigate the ion source beam characteristic, for example, the emittance at the position of the RFQ entrance. In the presentation, we will report the recent status of the ion source operation and some experimental results obtained at the ion source test-stand.

Journal Articles

Operation and commissioning of IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility) LIPAc injector

Okumura, Yoshikazu; Gobin, R.*; Knaster, J.*; Heidinger, R.*; Ayala, J.-M.*; Bolzon, B.*; Cara, P.*; Chauvin, N.*; Chel, S.*; Gex, D.*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02A739_1 - 02A739_3, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:50.71(Instruments & Instrumentation)

IFMIF is an accelerator based neutron facility having two set of linear accelerators each producing 125mA/CW deuterium ion beams (250mA in total) at 40MeV. The LIPAc (Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator) being developed in the IFMIF-EVEDA project consists of an injector, a RFQ accelerator, and a part of superconducting Linac, whose target is to demonstrate 125mA/CW deuterium ion beam acceleration up to 9MeV. The injector has been developed in CEA Saclay and already demonstrated 140mA/100keV deuterium beam. The injector was disassembled and delivered to the International Fusion Energy Research Center (IFERC) in Rokkasho, Japan, and the commissioning has started after its reassembly 2014; the first beam production has been achieved in November 2014. Up to now, 100keV/120mA/CW hydrogen ion beam has been produced with a low beam emittance of 0.2 $$pi$$.mm.mrad (rms, normalized).

Journal Articles

Measurement of ion species in high current ECR H$$^+$$/D$$^+$$ ion source for IFMIF (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility)

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Sen$'e$e, F.*; Ayala, J.-M.*; Bolzon, B.*; Chauvin, N.*; Gobin, R.*; Ichimiya, Ryo; Ihara, Akira; Ikeda, Yukiharu; Kasugai, Atsushi; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 87(2), p.02A727_1 - 02A727_3, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.11(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Present status of the injector for IFMIF Linear Prototype Accelerator (LIPAc)

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Takahashi, Hiroki; Kondo, Keitaro; Kasugai, Atsushi; Gobin, R.*; Sen$'e$e, F.*; Chauvin, N.*; Ayala, J.-M.*; Marqueta, A.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.493 - 495, 2015/09

Development of the prototype accelerator (LIPAc) for the engineering validation of the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) which is an accelerator driven neutron source has been progressed at Rokkasho. The LIPAc is a deuteron linear accelerator consisting of an injector, a radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linac and a superconducting linac. The objective of LIPAc is to produce a CW beam with the energy and current of 9 MeV and 125 mA, respectively. The injector was developed at CEA/Saclay and succeeded to produce CW proton and deuteron beams of 100 keV/140 mA by autumn 2012. After the test at CEA/Saclay, the injector was shipped to the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) in Rokkasho, Aomori and started to reassemble from the end of 2013. It was successfully produced proton beams in November 2014 at Rokkasho. While the ion source conditioning was done, the beam test was progressed. In this paper, the present status of the LIPAc injector at Rokkasho with some experimental results will be presented.

Journal Articles

Progress of the high current Prototype Accelerator for IFMIF/EVEDA

Okumura, Yoshikazu; Ayala, J.-M.*; Bolzon, B.*; Cara, P.*; Chauvin, N.*; Chel, S.*; Gex, D.*; Gobin, R.*; Harrault, F.*; Heidinger, R.*; et al.

Proceedings of 12th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.203 - 205, 2015/09

Under the framework of Broader Approach (BA) agreement between Japan and Euratom, IFMIF/EVEDA project was launched in 2007 to validate the key technologies to realize IFMIF. The most crucial technology to realize IFMIF is two set of linear accelerator each producing 125mA/CW deuterium ion beams up to 40MeV. The prototype accelerator, whose target is 125mA/CW deuterium ion beam acceleration up to 9MeV, is being developed in International Fusion Research Energy Center (IFERC) in Rokkasho, Japan. The injector developed in CEA Saclay was delivered in Rokkasho in 2014, and is under commissioning. Up to now, 100keV/120mA/CW hydrogen ion beams and 100keV/90mA/CW duty deuterium ion beams are successfully produced with a low beam emittance of 0.21 $$pi$$.mm.mrad (rms, normalized). Delivery of RFQ components will start in 2015, followed by the installation of RF power supplies in 2015.

Journal Articles

Status quo of the injector for the IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator

Shinto, Katsuhiro; Ichikawa, Masahiro; Takahashi, Yasuyuki*; Kubo, Takashi*; Tsutsumi, Kazuyoshi; Kikuchi, Takayuki; Kasugai, Atsushi; Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Gobin, R.*; Girardot, P.*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.1009 - 1012, 2014/10

The prototype accelerator is being developed as an engineering validation for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) equipped with an accelerator-driven-type neutron source for developing fusion reactor materials. This prototype accelerator is a deuteron linear accelerator consisting of an injector, an RFQ, a superconducting linac and their auxiliaries. It aims to produce a CW D$$^+$$ beam with the energy and current of 9 MeV/125 mA. The injector test was completed at CEA/Saclay in 2012 for producing a CW H$$^+$$ beam and a CW D$$^+$$ beam with the energy and current of 100 keV/140 mA. After the beam test at CEA/Saclay, the injector was transported to the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) located in Rokkasho, Aomori, Japan. In the end of 2013, installation of the injector was started at IFERC for the injector beam test beginning from summer 2014 in order to obtain better beam qualities to be satisfied with the injection and acceleration of the following accelerators. In this paper, some results of the injector beam test performed at CEA/Saclay and the status quo of the installation of the injector at IFERC are presented.

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