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Journal Articles

FIREX project and effects of self-generated electric and magnetic fields on electron-driven fast ignition

Mima, Kunioki*; Sunahara, Atsushi*; Shiraga, Hiroyuki*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Jozaki, Tomoyuki*; Nagatomo, Hideo*; Garcia, C.*; Veralde, P.*

Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, 52(12), p.124047_1 - 124047_6, 2010/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:35.91(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Fast ignition is a new scheme in laser fusion, in which higher energy gain with a smaller laser pulse energy is expected. At Osaka University, a laser with four beams and a total output of 10 kJ ps-1, laser for fast ignition experiment (LFEX), has been constructed and we have carried out an integrated experiment with one beam of the LFEX. Through experiments it was found that the coupling efficiency is degraded when the laser pre-pulse is not sufficiently small. Furthermore, the distance between the hot electron source and the core plasma is large. In this paper it is proposed that a thin foil covers the laser entrance of the cone to mitigate the pre-plasma and a double cone reduces the loss of high energy electrons from the side wall of the cone. The simulations indicate that a higher coupling efficiency is expected for the double cone target with a thin foil at the laser entrance.

Journal Articles

Progress in R&D efforts on the energy recovery linac in Japan

Sakanaka, Shogo*; Ago, Tomonori*; Enomoto, Atsushi*; Fukuda, Shigeki*; Furukawa, Kazuro*; Furuya, Takaaki*; Haga, Kaiichi*; Harada, Kentaro*; Hiramatsu, Shigenori*; Honda, Toru*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th European Particle Accelerator Conference (EPAC '08) (CD-ROM), p.205 - 207, 2008/06

Future synchrotron light sources based on the energy-recovery linacs (ERLs) are expected to be capable of producing super-brilliant and/or ultra-short pulses of synchrotron radiation. Our Japanese collaboration team is making efforts for realizing an ERL-based hard X-ray source. We report recent progress in our R&D efforts.

Journal Articles

Fast heating of cylindrically imploded plasmas by petawatt laser light

Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Sentoku, Yasuhiko*; Matsuoka, Takeshi*; Kondo, Kiminori; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Norimatsu, Takayoshi*; Shiraga, Hiroyuki*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; Kodama, Ryosuke*

Physical Review Letters, 100(16), p.165001_1 - 165001_4, 2008/04

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:65.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We produced cylindrically imploded plasmas, which have the same density-radius product of the imploded plasma $$rho$$R with the compressed core in the fast ignition experiment and demonstrated efficient fast heating of cylindrically imploded plasmas with an ultraintense laser light. The coupling efficiency from the laser to the imploded column was 14%-21%, implying strong collimation of energetic electrons over a distance of 300 micron of the plasma. Particle-in-cell simulation shows confinement of the energetic electrons by self-generated magnetic and electrostatic fields excited along the imploded plasmas, and the efficient fast heating in the compressed region.

Journal Articles

Introduction to plasma fusion energy

Takamura, Shuichi*; Kado, Shinichiro*; Fujii, Takashi*; Fujiyama, Hiroshi*; Takabe, Hideaki*; Adachi, Kazuo*; Morimiya, Osamu*; Fujimori, Naoji*; Watanabe, Takayuki*; Hayashi, Yasuaki*; et al.

Kara Zukai, Purazuma Enerugi No Subete, P. 164, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Temporal evolution of temperature and density profiles of a laser compressed core

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Golovkin, I.*; Mancini, R.*; Uschmann, I.*; Sunahara, Atsushi*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; Fujita, Kazuhisa*; Louis, S.*; Nakai, Mitsuo*; Shiraga, Hiroyuki*; et al.

Review of Scientific Instruments, 74(3), p.1683 - 1687, 2003/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:50.18(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

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