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In-operando measurement of internal temperature and stress in lithium-ion batteries

平野 辰巳*; 前田 壮宏*; 村田 哲之*; 山木 孝弘*; 松原 英一郎*; 菖蒲 敬久; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 高松 大郊*

SPring-8/SACLA利用研究成果集(インターネット), 11(1), p.49 - 57, 2023/02

The temperature rise due to high current/power operations and stress caused by the expansion or contraction of electrodes by lithium (de)-intercalation is known to be a degradation factor in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Therefore, in this study, a new technique is proposed to simultaneously measure the internal temperature and stress in the 18650-type LIB during its operation. The operando measurement involved retaining a constant gage volume using rotating spiral slits, obtaining X-ray diffraction images using a highly sensitive two-dimensional detector, and employing the sin$$^{2}$$ $$psi$$ method to separate the stress and change in temperature. During the charging process, at the 1C current rate, the anode expansion, owing to the lithium intercalation, induced the radial compressive stress in the Cu anode collector. The radial stress changes of the Cu anode collector were -31 MPa (compression) and 44 MPa (tensile) during the 1C charge and discharge processes, respectively. Moreover, the internal temperature, which was higher than the surface temperature, was calculated by considering the radial stress change during the battery operation. During the 4C cycle, the surface and internal temperatures rose by 26 degree and 42 degree, respectively. The results indicate that the internal temperature and stress in the 18650-LIB were successfully measured during battery operation.


Heat-induced structural changes in magnesium alloys AZ91 and AZ31 investigated by in situ synchrotron high-energy X-ray diffraction

Liu, X. J.*; 徐 平光; 城 鮎美*; Zhang, S. Y.*; 菖蒲 敬久; 行武 栄太郎*; 秋田 貢一*; Zolotoyabko, E.*; Liss, K.-D.*

Journal of Materials Science, 57(46), p.21446 - 21459, 2022/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

In situ time/temperature-resolved synchrotron high-energy X-ray diffraction is applied to study heat-mediated structural changes and phase transformations in rolled sheets of AZ91 and AZ31 magnesium alloys. Azimuthal diffraction intensities along the Debye-Scherrer rings (AT-plots) are used to obtain information on grain recovery and recrystallization temperatures as well as temperature-assisted grain rotations. The azimuthally integrated diffraction intensities, plotted as functions of the scattering vector (QT-plots), provide vital data on the temperature-dependent lattice parameters of the Mg/Al matrix and intermetallic precipitates, as well as on the evolution of the precipitates' volume fraction. It was found that in AZ31, the main precipitates are of the AlMn type, which is rather stable in the investigated temperature range (up to 773 K). In contrast, in AZ91, the major intermetallic precipitates, Al$$_{12}$$Mg$$_{17}$$, undergo complete dissolution above 600 K. It is caused by the enhanced diffusion of Al into the Mg/Al matrix, which according to the Al-Mg phase diagram, can adopt more Al at elevated temperatures. This diffusion is revealed by the proportional diminishing of the matrix lattice parameter (chemical strain), allowing us to quantify the Al content in the matrix. Fast temperature-dependent manipulation with intermetallic content in the Mg/Al alloy can, in principle, be used for controlling its mechanical properties.



鈴木 賢治*; 倉 己萌*; 三浦 靖史*; 城 鮎美*; 豊川 秀訓*; 佐治 超爾*; 梶原 堅太郎*; 菖蒲 敬久

材料, 71(12), p.1005 - 1012, 2022/12




城 鮎美*; 菖蒲 敬久; 萩原 幸司*; 渡邉 真史*

SPring-8/SACLA利用研究成果集(インターネット), 10(5), p.438 - 446, 2022/10

長周期積層型(LPSO)マグネシウム合金は、濃度と構造の変調が同期しており、軽量かつ高強度・高耐熱性という性質を併せ持った新規材料である。LPSO相の局所的な格子ひずみと構造変調の関係を調べるために、単相18R LPSO Mg-Zn-Y合金の圧縮下での${it in situ}$放射光X線回折測定を実施した。圧縮応力の増加に伴い、格子ひずみの増加が確認されるとともに、0 0 L回折面からの回折強度の大小が入れ替わる現象が発生した。解析の結果、回折強度の変化はイットリウム原子の特徴的な変位によるものであり、弾性変形から塑性変形への移行に大きな影響を与える可能性を明らかにした。


Influence of pulse duration on mechanical properties and dislocation density of dry laser peened aluminum alloy using ultrashort pulsed laser-driven shock wave

吉田 雅幸*; 西端 樹*; 松田 朋己*; 伊藤 佑介*; 杉田 直彦*; 城 鮎美*; 菖蒲 敬久; 荒河 一渡*; 廣瀬 明夫*; 佐野 智一*

Journal of Applied Physics, 132(7), p.075101_1 - 075101_9, 2022/08

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Applied)

This study aims to investigate the influence of the pulse duration on the mechanical properties and dislocation density of a aluminum alloy treated using dry laser peening. The results of the micro-Vickers hardness test, residual stress measurement, and dislocation density measurement demonstrate that over a pulse duration range of 180 fs to 10 ps, the maximum peening effects are achieved with a pulse duration of 1 ps. Moreover, the most significant dry laser peening effects are obtained by choosing a pulse duration that achieves a laser intensity that simultaneously generates the strongest shock pressure, suppresses optical nonlinear effects, and realizes the least thermal effects, which weaken the shock effects.


Uranium chelating ability of decorporation agents in serum evaluated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy

上原 章寛*; 松村 大樹; 辻 卓也; 薬丸 晴子*; 田中 泉*; 城 鮎美*; 齋藤 寛之*; 石原 弘*; 武田(本間) 志乃*

Analytical Methods, 14(24), p.2439 - 2445, 2022/06

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:67.54(Chemistry, Analytical)

Internal exposure to actinides such as uranium and plutonium has been reduced using chelating agents for decorporation because of their potential to induce both radiological and chemical toxicities. This study measures uranium chemical forms in serum in the presence and absence of chelating agents based on X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The chelating agents used were 1-hydroxyethane 1,1-bisphosphonate (EHBP), inositol hexaphosphate (IP6), deferoxamine B (DFO), and diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (DTPA). The main ligands forming complexes with uranium in the serum were estimated as follows: IP6 $$>$$ EHBP $$>$$ bioligands $$>$$ DFO $$>>$$ DTPA when the concentration ratio of the chelating agent to uranium was 10. Measurements of uranium chemical forms and their concentrations in the serum would be useful for the appropriate treatment using chelating agents for the decorporation of uranium.



鈴木 賢治*; 山田 みなみ*; 城 鮎美*; 菖蒲 敬久; 豊川 秀訓*; 佐治 超爾*

材料, 71(4), p.347 - 353, 2022/04




城 鮎美*; 菖蒲 敬久; 岡田 達也*

材料, 71(4), p.354 - 360, 2022/04



プルトニウムの体外排出に向けたキレート剤による除染に関する基礎検討; X線吸収分光法によるプルトニウム模擬元素とキレート剤との結合性評価

上原 章寛*; Shuhui, X.*; 佐藤 遼太朗*; 松村 大樹; 辻 卓也; 薬丸 晴子*; 城 鮎美*; 齋藤 寛之*; 田中 泉*; 石原 弘*; et al.

X線分析の進歩,53, p.223 - 229, 2022/03

体内にアクチニドなどの放射性物質が取り込まれると、生体内配位子がアクチニドと化合物を生成し、体内滞留の原因となりうる。本研究では、アクチニドを体外に排出させるためのキレート剤の結合性評価を行うため、キレート剤と結合した元素の局所構造をX線吸収分光法によって解析し結合力を評価した。プルトニウム模擬元素としてジルコニウム(Zr),キレート剤として、EHBP(1-hydroxyethylidene-1,1-diphosphonate)およびDTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetate)を用いた。ZrはEHBPと八面体構造の錯体を形成するとともに、Zr-EHBP錯体はZr-DTPA錯体より強い結合を有することが分かった。これらの知見は、放射性元素による内部被ばく線量評価や、放射性元素を体外に取り除くための適切な除染方法の提案につながる。


${it In situ}$ synchrotron radiation observation of deformation and annealing processes of aluminum single crystal

城 鮎美*; 岡田 達也*; 菖蒲 敬久

Mechanical Engineering Journal (Internet), 8(6), p.21-00106_1 - 21-00106_8, 2021/12




西村 隼杜*; 北條 智彦*; 味戸 沙耶*; 柴山 由樹*; 小山 元道*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 秋山 英二*

鉄と鋼, 107(9), p.760 - 768, 2021/09

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)




菖蒲 敬久; 城 鮎美*; 村松 壽晴*

SPring-8/SACLA利用研究成果集(インターネット), 9(5), p.318 - 323, 2021/08



Internal strain distribution of laser lap joints in steel under loading studied by high-energy synchrotron radiation X-rays

菖蒲 敬久; 城 鮎美*; 河野 史明*; 村松 壽晴; 山田 知典; 永沼 正行; 小澤 隆之

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 5(2), p.17_1 - 17_9, 2021/06



Effects of stress and plastic strain on hydrogen embrittlement fracture of a U-bent martensitic steel sheet

柴山 由樹; 北條 智彦*; 小山 元道*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 松野 崇*; 秋山 英二*

ISIJ International, 61(4), p.1322 - 1329, 2021/04

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:33.62(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The effects of stress and plastic strain distributions on the hydrogen embrittlement fracture of the U-bent martensitic steel sheet specimen were investigated. The hydrogen embrittlement testing of the U-bent specimen was performed. Fracture morphology mainly consisting of intergranular fracture was found inside the hydrogen charged U-bent specimen, which indicated that the crack initiation took place in the interior, and shear lips were found near both surfaces of the U-bent sheet. The synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurement and the finite element simulation were utilized to analyze the stress and plastic strain distributions in the thickness direction of the U-bent specimen. The elastic strain distributions obtained by the measurement showed a good agreement with the simulation. The crack initiation site of the hydrogen-charged U-bent specimen was considered to be correspondent with the region where the tensile stress was the highest, suggesting that the maximum tensile stress predominantly determine the crack initiation.


Effects of residual stress on hydrogen embrittlement of a stretch-formed tempered martensitic steel sheet

西村 隼杜*; 北條 智彦*; 味戸 沙耶*; 柴山 由樹*; 小山 元道*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 秋山 英二*

ISIJ International, 61(4), p.1170 - 1178, 2021/04

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:17.89(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

The effects of residual stress on the hydrogen embrittlement behavior of a tempered martensitic steel sheet with 1-GPa-class tensile strength stretch-formed by a hemisphere punch simulating press-formed automotive structural parts were investigated. Cracking on the stretch-formed specimen induced by potentiostatic hydrogen charging was initiated in the foot of the impression of the specimen and propagated to the radial direction both toward the hillside and the plain. The mixture of quasi cleavage and intergranular fractures were observed whole through the fracture surface. Residual stress in the stretch-formed specimens was analyzed by using energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction method utilizing the synchrotron X-ray radiation at SPring-8. In addition, stress and plastic strain distributions in the specimen were analyzed by using Finite Element Method (FEM). These analyses depicted that the high tensile stress in the circumferential direction was in the foot of the impression, corresponding to the direction of the crack growth. The FEM analysis revealed that the high triaxial stress was in the foot suggesting accumulation of hydrogen. It was considered that the preferential crack initiation at the foot was promoted by the high residual stress in the circumferential direction and the hydrogen accumulation due to stress-induced diffusion.


Effects of residual stress and plastic strain on hydrogen embrittlement of a stretch-formed TRIP-aided martensitic steel sheet

北條 智彦*; 秋山 英二*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 衣笠 潤一郎*; 湯瀬 文雄*

Corrosion Science, 177, p.108957_1 - 108957_9, 2020/12

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:80.72(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Double-exposure method with synchrotron white X-ray for stress evaluation of coarse-grain materials

鈴木 賢治*; 城 鮎美*; 豊川 秀訓*; 佐治 超爾*; 菖蒲 敬久

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(3), p.25_1 - 25_14, 2020/09



Hydrogen embrittlement resistance of pre-strained ultra-high-strength low alloy TRIP-aided steel

北條 智彦*; Kumai, B.*; 小山 元道*; 秋山 英二*; 脇 裕之*; 齋藤 寛之*; 城 鮎美*; 安田 良*; 菖蒲 敬久; 長坂 明彦*

International Journal of Fracture, 224(2), p.253 - 260, 2020/08

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:68.63(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Development of cryogenic tensile testing apparatus for lattice strain measurement using synchrotron radiation for REBCO composite conductors

菅野 未知央*; 町屋 修太郎*; 菖蒲 敬久; 城 鮎美*; 梶原 堅太郎*; 中本 達志*

Superconductor Science and Technology, 33(8), p.085003_1 - 085003_10, 2020/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:9.13(Physics, Applied)

REBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$O$$_{7}$$-delta (REBCO) composite tapes are candidate conductors for future accelerator magnets. Given that REBCO is a brittle oxide film, stress/strain management is important in the mechanical design of a magnet. Therefore, the strain state of a superconducting film should be predicted under various operating conditions. A quantum beam is a useful tool in evaluating the strain state of a superconducting material in a composite conductor. Although various cryogenic tensile testing machines, in combination with neutron beam and synchrotron radiation, have been developed, they are not necessarily optimized for measuring highly textured materials such as REBCO films. This study reports a novel cryogenic tensile testing apparatus that can be used at the beamline of a synchrotron radiation facility. In this system, a superconducting tape is cooled using a Gifford-McMahon (GM) cryocooler through 2.5 m long thermal links made of 5 N high-purity aluminum. This enables a compact cryogenic loading system that can be mounted on the goniometer of a beamline. Lattice strain measurements using synchrotron radiation were conducted at 40 K, 77 K, and 300 K for a commercially available (Y,Gd)BCO coated conductor at BL28B2 in SPring-8. The onset strain of film fracture determined from the lattice strain measurement at 77 K agreed well with the irreversible strain of critical current at the same temperature. The residual and fracture strain of the (Y,Gd)BCO film at 77 K was evaluated as well.


X線回折ラインプロファイル解析による微視組織評価法,2; 放射光を用いたラインプロファイル解析

菖蒲 敬久; 城 鮎美*; 吉田 裕*

材料, 69(4), p.343 - 347, 2020/04


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