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Journal Articles

Low electron temperature in ablating materials formed by picosecond soft X-ray laser pulses

Ishino, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Pikuz, T.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Faenov, A.*; Inogamov, N.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru

X-Ray Lasers and Coherent X-Ray Sources; Development and Applications XI (Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.9589), p.958904_1 - 958904_6, 2015/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:60.64

To study the ablation process induced by the soft X-ray laser pulse, we investigated the electron temperature of the ablating material. Focused soft X-ray laser pulses having a wavelength of 13.9 nm and duration of 7 ps were irradiated onto target surfaces, and we observed the optical emission from surfaces by use of an optical camera. On target surfaces, we could confirm damage structures, but no emission signal in the visible spectral range during ablation could be observed. Then, we estimated the electron temperature in the ablating matter, and we estimated the electron temperature to be lower than 1 eV and the process duration was shorter than 1000 ps. This result is in good accordance with the theoretical prediction. Our investigation implies that the spallative ablation occurs in the low electron temperature region of a non-equilibrium state of warm dense matter. We will present the current state of our eperimental results.

Journal Articles

Very low electron temperature in warm dense matter formed by focused picosecond soft X-ray laser pulses

Ishino, Masahiko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Faenov, A.*; Inogamov, N. A.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru

Journal of Applied Physics, 116(18), p.183302_1 - 183302_6, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:36.01(Physics, Applied)

We investigated the optical emission from the ablating surfaces induced by the irradiations of soft X-ray laser (SXRL) pulses with the aim of estimation of the maximum electron temperature. No emission signal in the spectral range of 400-800 nm could be observed despite the formation of damage structures on the target surfaces. Hence, we estimated an upper limit for the electron temperature of 0.4-0.7 eV for the process duration of 100-1000 ps. Our results imply that the ablation and/or surface modification by the SXRL is not accompanied by plasma formation but is induced by thermo-mechanical pressure, which is so called a spallative ablation. This spallative ablation process occurs in the low electron temperature region of a non-equilibrium state of warm dense matter.

Journal Articles

Ablation of insulators under the action of short pulses of X-ray plasma lasers and free-electron lasers

Inogamov, N. A.*; Anisimov, S. I.*; Petrov, Y. V.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; Zhakhovskii, V. V.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; Fortov, V. E.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Kato, Yoshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Optical Technology, 78(8), p.473 - 480, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:31.11(Optics)

Journal Articles

Two-temperature warm dense matter produced by ultrashort Extreme Vacuum Ultraviolet-Free Electron Laser (EUV-FEL) pulse

Inogamov, N. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Petrov, Y. V.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; Shepelev, V. V.*; Anisimov, S. I.*; Fortov, V. E.*; et al.

Contributions to Plasma Physics, 51(5), p.419 - 426, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:67.23(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Warm dense matter, arising under the action of ultrashort EUV-FEL pulse onto LiF dielectric crystal, is characterized by high temperature of conduction electrons, with their number density achieving values of the order of atom number density at maximum laser fluences in our experiments. Expansion of matter, heated and pressurized through the electron-ion energy exchange, gives rise to the spallative ablation at small fluences and gaseous outflow from a target in the case of large fluences. Ablation threshold is low in comparison with a longer nanosecond XRL.

Journal Articles

Laser ablation of gold; Experiment and atomistic simulation

Starikov, S. V.*; Stegailov, V. V.*; Norman, G. E.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Ishino, Masahiko; Tanaka, Momoko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Oba, Toshiyuki*; Kaihori, Takeshi; et al.

JETP Letters, 93(11), p.642 - 647, 2011/04

 Times Cited Count:23 Percentile:76.19(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Spallative ablation of dielectrics by X-ray laser

Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; Shepelev, V. V.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Kato, Yoshiaki*; Tanaka, Momoko; Pikuz, T. A.*; Kishimoto, Maki; et al.

Applied Physics A, 101(1), p.87 - 96, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:76.37(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils' homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray imaging

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Homma, Takayuki; Kawase, Keigo; Skobelev, I.*; Gasilov, S.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 49(6), p.06GK03_1 - 06GK03_5, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:36.82(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Interaction of short laser pulses in wavelength range from infrared to X-ray with metals, semiconductors, and dielectrics

Inogamov, N. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Zhakhovskii, V. V.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; Kato, Yoshiaki*; Tanaka, Momoko; Pikuz, T. A.*; Kishimoto, Maki; Ishino, Masahiko; et al.

Contributions to Plasma Physics, 51(4), p.361 - 366, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:67.23(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Journal Articles

Submicron ionography of nanostructures using a femtosecond- laser-driven-cluster-based source

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Homma, Takayuki; Kawase, Keigo; Kameshima, Takashi*; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Yogo, Akifumi; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 95(10), p.101107_1 - 101107_3, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:73.46(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Application of snow nanograin targets for the generation of fast ions in femtosecond laser plasma

Faenov, A. Y.; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, S. A.*; Gasilov, S. V.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Palchan, T.*; Zigler, A.*; Henis, Z.*

Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 107(3), p.351 - 355, 2008/09

Journal Articles

MUTA calculations of a laser-produced Mg hollow atom spectrum

Colgan, J.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*

Physica Scripta, 78(1), p.015302_1 - 015302_6, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:57.19(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic characterization of ultrashort laser driven targets incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models

Sherrill, M. E.*; Abdallah, J.*; Csanak, G.*; Dodd, E. S.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

High-Power Laser Ablation VII (Proceedings of SPIE Vol.7005), p.70051R_1 - 70051R_11, 2008/06

Journal Articles

Phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures by soft X rays from a femtosecond-laser plasma

Gasilov, S. V.*; Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Calegari, F.*; Vozzi, C.*; Nisoli, M.*; Sansone, G.*; Valentini, G.*; De Silvestri, S.*; et al.

JETP Letters, 87(5), p.238 - 242, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:66.08(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Generation of fast ions by an efficient coupling of high power laser into snow nanotubes

Palchan, T.*; Henis, Z.*; Faenov, A. Y.; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, S. A.*; Gasilov, S. V.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Zigler, A.*

Applied Physics Letters, 91(25), p.251501_1 - 251501_3, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:46.58(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

X-ray spectroscopic diagnostics of ultrashort laser-cluster interaction at the stage of the nonadiabatic scattering of clusters

Faenov, A. Y.; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Giulietti, D.*; Betti, S.*; Galimberti, M.*; Gamucci, A.*; Giulietti, A.*; Gizzi, L. A.*; et al.

JETP Letters, 86(3), p.178 - 183, 2007/08

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:38.68(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Spectroscopic characterization of an ultrashort-pulse-laser-driven Ar cluster target incorporating both Boltzmann and particle-in-cell models

Sherrill, M. E.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Csanak, G.*; Dodd, E. S.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamakawa, Koichi; et al.

Physical Review E, 73(6), p.066404_1 - 066404_6, 2006/06

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:77.97(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A model that solves simultaneously both the electron and atomic kinetics was used to generate synthetic He$$_alpha$$ X-ray spectra to characterize a high intensity ultrashort laser driven Ar cluster target experiment. In particular, level populations were obtained from a detailed collisional-radiative model where collisional rates were computed from a time varying electron distribution function obtained from the solution of the zero dimensional Boltzmann equation. In addition, aparticle-in-cell simulation was used to model the laser interaction with the cluster target and provided the initial electron energy distribution function (EEDF) for the Boltzmann solver. This study suggests that the high density plasma contribution to the time-integrated He$$_alpha$$ spectrum was in a highly non-equilibrium state in both the EEDF and the ion level populations and provides a prediction of 5.7 ps for the average cluster integrity time for this high density state.

Journal Articles

Coupled electron and atomic kinetics through the solution of the Boltzmann equation for generating time-dependent X-ray spectra

Sherrill, M. E.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Csanak, G.*; Kilcrease, D. P.*; Dodd, E. S.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; et al.

Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy & Radiative Transfer, 99(1-3), p.584 - 594, 2006/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:13.72(Optics)

In this work, we present a model that solves self-consistently the electron and atomic kinetics to characterize highly non-equilibrium plasmas, in particular for those systems where both the electron distribution function is far from Maxwellian and the evolution of the ion level populations are dominated by time dependent atomic kinetics. In this model, level populations are obtained from a detailed collisional-radiative model where collision rates are computed from a time varying electron distribution function obtained from the solution of the zero-dimensional Boltzmann equation. The Boltzmann collision term includes the effects of electron-electron collisions, electron collisional ionization, excitation and de-excitation. An application for He$$_alpha$$ spectra from a short pulse laser irradiated argon cluster target will be shown to illustrate the results of our model.

Journal Articles

Measurement of $$2l-nl$$' X-ray transitions from $$approx$$1 $$mu$$m Kr clusters irradiated by high-intensity femtosecond laser pulses

Hansen, S. B.*; Fournier, K. B.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; et al.

Physical Review E, 71(1), p.016408_1 - 016408_9, 2005/01

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:58.15(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

X-ray line emission from $$2l-nl$$' transitions in Ne-like Kr and nearby ions has been observed from $$approx$$ 1 $$mu$$m Kr clusters irradiated by fs-scale laser pulses at the JAERI facility in Kyoto, Japan. The dependence of X-ray spectral features and intensity on the incident laser intensity is rather weak, indicating that the 1-2 ps cluster lifetimes limit the number of ions beyond Ne-like Kr that can be produced by collisional ionization. A collisional-radiative model based on the relativistic multiconfigured FAC code has been constructed and used to determine that the cluster plasma has electron densities near 10$$^{22}$$ cm$$^{-3}$$, temperature of a few hundred eV and hot electron fraction of a few percent.

Journal Articles

Generation of X-rays and energetic ions from superintense laser irradiation of micron-sized Ar clusters

Fukuda, Yuji; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; Ueda, Hideki; Kishimoto, Yasuaki; Yamakawa, Koichi; Faenov, A. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; et al.

Laser and Particle Beams, 22(3), p.215 - 220, 2004/07

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:80.38(Physics, Applied)

High resolution K-shell spectra of a plasma created by superintense laser irradiation of micron-sized Ar clusters have been measured with an intensity above 10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ and a pulse duration of 30 fs. The total photon flux of 2$$times$$10$$^8$$ photons/pulse was achieved for He$$_{alpha1}$$ resonant line of Ar ($$lambda$$=3.9491 AA , 3.14 keV). In parallel with X-ray measurements, energy distributions of emitted ions have been measured. The multiply-charged ions with kinetic energies up to 800 keV were observed. It is found that hot electrons produced by high contrast laser pulses allow the isochoric heating of clusters and shift the ion balance towards the higher charge states, which enhances both the X-ray line yield of the He-like argon ion and the ion kinetic energy.

Journal Articles

Microdroplet evolution induced by a laser pulse

Smirnov, M. B.*; Skobelev, I. Y.*; Magunov, A. I.*; Faenov, A. Y.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Yamakawa, Koichi; Akahane, Yutaka; Aoyama, Makoto; Inoue, Norihiro*; et al.

Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 98(6), p.1123 - 1132, 2004/06

Interaction between high-power ultrashort laser pulse and giant clusters (microdroplets) consisting of 10$$^9$$ to 10$$^{10}$$ atoms is considered. The microdroplet size is comparable to the laser wavelength. A model of the evolution of a microdroplet plasma induced by a high-power laser pulse is developed, and the processes taking place after interaction with the pulse are analyzed. It is shown theoretically that the plasma is superheated: its temperature is approximately equal to the ionization potential of an ion having a typical charge. The microdroplet plasma parameters are independent of the pulse shape and duration. The theoretical conclusions are supported by experimental studies of X-ray spectra conducted at JAERI, where a 100-terawatt Ti-sapphire lasersystem was used to irradiate krypton and xenon microdroplets by laser pulses with pulse widths of 30 to 500 fs and intensities of 6$$times$$10$$^{16}$$ to 2$$times$$10$$^{19}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$.

32 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)