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Journal Articles

Towards a novel laser-driven method of exotic nuclei extraction-acceleration for fundamental physics and technology

Nishiuchi, Mamiko*; Sakaki, Hironao*; Esirkepov, T. Zh.*; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Pikuz, T. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Orlandi, R.; Pirozhkov, A. S.*; Sagisaka, Akito*; et al.

Plasma Physics Reports, 42(4), p.327 - 337, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:42.53(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A combination of a petawatt laser and nuclear physics techniques can crucially facilitate the measurement of exotic nuclei properties. With numerical simulations and laser-driven experiments we show prospects for the Laser-driven Exotic Nuclei extraction-acceleration method proposed in [M. Nishiuchi et al., Phys. Plasmas 22, 033107 (2015)]: a femtosecond petawatt laser, irradiating a target bombarded by an external ion beam, extracts from the target and accelerates to few GeV highly charged short-lived heavy exotic nuclei created in the target via nuclear reactions.

Journal Articles

Acceleration of highly charged GeV Fe ions from a low-Z substrate by intense femtosecond laser

Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Sakaki, Hironao; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Pikuz, T.*; Faenov, A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Orlandi, R.; Sako, Hiroyuki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 22(3), p.033107_1 - 033107_8, 2015/03

 Times Cited Count:38 Percentile:1.6(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Almost fully stripped Fe ions accelerated up to 0.9 GeV are demonstrated with a 200 TW femtosecond high-intensity laser irradiating a micron-thick Al foil with Fe impurity on the surface. An energetic low-emittance high-density beam of heavy ions with a large charge-to-mass ratio can be obtained, which is useful for many applications, such as a compact radio isotope source in combination with conventional technology.

Journal Articles

Mie scattering from submicron-sized CO$$_2$$ clusters formed in a supersonic expansion of a gas mixture

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.

Optics Express (Internet), 21(18), p.20656 - 20674, 2013/09

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:24.92(Optics)

A detailed mathematical model is presented for a submicron-sized cluster formation in a binary gas mixture flowing through a three-staged conical nozzle. In order to experimentally confirm this model, the cluster sizes have been evaluated using the Mie scattering method, which is to measure the angular distribution of light scattered from targets. The mean sizes of CO$$_2$$ clusters produced in the gas mixtures of CO$$_2$$(30%)/H$$_2$$(70%) and CO$$_2$$(10%)/He(90%) are estimated to be 0.28$$pm$$ 0.03 $$mu$$m and 0.26$$pm$$0.04 $$mu$$m, respectively. In addition, total gas density profiles measured with an interferometer were found to be agreed with the numerical modeling within a factor of two. The dryness ($$=monomer/(monomer+cluster)$$ ratio) in the targets was found to support the numerical modeling. Thus, our mathematical model of cluster formation was proved to be reliable enough for the binary gas mixture by the experimental results.

Journal Articles

Characterization of submicron-sized CO$$_2$$ clusters formed with a supersonic expansion of a mixed-gas using a three-staged nozzle

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 102(16), p.164103_1 - 164103_4, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:25.75(Physics, Applied)

The size of CO$$_2$$ clusters, produced in a supersonic expansion of a mixed-gas of CO$$_2$$/He or CO$$_2$$/H$$_2$$ through a three-staged conical nozzle designed based on the Boldarev's model, has been evaluated by measuring the angular distribution of light scattered from the clusters. The data are analyzed utilizing the Mie scattering theory, and the sizes of CO$$_2$$ clusters are estimated as 0.22 $$mu$$m and 0.25 $$mu$$m for the cases of CO$$_2$$/He and CO$$_2$$/H$$_2$$ gas mixtures, respectively. The results confirm that the Boldarev's model is reliable enough for the production of micron-sized clusters.

Journal Articles

X-ray spectroscopy diagnoses of clusters surviving under prepulses of ultra-intense femtosecond laser pulse irradiation

Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Pikuz, S. A.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Hayashi, Yukio; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Shimomura, Takuya; et al.

Laser and Particle Beams, 30(3), p.481 - 488, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:59.31(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Two-temperature warm dense matter produced by ultrashort Extreme Vacuum Ultraviolet-Free Electron Laser (EUV-FEL) pulse

Inogamov, N. A.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Petrov, Y. V.*; Khokhlov, V. A.*; Shepelev, V. V.*; Anisimov, S. I.*; Fortov, V. E.*; et al.

Contributions to Plasma Physics, 51(5), p.419 - 426, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:28.8(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Warm dense matter, arising under the action of ultrashort EUV-FEL pulse onto LiF dielectric crystal, is characterized by high temperature of conduction electrons, with their number density achieving values of the order of atom number density at maximum laser fluences in our experiments. Expansion of matter, heated and pressurized through the electron-ion energy exchange, gives rise to the spallative ablation at small fluences and gaseous outflow from a target in the case of large fluences. Ablation threshold is low in comparison with a longer nanosecond XRL.

Journal Articles

Observation and modeling of high resolution spectral features of the inner-shell X-ray emission produced by 10$$^{-10}$$ contrast femtosecond-pulse laser irradiation of argon clusters

Colgan, J.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Hayashi, Yukio; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kawase, Keigo*; Shimomura, Takuya; et al.

High Energy Density Physics, 7(2), p.77 - 83, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:22.43(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

A study is made of the ultra-short laser pulse irradiation of Ar cluster targets. Experiments have been performed with large cluster sizes and using very high laser contrasts, which have allowed clear and unambiguous observation of exotic inner-shell transitions in near-neutral Ar ions. The interaction of the main laser pulse with the unperturbed target is a necessary requirement for observing these lines. Our measurements are supported by kinetics calculations in which a very detailed atomic model is used. The calculations predict all of the spectral features found experimentally, and support the notion that the X-ray emission arises from many ion stages of the Ar plasma, from near-neutral through He-like ions, and from a range of plasma temperatures and densities.

Journal Articles

Nanoscale surface modifications and formation of conical structures at aluminum surface induced by single shot exposure of soft X-ray laser pulse

Ishino, Masahiko; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Tanaka, Momoko; Hasegawa, Noboru; Nishikino, Masaharu; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovskii, V. V.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 109(1), p.013504_1 - 013504_6, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:17.1(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Submicron ionography of nanostructures using a femtosecond- laser-driven-cluster-based source

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Homma, Takayuki; Kawase, Keigo; Kameshima, Takashi*; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Yogo, Akifumi; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 95(10), p.101107_1 - 101107_3, 2009/09

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:28.6(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Application of snow nanograin targets for the generation of fast ions in femtosecond laser plasma

Faenov, A. Y.; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, S. A.*; Gasilov, S. V.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Palchan, T.*; Zigler, A.*; Henis, Z.*

Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 107(3), p.351 - 355, 2008/09

Journal Articles

MUTA calculations of a laser-produced Mg hollow atom spectrum

Colgan, J.*; Abdallah, J. Jr.*; Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*

Physica Scripta, 78(1), p.015302_1 - 015302_6, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:39.99(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Phase-contrast imaging of nanostructures by soft X rays from a femtosecond-laser plasma

Gasilov, S. V.*; Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T. A.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Calegari, F.*; Vozzi, C.*; Nisoli, M.*; Sansone, G.*; Valentini, G.*; De Silvestri, S.*; et al.

JETP Letters, 87(5), p.238 - 242, 2008/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:37.82(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Generation of fast ions by an efficient coupling of high power laser into snow nanotubes

Palchan, T.*; Henis, Z.*; Faenov, A. Y.; Magunov, A. I.*; Pikuz, S. A.*; Gasilov, S. V.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Zigler, A.*

Applied Physics Letters, 91(25), p.251501_1 - 251501_3, 2007/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:49.53(Physics, Applied)

Oral presentation

Surface nanodeformations caused by ultrashort laser pulse

Inogamov, N. A.*; Zhakhovsky, V. V.*; Ashitkov, S.*; Eminov, Yu.*; Faenov, A.*; Petrov, Y. V.*; Khokhlov, V.*; Ishino, Masahiko; Demaske, B.*; Tanaka, Momoko; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Development of an apparatus for characterization of cluster-gas targets

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

In the laser drive ion acceleration using cluster-gas targets, the three-step conical nozzle specially designed based on the Boldarev's model is used to prepare the large-sized clusters. In the present work, the target diagnosis apparatus applying Mie scattering and interferometry has been developed to investigate the ion acceleration mechanism and search the optimal condition. The sub-micron sized CO$$_2$$ clusters were verified by measuring the angular distribution of the scattering light from the gas jet of the mixture gas of CO$$_2$$(30%) and H$$_2$$(70%). Moreover, the gas density was obtained by the interferometry.

Oral presentation

Identification of the micro-sized cluster by Mie scattering

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

We perform the laser driven ion acceleration using a gas jet target including large sized clusters which is formed by the special nozzle designed based on the Boldarev's model. The information of the cluster size and the gas jet profile is necessary for the investigation of the ion acceleration mechanism and the optimization of the acceleration condition. Therefore, we have developed a target diagnosis apparatus applying Mie scattering and interferometry. The sub-micron sized CO$$_2$$ clusters were verified by measuring the angular distribution of the scattering light from the gas jet of the mixture gas of CO$$_2$$ (30%) and H$$_2$$ (70%). Moreover, the gas density profile was obtained by using the interferometer.

Oral presentation

Characterization of sub-micron sized clusters in a supersonic gas jet using Mie scattering

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; Gasilov, V. A.*

no journal, , 

High-energy ion generation has been achieved by using cluster-gas targets in the laser driven ion acceleration. In this experiment, a three-step conical nozzle, designed based on the Boldarev's model, was used to prepare large sized clusters. However, a characterization of the targets formed by this nozzle was not sufficient to further investigate the ion acceleration mechanism and optimize the acceleration condition. For this reason, in present work, the target diagnosis apparatus applying Mie scattering and interferometry has been developed. CO$$_2$$ clusters are formed in the supersonic jet of the mixture gas of H$$_2$$ and CO$$_2$$ through the three-step conical nozzle. We have estimated the size distribution of CO$$_2$$ cluster by measuring the angular distribution of scattering light from the clusters for laser irradiation. The density profile was obtained from the phase shift of the laser light acquired by the interferometer. These results were compared with the Boldarev's model.

Oral presentation

Discussion of gas density dependence in the cluster size evaluation using Mie scattering

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

We have achieved high-energy ion generation in the laser driven ion acceleration using cluster-gas targets, which has been prepared by using the nozzle specially designed based on the Boldarev's model. However, a characterization of the cluster-gas targets is not sufficient to further investigate the ion acceleration mechanism and optimize the acceleration condition. In present work, the target diagnosis apparatus applying Mie scattering and interferometry has been developed. The sub-micron sized CO$$_2$$ clusters were verified by measuring the angular distribution of the scattering light from the mixed gas target of CO$$_2$$ (30%) and H$$_2$$ (70%). Moreover, the gas density profile was obtained by the interferometry. We will discuss the relation between gas density and a cluster size in the presentation.

Oral presentation

Ion acceleration by a cluster target; Target state dependence of an electron energy spectrum

Jinno, Satoshi; Fukuda, Yuji; Sakaki, Hironao; Yogo, Akifumi; Kanasaki, Masato; Kondo, Kiminori; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Pikuz, T.; Boldarev, A. S.*; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Metal surfaces nanomodifications induced by the single and multiple pulse soft X-ray laser beam irradiations

Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.; Ishino, Masahiko; Starikov, S. V.*; Stegailov, V. V.*; Norman, G.*; Fortov, V. E.*; Skobelev, I. Yu.*; Tamotsu, Satoshi*; Tanaka, Momoko; et al.

no journal, , 

22 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)