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Journal Articles

Additive-free hydrothermal leaching method with low environmental burden for screening of strontium in soil

Kato, Takuma*; Nagaoka, Mika; Guo, H.*; Fujita, Hiroki; Aida, Taku*; Smith, R. L. Jr.*

Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28(39), p.55725 - 55735, 2021/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Environmental Sciences)

In this work, hydrothermal leaching was applied to simulated soils (clay minerals vermiculite, montmorillonite, kaolinite) and actual soils (Terunuma, Japan) to generate organic acids with the objective to develop an additive-free screening method for determination of Sr in soil. Stable strontium (SrCl$$_{2}$$) was adsorbed onto soils for study and ten organic acids were evaluated for leaching Sr from simulated soils under hydrothermal conditions (120 to 200$$^{circ}$$C) at concentrations up to 0.3 M. For strontium-adsorbed vermiculite (Sr-V), 0.1 M citric acid was found to be effective for leaching Sr at 150$$^{circ}$$C and 1 h treatment time. Based on these results, the formation of organic acids from organic matter in Terunuma soil was studied. Hydrothermal treatment of Terunuma soil produced a maximum amount of organic acids at 200$$^{circ}$$C and 0.5 h reaction time. To confirm the possibility for leaching of Sr from Terunuma soil, strontium-adsorbed Terunuma soil (Sr-S) was studied. For Sr-S, hydrothermal treatment at 200$$^{circ}$$C for 0.5 h reaction time allowed 40% of the Sr to be leached at room temperature, thus demonstrating an additive-free method for screening of Sr in soil. The additive-free hydrothermal leaching method avoids calcination of solids in the first step of chemical analysis and has application to both routine monitoring of metals in soils and to emergency situations.

Journal Articles

Correction to Transport and redistribution of radiocesium in Fukushima fallout through rivers

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Onda, Yuichi*; Smith, H. G.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Saito, Kimiaki

Environmental Science & Technology, 55(13), P. 9394, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.53(Engineering, Environmental)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Supercritical water pretreatment method for analysis of strontium and uranium in soil (Andosols)

Nagaoka, Mika; Fujita, Hiroki; Aida, Taku*; Guo, H.*; Smith, R. L. Jr.*

Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 168, p.109465_1 - 109465_6, 2021/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:81.22(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

The radioactivities in the environmental samples are analyzed to monitor the nuclear power facilities. The pretreatment of radioactive nuclides of alpha and beta emitters in the environmental samples is performed with acid to decompose organic matter and extract object nuclide such as $$^{90}$$Sr, U and Pu. However, the pretreatment methods are time-consuming and used many concentrated acid solutions that are unsafe and hazardous. Therefore, we develop to the new pretreatment method using supercritical water instead of acid. Hydrothermal pretreatment of soils (Andosols) from Ibaraki prefecture (Japan) was used to improve methods for monitoring radioactive Sr and U. Calcined samples were pretreated with subcritical or supercritical water (SCW) followed by extraction with 0.5 M HNO$$_{3}$$ solutions. With SCW pretreatment, recoveries of Sr and U were 70% and 40%, respectively. Experimental recoveries obtained can be described by a linear relationship in water density. The proposed method is robust and can lower environmental burden of routine analytical protocols.

Journal Articles

Radionuclides from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial systems

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kato, Hiroaki*; Takahashi, Junko*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Coppin, F.*; Smith, H.*

Nature Reviews Earth & Environment (Internet), 1(12), p.644 - 660, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:81.26(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Author correction; Radionuclides from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial systems

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kato, Hiroaki*; Takahashi, Junko*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Coppin, F.*; Smith, H.*

Nature Reviews Earth & Environment (Internet), 1(12), P. 694_1, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.29(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Dataset on the 6-year radiocesium transport in rivers near Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Onda, Yuichi*; Smith, H. G.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*

Scientific Data (Internet), 7, p.443_1 - 443_9, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:30.91(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Journal Articles

Transport and redistribution of radiocesium in Fukushima fallout through rivers

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Onda, Yuichi*; Smith, H. G.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Yamashiki, Yosuke*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Saito, Kimiaki

Environmental Science & Technology, 53(21), p.12339 - 12347, 2019/11

 Times Cited Count:30 Percentile:94.05(Engineering, Environmental)

Journal Articles

Electromagnetic properties of low-lying states in neutron-deficient Hg isotopes; Coulomb excitation of $$^{182}$$Hg, $$^{184}$$Hg, $$^{186}$$Hg and $$^{188}$$Hg

Wrzosek-Lipska, K.*; Rezynkina, K.*; Bree, N.*; Zieli$'n$ska, M.*; Gaffney, L. P.*; Petts, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Bastin, B.*; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 55(8), p.130_1 - 130_23, 2019/08

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:80.58(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Collectivity in the light radon nuclei measured directly via Coulomb excitation

Gaffney, L. P.*; Robinson, A. P.*; Jenkins, D. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Bender, M.*; Blazhev, A.*; Bree, N.*; Bruyneel, B.*; Butler, P.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(6), p.064313_1 - 064313_11, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:57.47(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Single-neutron orbits near $$^{78}$$Ni; Spectroscopy of the N=49 isotope $$^{79}$$Zn

Orlandi, R.; M$"u$cher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; De Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 740, p.298 - 302, 2015/01

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:82.78(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

$$B(E2;2^+_1rightarrow 0^+_1)$$ value in $$^{90}$$Kr

R$'e$gis, J.-M.*; Jolie, J.*; Saed-Samii, N.*; Warr, N.*; Pfeiffer, M.*; Blanc, A.*; Jentschel, M.*; K$"o$ster, U.*; Mutti, P.*; Soldner, T.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 90(6), p.067301_1 - 067301_4, 2014/12

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:82.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Journal Articles

ENDF/B-VII.1 nuclear data for science and technology; Cross sections, covariances, fission product yields and decay data

Chadwick, M. B.*; Herman, M.*; Oblo$v{z}$insk$'y$, P.*; Dunn, M. E.*; Danon, Y.*; Kahler, A. C.*; Smith, D. L.*; Pritychenko, B.*; Arbanas, G.*; Arcilla, R.*; et al.

Nuclear Data Sheets, 112(12), p.2887 - 2996, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:1623 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The ENDF/B-VII.1 library is our latest recommended evaluated nuclear data file for use in nuclear science and technology applications, and incorporates advances made in the five years since the release of ENDF/B-VII.0. These advances focus on neutron cross sections, covariances, fission product yields and decay data, and represent work by the US Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) in nuclear data evaluation that utilizes developments in nuclear theory, modeling, simulation, and experiment. It features extension of covered nuclei, covariance data for 190 nuclei, R-matrix analyses of neutron reactions on light nuclei, updates for some medium-heavy and actinoid nuclei, etc. Criticality benchmark tests with a transport simulation code MCNP shows improved performances.

Journal Articles

$$^{235}$$U nuclear relaxation rates in an itinerant antiferromagnet USb$$_2$$

Baek, S.-H.*; Curro, N. J.*; Sakai, Hironori; Bauer, E. D.*; Cooley, J. C.*; Smith, J. L.*

Physical Review B, 81(5), p.054435_1 - 054435_5, 2010/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:28.15(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

The ITER-QUELL, a quench propagation experiment on a long length CICC with central channel

Anghel, A.*; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Smith, S.*; Pourrahimi, S.*; Zhelamskij, M.*; Blau, B.*; Fuchs, A.*; Heer, B.*; Hamada, Kazuya; Fujisaki, H.*; et al.

Fusion Technology 1996, p.185 - 190, 1996/00

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Low-energy states in $$^{79}$$Zn and the structure of $$^{78}$$Ni

Orlandi, R.; M$"u$cher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; De Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Transportation of radiocesium through rivers in Fukushima

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Smith, H.*; Blake, W.*; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Yokoyama, Akihiko*; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Onda, Yuichi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Transportation of radiocesium through rivers in Fukushima

Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Smith, H.*; Blake, W.*; Takahashi, Yoshio*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Yamamoto, Masayoshi*; Onda, Yuichi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Radiocesium fluxes in rivers across the Fukushima fallout region to 2015 and their controlling factors

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Smith, H.*; Blake, W.*; Yoshimura, Kazuya

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Land use controls fate and transport of radionuclides in Fukushima in the terrestial environment

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Smith, H.*; Blake, W.*; Iwagami, Sho*; Kato, Hiroaki*

no journal, , 

Oral presentation

Change of Rainfall-runoff event hysteresis in suspended sediments due to surface decontamination in the area affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Onda, Yuichi*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Kubo, Takaaki*; Smith, H.*; Blake, W.*; Kuramoto, Takayuki*; Sato, Takayuki*

no journal, , 

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