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Journal Articles

Overall approaches and experiences of first-time participants in the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group's Fourth Collaborative Material Exercise (CMX-4)

Ho, D. M. L.*; Nelwamondo, A. N.*; Okubo, Ayako; Rameb$"a$ck, H.*; Song, K.*; Han, S.-H.*; Hancke, J. J.*; Holmgren, S.*; Jonsson, S.*; Kataoka, Osamu; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 315(2), p.353 - 363, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Analytical)

The Fourth Collaborative Material Exercise (CMX-4) of the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group (ITWG) registered the largest participation for this exercise in nuclear forensics, with seven of the 17 laboratories participating for the first time. In this paper, participants from five of the first-time laboratories shared their individual experience in this exercise, from preparation to analysis of samples. The exercise proved to be highly useful for testing procedures, repurposing established methods, exercising skills, and improving the understanding of nuclear forensic signatures and their interpretation trough the post-exercise review meeting.

Journal Articles

The Application of radiochronometry during the 4th collaborative materials exercise of the nuclear forensics international technical working group (ITWG)

Kristo, M. J.*; Williams, R.*; Gaffney, A. M.*; Kayzar-Boggs, T. M.*; Schorzman, K. C.*; Lagerkvist, P.*; Vesterlund, A.*; Rameb$"a$ck, H.*; Nelwamondo, A. N.*; Kotze, D.*; et al.

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 315(2), p.425 - 434, 2018/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:72.04(Chemistry, Analytical)

In a recent international exercise, 10 international nuclear forensics laboratories successfully performed radiochronometry on three low enriched uranium oxide samples, providing 12 analytical results using three different parent-daughter pairs serving as independent chronometers. The vast majority of the results were consistent with one another and consistent with the known processing history of the materials. In general, for these particular samples, mass spectrometry gave more accurate and more precise analytical results than decay counting measurements. In addition, the concordance of the $$^{235}$$U-$$^{231}$$Pa and $$^{234}$$U-$$^{230}$$Th chronometers confirmed the validity of the age dating assumptions, increasing confidence in the resulting conclusions.

Journal Articles

Uniaxial pressure effect on the magnetic ordered moment and transition temperatures in BaFe$$_{2-x}$$T$$_{x}$$As$$_{2}$$ ($$T$$ = Co,Ni)

Tam, D. M.*; Song, Y.*; Man, H.*; Cheung, S. C.*; Yin, Z.*; Lu, X.*; Wang, W.*; Frandsen, B. A.*; Liu, L.*; Gong, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 95(6), p.060505_1 - 060505_6, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:75.96(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Ultra-trace analysis of plutonium by thermal ionization mass spectrometry with a continuous heating technique without chemical separation

Lee, C.-G.*; Suzuki, Daisuke; Esaka, Fumitaka; Magara, Masaaki; Song, K.*

Talanta, 141, p.92 - 96, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:43.79(Chemistry, Analytical)

Thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) with a continuous heating technique is known as an effective method for measuring the isotope ratio in trace amounts of uranium. In this study, the analytical performance of thermal ionization mass spectrometry with a continuous heating technique was investigated using a standard plutonium solution (SRM 947). The influence of the heating rate of the evaporation filament on the precision and accuracy of the isotope ratios was examined using a plutonium solution sample at the fg level. Changing the heating rate of the evaporation filament on samples ranging from 0.1 fg to 1000 fg revealed that the influence of the heating rate on the precision and accuracy of the isotope ratios was slight around the heating rate range of 100 to 250 mA/min. All of the isotope ratios of plutonium (SRM 947), $$^{238}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{240}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu, $$^{241}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu and $$^{242}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu, were measured down to sample amounts of 70 fg. The ratio of $$^{240}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu was measured down to a sample amount of 0.1 fg, which corresponds to a PuO$$_{2}$$ particle with a diameter of 0.2 $$mu$$m. Moreover, the signals of $$^{239}$$Pu could be detected with a sample amount of 0.03 fg, which corresponds to the detection limit of $$^{239}$$Pu of 0.006 fg as estimated by the 3 $$sigma$$ criterion. $$^{241}$$Pu and $$^{241}$$Am formed by the decay of $$^{241}$$Pu could be discriminated owing to the difference in the evaporation temperature. As a result, $$^{241}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu as well as $$^{240}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu and $$^{242}$$Pu/$$^{239}$$Pu in plutonium samples could be measured by TIMS with a continuous heating technique and without any chemical separation processes.

Journal Articles

Status and result of the KSTAR upgrade for the 2010's campaign

Yang, H. L.*; Kim, Y. S.*; Park, Y. M.*; Bae, Y. S.*; Kim, H. K.*; Kim, K. M.*; Lee, K. S.*; Kim, H. T.*; Bang, E. N.*; Joung, M.*; et al.

Proceedings of 23rd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2010) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2011/03

Because the 2010 operation of Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research (KSTAR) mainly aims to achieve strongly elongated and diverted plasma, all the necessary hardware systems to provide an essential circumstance for the plasma shaping were newly installed and upgraded in 2010. In this paper, general configuration of the upgraded systems described earlier will be outlined. Moreover, several key performances and test results of the systems will be also reported in summary.

Journal Articles

Electronic structure and magnetism of the diluted magnetic semiconductor Fe-doped ZnO nanoparticles

Kataoka, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Sakamoto, Yuta*; Song, G. S.*; Fujimori, Atsushi*; Chang, F.-H.*; Lin, H.-J.*; Huang, D. J.*; Chen, C. T.*; Okochi, Takuo*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 107(3), p.033718_1 - 033718_7, 2010/02

AA2009-0977.pdf:1.0MB

 Times Cited Count:49 Percentile:86.61(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Experimental observation of bulk band dispersions in the oxide semiconductor ZnO using soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Song, G.-S.*; Kataoka, Takashi*; Sakamoto, Yuta*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Okochi, Takuo*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; Yamagami, Hiroshi; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 105(12), p.122403_1 - 122403_4, 2009/06

BB2009-1947.pdf:0.84MB

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:44.86(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Hybridization between the conduction band and 3$$d$$ orbitals in the oxide-based diluted magnetic semiconductor In$$_{2-x}$$V$$_x$$O$$_3$$

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Ishida, Yukiaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Song, G. S.*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okochi, Takuo*; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Physical Review B, 79(20), p.205203_1 - 205203_5, 2009/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:35.36(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Systematic changes of the electronic structure of the diluted ferromagnetic oxide Li-doped Ni$$_{1-x}$$Fe$$_x$$O with hole doping

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Song, G.*; Oki, Yasuhiro*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Terai, Kota*; Okane, Tetsuo; et al.

Physical Review B, 78(15), p.155322_1 - 155322_4, 2008/10

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:27.8(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Soft X-ray absorption and photoemission studies of ferromagnetic Mn-implanted 3$$C$$-SiC

Song, G.*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Kataoka, Takashi*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Okochi, Takuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 47(9), p.7113 - 7116, 2008/09

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:15.39(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Electronic structure of Ga$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_{x}$$N and Si-doping effects studied by photoemission and X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Song, G.*; Kobayashi, Masaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Kataoka, Takashi*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Okochi, Takuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Physical Review B, 78(3), p.033304_1 - 033304_4, 2008/07

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:39.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Local electronic structure of Cr in the II-VI diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor Zn$$_{1-x}$$Cr$$_x$$Te

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Ishida, Yukiaki*; Hwang, J. I.*; Song, G. S.*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yang, C. S.*; Lee, L.*; Lin, H.-J.*; Huang, D.-J.*; Chen, C. T.*; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 10, p.055011_1 - 055011_15, 2008/05

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:62.96(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Photoemission and X-ray absorption studies of valence states in (Ni,Zn,Fe,Ti)$$_3$$O$$_4$$ thin films exhibiting photoinduced magnetization

Kobayashi, Masaki*; Oki, Yasuhiro*; Takizawa, Masaru*; Song, G. S.*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Takeda, Yukiharu; Terai, Kota*; Okane, Tetsuo; Fujimori, Shinichi; Saito, Yuji; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 92(8), p.082502_1 - 082502_3, 2008/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:46.79(Physics, Applied)

Oral presentation

Ultra-trace analysis of plutonium isotopes by thermal ionization mass spectrometry with a continuous heating technique without chemical separation

Lee, C. G.*; Suzuki, Daisuke; Esaka, Fumitaka; Magara, Masaaki; Song, K.*

no journal, , 

In this study, analytical performances of TIMS with a continuous heating method were investigated using plutonium standard solution (SRM 947) and mixed particulate sample containing plutonium (SRM947) and uranium (U500). In order to examine the analytical performance of plutonium solution sample, the influence of heating rate of evaporation filament on precision and accuracy of isotope ratios was studied using plutonium solution sample of fg level. Changing the heating rate of evaporation filament on samples ranging from 0.1 fg to 1000 fg revealed that no influence of heating rate on precision and accuracy of isotope ratios occurred over the heating rate range from 100 to 250 mA/min. All of the isotope ratios on plutonium were measured down to sample amounts of 70 fg. In the mixture samples of plutonium and uranium, $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{238}$$U were clearly distinguished due to the difference of evaporation temperature between $$^{238}$$Pu and $$^{238}$$U. As a result, the ratios of plutonium sample were successfully measured by TIMS with a continuous heating technique without any chemical separations.

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