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Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron and $$gamma$$-ray absorbed doses inside human body in criticality accident situations using phantom and tissue-equivalent dosimeters

Sono, Hiroki; Kojima, Takuji; Soramasu, Noboru*; Takahashi, Fumiaki

JAERI-Conf 2005-007, p.315 - 320, 2005/08

Personal dosimeters provide a fundamental evaluation of external exposures to human bodies in radiation accidents. The dose distribution inside the body, which is needed to estimate the exposures from a result of personal dosimetry, has been evaluated mostly by computational simulations, while experimental data to verify the simulations are not sufficiently supplied, in particular, in criticality accident situations. For the purpose of obtaining the experimental data on external exposures inside the body, a preliminary experiment on criticality accident dosimetry was carried out at the Transient Experiment Critical Facility (TRACY) using a human phantom and tissue-equivalent dosimeters. The neutron and $$gamma$$-ray absorbed doses inside the phantom could be satisfactorily measured by the combined use of an alanine dosimeter and a thermoluminescent dosimeter made of enriched lithium tetra borate. The doses measured in and on the phantom were regarded as reasonable in dose level and distribution by comparison with the doses measured in the free air.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of $$gamma$$-ray dose components in criticality accident situations

Sono, Hiroki; Yanagisawa, Hiroshi*; Ono, Akio*; Kojima, Takuji; Soramasu, Noboru*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 42(8), p.678 - 687, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.08(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Component analysis of $$gamma$$-ray doses in criticality accident situations is indispensable for further understanding on emission behavior of $$gamma$$-rays and accurate evaluation of external exposure to human bodies. Such dose components were evaluated, categorizing $$gamma$$-rays into four components: prompt, delayed, pseudo components in the period of criticality, and a residual component in the period after the termination of criticality. This evaluation was performed by the combination of dosimetry experiments at the TRACY facility using a thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) made of lithium tetra borate and computational analyses using a Monte Carlo code. The evaluation confirmed that the dose proportions of the above components varied with the distance from the TRACY core tank. This variation was due to the difference in attenuation of the individual components with the distance from the core tank. The evaluated dose proportions quantitatively clarified the contribution of the pseudo and the residual components to be excluded for accurate evaluation of $$gamma$$-ray exposure.

Journal Articles

Measurement of neutron and $$gamma$$-ray absorbed doses under criticality accident conditions at TRACY using tissue-equivalent dosimeters

Sono, Hiroki; Yanagisawa, Hiroshi; Ono, Akio; Kojima, Takuji; Soramasu, Noboru*

Nuclear Science and Engineering, 139(2), p.209 - 220, 2001/10

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:50.11(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement and analysis of neutron and $$gamma$$-ray doses on criticality accidents of low-enriched uranyl nitrate solution using tissue-equivalent dosimeters at the TRACY facility

Sono, Hiroki; Yanagisawa, Hiroshi; Ono, Akio; Kojima, Takuji; Miyoshi, Yoshinori; Soramasu, Noboru*

Proceedings of the ANS International Topical Meeting on Advances in Reactor Physics and Mathematics and Computation into the Next Millennium (PHYSOR2000) (CD-ROM), 9 Pages, 2000/05

no abstracts in English

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