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Journal Articles

Development of safety design philosophy of HTTR-Heat Application Test Facility

Aoki, Takeshi; Shimizu, Atsushi; Noguchi, Hiroki; Kurahayashi, Kaoru; Yasuda, Takanori; Nomoto, Yasunobu; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sakaba, Nariaki

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 9 Pages, 2023/05

The safety design philosophy is developed for the HTTR (High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor) heat application test facility connecting high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) and the hydrogen production plant. The philosophy was proposed to apply proven conventional chemical plant standards to the hydrogen production facility for ensuring public safety against anticipated disasters caused by high pressure and combustible gases. The present study also proposed the safety design philosophy to meet specific safety requirements identified to the nuclear facilities with coupling to the hydrogen production facility such as measures to ensure a capability of normal operation of the nuclear facility against a fire and/or explosion of leaked combustible material, and fluctuation of amount of heat removal occurred in the hydrogen production plant. The safety design philosophy will be utilized to establish its basic and detailed designs of the HTTR-heat application test facility.

Journal Articles

Development plan for coupling technology between high temperature gas-cooled reactor HTTR and Hydrogen Production Facility, 2; Development plan for coupling equipment between HTTR and Hydrogen Production Facility

Mizuta, Naoki; Morita, Keisuke; Aoki, Takeshi; Okita, Shoichiro; Ishii, Katsunori; Kurahayashi, Kaoru; Yasuda, Takanori; Tanaka, Masato; Isaka, Kazuyoshi; Noguchi, Hiroki; et al.

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2023/05

Journal Articles

Reports of electro-polishing implementation for quarter-wave resonators, 2

Nii, Keisuke*; Ida, Yoshiaki*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamaguchi, Takanori*; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Tamura, Jun; Harada, Hiroyuki; Matsui, Yutaka; et al.

Proceedings of 19th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.601 - 604, 2023/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Hydrogen absorption and diffusion behaviors in cube-shaped palladium nanoparticles revealed by ambient-pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Tang, J.*; Seo, O.*; Rivera Rocabado, D. S.*; Koitaya, Takanori*; Yamamoto, Susumu*; Namba, Yusuke*; Song, C.*; Kim, J.*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Koyama, Michihisa*; et al.

Applied Surface Science, 587, p.152797_1 - 152797_8, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:81.32(Chemistry, Physical)

The hydrogen absorption and diffusion mechanisms on cube-shaped Pd nanoparticles (NPs) which are important hydrogen-storage materials were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and DFT calculations. In the surface region, hydrogen absorption showed almost similar behavior regardless of the NPs size. It was found that the octahedral sites are more favorable than the tetrahedral sites for hydrogen occupation. We also clarified that the hydrogen atoms absorbing on the smaller-sized Pd NPs diffuse to the subsurface more actively because of the weakened Pd-H bond by the surface disordering, which plays an important role in hydrogen adsorption at a low H$$_{2}$$ pressure.

Journal Articles

Mesospheric ionization during substorm growth phase

Murase, Kiyoka*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Nishiyama, Takanori*; Nishimura, Koji*; Hashimoto, Taishi*; Tanaka, Yoshimasa*; Kadokura, Akira*; Tomikawa, Yoshihiro*; Tsutsumi, Masaki*; Ogawa, Yasunobu*; et al.

Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (Internet), 12, p.18_1 - 18_16, 2022/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

We identified two energetic electron precipitation (EEP) events during the growth phase of moderate substorms and estimated the mesospheric ionization rate for an EEP event for which the most comprehensive dataset from ground-based and space-born instruments was available. The mesospheric ionization signature reached below 70 km altitude and continued for ~15 min until the substorm onset, as observed by the PANSY radar and imaging riometer at Syowa Station in the Antarctic region. We also used energetic electron flux observed by the Arase and POES 15 satellites as the input for the air-shower simulation code PHITS to quantitatively estimate the mesospheric ionization rate. Combining the cutting-edge observations and simulations, we shed new light on the space weather impact of the EEP events during geomagnetically quiet times, which is important to understand the possible link between the space environment and climate.

Journal Articles

Reports of electropolishing implementation for quarter-wave resonators

Nii, Keisuke*; Ida, Yoshiaki*; Ueda, Hideki*; Yamaguchi, Takanori*; Kabumoto, Hiroshi; Kamiya, Junichiro; Kondo, Yasuhiro; Tamura, Jun; Harada, Hiroyuki; Matsui, Yutaka; et al.

Proceedings of 18th Annual Meeting of Particle Accelerator Society of Japan (Internet), p.334 - 337, 2021/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Strong flux pinning by columnar defects with directionally dependent morphologies in GdBCO-coated conductors irradiated with 80 MeV Xe ions

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Semboshi, Satoshi*; Ozaki, Toshinori*; Sakane, Hitoshi*; Kudo, Masaki*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 59(2), p.023001_1 - 023001_7, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:42.13(Physics, Applied)

We show that Xe ion irradiation with 80 MeV to GdBa$$_{2}$$Cu$$_{3}$$Oy-coated conductors creates different morphologies of columnar defects (CDs) depending on the irradiation angles relative to the c-axis: continuous CDs with a larger diameter are formed for oblique irradiation at $$theta_{rm i}$$ = 45$$^{circ}$$, whereas the same ion beam at a different angle ($$theta_{rm i}$$ = 0$$^{circ}$$) induces the formation of discontinuous CDs. The direction-dependent morphologies of CDs significantly affect the angular behavior of the critical current density $$J_{rm c}$$.

Journal Articles

Mass transport in the PdCu phase structures during hydrogen adsorption and absorption studied by XPS under hydrogen atmosphere

Tang, J.*; Yamamoto, Susumu*; Koitaya, Takanori*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Tokunaga, Takuma*; Mukai, Kozo*; Matsuda, Iwao*; Yoshinobu, Jun*

Applied Surface Science, 480, p.419 - 426, 2019/06

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:48.37(Chemistry, Physical)

Mass transports during hydrogen adsorption and absorption processes of PdCu alloys that has advantages of higher hydrogen diffusivity and economically lower-cost than the other Pd-alloys were studied. The research was made with a comparison of the well-known ordered phase of the bcc structure (the B2 phase) and a mixed phase of the fcc and B2 structures. ${it In-situ}$ ultrahigh vacuum X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation were carried out to trace the chemical states of the Pd and Cu atoms as a function of temperatures. It is elucidated that the initial adsorption and absorption processes were similar in the two phases, but a hydrogen diffusion rate to the bulk was higher in the ordered phase than in the mixed one. We found the dynamics of the Pd and Cu atoms during the hydrogen adsorption/absorption processes largely depend on temperature. In the hydrogen atmosphere, the Pd atoms segregate at the surface below 373 K and Cu atoms segregate at the surface above 373 K. The present results agree well with the previous theoretical calculations and, thus, provide appropriate inputs toward developments of the hydrogen permeation materials.

Journal Articles

Transient ionization of the mesosphere during auroral breakup; Arase satellite and ground-based conjugate observations at Syowa Station

Kataoka, Ryuho*; Nishiyama, Takanori*; Tanaka, Yoshimasa*; Kadokura, Akira*; Uchida, Herbert Akihito*; Ebihara, Yusuke*; Ejiri, Mitsumu*; Tomikawa, Yoshihiro*; Tsutsumi, Masaki*; Sato, Kaoru*; et al.

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 71, p.9_1 - 9_10, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:38.25(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

Transient ionization of the mesosphere was detected at around 65 km altitude during the isolated auroral expansion occurred at 2221-2226 UT on June 30, 2017. A general-purpose Monte Carlo particle transport code PHITS suggested that significant ionization is possible in the middle atmosphere due to auroral X-rays from the auroral electrons of $$<$$10 keV.

Journal Articles

Design study of beam window for accelerator-driven system with subcriticality adjustment rod

Sugawara, Takanori; Eguchi, Yuta; Obayashi, Hironari; Iwamoto, Hiroki; Matsuda, Hiroki; Tsujimoto, Kazufumi

Proceedings of 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-26) (Internet), 10 Pages, 2018/07

A new beam window concept for accelerator-driven system (ADS) is investigated by changing the design condition. The most important factor for the beam window design is the proton beam current. The design condition will be mitigated if the proton beam current will be reduced. To reduce the proton beam current, a subcriticality adjustment rod (SAR) which was a B$$_4$$C control rod was employed and neutronics calculations were performed by ADS3D code. The results of the neutronics calculation indicated that the proton beam current was reduced from 20mA to 13.5mA by the installation of SARs. Based on the mitigated calculation condition, the investigation of the beam window was performed by the couple analyses of the particle transport, the thermal hydraulics and the structural analysis. Through these coupled analyses, more feasible beam window concept which was the hemispherical shape, the outer diameter = 470mm, the thickness at the top = 3.5mm and factor of safety =9 was presented.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Influence of discontinuous columnar defects on flux pinning properties in GdBCO coated conductors

Sueyoshi, Tetsuro*; Kotaki, Tetsuya*; Furuki, Yuichi*; Uraguchi, Yusei*; Kai, Takashi*; Fujiyoshi, Takanori*; Shimada, Yusuke*; Yasuda, Kazuhiro*; Ishikawa, Norito

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 25(3), p.6603004_1 - 6603004_4, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:51.28(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

To investigate the effect of discontinuity of 1-D pinning centers on the flux pinning in a wide range of magnetic field directions, discontinuous columnar defects (CDs) and continuous CDs were formed in GdBCO coated conductors using Xe-ion irradiations with 80 and 270 MeV, respectively. An overall shift upward in Jc, for the 80-MeV-irradiated sample compared to the 270-MeV-irradiated one, can be observed in every direction of magnetic field, which is more remarkable as temperature decreases. This implies a synergetic effect of the pinning interaction between the linearity and the discontinuity for the discontinuous CDs.

Journal Articles

The Nucleosynthetic signatures of the first star survivors among hyper metal-poor stars with [Fe/H] $$<$$ -4.5

Suda, Takuma*; Komiya, Yutaka*; Nishimura, Takanori*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fujimoto, Masayuki*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1016, p.43 - 48, 2008/05

The first stars in our Universe are the useful probes for the star formation history in the very early Universe. In order to identify these survivors, we should consider the effect of changing surface abundances during their long lives. The surface abundances are modified by the accretion of gas from the interstellar matter and/or the binary mass transfer. The latter can affect the abundance pattern through the evolution of primary star that experienced the internal mixing and dredge-up during thermally pulsating AGB. The top three of the iron deficient stars are reported as the candidates of the first stars. These stars have [Fe/H] $$<$$ -4.5 and share the common feature of large enhancement of C. We argue that these abundance patterns are testified to the evolutionary characteristics of the first stars with low- and intermediate-mass by trying to constrain the mass of primary under the assumption that they were the survivors of secondary stars in the binary system when they were born.

Journal Articles

Interpretation of extremely metal-poor stars as candidates of first generation stars

Nishimura, Takanori*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Suda, Takuma*; Fujimoto, Masayuki*; Iben, I. Jr.*

AIP Conference Proceedings 1016, p.421 - 423, 2008/05

The evolution of extremely metal-poor stars of low- and intermediate-masses is distinct from those of metal-rich stars in that the convection driven by the helium shell flash can extend outward into the hydrogen-rich layer during TP-AGB phase. In the circumstance of [Fe/H]$$<-$$2.5, protons are mixed and converted into neutrons in the convective zone to promote nucleosynthesis through neutron and $$alpha$$-captures. We study the nucleosynthesis in the helium-flash convective zone, induced by this hydrogen mixing. In the dearth of the pristine metals, the neutron-recycling reactions $$^{12}$$C($$n,gamma$$)$$^{13}$$C($$alpha,n$$)$$^{16}$$O and in some cases the subsequent $$^{16}$$O($$n,gamma$$)$$^{17}$$O($$alpha,n$$)$$^{20}$$Ne play and important role and catalyze the syntheses of O through Mg and still heavier elements. Based on these results, we assign the origin of two most iron-deficient stars to the Pop III stars, born out of the primordial gas.

Journal Articles

Neutron-capture nucleosynthesis in the He-flash convective zone in extremely metal-poor stars

Nishimura, Takanori*; Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Suda, Takuma*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fujimoto, Masayuki*; Iben, I. Jr.*

AIP Conference Proceedings 847, p.455 - 457, 2006/07

We investigated the progress of nucleosynthesis in the helium flash driven convective zone which triggers the mixing of hydrogen into this convective zone in the extremely metal-poor, asymptotic giant branch stars with low and intermediate masses. The amounts of $$^{13}$$C created by proton captures on abundant $$^{12}$$C in He layer strongly depend on the resultant abundances of nuclei. We showed that under circumstances initially devoid of metals, the heavy $$s$$-process elements such as Sr, Ba and even Pb can be formed with light elements as seeds which are produced via two neutron-recycling reactions ($$^{12}$$C(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{13}$$C($$alpha$$,n)$$^{16}$$O and $$^{16}$$O(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{17}$$O($$alpha$$,n)$$^{20}$$Ne).

Journal Articles

Present state of JAERI National Data Center (NDC) for CTBT verification

Yamamoto, Yoichi; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Oda, Tetsuzo; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Kumata, Masahiro; Inoue, Yoji; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Shinohara, Nobuo; Usuda, Shigekazu

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.53 - 60, 2002/12

The Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) has developed the National Data Center (NDC) for radionuclide as part of the international monitoring regime related to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). JAERI NDC already started to input gamma-ray spectrum data obtained from several International Monitoring System (IMS) stations into a database. Data analysis reports made by the International Data Center (IDC) are also stored in the database. Some software tools are under development for the NDC's independent analysis such as investigation of existence of the radionuclides derived from nuclear explosion and presumptive analysis of source location of radionuclide release. The NDC system will also be able to post IMS data and analysis results to the authorized users on the Internet. This paper presents the role, current state of system development and future plan of JAERI NDC.

Journal Articles

JAERI-Tokai radionuclide laboratory in CTBT verfication regime

Shinohara, Nobuo; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Inoue, Yoji; Kumata, Masahiro; Oda, Tetsuzo; Uchikoshi, Takako*; Hokida, Takanori; Hirota, Naoki*; Nakahara, Yoshinori; Usuda, Shigekazu

Dai-23-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, p.45 - 52, 2002/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Void formation and microstructural development in oxide dispersion strengthened ferritic steels during electron-irradiation

Saito, J.*; Suda, Takanori*; Yamashita, Shinichiro*; Onuki, Somei*; Takahashi, Heishichiro*; Akasaka, Naoaki; Nishida, M.; Ukai, Shigeharu

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 258-263(Part.2), p.1264 - 1268, 1998/10

 Times Cited Count:39 Percentile:92.92(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)


Oral presentation

Effect of minor alloying element on dispersing nano-particles in ODS steel

Uchida, Yosuke*; Nagai, Yoshiyasu*; Suda, Takanori*; Hashimoto, Naoyuki*; Onuki, Somei*; Shibayama, Tamaki*; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Akasaka, Naoaki

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Fundamental study for development of austenitic ODS steel; Effect of nano-particle dispersion on radiation-induced defect formation

Yamashita, Shinichiro; Otsuka, Satoshi; Watanabe, Masashi*; Uchida, Yosuke*; Suda, Takanori*; Hashimoto, Naoyuki*; Onuki, Somei*; Shibayama, Tamaki*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

23 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)