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Journal Articles

Radiochemical research for the advancement of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator by (n, $$gamma$$) method, 3

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Namekawa, Yoji*; Nishikata, Kaori; Daigo, Fumihisa; Ide, Hiroshi; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Hori, Junichi*; et al.

KURNS Progress Report 2020, P. 136, 2021/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Two-step-pressurization method in pulsed electric current sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ for production of $$^{99m}$$Tc radioactive isotope

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Sato, Soma*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Niihara, Koichi*; Nanko, Makoto*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

Journal of Asian Ceramic Societies (Internet), 8(4), p.1154 - 1161, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Pulsed electric current sintering of molybdenum trioxide (MoO$$_{3}$$) was carried out by one- and two-step pressuring methods for fabrication of irradiation target using production of $$^{99}$$Mo and $$^{rm 99m}$$Tc nuclear medicine. At 550$$^{circ}$$C by the two-step pressurizing method, a relative density of 93.1% was obtained while, by the one-step pressurization method, the relative density was 76.9%. Direct sample temperature measurements were conducted by inserting a thermocouple in a punch. By the two-step pressurizing method, the sample temperature was higher than that by the one-step pressurizing method even almost the same die temperature. From voltage and current waveforms, it was thought that the conductivity of the sample increased by the two-step pressurizing method to increase the sample temperature and the relative density. The two-step pressurization method enables us to prepare dense targets at a low temperature from recycled and coarse-grained $$^{98}$$Mo enriched MoO$$_{3}$$ powder.

Journal Articles

Radiochemical research for the advancement of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator by (n,$$gamma$$) method, 2

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Namekawa, Yoji*; Nishikata, Kaori; Kato, Yoshiaki; Sayato, Natsuki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; Hori, Junichi*; et al.

KURNS Progress Report 2019, P. 157, 2020/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiochemical research for the advancement of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{rm 99m}$$Tc generator by (n,$$gamma$$) method

Fujita, Yoshitaka; Seki, Misaki; Namekawa, Yoji*; Nishikata, Kaori; Kimura, Akihiro; Shibata, Akira; Sayato, Natsuki; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sano, Tadafumi*; Fujihara, Yasuyuki*; et al.

KURNS Progress Report 2018, P. 155, 2019/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization of ZrN, ZrO$$_{2}$$ and $$beta$$'-Zr$$_{7}$$O$$_{11}$$N$$_{2}$$ nanoparticles synthesized by pulsed wire discharge

Lam, Do Van*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Ogawa, Toru

Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 100(10), p.4884 - 4892, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:8.04(Materials Science, Ceramics)

Nanoparticles of ZrN, ZrO$$_{2}$$ and ZrN, $$beta$$'-Zr$$_{7}$$O$$_{11}$$N$$_{2}$$ were synthesized by pulsed wire discharge. Morphology and phase analyses were carried out by X-ray diffraction and field-emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM). By bright field image observation, electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) and selected area electron diffraction (SAD) analyses, those nanoparticles were separately characterized.

Oral presentation

Spark plasma sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ for production of $$^{99m}$$Tc by neutron irradiation

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Sato, Soma*; Nanko, Makoto*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Nishikata, Kaori; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Niihara, Koichi*

no journal, , 

Spark plasma sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ was carried out for production of $$^{99m}$$Tc from $$^{98}$$Mo by the (n,$$gamma$$) method in a nuclear reactor. Powder of MoO$$_{3}$$ with an average grain size of 0.8$$mu$$m and a purity of 99.99% was pressed in a graphite die with a diameter of 20 mm. Then, the green compact was heated in a spark plasma sintering apparatus with heating rates of 100 $$sim$$ 200$$^{circ}$$C/min to 500 $$sim$$ 600$$^{circ}$$C in vacuum. After holding the temperature for 5 min, the sample was quenched. The sintered samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction for phase identifications, electron energy loss spectroscopy for compositional analyses and scanning electron microscopy for grain size measurements. After sintering at 550$$^{circ}$$C, a sintered bulk of MoO$$_{3}$$ with a relative density of 98% was obtained. These properties are good enough for separation of $$^{99m}$$Tc and recycle of Mo.

Oral presentation

Sintering evaluation using coarse-grained MoO$$_{3}$$ powder for a radioisotope production

Sato, Soma*; Nanko, Makoto*; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Niihara, Koichi*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Two step pressurization in pulsed electric current sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ for production of radioactive isotopes

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Seki, Misaki*; Sato, Soma*; Nanko, Makoto*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Nishikata, Kaori; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Niihara, Koichi*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Pulsed Electric Current Sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ for Production of Radioactive Isotopes

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Sato, Soma*; Seki, Misaki*; Nanko, Makoto*; Nishikata, Kaori; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Niihara, Koichi*

no journal, , 

$$^{99m}$$Tc has been utilized as a radioactive isotope in medical applications. The majority of this isotope has been separated from nuclear fission products in testing reactors with highly enriched $$^{235}$$U fuel. However, these reactors have been shut down because of the age and the nuclear security reasons. On the other hand, a nuclear reaction method has been proposed. This method is to irradiate $$^{98}$$Mo by neutrons in a reactor to form $$^{98}$$Mo and then to decay to $$^{99m}$$Tc. As the target, MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets are required. However, because of the low evaporation temperature (700 $$^{circ}$$C) and coarse grain size of $$^{98}$$Mo enriched powder, it was difficult to obtain high density MoO$$_{3}$$ pellets. To overcome this problem, a two-step loading method in pulsed electric current sintering was carried out in this study.

Oral presentation

Nuclide separation by water for development of $$^{99}$$Mo/$$^{99m}$$Tc generator for medical

Seki, Misaki*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Niihara, Koichi*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Duong Van, D.*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Porosity control of multifunction geopolymer foam

Ogawa, Toru; Utsumi, Taro*; Terasawa, Toshiharu*; Kudo, Isamu*; Suzuki, Tsuneo*; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*

no journal, , 

For the fuel debris management, we develop the preparation techniques for highly porous geopolymer, which would be used as the matrix of neutron absorber as well as hydrogen recombiner. By adding silicon powder to the raw materials, and hot water in mixing, we demonstrated the capability to prepare geopolymer with high fractions of open pores.

Oral presentation

Pulsed electric current sintering of MoO$$_{3}$$ and the neutron irradiation tests

Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Seki, Misaki; Nakayama, Tadachika*; Nishikata, Kaori; Nanko, Makoto*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko

no journal, , 

Pulsed electric current sintering (PECS) of MoO$$_{3}$$ was carried out for a high density target to produce $$^{99m}$$Tc from $$^{98}$$Mo in a nuclear reactor. The green compacts of MoO$$_{3}$$ were heated in a PECS apparatus with a heating rate of 100 $$^{circ}$$C/min to 450 - 550 $$^{circ}$$C in vacuum and changing the pressurization profile from 0 to 40 MPa. After two step pressurization for sintering at 550 $$^{circ}$$C, the sintered MoO$$_{3}$$ bulk had a relative density of 94%, which was higher than that of one step pressurization. Direct temperature measurements near the sample were carried out. The results indicated that the sample temperature was higher for the two step than for the one step pressurization even in the same die temperature experiments. By the low pressure in two step pressurization, it was thought that open pores remained in the sintered body to reduce MoO$$_{3}$$ in vacuum. This oxygen depleted MoO$$_{3-x}$$ grains showed low electrical resistivity and formed a current path in the sintered body to increase the temperature to increase the relative density.

Oral presentation

Reaction products in Cs-adsorption on concrete in the 600$$sim$$150$$^{circ}$$C temperature range

Do, Thi-Mai-Dung*; Nhut, V. L.*; Murakami, Kenta*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nishioka, Shunichiro; Suzuki, Eriko; Miradji, F.; Osaka, Masahiko

no journal, , 

The interaction between Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ with concrete within the temperature range of 600$$sim$$150$$^{circ}$$C in Ar gas is studied. It seems that there is no reaction between Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ aerosol particles with concrete at these temperatures. However, because of the hygroscopic property, Cs$$_{2}$$MoO$$_{4}$$ aerosol particles change to the liquid phase and quickly diffused inside the concrete bulk.

Oral presentation

Synthesis and characterization of cesium silicate Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$

Do, Thi Mai Dung*; Ngarayana, I.*; Nguyen, H. D.*; Murakami, Kenta*; Suematsu, Hisayuki*; Koide, Manabu*; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Suzuki, Eriko; Osaka, Masahiko

no journal, , 

Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ powder was synthesized by wet method using cesium carbonate powder and colloidal silica 40 wt.% suspension in H$$_{2}$$O as starting materials. The characteristic of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ is investigated by using X-ray diffraction, Raman and Thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry. The structure of Cs$$_{2}$$Si$$_{4}$$O$$_{9}$$ was analyzed by Transmission Electron Microscope.

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