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Journal Articles

A Comparative study of sampling techniques for dynamic probabilistic risk assessment of nuclear power plants

Kubo, Kotaro; Zheng, X.; Tanaka, Yoichi; Tamaki, Hitoshi; Sugiyama, Tomoyuki; Jang, S.*; Takata, Takashi*; Yamaguchi, Akira*

Proceedings of Joint International Conference on Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications + Monte Carlo 2020 (SNA + MC 2020), p.308 - 315, 2020/10

Dynamic probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) is a method for improving the realism and completeness of conventional PRA. However, enormous calculation costs are incurred by these improvements. One solution is to select an appropriate sampling method. In this paper, we applied the Monte Carlo, Latin hypercube, grid-point, and quasi-Monte Carlo sampling methods to the dynamic PRA of a simplified accident sequence and compared the results for each method. Quasi-Monte Carlo sampling was found to be the most effective method in this case.

JAEA Reports

Study on characterisation of colloidal silica grout under condition of sea water

Toguri, Satohito*; Okihara, Mistunobu*; Tsuji, Masakuni*; Nakashima, Hitoshi*; Sugiyama, Hirokazu*; Saito, Akira*; Sato, Toshinori; Aoyagi, Kazuhei; Masunaga, Kosuke

JAEA-Research 2017-013, 131 Pages, 2018/02


The discussions on scientifically promising site for the geological disposal has been made at the council of studying group on techniques for geological disposal of radioactive wastes, which is held by Resources and Energy Agency. From the aspect of ensuring safety during the transportation of disposal waste, the coastal area is discussed to be a more suitable area. This report shows the result of the first year of this project as following items; Study on the state-of-art technology and remain tasks; laboratory tests on characterization of colloidal silica grout under sea water; Study on the development of grouting technology (design and the evaluation method of influence on the rock mass).

Journal Articles

High-efficiency contact grating fabricated on the basis of a Fabry-Perot type resonator for terahertz wave generation

Yoshida, Fumiko; Nagashima, Keisuke; Tsubouchi, Masaaki; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Maruyama, Momoko; Sugiyama, Akira

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(1), p.012201_1 - 012201_5, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:62.41(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped pulse amplification laser system for intense terahertz pulse generation

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nagashima, Keisuke; Maruyama, Momoko; Tsubouchi, Masaaki; Yoshida, Fumiko; Kono, Nanase; Mori, Michiaki; Sugiyama, Akira

Optics Express (Internet), 23(11), p.15057 - 15064, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:19.2(Optics)

We have developed a 1 kHz repetition picosecond laser system dedicated for intense terahertz (THz) pulse generation. The system comprises a chirped pulse amplification laser equipped with a Yb:YAG thin-disk amplifier. At room temperature, the Yb:YAG thin-disk regenerative amplifier provides pulses having energy of over 10 mJ and spectral bandwidth of 1.2 nm. The pulse duration achieved after passage through a diffraction grating pair compressor was 1.3 ps. By employing this picosecond laser as a pump source, THz pulses having a peak frequency of 0.3 THz and 4 $$mu$$J of energy were generated by means of optical rectification in an Mg-doped LiNbO$$_{3}$$ crystal.

Journal Articles

Development of radiation-resistant optical fiber for application to observation and laser spectroscopy under high radiation dose

Ito, Chikara; Naito, Hiroyuki; Nishimura, Akihiko; Oba, Hironori; Wakaida, Ikuo; Sugiyama, Akira; Chiyatani, Keiji

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 51(7-8), p.944 - 950, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:33.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, it is necessary to survey the locations and conditions of fuel debris inside reactor pressure vessels or primary containment vessels under water and radiation environment in preparation for removing fuel debris. An optical fiber is well known for features such as signal transmission, light weight, superior insulation performance, water resistance and electromagnetic noise resistance. These features allow the optical fiber to simplify the instrumentation systems for in-vessel inspection, as long as provide that the optical fiber can be used under high radiation dose environment. The radiation resistance of an optical fiber was improved by increasing the amount of hydroxyl up to 1000 ppm in pure silica fiber. The improved optical fibers were irradiated with $$gamma$$-ray up to 1 $$times$$ 10$$^{6}$$ Gy using a $$^{60}$$Co source. They indicated a large peak around 600 nm and a peak tail from ultraviolet region, but no large absorption in infrared region except a hydroxyl absorption peak of 945 nm. We have confirmed that the optical fiber containing 1000 ppm hydroxyl has enough radiation resistance for radiation induced transmission losses and the infrared imaging is effective for observation under high radiation doses.

Journal Articles

High power laser developments with femtosecond to nanosecond pulse durations for laser shock science and engineering

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru*; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 42(6), p.441 - 447, 2014/06

We describe three specific high power laser systems that are being developed in our laboratory for many applications in high field science, nonlinear optics and material processing. We report on a femtosecond petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can produce a pulse energy of 20 J of 40 fs pulse duration, a picosecond high intensity Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can generate a pulse energy of 100 mJ of 0.5 ps pulse duration, and a nanosecond high repetition rate Nd:YAG laser system that can provide an average power of 360 W with a pulse duration of 30 ns delivered at a 1 kHz repetition rate. We discuss the basic design aspects and present the results from our experimental investigations of these laser systems.

Journal Articles

Current status and future prospects of "J-KAREN"; High contrast, high intensity laser for studying relativistic laser-matter interactions

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Okada, Hajime; Shimomura, Takuya; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Yogo, Akifumi; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.015095_1 - 015095_5, 2014/03

We present the design and characterization of a high-contrast, petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system. Two saturable absorbers and low-gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier in the double CPA laser chain have improved the temporal contrast to 1.4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ on the subnanosecond time scale at 70 terawatt level. Final uncompressed broadband pulse energy is 28 J, indicating the potential for reaching peak power near 600 terawatt. We also discuss our upgrade to over petawatt level at a 0.1 Hz repetition rate briefly.

Journal Articles

Development of high resistant anti-reflection coating by using Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer

Ochi, Yoshihiro; Nagashima, Keisuke; Okada, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Tateno, Ryo*; Furukawa, Yasuyuki*; Sugiyama, Akira

Proceedings of SPIE, Vol.8885, p.88851Z_1 - 88851Z_6, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:8.86

We designed and fabricated high damage-resistant AR coating using Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ layers. As a result of irradiation test using 500 ps pulses at 1 kHz, the damage threshold of the AR coating was estimated to be over 36 J/cm$$^{2}$$ (average value). We also fabricated high reflection (HR) mirrors using Al$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ layers added on Ta$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ layers and measured damage threshold of them for 7 ns, 500 ps, and 1 ps pulses.

Journal Articles

Ultra-intense, high spatio-temporal quality petawatt-class laser system and applications

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Hayashi, Yukio; et al.

Applied Sciences (Internet), 3(1), p.214 - 250, 2013/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:43.11(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

This paper reviews techniques for improving the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality in an ultra-intense laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe the design, performance, and characterization of our laser system, which has the potential for achieving a peak power of 600 TW. We also describe applications of the laser system in the relativistically dominant regime of laser-matter interactions and discuss a compact, high efficiency diode-pumped laser system.

Journal Articles

Negative effect of crystallization on the mechanism of laser damage in a HfO$$_{2}$$/SiO$$_{2}$$ multilayer

Tateno, Ryo*; Okada, Hajime; Otobe, Tomohito; Kawase, Keigo*; Koga, J. K.; Kosuge, Atsushi; Nagashima, Keisuke; Sugiyama, Akira; Kashiwagi, Kunihiro*

Journal of Applied Physics, 112(12), p.123103_1 - 123103_3, 2012/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:89.21(Physics, Applied)

Elucidation of the mechanisms of laser damage is indispensable in realizing high resistance mirrors for the next generation of ultra-short pulse high intensity lasers. In this study, the surface and a section of the laser-damaged area of a laser mirror were observed with a laser microscope and a transmission electron microscope (cross-sectional TEM), respectively. A grain boundary of HfO$$_{2}$$ microcrystal was observed in the damaged area. This observation, and an evaluation of the mirror's damage resistance showed that the formation of crystals in the multilayer mirror is one of the major determinants of damage resistance.

Journal Articles

Temporal contrast enhancement of petawatt-class laser pulses

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Optics Letters, 37(16), p.3363 - 3365, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:13.05(Optics)

We demonstrate the temporal contrast enhancement in a petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system. An extra saturable absorber, introduced downstream a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier, has improved the temporal contrast in the system to 1.4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ on the sub-nanosecond time scale at 70 TW power level. We have achieved 28 J of uncompressed broadband output energy with this system, indicating the potential for reaching peak powers near 600 TW.

Journal Articles

High intensity, high temporal contrast, high repetition-rate laser for laser driven particle acceleration

Suzuki, Masayuki; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.53 - 57, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

We have reported hundred mJ level, femtosecond pulse duration with the high temporal contrast in an OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk laser system at 10 Hz repetition rate. At an input laser pulse energy of 3.8 mJ from the OPCPA preamplifer the output energy of 130 mJ with spectral bandwidth of 2.5 nm has been obtained from multipass Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk amplifier, and the optical efficiency from LD energy to amplified laser pulse is 9.6%. The recompressed laser pulse duration was measured to be 450 fs. Because the compressor efficiency exceeds 73% the compressed pulse energy can potentially be as high as 95 mJ. The contrast level of this laser pulse was measured to be less than 7.2$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ at -150 ps. This novel laser system after further amplification using additional amplifiers can be useful for the laser-driven proton acceleration in future.

Journal Articles

Development of a compact high-spatiotemporal-quality Yb:YAG thin-disk laser system using an optical parametric preamplifier

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 40(2), p.143 - 145, 2012/02

We demonstrate a compact, high-spatiotemporal-quality, high-intensity diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system that incorporates a nonlinear preamplifier based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). The stretched pulses are amplified in the OPCPA preamplifier and the following Yb:YAG main amplifier to $$sim$$100 mJ at 10 Hz. The broadband amplified beam quality of 1.1 (horizontal direction) and 1.4 (vertical direction) times diffraction limited and pulse compression down to 470 fs with contrast of better than 10$$^{-8}$$ have been achieved successfully.

Journal Articles

Design considerations for dispersion control with a compact bonded grism stretcher for broadband pulse amplification

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Sasao, Hajime; Sugiyama, Akira; Ertel, K.*

ISRN Optics (Internet), 2012, p.120827_1 - 120827_4, 2012/00

We report on the design of a compact grism-pair stretcher for a near-infrared non-collinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) system. The grisms are produced by bonding a grating to a prism using a resin. The stretcher is capable of controlling a bandwidth of over 300 nm, which is suitable for parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses. After amplification, pulses can be compressed by the dispersion of optical glass and the residual group-delay can be compensated with an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter (AOPDF).

Journal Articles

Hundred mJ, sub-picoseconds, high temporal contrast OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk hybrid laser system

Suzuki, Masayuki*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Daito, Izuru; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Okada, Hajime; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Applied Physics B, 105(2), p.181 - 184, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:72.71(Optics)

We have demonstrated an OPCPA/Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk hybrid laser system having hundred mJ level pulse energy sub-picosecond pulse duration with high temporal contrast. At an input energy of 3.8 mJ from an OPCPA preamplifier an output energy of 130 mJ was obtained from Yb:YAG ceramic thin disk amplifier. A recompressed pulse duration of 450 fs with a contrast level of less than 7.2$$times$$10$$^-9$$ was obtained. The contrast level is the highest value achieved in Yb:YAG chirped pulse amplification (CPA) laser system with hundred mJ level.

Journal Articles

Laser materials development by means of a solid-state bonding method

Sugiyama, Akira

Reza Kenkyu, 39(5), p.326 - 331, 2011/05

This paper reviews laser materials development via a bonding method without adhesives. Instead of conventional chemical etching, a dry etching technique using an argon beam has been newly developed for the bonding method. This method meets the requirement for the use of optical materials. We succeeded in the fabrication of a composite laser crystal with good heat conductivity by bonding two kinds of crystals; one is neodymium-doped YVO$$_{4}$$ crystal (Nd: YVO$$_{4}$$) and the other is its host crystal YVO$$_{4}$$. In the comparison of the laser performance between the normal and composite crystal, the composite one shows the good lasing capability of increasing laser output without fracture of the crystal due to thermal stress which appeared in the normal one.

Journal Articles

Laser R&D project in this 5-year term

Sugiyama, Akira; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Mori, Michiaki; Tanaka, Momoko; Sasao, Fumitaka; Kosuge, Atsushi; Okada, Hajime

JAEA-Conf 2011-001, p.15 - 18, 2011/03

Main theme of our group in this middle term JAEA program is a development of high-averaged power short pulse laser system pumped by LDs (laser diodes). To realize this next term laser system, we have just started considering a Yb doped ceramics laser with a several members of KPSI. We have also developed a laser system named QUADRA (high-Quality Ultra ADvanced RAdiation Sources) in C-Phost program. In the first term up to FYH22, essential studies for QUADRA have been investigated. In the second term, QUADRA development will be merged with the next term laser system in JAEA to produce high powered THz radiation. In addition to these developments, we support to improve the performances of conventional high-power laser system, J-KAREN, for the requirement of advanced application studies in this middle term JAEA program.

Journal Articles

Magnetic and superconducting properties of CeRhGe$$_2$$ and CePtSi$$_2$$

Hirose, Yusuke*; Nishimura, Naoto*; Honda, Fuminori*; Sugiyama, Kiyohiro*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Kindo, Koichi*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Haga, Yoshinori; Matsuura, Masato*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(2), p.024711_1 - 024711_12, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:57(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Spins and parities of astrophysically important $$^{30}$$S states from $$^{28}$$Si($$^{3}$$He, $$n$$$$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S

Setoodehnia, K.*; Chen, A. A.*; Komatsubara, Tetsuro*; Kubono, Shigeru*; Binh, D. N.*; Carpino, J. F.*; Chen, J.*; Hashimoto, Takashi*; Hayakawa, Takehito; Ishibashi, Yoko*; et al.

Physical Review C, 83(1), p.018803_1 - 018803_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:33.7(Physics, Nuclear)

The structure of proton-unbound $$^{30}$$S states strongly determines the thermonuclear $$^{29}$$P($$p$$, $$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S reaction rate at temperatures characteristic of explosive hydrogen burning in classical novae and type I X-ray bursts. Specifically, the rate had been previously predicted to be dominated by two low-lying, unobserved, levels in the $$E$$$$_{x}$$=4.7-4.8 MeV region, with spin and parity assignments of 3$$^{+}$$ and 2$$^{+}$$. In recent experimental work, two candidate levels were observed with energies of 4.699 MeV and 4.814 MeV, but no experimental information on their spins and parities was obtained. We have performed an in-beam $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy study of $$^{30}$$S with the $$^{28}$$Si($$^{3}$$He, $$n$$$$gamma$$)$$^{30}$$S reaction. The spin and parities were inferred from a comparison to the known decay schemes of the corresponding mirror states.

Journal Articles

Study of a bonding method for laser optical materials

Sugiyama, Akira

Heisei-22-Nen Denki Gakkai Denshi, Joho, Shisutemu Bumon Taikai Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.213 - 216, 2010/09

Direct bonding without the use of any adhesives has been demonstrated on neodymium-doped YVO$$_{4}$$ composite laser crystal by means of a dry etching method. From the observed image at the bonded interface with a transmission electron microscope (TEM), atomic level bonding has been achieved. In the comparison of laser performances between a normal and the composite crystal, the composite one shows good lasing capability of increasing laser output without destruction of crystals due to thermal stress appeared in the normal one.

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