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Journal Articles

Extraction properties of trivalent rare earth ions from nitric acid using a triamide-amine extractant

Uchino, Seiko*; Narita, Hirokazu*; Kita, Keisuke*; Suzuki, Hideya*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Naganawa, Hirochika*; Sakaguchi, Koichi*; Oto, Keisuke*

Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Japan, 30(1), p.39 - 46, 2023/00

The extraction of trivalent rare earth ions (RE$$^{3+}$$) from HNO$$_{3}$$ solution using a triamide amine, tris(N,N-di-2-ethylhexyl-ethylamide)amine (DEHTAA), was conducted, and the extraction mechanism was estimated from extraction behavior of HNO$$_{3}$$ and RE$$^{3+}$$ and the relationship between atomic number and extraction percentages (E%) for RE$$^{3+}$$. A DEHTAA molecule dominantly formed a DEHTAA HNO$$_{3}$$ at 1.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$ and a DEHTAA(HNO$$_{3}$$)$$_{2}$$ at 6.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$ in the acid-equilibrated organic phase. This would provide the unique dependence of E% for the light RE$$^{3+}$$ on the HNO$$_{3}$$ concentration, in which the E% value had a minimum and maximum at $$sim$$0.5 M and $$sim$$2 M HNO$$_{3}$$, respectively. The results of the slope analyses for the distribution ratios for RE$$^{3+}$$ suggested that the dominant RE$$^{3+}$$ complex was RE(NO$$_{3}$$)$$_{3}$$DEHTAA(DEHTAA HNO$$_{3}$$) at 1.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$. The E% for RE$$^{3+}$$ decreased from La$$^{3+}$$ to Lu$$^{3+}$$ at 1.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$; on the other hand, those increased from La$$^{3+}$$ to Nd$$^{3+}$$ at 0.25 M and from La$$^{3+}$$ to Sm$$^{3+}$$ and 6.0 M HNO$$_{3}$$.

Journal Articles

Estimation of children's thyroid equivalent doses in 16 municipalities after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident

Suzuki, Gen*; Ishikawa, Tetsuo*; Oba, Takashi*; Hasegawa, Arifumi*; Nagai, Haruyasu; Miyatake, Hirokazu*; Yoshizawa, Nobuaki*

Journal of Radiation Research (Internet), 63(6), p.796 - 804, 2022/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:55.98(Biology)

To elucidate the association between radiation dose and thyroid cancer after the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS) accident, it is essential to estimate individual thyroid equivalent doses (TEDs) to children. In a previous study, we reported a methodology for reconstructing TEDs from inhalation based on individual behavioural survey sheets combined with a spatiotemporal radionuclides database constructed by an atmospheric transport, diffusion, and deposition model (ATDM). In the present study, we further refined our methodology and estimated the combined TEDs from inhalation and ingestion among children in 16 municipalities around the nuclear power station utilizing 3,256 individual whereabouts questionnaire survey sheets. Distributions of estimated TEDs were similar to estimates based on direct thyroid measurements in 1080 children in Iwaki City, Kawamata Town, Iitate Village, and Minamisoma City. Mean TEDs in 1-year-old children ranged from 1.3 mSv in Date City to 14.9 mSv in Odaka Ward in Minamisoma City, and the 95th percentiles varied from 2.3 mSv in Date City to 28.8 mSv in Namie Town. In the future, this methodology can be useful for a case-control study of thyroid cancer after the FDNPS accident.

Journal Articles

Environmental effects on layer-dependent dynamics of Dirac fermions in quasicrystalline bilayer graphene

Zhao, Y.*; Suzuki, T.*; Iimori, T.*; Kim, H.-W.*; Ahn, J. R.*; Horio, Masafumi*; Sato, Yusuke*; Fukaya, Yuki; Kanai, T.*; Okazaki, K.*; et al.

Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115304_1 - 115304_8, 2022/03

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Speciation and separation of platinum(IV) polynuclear complexes in concentrated nitric acid solutions

Suzuki, Tomoya*; Otsubo, Ukyo*; Ogata, Takeshi*; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Kobayashi, Toru; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Matsuoka, Mitsuaki*; Murayama, Norihiro*; Narita, Hirokazu*

Dalton Transactions (Internet), 50(33), p.11390 - 11397, 2021/09

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:17.6(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Manufacture of substitutive assemblies for MONJU reactor decommissioning

Sakakibara, Hiroshi; Aoki, Nobuhiro; Muto, Masahiro; Otabe, Jun; Takahashi, Kenji*; Fujita, Naoyuki*; Hiyama, Kazuhiko*; Suzuki, Hirokazu*; Kamogawa, Toshiyuki*; Yokosuka, Toru*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2020-020, 73 Pages, 2021/03


The decommissioning is currently in progress at the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju. Fuel assemblies will be taken out of its core for the first step of the great task. Fuel assemblies stand on their own spike plugged into a socket on the core support plate and support with adjacent assemblies through their housing pads each other, resulting in steady core structure. For this reason, some substitutive assemblies are necessary for the purpose of discharging the fuel assemblies of the core. Monju side commissioned, therefore, Plutonium Fuel Development Center to manufacture the substitutive assemblies and the Center accepted it. This report gives descriptions of design, manufacture, and shipment in regard to the substitutive assemblies.

Journal Articles

Thermally altered subsurface material of asteroid (162173) Ryugu

Kitazato, Kohei*; Milliken, R. E.*; Iwata, Takahiro*; Abe, Masanao*; Otake, Makiko*; Matsuura, Shuji*; Takagi, Yasuhiko*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Hiroi, Takahiro*; Matsuoka, Moe*; et al.

Nature Astronomy (Internet), 5(3), p.246 - 250, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:97(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Here we report observations of Ryugu's subsurface material by the Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3) on the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. Reflectance spectra of excavated material exhibit a hydroxyl (OH) absorption feature that is slightly stronger and peak-shifted compared with that observed for the surface, indicating that space weathering and/or radiative heating have caused subtle spectral changes in the uppermost surface. However, the strength and shape of the OH feature still suggests that the subsurface material experienced heating above 300 $$^{circ}$$C, similar to the surface. In contrast, thermophysical modeling indicates that radiative heating does not increase the temperature above 200 $$^{circ}$$C at the estimated excavation depth of 1 m, even if the semimajor axis is reduced to 0.344 au. This supports the hypothesis that primary thermal alteration occurred due to radiogenic and/or impact heating on Ryugu's parent body.

Journal Articles

Precious metal separations

Narita, Hirokazu*; Kasuya, Ryo*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Tanaka, Mikiya*

Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry (Internet), 28 Pages, 2020/12

Journal Articles

Terahertz and mid-infrared spectroscopy of matrix-isolated clusters and matrix-sublimation ice of D$$_2$$O

Yamakawa, Koichiro; Nasu, Hirokazu*; Suzuki, Natsumi*; Shimizu, Genki*; Arakawa, Ichiro*

Journal of Chemical Physics, 152(17), p.174310_1 - 174310_13, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Chemistry, Physical)

We have established an apparatus for terahertz and mid-infrared spectroscopy in an ultrahigh vacuum and have measured absorption spectra of D$$_2$$O clusters trapped in solid Ar. To assign terahertz absorption peaks due to the D$$_2$$O dimer, trimer, and tetramer, the dependence of the spectrum on the annealing temperature and D$$_2$$O dilution was analyzed. The assignment was also examined by ab initio calculations with use of the ONIOM method, where flexibility of surrounding Ar atoms was systematically incorporated. We identified all of the intermolecular fundamentals of the dimer and those with significant intensities of the trimer and tetramer, whose structural symmetries were revealed to be broken down. After isolating the D$$_2$$O clusters in solid Ar, we sublimated only Ar atoms to leave behind matrix-sublimation ice, which was found to be amorphous- or crystal-like depending on the formation conditions: the dilution and sublimation-temperature. Since the crystallinity got higher with raising the dilution and sublimation-temperature, the diffusion of the D$$_2$$O monomer on the surface of sublimating solid Ar was found to be crucial to the crystallization of the sublimation ice.

Journal Articles

Observation of a Be double-Lambda hypernucleus in the J-PARC E07 experiment

Ekawa, Hiroyuki; Ashikaga, Sakiko; Hasegawa, Shoichi; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Hayakawa, Shuhei; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Yudai; Imai, Kenichi; Kimbara, Shinji*; Nanamura, Takuya; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02

 Times Cited Count:22 Percentile:84.79(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Crack expansion and fracturing mode of hydraulic refracturing from Acoustic Emission monitoring in a small-scale field experiment

Ishida, Tsuyoshi*; Fujito, Wataru*; Yamashita, Hiroto*; Naoi, Makoto*; Fujii, Hirokazu*; Suzuki, Kenichiro*; Matsui, Hiroya

Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, 52(2), p.543 - 553, 2019/02


 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:68.32(Engineering, Geological)

We pressurized and injected water in a hole drilled downward from a floor of the 500 m level gallery in MIU, central Japan. Acoustic emissions (AEs) monitored with 16 sensors in four boreholes located 1 m away from the HF hole exhibited two-dimensional distributions, which likely delineate a crack induced by the fracturing. Expansions of the regions in which AEs occurred were observed only immediately after the first and second BDs. Many AE events in other periods were distributed within the regions where AE events had already occurred. The initial motion polarities of P-waves indicate that tensile-dominant AE events occurred when the regions expanded and they were distributed primarily on the frontiers of the regions where AE events had already occurred. The experimental results suggest that increasing the injection flow rate is effective for generating new cracks in the refracturing, with the new crack expansions being induced by tensile fracturing.

Journal Articles

Speciation of ruthenium(III) chloro complexes in hydrochloric acid solutions and their extraction characteristics with an amide-containing amine compound

Suzuki, Tomoya*; Ogata, Takeshi*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Kobayashi, Toru; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Narita, Hirokazu*

Metals, 8(7), p.558_1 - 558_10, 2018/07


 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:49.35(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The refining of platinum group metals is based mainly on solvent extraction methods, whereas Ru is selectively recovered by distillation as RuO$$_4$$. Replacement of distillation byextraction is expected to simplify the purification process. To develop an effective extraction system for Ru, we analyzed the Ru species in HCl with UV-Vis and EXAFS spectroscopies, and we examined the properties of Ru extracted with N-2-ethylhexyl-bis(N-di-2-ethylhexyl-ethylamide) amine (EHBAA). EXAFS and UV-Vis spectra of Ru in HCl solutions revealed that the predominant Ru species in 0.5-10 M HCl solutions changed from [RuCl$$_4$$(H$$_2$$O)$$_2$$]$$^-$$ to [RuCl$$_6$$]$$^3$$$$^-$$ with the HCl concentration. The extraction percentages of Ru in the EHBAA system increased with increasing HCl concentration, reached 80% at [HCl] = 5 M, and decreased athigher HCl concentrations. EXAFS analysis of the extracted complex indicated that the Ru$$^3$$$$^+$$ had 5 Cl$$^-$$ and 1 H$$_2$$O in its inner coordination sphere. The similarity of the dependence on HCl concentrations of the extraction in the EHBAA system and the distribution profile of [RuCl$$_5$$(H$$_2$$O)]$$^2$$$$^-$$ on [RuCl$$_n$$(H$$_2$$O)$$_6$$$$_-$$$$_n$$]$$^3$$$$^-$$$$^n$$ suggested that the EHBAA extracted the pentachlorido species.

Journal Articles

Comparison of the extractabilities of tetrachloro- and tetrabromopalladate(II) ions with a thiodiglycolamide compound

Narita, Hirokazu*; Maeda, Motoki*; Tokoro, Chiharu*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Tanaka, Mikiya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi

Analytical Sciences, 33(11), p.1305 - 1309, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:37.55(Chemistry, Analytical)

Journal Articles

Recent research in solvent extraction of platinum group metals

Narita, Hirokazu*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Motokawa, Ryuhei

Nihon Kinzoku Gakkai-Shi, 81(4), p.157 - 167, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:57.71(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

Small-angle neutron scattering study of specific interaction and coordination structure formed by mono-acetyl-substituted dibenzo-20-crown-6-ether and cesium ions

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kobayashi, Toru; Endo, Hitoshi*; Ikeda, Takashi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Narita, Hirokazu*; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Heller, W. T.*

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 53(8), p.1205 - 1211, 2016/08

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Journal Articles

Precise determination of $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C level structure by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy

Hosomi, Kenji; Ma, Y.*; Ajimura, Shuhei*; Aoki, Kanae*; Dairaku, Seishi*; Fu, Y.*; Fujioka, Hiroyuki*; Futatsukawa, Kenta*; Imoto, Wataru*; Kakiguchi, Yutaka*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2015(8), p.081D01_1 - 081D01_8, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:68.18(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Level structure of the $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C hypernucleus was precisely determined by means of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. We identified four $$gamma$$-ray transitions via the $$^{12}$$C$$(pi^{+},K^{+}gamma)$$ reaction using a germanium detector array, Hyperball2. The spacing of the ground-state doublet $$(2^{-}, 1^{-}_{1})$$ was measured to be $$161.5pm0.3$$(stat)$$pm0.3$$ (syst)keV from the direct $$M1$$ transition. Excitation energies of the $$1^{-}_{2}$$ and $$1^{-}_{3}$$ states were measured to be $$2832pm3pm4$$, keV and $$6050pm8pm7$$, keV, respectively. The obtained level energies provide definitive references for the reaction spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei.

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional and multienergy $$gamma$$-ray simultaneous imaging by using a Si/CdTe Compton camera

Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Torikai, Kota*; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; et al.

Radiology, 267(3), p.941 - 947, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:21 Percentile:63.94(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

Structural integrity assessment of reactor pressure vessel focusing on weld-overlay cladding

Nishikawa, Hiroyuki*; Osakabe, Kazuya*; Goto, Nobuhisa*; Suzuki, Hirokazu*; Katsuyama, Jinya; Onizawa, Kunio

Mizuho Joho Soken Giho (Internet), 4(1), 5 Pages, 2012/03

Stainless steel with 5 mm thickness is weld-overlay cladded on the inner surface reactor pressure vessels for protecting the vessel walls against the corrosion. Residual stress which corresponds to yield stress is generated near the cladding layer due to the weld-overlay cladding. However, there is no specific provision in the codes related to the cladding. Therefore, in order to confirm how the residual stress affects on the structural integrity of RPVs during pressurize thermal shock events, we evaluate the residual stress caused by the weld-overlay cladding and effects of the stress on the structural integrity. In this paper, the analysis method of welding residual stress of RPVs using finite element method and that of fracture mechanics considering postulated crack are introduced.

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional imaging test for a head module of a Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical application

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Kawachi, Naoki; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Sato, Takahiro; Suzui, Nobuo; Fujimaki, Shu; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Kokubun, Motohide*; Watanabe, Shin*; et al.

JAEA-Review 2011-043, JAEA Takasaki Annual Report 2010, P. 145, 2012/01

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

IFMIF/EVEDA lithium test loop; Design and fabrication technology of target assembly as a key component

Kondo, Hiroo; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Ida, Mizuho; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Kanemura, Takuji; Wakai, Eiichi; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Yamaoka, Nobuo*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 51(12), p.123008_1 - 123008_12, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:37 Percentile:82.89(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity (EVEDA) for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is proceeded as one of the ITER Broader Approach (BA) activities. The EVEDA Li test loop (ELTL) is aimed at validating stability of the Li target and feasibility of a Li purification system as the key issues. In this paper, the design of the ELTL especially of a target assembly in which the Li target is produced by the contraction nozzle is presented.

Journal Articles

Present status of Japanese tasks for lithium target facility under IFMIF/EVEDA

Nakamura, Kazuyuki; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Kanemura, Takuji; Kondo, Hiroo; Ida, Mizuho; Niitsuma, Shigeto; Otaka, Masahiko; Watanabe, Kazuyoshi; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2491 - 2494, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:62.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In IFMIF/EVEDA, tasks for lithium target system are shared to 5 validation tasks (LF1-5) and a design task (LF6). The purpose of LF1 task is to construct and operate the EVEDA lithium test loop, and JAEA has a main responsibility to the performance of the Li test loop. LF2 is a task for the diagnostics of the Li test loop and IFMIF design. Basic research for the diagnostics equipment has been completed, and the construction for the Li test loop will be finished before March in 2011. LF4 is a task for the purification systems with nitrogen and hydrogen. Basic research for the purification equipment has been completed, and the construction of the nitrogen system for the Li test loop will be finished before March in 2011. LF5 is a task for the remote handling system with the target assembly. JAEA has an idea to use the laser beam for cutting and welding of the lip part of the flanges. LF6 is a task for the design of the IFMIF based on the validation experiments of LF1-5.

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