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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32 Pages, 2022/02

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Horizontal line nodes in Sr$$_2$$RuO$$_4$$ proved by spin resonance

Iida, Kazuki*; Kofu, Maiko; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Murai, Naoki; Kawamura, Seiko; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Hasegawa, Shunsuke*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(5), p.053702_1 - 053702_5, 2020/05

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:87.06(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Effect of electron correlations on spin excitation bandwidth in Ba$$_{0.75}$$K$$_{0.25}$$Fe$$_{2}$$As$$_{2}$$ as seen via time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering

Murai, Naoki; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Ideta, Shinichiro*; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi

Physical Review B, 97(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_6, 2018/06

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:39.54(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We use inelastic neutron scattering (INS) to investigate the effect of electron correlations on spin dynamics in iron-based superconductor Ba$$_{0.75}$$K$$_{0.25}$$Fe$$_{2}$$As$$_{2}$$. Our INS data show a spin-wave-like dispersive feature, with a zone boundary energy of 200 meV. A first principles analysis of dynamical spin susceptibility, incorporating the mass renormalization factor of 3, as determined by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, provides a reasonable description of the observed spin excitations. This analysis shows that electron correlations in the Fe-3d bands yield enhanced effective electron masses, and consequently, induce substantial narrowing of the spin excitation bandwidth. Our results highlight the importance of electron correlations in an itinerant description of the spin excitations in iron-based superconductors.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Advance in integrated modelling towards prediction and control of JT-60SA plasmas

Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Honda, Mitsuru; Shiraishi, Junya; Miyata, Yoshiaki; Wakatsuki, Takuma; Hoshino, Kazuo; Toma, Mitsunori; Suzuki, Takahiro; Urano, Hajime; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; et al.

Europhysics Conference Abstracts (Internet), 39E, p.P5.145_1 - P5.145_4, 2015/06

Journal Articles

Switching of intra-orbital spin excitations in electron-doped iron pnictide superconductors

Iimura, Soshi*; Matsuishi, Satoru*; Miyakawa, Masashi*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Usui, Hidetomo*; Kuroki, Kazuhiko*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(6), p.060501_1 - 060501_5, 2013/08

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:76.11(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

The Present situation and future prospects of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan

Nagao, Seiya*; Niibori, Yuichi*; Tanaka, Tadao; Sasaki, Takayuki*; Saito, Takumi*; Kirishima, Akira*; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Iijima, Kazuki; Hama, Katsuhiro; Iwatsuki, Teruki; et al.

Genshiryoku Bakkuendo Kenkyu (CD-ROM), 20(1), p.3 - 14, 2013/06

This paper shows a current status of groundwater colloids studies on the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes in Japan, and summaries realistic approach of the colloids studies at a substantial research network for Japanese universities and institutes.

Journal Articles

Optimization of JT-60SA plasma operational scenario with capabilities of installed actuators

Ide, Shunsuke; Aiba, Nobuyuki; Bolzonella, T.*; Challis, C. D.*; Fujita, Takaaki; Giruzzi, G.*; Joffrin, E.*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Honda, Mitsuru; et al.

Proceedings of 24th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2012) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2013/03

Journal Articles

Theoretical analysis for inelastic neutron scattering on BaFe$$_{2}$$(As$$_{1-x}$$,P$$_{x}$$)$$_{2}$$ using realistic three-dimensional 10-orbital tight-binding model

Nagai, Yuki; Nakamura, Hiroki; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Usui, Hidetomo*; Kuroki, Kazuhiko*; Machida, Masahiko

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.B), p.SB021_1 - SB021_4, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We calculate spin susceptibility on the basis of the multi-orbital random-phase approximation with use of the realistic three-dimensional 10-orbital tight-binding model for an iron-based superconductor BaFe$$_{2}$$(As$$_{1-x}$$,P$$_{x}$$)$$_{2}$$ which seems to have gap-nodes. We show that the shape of nodes on the Fermi surface for BaFe$$_{2}$$(As$$_{1-x}$$,P$$_{x}$$)$$_{2}$$ is distinguishable according to inelastic neutron scattering experiments. Our results are consistent with the recent neutron scattering experiments for BaFe$$_{2}$$(As$$_{1-x}$$,P$$_{x}$$)$$_{2}$$ with Tc = 30 K.

Journal Articles

$$s_{pm}$$-like spin resonance in the iron-based nodal superconductor BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.65}$$P$$_{0.35}$$)$$_2$$ observed using inelastic neutron scattering

Ishikado, Motoyuki; Nagai, Yuki; Kodama, Katsuaki; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Wakimoto, Shuichi; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; et al.

Physical Review B, 84(14), p.144517_1 - 144517_5, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:74.17(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We performed inelastic neutron scattering on a powder sample of iron-based superconductor BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{0.65}$$P$$_{0.35}$$)$$_2$$ with $$T_c$$ = 30 K. Although this system is expected to have line nodes in its superconducting order parameter, we have observed spin resonance at the same scattering vector as that appeared in the $$s_{pm}$$-wave iron-based superconductors without line nodes. Moreover, the resonance enhancement, which can be a measure of the area of sign reversal between the hole and electron Fermi surfaces (FSs), is comparable to those without line nodes. These facts indicate that the sign reversal between the FSs is still dominant in this system, and the line nodes should create only limited area of sign-reversal on a single FS. Hence the system can hold higher Tc than the other iron-based superconductors with nodal symmetry, such as LaFePO$$_{1-y}$$ and KFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ ($$T_c <$$ 10 K).

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08


This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

Journal Articles

Compact DEMO, SlimCS; Design progress and issues

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Kawashima, Hisato; Kurita, Genichi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Honda, Mitsuru; Saito, Ai*; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(7), p.075029_1 - 075029_10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:125 Percentile:98.18(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent design study on SlimCS focused mainly on the torus configuration including blanket, divertor, materials and maintenance scheme. For vertical stability of elongated plasma and high beta access, a sector-wide conducting shell is arranged in between replaceable and permanent blanket. The reactor adopts pressurized-water-cooled solid breeding blanket. Compared with the previous advanced concept with supercritical water, the design options satisfying tritium self-sufficiency are relatively scarce. Considered divertor technology and materials, an allowable heat load to the divertor plate should be 8 MW/m$$^{2}$$ or lower, which can be a critical constraint for determining a handling power of DEMO (a combination of alpha heating power and external input power for current drive).

Journal Articles

Status of JT-60SA tokamak under the EU-JA broader approach agreement

Matsukawa, Makoto; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Hayashi, Takao; Higashijima, Satoru; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Ide, Shunsuke; Ishida, Shinichi; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 83(7-9), p.795 - 803, 2008/12

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:74.37(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Particle control under wall saturation in long-pulse high-density H-mode plasmas of JT-60U

Kubo, Hirotaka; Nakano, Tomohide; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Oyama, Naoyuki; Kawashima, Hisato; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Urano, Hajime; Fujimoto, Kayoko; et al.

Proceedings of 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2006) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2007/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study of global wall saturation mechanisms in long-pulse ELMy H-mode discharges on JT-60U

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nakano, Tomohide; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Konoshima, Shigeru; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Masaki, Kei; Tanabe, Tetsuo*; Ide, Shunsuke; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S39 - S48, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:54.9(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Study of the Hexagonal Block Fuel Subassembly with Vertical Coolant Flow Fabrication Facility for He Gas Cooled Reactor

Tozawa, Katsuhiro*; Yamada, Hiroyuki*; Ozaki, Hiroshi*; Suzuki, Yoshihiro*

JNC TJ9420 2005-006, 133 Pages, 2005/02


Hexagonal block fuel subassembly dispersing coated particle nitride fuel fabrication facility for Helium gas cooled reactor on the Feasibility Study for FBR fuel cycle systems has been investigated to reflect plant design considering detail effect of nitride fuel and remote handling and to evaluate waste production and plant cost. Results of the study are follows.(1) Research for hexagonal block fuel fabrication plant concept Material balance was settled considering with coated particle with TiN layer and SiC layer. System configuration was settled based on capacity and number of each equipments. Production method of the hexagonal block is hexagonal block flame capped SiC plate after vibration compaction in vertical position at core particle section and vibration compaction in horizontal position at blanket particle section. Production facility of the hexagonal block is embodied.Fuel subassembly is made by the hexagonal block screwed shut with entrance nozzle and handling head. Inspection items of hexagonal block are picked up and density inspection method is settled in X-ray CT scanning.Reagent recovery system is settled based on the system of sphere packing method.(2) Data evaluation for system assessment Radioactive gaseous waste, liquid waste, and solid waste in the main process, analysis process and maintenance process are evaluated. From the result, it made clear that radioactive gaseous waste and liquid waste are decreased by recovering IPA, nitric acid, ammonia water in reagent recovery process.Cost of equipment of the plant and operation cost have been estimated. Main process equipment cost occupies 21% of construction cost. Cost of radioactive waste treatment process, analysis process, maintenance facilities, instrumentation facilities and utility, occupy 35% of it. Cost of building, electrical equipment and ventilating system occupy 34% of it. New fuel storage facility occupies 10% of it.

Journal Articles

Effects of long time scale variation of plasma wall interactions on particle control in JT-60U

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Nakano, Tomohide; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Kubo, Hirotaka; Konoshima, Shigeru; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Tsuzuki, Kazuhiro; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki

Proceedings of 4th IAEA Technical Meeting on Steady-State Operation of Magnetic Fusion Devices and MHD of Advanced Scenarios (Internet), 8 Pages, 2005/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New-type neutron source with proton accelerator and its application

Hino, Ryutaro; Yokomizo, Hideaki; Yamazaki, Yoshishige; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Hayashi, Makoto*; Haga, Katsuhiro; Kaminaga, Masanori; Sudo, Yukio*; et al.

Nihon Kikai Gakkai-Shi, 107(1032), p.851 - 882, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Progress in physics and technology developments for the modification of JT-60

Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Kurita, Genichi; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Urata, Kazuhiro*; Miura, Yushi; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Morioka, Atsuhiko; Kudo, Yusuke; et al.

Plasma Science and Technology, 6(1), p.2141 - 2150, 2004/02

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:6.89(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The dominant issue for the the modification program of JT-60 (JT-60SC) is to demonstrate the steady state reactor relevant plasma operation. Physics design on plasma parameters, operation scenarios, and the plasma control method are investigated for the achievement of high-$$beta$$. Engineering design and the R&D on the superconducting magnet coils, radiation shield, and vacuum vessel are performed. Recent progress in such physics and technology developments is presented.

Journal Articles

Fusion plasma performance and confinement studies on JT-60 and JT-60U

Kamada, Yutaka; Fujita, Takaaki; Ishida, Shinichi; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Ide, Shunsuke; Takizuka, Tomonori; Shirai, Hiroshi; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fukuda, Takeshi; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.185 - 254, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:28 Percentile:48.48(Nuclear Science & Technology)

With the main aim of providing physics basis for ITER and the steady-state tokamak reactors, JT-60/JT-60U has been developing and optimizing the operational concepts, and extending the discharge regimes toward sustainment of high integrated performance in the reactor relevant parameter regime. In addition to achievement of the equivalent break-even condition (QDTeq up to 1.25) and a high fusion triple product = 1.5E21 m-3skeV, JT-60U has demonstrated the integrated performance of high confinement, high beta-N, full non-inductive current drive with a large fraction of bootstrap current in the reversed magnetic shear and in the high-beta-p ELMy H mode plasmas characterized by both internal and edge transport barriers. The key factors in optimizing these plasmas are profile and shape controls. As represented by discovery of various Internal Transport Barriers, JT-60/JT-60U has been emphasizing freedom and restriction of profiles in various confinement modes. JT-60U has demonstrated applicability of these high confinement modes to ITER and also clarified remaining issues.

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