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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32 Pages, 2022/02

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Polarization analysis for small-angle neutron scattering with a $$^{3}$$He spin filter at a pulsed neutron source

Okudaira, Takuya; Ueda, Yuki; Hiroi, Kosuke; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takata, Shinichi; Oku, Takayuki; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takahashi, Shingo*; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.548 - 556, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Neutron polarization analysis (NPA) for small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments using a pulsed neutron source was successfully achieved by applying a $$^{3}$$He spin filter as a spin analyzer for the scattered neutrons. The $$^{3}$$He spin filter covers a sufficient solid angle for performing SANS experiments, and the relaxation time of the $$^{3}$$He polarization is sufficient for continuous use over a few days, thus reaching the typical duration required for a complete set of SANS experiments. Although accurate evaluation of the incoherent neutron scattering, which is predominantly attributable to hydrogen atoms in samples, is practically difficult using calculations based on the sample elemental composition, the developed NPA approach with consideration of the influence of multiple neutron scattering enabled reliable decomposition of the SANS intensity distribution into the coherent and incoherent scattering components. To date, NPA has not been well established as a standard technique for SANS experiments at pulsed neutron sources. This work is anticipated to greatly contribute to the accurate determination of the coherent neutron scattering component for scatterers in various types of organic sample systems in SANS experiments at J-PARC.

Journal Articles

Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki; Sekine, Yurina; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Nakagawa, Hiroshi; Oba, Yojiro; Ohara, Takashi; Takata, Shinichi; Hiroi, Kosuke; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 54(2), p.454 - 460, 2021/04

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.

JAEA Reports

Manufacture of substitutive assemblies for MONJU reactor decommissioning

Sakakibara, Hiroshi; Aoki, Nobuhiro; Muto, Masahiro; Otabe, Jun; Takahashi, Kenji*; Fujita, Naoyuki*; Hiyama, Kazuhiko*; Suzuki, Hirokazu*; Kamogawa, Toshiyuki*; Yokosuka, Toru*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2020-020, 73 Pages, 2021/03


The decommissioning is currently in progress at the prototype fast breeder reactor Monju. Fuel assemblies will be taken out of its core for the first step of the great task. Fuel assemblies stand on their own spike plugged into a socket on the core support plate and support with adjacent assemblies through their housing pads each other, resulting in steady core structure. For this reason, some substitutive assemblies are necessary for the purpose of discharging the fuel assemblies of the core. Monju side commissioned, therefore, Plutonium Fuel Development Center to manufacture the substitutive assemblies and the Center accepted it. This report gives descriptions of design, manufacture, and shipment in regard to the substitutive assemblies.

Journal Articles

Morphological reproductive characteristics of testes and fertilization capacity of cryopreserved sperm after the Fukushima accident in raccoon (${it Procyon lotor}$)

Komatsu, Kazuki*; Iwasaki, Tsugumi*; Murata, Kosuke*; Yamashiro, Hideaki*; Goh, V. S. T.*; Nakayama, Ryo*; Fujishima, Yohei*; Ono, Takumi*; Kino, Yasushi*; Shimizu, Yoshinaka*; et al.

Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 56(3), p.484 - 497, 2021/03

We have established an archive system of livestock and wild animals from the surrounding ex-evacuation zone. Wildlife within the alert zone have been exposed to low-dose-rate (LDR) radiation for a long and continuous time. In this study, we analysed the morphological characteristics of the testes and in vitro fertilization (IVF) capacity of cryopreserved sperm of raccoons from the ex-evacuation zone of the FDNPP accident. This study revealed that the chronic and LDR radiation exposure associated with the FDNPP accident had no adverse effect on the reproductive characteristics and functions of male raccoons.

Journal Articles

Development and application of a $$^3$$He neutron spin filter at J-PARC

Okudaira, Takuya; Oku, Takayuki; Ino, Takashi*; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Sakai, Kenji; Hiroi, Kosuke; Takahashi, Shingo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Endo, Hitoshi*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164301_1 - 164301_8, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:76.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Non-destructive bond stress evaluation of bending and shear deformed reinforced concrete structure using neutron diffraction

Suzuki, Hiroshi; Kusunoki, Koichi*; Satake, Kosuke*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Koyama, Taku*; Niwa, Akinobu*; Kabayama, Kenji*; Mukai, Tomohisa*; Kawasaki, Takuro; Harjo, S.

Hihakai Kensa, 67(4), p.180 - 186, 2018/04

The bond behavior between rebar and concrete under bending moment was investigated by measuring the stress distribution in the two-dimensionally distributed rebars embedded in the reinforced concrete (RC) beam using neutron diffraction. The stress distributions in both of the main rebar and the transverse stirrups embedded in concrete were successfully measured at the fixed measurement configuration without any sample rotations, by suggesting a simple measurement technique on the premise that the transverse restriction from the surrounding concrete to the main rebar is negligible. The bending and shear fracture behavior of the RC beam specimen was predicted by comparing changes in the stress distribution in the rebars measured by neutron diffraction with respect to the applied stress, with the macroscopic deformation measured by strain gauges fixed on the concrete surface. In this study, it was found that the neutron diffraction technique can be a useful technique to evaluate not only the anchorage performance but also the bending behavior of the RC beam.

Journal Articles

The Study of the magnetization process of Fe film by magnetic Compton scattering and M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy

Agui, Akane; Masuda, Ryo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiro*; Kato, Tadashi*; Emoto, Shun*; Suzuki, Kosuke*; Sakurai, Hiroshi*

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 408, p.41 - 45, 2016/06


 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:26.78(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the magnetization process of Fe (110) film using the field dependence of magnetic Compton scattering and M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopy. From the magnetic Compton profiles, the spin and orbital magnetic moment specific magnetization versus magnetizing field curves were obtained. From the M$"o$ssbauer spectra, the angles between the magnetizing field and the magnetic moment were obtained. It was found that the magnetizing field dependence of the ratio between orbital moment and spin moment was related to the angles between the magnetizing field and the magnetic moment. We indicate that the magnetic field dependence of the orbital magnetic moment plays a role in the magnetization process.

Journal Articles

Development status of the NMR system for the polarized $$^{3}$$He Neutron Spin Filter (NSF) in the MLF at J-PARC

Sakai, Kenji; Oku, Takayuki; Hayashida, Hirotoshi*; Kira, Hiroshi*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Ino, Takashi*; Oyama, Kenji*; Okawara, Manabu*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Shinohara, Takenao; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.036015_1 - 036015_6, 2015/09

The polarized $$^{3}$$He filter, which polarizes neutrons due to a large neutron absorption cross section of $$^{3}$$He with strong spin selectivity, becomes a convenient neutron spin filter (NSF) because it is operated immediately after its installation in beam lines without any neutron beam adjustments. For realizing such the NSF, a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) system is indispensable for monitoring $$^{3}$$He nuclear spin polarization ${it P}$ of the NSF. We have developed the flexible NMR system based on adiabatic fast passage (AFP) and pulse NMR methods by using their complementary features. In comparing with the values of ${it P}$ obtained by neutron transmission measurement at the beam line 10 of the J-PARC, we measured the correlations between the AFP and pulse NMR signals as changing condition of temperature, amplitude and applying period of the radio frequency field for the pulse NMR, and so on. As the results, we confirmed that our system would function enough as the ${it P}$ monitor.

Journal Articles

Mesoporous silica particles as topologically crosslinking fillers for poly($$N$$-isopropylacrylamide) hydrogels

Miyamoto, Nobuyoshi*; Shimasaki, Kotaro*; Yamamoto, Kosuke*; Shintate, Morio*; Kamachi, Yuichiro*; Bastakoti, B. P.*; Suzuki, Norihiro*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Yamauchi, Yusuke*

Chemistry; A European Journal, 20(46), p.14955 - 14958, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:51.93(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Microscopic magnetic properties of an oxygen-doped Tb-Fe thin film by magnetic Compton scattering

Agui, Akane; Unno, Tomoya*; Matsumoto, Sayaka*; Suzuki, Kosuke*; Koizumi, Akihisa*; Sakurai, Hiroshi*

Journal of Applied Physics, 114(18), p.183904_1 - 183904_4, 2013/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:42.59(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Morphology-controlled synthesis of Mo compounds from a nitric acid solution by the microwave heating and/or Zr-addition

Osaka, Masahiko; Tanaka, Kosuke; Sekine, Shinichi; Akutsu, Yoko; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Mimura, Hitoshi*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 427(1-3), p.384 - 388, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.4(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Morphology-controlled synthesis of Mo compounds from a nitric acid solution by microwave heating was investigated for effective utilizations of Mo fission product from a high level nuclear waste. The microwave heating method was revealed to greatly accelerate crystallization and crystal growth of the synthesized powder. Addition of a small amount of Zr stabilized synthesis of a hexagonal-MoO$$_{3}$$ powder. Furthermore, the microwave heating with Zr-addition has synthesized a specific urchin-like shaped hexagonal-MoO$$_{3}$$ crystal having a good crystallinity. The present methods would be useful for effective utilization of Mo from high level nuclear waste in terms of their practicability and ability to the morphology control.

Journal Articles

Characterization of the dissolver sludge of MOX spent fuel at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant

Suzuki, Kazuyuki; Hatanaka, Akira; Samoto, Hirotaka; Suwa, Toshio; Tanaka, Kosuke; Tanaka, Yukiyoshi

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2011/12

The properties of the sludge in dissolver vessels from the reprocessing of ATR-MOX and ATR-UO$$_{2}$$ fuels were investigated on the pilot-plant scale at the Tokai Reprocessing Plant (TRP). This sludge is mainly composed of platinum-group elements, zircaloy fragments, and post-precipitates from the dissolver solution. The sludge deposited on the dissolver causes difficulties such as pipe clogging. The characteristics of the sludge collected from the dissolver vessels, which affect the reprocessing operation, were revealed through chemical composition analysis using ICP-AES, and XRD. It was confirmed that the major component of the sludge was zirconium molybdate, and no significant differences between ATR-MOX and ATR-UO$$_{2}$$ fuels were observed in terms of the sludge compositions. In order to gain further understanding of the properties of the sludge, the distributions of Pu and other trace elements were EPMA.

Journal Articles

Reformation of hazardous wastes into useful supporting materials for fast reactor fuels

Osaka, Masahiko; Miwa, Shuhei; Tanaka, Kosuke; Akutsu, Yoko; Ikeda, Kaoru*; Mimura, Hitoshi*; Suzuki, Tatsuya*; Usuki, Toshiyuki; Yano, Toyohiko*

Annals of Nuclear Energy, 38(12), p.2661 - 2666, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:20.43(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Novel concepts for effective utilization of molybdenum (Mo) from nuclear waste and magnesium silicates from hazardous asbestos wastes are proposed. A fast reactor cycle scheme that incorporates each material is described in the present paper. Basic studies on some fundamental technologies for the present cycle are given. Basic separation aspects for Mo by using LIX63 micro capsules and tertiary pyridine resin were investigated. A simple chemical synthesis route for Mo precursor powder from Mo containing HNO$$_{3}$$ solution was tested. Effects of impurities in recovered Mo on sintering behavior were experimentally investigated.

Journal Articles

DT neutronics benchmark experiment on lead at JAEA-FNS

Ochiai, Kentaro; Kondo, Keitaro; Onishi, Seiki; Takakura, Kosuke; Sato, Satoshi; Abe, Yuichi; Konno, Chikara; Suzuki, Chihiro*; Yagi, Takahiro*

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1953 - 1956, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:29.52(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Lead is an important candidate material as multiplier of nuclear fusion reactor. Few DT neutron integral benchmark experiments were performed for lead so far. Therefore, we have carried out an integral benchmark experiment on lead at the DT neutron source facility of JAEA, FNS. A cubic lead assembly on a side of 45.3 cm was set up and was irradiated with the DT neutron source. Reaction rates of the $$^{27}$$Al(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{24}$$Na, $$^{93}$$Nb(n,2n)$$^{rm 92m}$$Nb, $$^{90}$$Zr(n,2n)$$^{89}$$Zr and $$^{115}$$In(n,n')$$^{rm 115m}$$In reactions were measured as fast neutron spectrum indices in the assembly. A small NE213 spectrometer was also used for measurement of neutron spectra in the assembly. A Monte Carlo calculation code, MCNP5, was adopted to calculate the above neutron spectra and activation reaction rates. Nuclear data libraries, JENDL-3.3, ENDF/B-VII.0, JEFF-3.1 and FENDL-2.1, were used in the calculation. The calculation results of the three libraries except for JENDL-3.3 agreed with the measuring ones. In case of JENDL-3.3, some remarkable disagreements were found. From our investigations, it was pointed out that the inappropriate evaluation of the (n,2n) and inelastic cross sections of lead in JENDL-3.3 caused such disagreement.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:51 Percentile:74.53(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Neutrino signals from the formation of a black hole; A Probe of the equation of state of dense matter

Sumiyoshi, Kosuke*; Yamada, Shoichi*; Suzuki, Hideyuki*; Chiba, Satoshi

Physical Review Letters, 97(9), p.091101_1 - 091101_4, 2006/09

 Times Cited Count:91 Percentile:92.9(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Benthic front and the Yamato Basin Bottom Water in the Japan Sea

Senju, Tomoharu*; Isoda, Yutaka*; Aramaki, Takafumi*; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Fujio, Shinzo*; Yanagimoto, Daigo*; Suzuki, Takashi; Kuma, Kenshi*; Mori, Kosuke*

Journal of Oceanography, 61(6), p.1047 - 1058, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:16.33(Oceanography)

The detail structure of the Bottom Water in the Japan Sea was revealed by the hydrographic observations. The Yamato Basin Bottom Water (YBBW) exhibits higher temperature, lower dissolved oxygen, and higher nutrients concentrations than those in the Japan Basin Bottom Water (JBBW). Both Bottom Waters meet around the boundary region between the Yamato and the Japan Basins, and form a clear benthic front. It is inferred from the property distributions that the JBBW flowing into the Yamato Basin is trapped by the cyclonic circulation in the basin, and modified to the YBBW in the course of the circulation through the vertical diffusion, geothermal heating and oxygen consumption. The thermal balance of in the YYBW was examined using a box-model. The results show that the effect of geothermal heating has about 70 per-cent of magnitude to the vertical thermal diffusion and both terms cancel the advection term of the cold JBBW from the Japan Basin. The box-model also estimated the averaged residence time for the YBBW was 9.1 years.

Journal Articles

Postbounce evolution of core-collapse supernovae; Long-term effects of the equation of state

Sumiyoshi, Kosuke*; Yamada, Shoichi*; Suzuki, Hideyuki*; Shen, H.*; Chiba, Satoshi; Toki, Hiroshi*

Astrophysical Journal, 629(2, Part1), p.922 - 932, 2005/08

 Times Cited Count:211 Percentile:97.46(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Benthic front between the Japan Basin and the Yamato Basin in the Japan Sea

Senju, Tomoharu*; Isoda, Yutaka*; Aramaki, Takafumi; Otosaka, Shigeyoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Kuma, Kenshi*; Mori, Kosuke*

Proceedings of 12th PAMS/JECSS Workshop, p.3_4_1 - 3_4_4, 2003/11

Abyssal water mass distribution from the Yamato Basin to the Japan Basin in the Japan Sea was observed on the R/V Hakuho-Maru cruise, KH02-3 (October 14-19, 2002). The bottom layer in the Yamato Basin was occupied by the water of higher temperature and lower oxygen compared to that in the Japan Basin. As a result, a benthic front of potential temperature and dissolved oxygen was formed between the Yamato and Japan Basins. Dissolved oxygen and nutrients concentrations show that the bottom water in the Yamato Basin is older than that in the Japan Basin. This indicates the existence of the Yamato Basin Water, which is modified bottom water by the closed circulation in the Yamato Basin. The structure of the benthic front suggests an estuary-like circulation around the mouth of the Yamato Basin; outflow from the Yamato Basin lying on the inflow from the Japan Basin. The highest oxygen water was found on the slope of southern periphery of the Japan Basin. This is considered to be the bottom water from the west transported by the cyclonic circulation in the Japan Basin.

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