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Journal Articles

Experimental validation of tensile properties measured with thick samples taken from MEGAPIE target

Saito, Shigeru; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Hatakeyama, Yuichi; Suzuki, Miho; Dai, Y.*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 534, p.152146_1 - 152146_16, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A post-irradiation examination (PIE) was performed on the tensile specimens prepared from the MEGAPIE (MEGAwatt Pilot Experiment) target which were irradiated in flowing lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE). Thicknesses of the specimens were over two times larger than that of the standard specimen. The PIE revealed that the T91 specimens showed a 1.5-2.0 times larger total elongation (TE) compared to the literature values for a specimen with standard t/w (ratio of thickness to width). It could be suggested that the t/w and TE were strongly correlated. Then, we tried to investigate the effects of the t/w on the TE by comparing unirradiated specimens. We found that there was no t/w dependence on the strength and uniform elongation. On the other hand, the TE increases with increasing t/w. Based on the experimental data, we correlated the TE with various specimens t/w to estimate appropriate TE values, including that for the standard specimen.

Journal Articles

Spallation and fragmentation cross sections for 168 MeV/nucleon $$^{136}$$Xe ions on proton, deuteron, and carbon targets

Sun, X. H.*; Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Ahn, D. S.*; Aikawa, Masayuki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Isobe, Tadaaki*; Kawakami, Shunsuke*; Koyama, Shumpei*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064623_1 - 064623_12, 2020/06

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100(Physics, Nuclear)

The spallation and fragmentation reactions of $$^{136}$$Xe induced by proton, deuteron and carbon at 168 MeV/nucleon were studied at RIKEN Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory via the inverse kinematics technique. The cross sections of the lighter products are larger in the carbon-induced reactions due to the higher total kinetic energy of carbon. The energy dependence was investigated by comparing the newly obtained data with previous results obtained at higher reaction energies. The experimental data were compared with the results of SPACS, EPAX, PHITS and DEURACS calculations. These data serve as benchmarks for the model calculations.

Journal Articles

Enhancement of element production by incomplete fusion reaction with weakly bound deuteron

Wang, H.*; Otsu, Hideaki*; Chiga, Nobuyuki*; Kawase, Shoichiro*; Takeuchi, Satoshi*; Sumikama, Toshiyuki*; Koyama, Shumpei*; Sakurai, Hiroyoshi*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Nakayama, Shinsuke; et al.

Communications Physics (Internet), 2(1), p.78_1 - 78_6, 2019/07

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:25.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Searching for effective pathways for the production of proton- and neutron-rich isotopes through an optimal combination of reaction mechanism and energy is one of the main driving forces behind experimental and theoretical nuclear reaction studies as well as for practical applications in nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste. We report on a study on incomplete fusion induced by deuteron, which contains one proton and one neutron with a weak binding energy and is easily broken up. This reaction study was achieved by measuring directly the cross sections for both proton and deuteron for $$^{107}$$Pd at 50 MeV/u via inverse kinematics technique. The results provide direct experimental evidence for the onset of a cross-section enhancement at high energy, indicating the potential of incomplete fusion induced by loosely-bound nuclei for creating proton-rich isotopes and nuclear transmutation of radioactive waste.

Journal Articles

${it In-situ}$ observation of dislocation evolution in ferritic and austenitic stainless steels under tensile deformation by using neutron diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Kuroda, Asumi*; Sato, Kozue*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Harjo, S.; Tomota, Yo*; Saito, Yoichi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Tetsu To Hagane, 104(4), p.201 - 207, 2018/00

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:58.46(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

Journal Articles

CHIME monazite dating; Pb analysis on an R$$_{rm R}$$ =100 mm spectrometer and correction of interferences between Th, U, and Pb with natural monazite

Shimizu, Mayuko; Shibata, Kenji*; Suzuki, Kazuhiro; Sueoka, Shigeru; Niwa, Masakazu

Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112(2), p.88 - 96, 2017/04

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:84.65(Mineralogy)

This paper outlines an advanced procedure involving the chemical Th-U-total Pb isochron method (CHIME) dating of monazite using a field-emission electron probe microanalyzer (FE-EPMA) equipped with spectrometers of 100 mm Rowland circle (R$$_{rm R}$$) radius. The higher count rate of R$$_{rm R}$$ = 100 mm wavelength dispersive spectrometer (WDS) compared to R$$_{rm R}$$ = 140 mm WDS enables measurements to be taken in a shorter time. CHIME dating using R$$_{rm R}$$ = 100 mm WDS had previously been difficult because of lower resolution compared to that of R$$_{rm R}$$ = 140 mm WDS. This problem has been overcome by a new interference correction method using natural monazites.

Journal Articles

Development of a method of safety assessment for geological disposal considering long-term evolution of geological and topographical environment by uplift and erosion

Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Yamaguchi, Masaaki; Koo, Shigeru*; Nagao, Fumiya; Kato, Tomoko; Suzuki, Yuji*; Ebashi, Takeshi; Umeki, Hiroyuki*; Niibori, Yuichi*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(1), p.15 - 33, 2017/03

This study provides a method of safety assessment for the geological disposal of HLW to evaluate the effects of uplift and erosion which are widespread phenomena identified on regional and global scales, and are more or less difficult to avoid in Japan. This method enables to deal with different uplift rate and erosion rate, and to evaluate repository depth, the time required for a repository to reach the weathered zone and surface of the ground, and the number of waste packages eroded as a function of time by using a landform evolution model. Based on trial analysis, the result shows that the maximum dose in the Base Case (uplift rate: 0.3 mm/y) is less than the targeted criterion suggested by the international organization even if the repository reaches the ground surface. Furthermore, the diversifying effect on timing the waste packages to reach to weathered zone due to heterogeneity on altitude of bottom of weathered zone reduces one order magnitude of result of the existed dose assessment. The new method is applicable to evaluate safety of geological disposal based on realistic phenomena of uplift and erosion and to quantify a safety margin and robustness of the disposal system.

Journal Articles

Microstructure analysis in steel using quantum beam diffraction method

Sato, Shigeo*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

Kinzoku, 86(8), p.654 - 660, 2016/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires analyzed using micro-beam X-ray diffraction

Sato, Shigeo*; Shobu, Takahisa; Sato, Kozue*; Ogawa, Hiromi*; Wagatsuma, Kazuaki*; Kumagai, Masayoshi*; Imafuku, Muneyuki*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Suzuki, Shigeru*

ISIJ International, 55(7), p.1432 - 1438, 2015/07

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:60.41(Metallurgy & Metallurgical Engineering)

To characterize the distribution and anisotropy of dislocations in cold-drawn pearlitic steel wires, X-ray diffraction line-profile analysis was performed using synchrotron radiation micro-beams. The plastic shear strain was generally more severe near the surface than the center of the wire, whereas the dislocation density distribution was almost constant from the center to the surface. On the other hand, the dislocation rearrangement, which evolves the dislocation cell structure, progressed closer to the surface. It was also revealed that a difference between the hardness in axial and transverse wire directions could be explained by anisotropic dislocation density. Line-profile analysis based on diffraction data at elevated temperatures was performed. Whereas the cementite recovery progressed at a constant rate, the ferrite phase recovery rate was temperature-dependent, suggesting that the ferrite phase recovery was less related to that of the cementite phase.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 3; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2013 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-030.pdf:199.23MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Status of development of Lithium Target Facility in IFMIF/EVEDA project

Wakai, Eiichi; Kondo, Hiroo; Kanemura, Takuji; Hirakawa, Yasushi; Furukawa, Tomohiro; Hoashi, Eiji*; Fukada, Satoshi*; Suzuki, Akihiro*; Yagi, Juro*; Tsuji, Yoshiyuki*; et al.

Proceedings of Plasma Conference 2014 (PLASMA 2014) (CD-ROM), 2 Pages, 2014/11

In the IFMIF/EVEDA (International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility/ Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity), the validation tests of the EVEDA lithium test loop with the world's highest flow rate of 3000 L/min was succeeded in generating a 100 mm-wide and 25 mm-thick free-surface lithium flow steadily under the IFMIF operation condition of a high-speed of 15 m/s at 250$$^{circ}$$C in a vacuum of 10 $$^{-3}$$ Pa. Some excellent results of the recent engineering validations including lithium purification, lithium safety, and remote handling technique were obtained, and the engineering design of lithium facility was also evaluated. These results will advance greatly the development of an accelerator-based neutron source to simulate the fusion reactor materials irradiation environment as an important key technology for the development of fusion reactor materials.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 2; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2012 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Hayano, Akira; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-037, 455 Pages, 2013/12

JAEA-Research-2013-037.pdf:42.0MB

Following FY2011, JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, the tree diagram of methodology of groundwater travel time has been extended for crystalline rock, in addition, tree diagram for sedimentary rock newly has been organized. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the existing approach has been improved in terms of a practical task, and applied and tested for near field focusing on the buffer. In addition, the uncertainty of some important processes and its impact on safety functions are discussed though analysis. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, the approaches for parameter setting have been developed for sorption for rocks and solubility, and applied and tested through parameter setting exercises for key radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Data of heavy elements for light sources in EUV and XUV and for other applications

Koike, Fumihiro*; Funaba, Hisamichi*; Goto, Motoshi*; Kato, Daiji*; Kato, Takako*; Morita, Shigeru*; Murakami, Izumi*; Sakaue, Hiroyuki*; Sudo, Shigeru*; Suzuki, Chihiro*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1545, p.202 - 211, 2013/07

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:16.95

Atomic ionic states and transition properties of elements with atomic numbers Z ranging from 50 to 80 are discussed as these are important to the understanding of plasmas containing such heavy elements. As such, data productions and the current status of theoretical calculations in this field are discussed. Further, recent spectroscopic measurements and respective theoretical analyses for W, Gd, and Nd are provided.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2011 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Hayano, Akira; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Taniguchi, Naoki; Oda, Chie; Kitamura, Akira; Osawa, Hideaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2012-032, 298 Pages, 2012/09

JAEA-Research-2012-032.pdf:33.68MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and performance assessment in preliminary investigation phase. The topics and the conducted research are follows; (1) Study on selection of host rock: in terms of hydraulic properties, items for assessing rock property, and assessment methodology of groundwater travel time has been organized with interaction from site investigation. (2) Study on development of scenario: the existing approach has been embodied, in addition, the phenomenological understanding regarding dissolution of and nuclide release from vitrified waste, corrosion of the overpack, long-term performance of the buffer are summarized. (3) Study on setting nuclide migration parameters: the approach for parameter setting has been improved for sorption and diffusion coefficient of buffer/rock, and applied and tested for parameter setting of key radionuclides. (4) Study on ensuring quality of knowledge: framework for ensuring quality of knowledge has been studied and examined aimed at the likely disposal facility condition.

Journal Articles

Residual stress mapping on ultrasonic shot peened dissimilar weld joint before- and after- thermal loading

Akita, Koichi; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Nishikawa, Satoru*; Okita, Shigeru*

Nippon Zairyo Gakkai Dai-61-Ki Tsujo Sokai, Gakujutsu Koenkai Rombunshu (USB Flash Drive), 2 Pages, 2012/05

Residual stresses on the surface and inside of ultrasonic shot peened dissimilar weld joint were measured using X-ray and neutron diffraction before and after thermal loading. Mechanism of residual stress relaxation due to thermal loading was discussed.

Journal Articles

Development of reactivity feedback effect measurement techniques under sub-critical condition in fast reactors

Kitano, Akihiro; Nishi, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Takayuki; Okajima, Shigeaki; Kanemoto, Shigeru*

Proceedings of International Conference on Physics of Reactors; Advances in Reactor Physics; Linking Research, Industry, and Education (PHYSOR 2012) (CD-ROM), 14 Pages, 2012/04

The "Synthesis Method", a systematic and sophisticated method of sub-criticality measurement, is proposed in this work to ensure the safety margin before operation. The "Synthesis Method" is based on the modified source multiplication method (MSM) combined with the noise analysis method to measure the reference sub-criticality level for MSM. As a result of numerical simulation, it was suggested that a neutron detector located above the core center and three or more neutron detectors located above the radial blanket region enable the measurement of sub-criticality within 10% uncertainty from -0.5 to -2 and within 15% uncertainty for the deeper sub-criticality.

Journal Articles

Influence of FBR plant service and repair welding on microstructure and residual stress of austenitic stainless steel weld joint

Obara, Satoshi; Takaya, Shigeru; Wakai, Takashi; Asayama, Tai; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Saito, Toru; Martin, L.*

Kensa Gijutsu, 16(3), p.24 - 30, 2011/03

For the commercialization of fast breeder reactors (FBR), it is essential to enhance the economic competitiveness by reduction of total cost by elongation of plant service period. In this point of view, it is important to establish the assessment method of integrity of aged weld joint and repair welding for the components of future long life FBR. In the present study, evolution of microstructure is evaluated for the 304SS-304SS weld joint which was used for 88,000h at 526-545$$^{circ}$$C in the French proto-type fast reactor Phenix (as secondary pipes), and for the repair weld joint made from the 304SS of Phenix and new 316LSS plate. In addition, residual stress of the joints were measured by means of RESA and RESA-II. As the results, the microstructure and the residual stress of the joints had changed in the high temperature-long service environment and by the repair welding, and those of the repair weld joint were correlated with its hardness.

Journal Articles

Prototype manufacturing of small tritium target inside JAEA

Tanaka, Shigeru; Abe, Yuichi; Kawabe, Masaru; Kutsukake, Chuzo; Oginuma, Yoshikazu; Yamada, Masayuki; Suzuki, Takumi; Yamanishi, Toshihiko; Konno, Chikara

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.9, p.338 - 341, 2010/08

We have conducted a small tritium target production R&D for FNS inside JAEA. The tritium target is produced by adsorbing tritium in a thin titanium layer. Since titanium is very active to oxygen, glow discharge cleaning was carried out to remove an oxidation film of the titanium surface. Through many tests with deuterium, we found out that it was not an oxidation film but humidity to disturb tritium absorption. The following procedures were necessary; (1) to outgas the inside of an absorption chamber, (2) to keep environmental humidity under 3% in handling the titanium-deposited substrate, (3) to keep the titanium-deposited target substrate in the vacuum. The DT neutron generation performance of the tritium target produced with the above procedures was the same as that with discharge cleaning. The manufacture condition of the small target was established.

Journal Articles

Values of construction of IFMIF accelerator prototype and targeted issues

Sugimoto, Masayoshi; Garin, P.*; Vermare, C.*; Shidara, Hiroyuki; Kimura, Haruyuki; Suzuki, Hiromitsu; Ohira, Shigeru; Okumura, Yoshikazu; Mosnier, A.*; Facco, A.*; et al.

Kasokuki, 7(2), p.110 - 118, 2010/07

International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF) is an accelerator-based neutron irradiation facility dedicated for development of fusion materials. Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities (EVEDA) phase of IFMIF project has been initiated in June 2007 and a prototype of the IFMIF accelerator (40 MeV - 125 mA CW Deuteron) is under construction in Rokkasho, Aomori. The target of the prototype is 9 MeV - 125 mA CW beam operation, which is full scale prototyping up to the first tank of superconducting linac section. In this report, the major technical specifications and issues of this extremely high-power machine are overviewed and expected results through operation in future are summarized.

Journal Articles

$$mu^+$$ diffusion in cubic $$f$$-electron compounds observed by high transverse field $$mu^+$$SR

Ito, Takashi; Higemoto, Wataru; Oishi, Kazuki*; Nishida, Nobuhiko*; Heffner, R. H.; Aoki, Yuji*; Suzuki, Hiroyuki*; Onimaru, Takahiro*; Tanida, Hiroshi*; Takagi, Shigeru*

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 225, p.012021_1 - 012021_6, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:45.64

The diffusion of positive muon $$mu^+$$ in condensed matter has been investigated for many years by using $$mu^+$$ spin rotation/relaxation ($$mu^+$$SR) technique. The $$mu^+$$SR studies have provided deep insight into quantum diffusion at low temperatures as well as hopping process at high temperatures, which are closely related to hydrogen dynamics in the dilute limit. We here report transverse field (TF) $$mu^+$$SR studies of the $$mu^+$$ diffusion in cubic $$f$$-electron compounds PrPb$$_3$$ and SmAg$$_2$$In. The $$mu^+$$ site splits into two magnetically labeled sites when high TF is applied to single-crystalline specimens along the [001] direction. The $$mu^+$$SR lines show drastic variation according to the $$mu^+$$ motion between the magnetically labeled sites. From detailed analysis of the $$mu^+$$SR lines, we deduced $$mu^+$$ hopping parameters for both compounds.

Journal Articles

Influence of FBR plant service and repair welding on microstructure and residual stress of austenitic stainless steel weld joint

Obara, Satoshi; Takaya, Shigeru; Wakai, Takashi; Asayama, Tai; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Saito, Toru*; Martin, L.*

Hozengaku, 9(1), p.32 - 38, 2010/04

For the commercialization of fast breeder reactors (FBR), it is essential to enhance the economic competitiveness by reduction of total cost by elongation of plant service period. In this point of view, it is important to establish the assessment method of integrity of aged weld joint and repair welding for the components of future long life FBR. In the present study, evolution of microstructure is evaluated for the 304SS-304SS weld joint which was used for 88,000h at 526-545$$^{circ}$$C in the French proto-type fast reactor Phenix (secondary pipes), and for the repair weld joint made from the 304SS of Phenix and new 316LSS plate. In addition, residual stress of the joints were measured by means of RESA and RESA-II. As the results, the microstructure and the residual stress of the joints had changed in the high temperature-long service environment and by the repair welding, and those of the repair weld joint were correlated with its hardness.

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