Suzuki, Chikashi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi; Pacold, J.*; Altman, A. B.*; Minasian, S. G.*; Tyliszczak, T.*; Shuk, D. K.*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki; Osaka, Masahiko
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 127, p.169 - 177, 2019/04
A combined method of NEXAFS measurement and DFT-calculation was employed for Cs evaluation in clay minerals. The Cs M NEXAFS spectra of Cs halides were analyzed using the DFT-calculations, and were well reproduced by incorporating the core-hole strength. The Cs M NEXAFS spectrum of clay minerals was well-reproduced by the DFT-calculations including the major transitions and tail structures with the established method. The further evaluation of this spectrum by charge density suggests that these major transitions and the tail structures likely reflect bonding states and local environments around the Cs atoms. Comparison of electronic states of Cs in the clay mineral with those in the Cs halides by DFT-calculations has shown that the interaction between Cs and the nearest-neighbor atom is largest in the clay mineral, because the energy level of Cs-5s and 5p is closer to that of O-2s and 2p than the s and p orbitals of other alkali metal and alkali earth metal elements.
Kobayashi, Toru; Akutsu, Kazuhiro*; Nakase, Masahiko*; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Separation Science and Technology, 54(13), p.2077 - 2083, 2019/02
Development of separation reagent, which can efficiently separate lanthanides, is of increasing importance because it concerns establishment of purification and recycle techniques rare-earth elements. In our research group, several hetero donor type ligands, which have both oxygen and heterocyclic nitrogen atoms as donor atoms, were developed and revealed that this type of ligands show the selective complexation with specific lanthanide. In this paper, we will discuss the lanthaides complexation properties of the hetero donor type ligand containing benzimidazole group as nitrogen donor (-methyl--phenyl-2-(1-benzimidazol-2-yl)-pyridine-6-carboxamide) based on structural investigation by crystallography.
Simonnet, M.; Miyazaki, Yuji; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.66 - 69, 2018/11
Sekiguchi, Tetsuhiro; Yokoyama, Keiichi; Uozumi, Yuki*; Yano, Masahiro; Asaoka, Hidehito; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.161 - 164, 2018/11
For nuclear transmutation of cesium-135 (Cs), which is long-lived fission product, we are developing selective absorbent which takes only Cs atom in, but does not CsI. In this study, absorbing property of Cs atom onto the surface of fullerene (C) film has been investigated using synchrotron-based angle-dependent X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results were compared with those of CsI. It was found that Cs penetrates into C deep bulk. In contrast, CsI deposits on shallow surface. Furthermore, XPS spectra were measured as a function of Ar-sputtering time in order to know Cs concentration profiles in deep region. Results showed that Cs penetrates into deep region of several hundreds .
Kobayashi, Toru; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.74 - 77, 2018/11
Development of extractant, which can efficiently separate actinides, is of increasing importance because it concerns establishment and simplification of separation techniques in nuclear fuel cycle and decontamination of radioactive wastes. In this study, the complexation properties of N-alkyl-N-phenyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2-carboxamide (PTA) with trivalent lanthanides (Ln) were investigated based on structural analysis by using X-ray crystallography and extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) methods. As a result, it is revealed that two PTA molecules coordinate with Ln as tridentate ligand via two nitrogen in phenanthroline moiety and one oxygen in amide moiety in both crystal and solution states. The slight difference in coordination bond distances are observed between Eu and Nd complexes, this difference corresponds to the difference in ionic radius between Nd and Eu. This result indicates slight difference in ionic radii of Ln hardly affects coordination properties of PTA.
Nemoto, Fumiya*; Kofu, Maiko; Nagao, Michihiro*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Takata, Shinichi; Suzuki, Junichi*; Yamada, Takeshi*; Shibata, Kaoru; Ueki, Takeshi*; Kitazawa, Yuzo*; et al.
Journal of Chemical Physics, 149(5), p.054502_1 - 054502_11, 2018/08
Uesawa, Shinichiro; Suzuki, Takayuki*; Yoshida, Hiroyuki
Konsoryu Shimpojiumu 2018 Koen Rombunshu (Internet), 2 Pages, 2018/08
no abstracts in English
Murai, Naoki; Suzuki, Katsuhiro*; Ideta, Shinichiro*; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Tanaka, Kiyohisa*; Ikeda, Hiroaki*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi
Physical Review B, 97(24), p.241112_1 - 241112_6, 2018/06
We use inelastic neutron scattering (INS) to investigate the effect of electron correlations on spin dynamics in iron-based superconductor BaKFeAs. Our INS data show a spin-wave-like dispersive feature, with a zone boundary energy of 200 meV. A first principles analysis of dynamical spin susceptibility, incorporating the mass renormalization factor of 3, as determined by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, provides a reasonable description of the observed spin excitations. This analysis shows that electron correlations in the Fe-3d bands yield enhanced effective electron masses, and consequently, induce substantial narrowing of the spin excitation bandwidth. Our results highlight the importance of electron correlations in an itinerant description of the spin excitations in iron-based superconductors.
Yan, X.; Sato, Hiroyuki; Sumita, Junya; Nomoto, Yasunobu*; Horii, Shoichi*; Imai, Yoshiyuki; Kasahara, Seiji; Suzuki, Koichi*; Iwatsuki, Jin; Terada, Atsuhiko; et al.
Nuclear Engineering and Design, 329, p.223 - 233, 2018/04
The pre-licensing design of an HTGR cogeneration test plant to be coupled to JAEA's existing test reactor HTTR is presented. The plant is designed to demonstrate the system of JAEA commercial plant design GTHTR300C. With construction planned to be completed around 2025, the test plant is expected to be the first-of-a-kind nuclear system operating on two of the advanced energy conversion systems attractive for the HTGR closed cycle helium gas turbine for power generation and thermochemical iodine-sulfur water-splitting process for hydrogen production.
Honda, Mitsunori; Shimoyama, Iwao; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Baba, Yuji; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
ACS Omega (Internet), 2(12), p.8678 - 8681, 2017/12
Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.
Sasaki, Yuji; Morita, Keisuke; Ito, Keisuke; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Takahashi, Yuya*; Kaneko, Masaaki*; Omori, Takashi*; Asano, Kazuhito*
Proceedings of International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Conference (GLOBAL 2017) (USB Flash Drive), 4 Pages, 2017/09
no abstracts in English
Sakasai, Kaoru; Sato, Setsuo*; Seya, Tomohiro*; Nakamura, Tatsuya; To, Kentaro; Yamagishi, Hideshi*; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Yamazaki, Dai; Maruyama, Ryuji; Oku, Takayuki; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(2), p.10_1 - 10_35, 2017/09
Neutron devices such as neutron detectors, optical devices including supermirror devices and He neutron spin filters, and choppers are successfully developed and installed at the Materials Life Science Facility (MLF) of the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), Tokai, Japan. Four software components of MLF computational environment, instrument control, data acquisition, data analysis, and a database, have been developed and equipped at MLF. MLF also provides a wide variety of sample environment options including high and low temperatures, high magnetic fields, and high pressures. This paper describes the current status of neutron devices, computational and sample environments at MLF.
Hisamatsu, Shugo; Suzuki, Shinichi; Komoto, Shigeo*; Kishikawa, Keiki*; Yamamoto, Yusuke*; Motokawa, Ryuhei; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
Tetrahedron, 73(27-28), p.3993 - 3998, 2017/07
Sasaki, Yuji; Morita, Keisuke; Suzuki, Shinichi; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Ito, Keisuke; Takahashi, Yuya*; Kaneko, Masaaki*
Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Japan, 24(2), p.113 - 122, 2017/06
The solvent extraction of Se, Zr, Pd, and Cs from nitric acid into 1-octanol (OC) and dodecane has been performed. These elements include long-lived radionuclides in spent nuclear fuels, so a simple separation method is indispensable for the development of the treatment of high-level liquid radioactive waste. It was found that Se can be extracted using phenylenediamine, Zr can be extracted using tetraoctyl diglycolamide and di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid, and Pd can be extracted using (methylimino)bis(dioctylacetamide) and hexaoctylnitrilotriacetamide. These elements can be recovered in over 90% yield by these extractants from nitric acid into OC. A distribution ratio of Cs of greater than 1 can be obtained using di-t-butyldibenzo-18-crown-6. It is clear that 90% recovery of Cs can be achieved using an extraction solvent with ten times the volume of the aqueous phase.
Shimoyama, Iwao; Honda, Mitsunori; Kogure, Toshihiro*; Baba, Yuji; Hirao, Norie*; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Yaita, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Shinichi
Photon Factory News, 35(1), p.17 - 22, 2017/05
We introduce Cs-free mineralization (CFM) for Cs removal and reuse of radioactive-contaminated soil in Fukushima and report recent work conducted in the BL27A beamline in Photon Factory. In this work, we investigated compositional and structural changes of Cs-sorbed weathered biotite (WB) before and after heating treatment with addition of NaCl-CaCl salts under low-pressure condition, to study Cs desorption mechanism from clay minerals. X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy clarified that almost all Cs and K were removed with the salts at 700 C. On the other hand, Ca increased with heating temperature. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy analysis clarified that phase transitions from WB to some Ca-rich silicate minerals, e.g., augite, were caused by the heating treatment with the salt. Based on these results, CFM is proposed for Cs removal utilizing the mechanism in which large monovalent cations are discharged with accompanying the phase transition. We also discuss the role of Cl in this reaction showing chemical bonding change of Cl observed using X-ray absorption spectroscopy in the early stage of the chemical reaction.
Oba, Yojiro*; Morooka, Satoshi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Takata, Shinichi; Sato, Nobuhiro*; Inoue, Rintaro*; Tsuchiyama, Toshihiro*; Gilbert, E. P.*; Sugiyama, Masaaki*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 50(2), p.334 - 339, 2017/04
Honda, Mitsunori; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Shimoyama, Iwao; Shiwaku, Hideaki; Suzuki, Shinichi; Yaita, Tsuyoshi
ACS Omega (Internet), 2(2), p.721 - 727, 2017/02
Sakamoto, Shoya*; Wakabayashi, Yuki*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Fujimori, Shinichi; Suzuki, Hakuto*; Ban, Yoshisuke*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Tanaka, Masaaki*; Oya, Shinobu*; Fujimori, Atsushi*
Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02
Noda, Yohei*; Koizumi, Satoshi*; Masui, Tomomi*; Mashita, Ryo*; Kishimoto, Hiromichi*; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Kumada, Takayuki; Takata, Shinichi; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(6), p.2036 - 2045, 2016/12