Suzuki, Kenji*; Miura, Yasufumi*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Shobu, Takahisa; Morooka, Satoshi
Zairyo, 72(4), p.316 - 323, 2023/04
Suzuki, Kenji*; Kura, Komoe*; Miura, Yasufumi*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Kajiwara, Kentaro*; Shobu, Takahisa
Zairyo, 71(12), p.1005 - 1012, 2022/12
This paper describes a stress measurement from a welded part of an austenitic stainless steel using synchrotron X-rays. Difficulty measuring the X-ray stress of the welded part is caused by the broadening of the diffraction spot in the radial and circumferential directions. The bending strains of the rectangular bar made of the welded part were measured using synchrotron white X-rays and the double exposure method. To improve the energy resolution, monochromatic synchrotron X-ray of 70 keV was used. The diffraction pattern showed the sharp arc like a pattern from texture material. The diffraction profile was obtained from the integral of the diffraction intensity in the direction of the circumference. The diffraction angle was determined using the double exposure method. As a result, the distribution of the residual stresses of the welded part could be measured.
Suzuki, Kenji*; Yamada, Minami*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Shobu, Takahisa; Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*
Zairyo, 71(4), p.347 - 353, 2022/04
We have already succeeded in the residual stress of aluminum alloys using the double exposure method (DEM) with 30 keV synchrotron radiation X-rays. However, the DEM has not be applied in the range of high-energy synchrotron X-rays. In this study, the stress measurements of a shrink-fitted ring using the DEM with synchrotron monochromatic X-rays beyond about 70 keV were performed. A CdTe pixel detector and a CCD camera were used as a detector. The shrink-fitted specimen of SUS304 was quasi-coarse grains of 43 micro-meters, and the diffraction rings were spotty. Despite quasi-coarse grains, it was possible to measure the stresses of the shrink-fitted specimen using the DEM. As a result, the DEM is excellent method to measures the stress for coarse grained materials. In addition, it is better to make the length between the detection positions longer to improve precision of the DEM. On the other hand, it was ineffective to increase the positions of detection.
Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Aoi, Nori*; Azaiez, F.*; Furutaka, Kazuyoshi; Hatsukawa, Yuichi; Kimura, Atsushi; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; et al.
Physical Review C, 103(3), p.034327_1 - 034327_8, 2021/03
Ogura, Koya*; Hosoda, Masahiro*; Tamakuma, Yuki*; Suzuki, Takahito*; Yamada, Ryohei; Negemi, Ryoju*; Tsujiguchi, Takakiyo*; Yamaguchi, Masaru*; Shiroma, Yoshitaka*; Iwaoka, Kazuki*; et al.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(3), p.978_1 - 978_16, 2021/02
Suzuki, Kenji*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Toyokawa, Hidenori*; Saji, Choji*; Shobu, Takahisa
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(3), p.25_1 - 25_14, 2020/09
It is difficult to evaluate stress by the strain scanning method using a conventional diffractometer and a point detector since the two-dimensional diffraction pattern of a material composed of coarse grains does not have a ring but a spotty. To solve this problem, we proposed a double exposure method using a two-dimensional detector and monochromatized X-rays. In this study, we have developed a technique to apply that technique to white X-rays. The diffraction obtained by irradiating white X-rays for a material with of coarse grains becomes a Laue spot. Therefore, we have carried out developing a CdTe pixel two-dimensional detector that can limit the energy to be detected, and we evaluated the stress using that detector. As a result, we succeeded to measure the strain distribution of a bending specimen made to austenitic stainless steel. In the future, we would like to improve this technology and apply it to actual machine materials.
Bae, S.*; Jee, H.*; Suh, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Shobu, Takahisa; Morooka, Satoshi; Geng, G.*; et al.
Construction and Building Materials, 237, p.117714_1 - 117714_10, 2020/03
Tsutsui, Nao; Ban, Yasutoshi; Suzuki, Hideya*; Nakase, Masahiko*; Ito, Sayumi*; Inaba, Yusuke*; Matsumura, Tatsuro; Takeshita, Kenji*
Analytical Sciences, 36(2), p.241 - 246, 2020/02
To investigate the effective separation of actinides (Ans) from lanthanides (Lns), single-stage batch extraction experiments were performed with a novel extractant, tetradodecyl-1,10-phenanthroline-2,9-diamide (TDdPTDA) with various diluents such as 3-nitrobenzotrifluoride (F-3), nitrobenzene, and -dodecane for Am, Cm, and Lns. The extraction kinetics with TDdPTDA was rapid enough to perform the actual extraction flow sheet. The slopes of the distribution ratio versus TDdPTDA concentration and the distribution ratio versus nitric acid concentration were similar for F-3 and nitrobenzene systems but different from -dodecane system. These differences were attributed to the characteristics of the diluents. This study reveals high distribution ratios of Am ( ) and Cm ( ) for TDdPTDA, with the high separation factors (s) of Am from Lns enough for their separation.
Suzuki, Kenji*; Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi*
Zairyo, 68(4), p.312 - 317, 2019/04
Materials after thermal processing such as welding often have coarse grains. To understand the residual stress after processing is very important from the viewpoint of the soundness of the structure. In this study, we proposed a double exposure method that combines a two-dimensional detector and high-energy synchrotron radiation as an X-ray stress measurement method for materials with coarse grains, and confirmed its practicality. As a result of measuring the residual stress of the plastic bending specimen and the indentation specimen of the aluminum alloy (A5052), the effectiveness of this measurement method was clarified because the residual stress distribution was in good agreement with the finite element analysis.
Xu, P. G.; Harjo, S.; Ojima, Mayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Ito, Takayoshi*; Gong, W.; Vogel, S. C.*; Inoue, Junya*; Tomota, Yo*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.746 - 760, 2018/06
Bae, S.*; Jee, H.*; Kanematsu, Manabu*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Machida, Akihiko*; Watanuki, Tetsu*; Shobu, Takahisa; Suzuki, Hiroshi
Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 101(1), p.408 - 418, 2018/01
Despite enormous interest in calcium silicate hydrate (C-S-H), its detailed atomic structure and intrinsic deformation under an external load are lacking. This study demonstrates the nanostructural deformation process of C-S-H in tricalcium silicate (CS) paste as a function of applied stress by interpreting atomic pair distribution function (PDF) based on in situ X-ray scattering. Three different strains in CS paste under compression were compared using a strain gauge and the real and reciprocal space PDFs. PDF refinement revealed that the C-S-H phase mostly contributed to PDF from 0 to 20 whereas crystalline phases dominated that beyond 20. The short-range atomic strains exhibited two regions for C-S-H: I) plastic deformation (0-10 MPa) and II) linear elastic deformation (10 MPa), whereas the long-range deformation beyond 20 was similar to that of Ca(OH). Below 10 MPa, the short-range strain was caused by the densification of C-S-H induced by the removal of interlayer or gel-pore water. The strain is likely to be recovered when the removed water returns to C-S-H.
Saptiama, I.*; Kaneti, Y. V.*; Suzuki, Yumi*; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko; Sakae, Takeji*; Takai, Kimiko*; Fukumitsu, Nobuyoshi*; Alothman, Z. A.*; Hossain, M. S. A.*; et al.
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 90(10), p.1174 - 1179, 2017/10
no abstracts in English
Ojima, Mayumi*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Inoue, Junya*; Shobu, Takahisa; Xu, P. G.; Akita, Koichi; Nambu, Shoichi*; Koseki, Toshihiko*
Zairyo, 66(6), p.420 - 426, 2017/06
Kubota, Ryuzaburo; Koyama, Kazuya*; Moriwaki, Hiroyuki*; Yamada, Yumi*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Suzuki, Toru; Kawada, Kenichi; Kubo, Shigenobu; Yamano, Hidemasa
Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2017/04
This paper describes an analysis study on the initiating phase of the ATWS events with SAS4A in order to confirm the appropriateness of the core design for the medium-scale SFR (750MWe-1765MWt). Not using a conventional lumping method that multiple fuel sub-assemblies having a similar characteristic were assigned to one channel (representing fuel assembly in SAS4A), each channel represents only the sub-assemblies of identical operating condition. In addition, the detailed power and reactivity distribution were set reflecting the change of insertion position of control rods. Applying these detailed analysis conditions, the SAS4A analyses were performed for unprotected loss-of-flow (ULOF) and unprotected transient overpower (UTOP) during both of the nominal power and the partial power operation. As a result, more proper event progression including incoherency of events especially fuel dispersion after fuel failure was successfully evaluated and then this analysis study suggested that the power excursion with prompt criticality leading to large mechanical energy release can be prevented in the initiating phase of the current design.
Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Ishida, Takuya*; Suzuki, Yumi*; Matsukura, Minoru*; Kurosaki, Fumio*; Nishikata, Kaori; Mimura, Hitoshi*; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko
JAEA-Technology 2016-027, 24 Pages, 2016/12
The research and development (R&D) on the production of Mo/Tc by (n,) method has been carried out in the Neutron Irradiation and Testing Reactor Center. The Mo production by (n,) reaction is a simple and easy method, and it also is advantageous from viewpoints of nuclear proliferation resistance and waste management. However, it is difficult to produce the Tc solution with high radioactive concentration because the specific radioactivity of Mo by this method is extremely low. Up to now, various Mo absorbents such as Polyzirconium Compound (PZC) and Polytitanium Compound (PTC) have been developed with high Mo adsorption efficiency. It is necessary for utilization to the generator of these absorbents to evaluate the effect of elements containing these absorbents and to assure the quality of Tc solution. In this report, the status of R&D of the Mo adsorbents was investigated. The alumina as Mo adsorbent, which uses in medical Mo/Tc generator, was focused and Mo adsorption/desorption properties of three kinds of alumina was evaluated by different properties such as crystal structure and specific surface.
Sato, Shigeo*; Onuki, Yusuke*; Shobu, Takahisa; Shiro, Ayumi*; Tashiro, Hitoshi*; Todoroki, Hidekazu*; Suzuki, Shigeru*
Kinzoku, 86(8), p.654 - 660, 2016/08
no abstracts in English
Liss, K.-D.*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Dippenaar, R. J.*; Higo, Yuji*; Shiro, Ayumi*; Reid, M.*; Suzuki, Hiroshi; Shobu, Takahisa; Akita, Koichi
Metals, 6(7), p.165_1 - 165_22, 2016/07
Titanium aluminides find application in modern light-weight, high-temperature turbines, such as aircraft engines, but suffer from poor plasticity during manufacturing and processing. Huge forging presses enable materials processing in the 10 GPa range and hence, it is necessary to investigate the phase-diagrams of candidate materials under these extreme conditions. Here we report on an in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction study in a large-volume-press of a modern ( + ) two-phase material, Ti-45Al-7.5Nb-0.25C, under pressures up to 9.6 GPa and temperatures up to 1686 K. At room temperature, the volume response to pressure is accommodated by the transformation rather than volumetric strain, expressed by apparently high bulk moduli of both constituent phases. Crystallographic aspects, specifically lattice strain and atomic order are discussed in detail. It is interesting to note that this transformation takes place despite an increase in atomic volume, which is due to the high ordering energy of . Upon heating under high pressure, both the eutectoid and -solvus transition temperatures are elevated, and a third, cubic -phase is stabilized above 1350 K. Earlier research has shown that this -phase is very ductile during plastic deformation, essential in near-conventional forging processes. Here, we were able to identify an ideal processing window for near-conventional forging, while the presence of the detrimental -phase is not present under operating conditions. Novel processing routes can be defined from these findings.
Suzuki, Yumi*; Nakano, Hiroko; Suzuki, Yoshitaka; Ishida, Takuya; Shibata, Akira; Kato, Yoshiaki; Kawamata, Kazuo; Tsuchiya, Kunihiko
JAEA-Technology 2015-031, 58 Pages, 2015/11
Technetium-99m (Tc) is one of the most commonly used radioisotopes in the field of nuclear medicine. In the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), the research and development (R&D) have been carried out for production of molybdenum-99 (Mo) by (n, ) method, a parent nuclide of Tc, with the Japan Material Testing Reactor (JMTR). On the other hand, the new project as "Domestic Production of Medical Radioisotope (Technetium preparation) in Japan" was adopted in the Tsukuba International Strategic Zone on October, 2013 and the demonstration tests will be planned for the domestic production of Mo/Tc with the JMTR. Thus, new facilities and analysis devices were equipped in the JMTR Hot Laboratory in 2014 as the part of this project. As the part of the analytical device equipment, the -TLC analyzer and the radiation detector connected with the High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) were installed for quality inspection of the Mo/Tc solution and the extracted Tc solution in the JMTR Hot Laboratory. The performance tests of these devices such as detection sensitivity, resolution, linearity and selectivity of energy range were carried out with Cs and Eu as alternative radionuclides of Mo and Tc, respectively. In the results, bright prospects were obtained concerning the quality inspection of the Mo/Tc and Tc solutions using these devices. This report describes the results of those performance tests.
Go, Shintaro*; Ideguchi, Eiji*; Yokoyama, Rin*; Kobayashi, Motoki*; Kisamori, Keiichi*; Takaki, Motonobu*; Miya, Hiroyuki*; Ota, Shinsuke*; Michimasa, Shinichiro*; Shimoura, Susumu*; et al.
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 6, p.030005_1 - 030005_4, 2015/06
Sasaki, Yuji; Saeki, Morihisa; Sugo, Yumi; Ikeda, Yasuhisa*; Kawasaki, Takeshi*; Suzuki, Tomoya*; Ohashi, Akira*
Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Japan, 22(1), p.37 - 45, 2015/05
An extractant, methylimino-bis--dioctylacetamide (MIDOA), was used for the extraction of soft acid metals. It was found that MIDOA can extract not only Cr(VI), Mo(VI), W(VI), Tc(VII) and Re(VII), whose metals can form the oxonium anions due to their high oxidation states, but also other metal cations, like Nb(V), Ta(V) and Pd(II). Analogous compounds, imino-bis--dioctylacetamide (IDOA) and methylimino-bis--di-2-ethylhexylacetamide (MIDEHA), are synthesized and compared for their extractability. It is clear that these extractants have almost same or lower values than those for MIDOA. In order to examine the effect on extractability with different donor atoms, TODGA (-tetraoctyl-diglycolamide) and TDGA (-tetraoctyl-tyiodiglycolamide) having oxygen and sulfur donor are employed. The comparison of their extractabilities suggests that the trend of Pd and Re extraction is N S O and N O S, respectively.