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Journal Articles

Effect of magnetism on lattice dynamics in SrFe$$_2$$As$$_2$$ using high-resolution inelastic X-ray scattering

Murai, Naoki*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Kobayashi, Tatsuya*; Nakajima, Masamichi*; Uchiyama, Hiroshi*; Ishikawa, Daisuke*; Tsutsui, Satoshi*; Nakamura, Hiroki; Machida, Masahiko; Miyasaka, Shigeki*; et al.

Physical Review B, 93(2), p.020301_1 - 020301_5, 2016/01

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:41.71(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Maintenance of used components in spallation neutron source; Moderator $$cdot$$ reflector and proton beam window

Teshigawara, Makoto; Kinoshita, Hidetaka; Wakui, Takashi; Meigo, Shinichiro; Seki, Masakazu; Harada, Masahide; Ito, Manabu; Suzuki, Toru; Ikezaki, Kiyomi; Maekawa, Fujio; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2012-024, 303 Pages, 2012/07

JAEA-Technology-2012-024.pdf:46.04MB

3 GeV Protons with 1 MW beam power are irradiated to mercury target of spallation neutron source in Materials and Life science Facility (MLF), which is one of facilities of J-PARC. Irradiated components, such as target container, moderator, reflector and proton beam window, are needed to replace periodically due to irradiation damage of high energy protons and neutrons. These used components are replaced remotely because of highly activated. Maintenance scenario was settled so as to handle these components. Required remote handling machines were designed and installed in hot cell and other room of the MLF. We performed remote handling tests by using actual components to confirm the design. We report results, such as replacement procedure, trouble and its solution, etc., for moderator, reflector and proton beam window in order to provide the handling of actual used components.

Journal Articles

Development of a compact high-spatiotemporal-quality Yb:YAG thin-disk laser system using an optical parametric preamplifier

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 40(2), p.143 - 145, 2012/02

We demonstrate a compact, high-spatiotemporal-quality, high-intensity diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system that incorporates a nonlinear preamplifier based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). The stretched pulses are amplified in the OPCPA preamplifier and the following Yb:YAG main amplifier to $$sim$$100 mJ at 10 Hz. The broadband amplified beam quality of 1.1 (horizontal direction) and 1.4 (vertical direction) times diffraction limited and pulse compression down to 470 fs with contrast of better than 10$$^{-8}$$ have been achieved successfully.

Journal Articles

29th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Isayama, Akihiko; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Furukawa, Masaru*; Matsunaga, Go; Yamazaki, Kozo*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; Tamura, Naoki*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(6), p.374 - 377, 2010/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

A Parameter study of pencil beam proton dose distributions for the treatment of ocular melanoma utilizing spot scanning

Sutherland, K.*; Miyajima, Satoshi*; Date, Hiroyuki*; Shirato, Hiroki*; Ishikawa, Masayori*; Murakami, Masao*; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Bolton, P.; Tajima, Toshiki

Radiological Physics and Technology, 3(1), p.16 - 22, 2010/01

Journal Articles

27th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Osakabe, Masaki*; Shinohara, Koji; Toi, Kazuo*; Todo, Yasushi*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 85(12), p.839 - 842, 2009/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of DT and DD neutrons with a TOF spectrometer for determination of fuel ion density ratio in ITER

Okada, Koichi*; Kondo, Keitaro; Ochiai, Kentaro; Sato, Satoshi; Konno, Chikara; Okamoto, Atsushi*; Kobuchi, Takashi*; Kitajima, Sumio*; Sasao, Mamiko*

Journal of Plasma and Fusion Research SERIES, Vol.8, p.666 - 669, 2009/09

Measurement of fuel ion density ratio, $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$, is required for burning control on ITER. The measured $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$ ratio must be fed back in real time. A neutron measurement system to measure $$n$$$$_{rm D}$$/$$n$$$$_{rm T}$$ should be operable at high counting rate. It is estimated that the number of emitted DT neutrons is 200 times higher than that of DD neutrons under the condition of ITER standard operation. A neutron measurement system was developed using a DT/DD generator, where DT neutrons are dominant and DD neutrons are contaminated slightly in the neutron beam. The measurement instrument was a TOF spectrometer. Signals originating from each neutron must be distinguished in order to measure the fuel ratio. We developed a circuit system with discrimination windows to distinguish each signal pulse, and DT and DD neutrons were measured separately and simultaneously with this system. The experimental result indicates a possibility that this system is suitable for measurement of fuel ion density ratio on ITER.

Journal Articles

Report on ITPA meetings, 24

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Maiko; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tamura, Naoki*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Aiba, Nobuyuki; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(12), p.952 - 955, 2008/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Radiotherapy using a laser proton accelerator

Murakami, Masao*; Hishikawa, Yoshio*; Miyajima, Satoshi*; Okazaki, Yoshiko; Sutherland, K.*; Abe, Mitsuyuki*; Bulanov, S. V.; Daido, Hiroyuki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Koga, J. K.; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1024, p.275 - 300, 2008/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

"J-KAREN"; High intensity laser

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya*; Tanoue, Manabu*; Akutsu, Atsushi; Okada, Hajime; Motomura, Tomohiro*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2008-007, p.13 - 16, 2008/08

One of the main bottlenecks for the applications of ultrashort and ultrahigh-peak power lasers in high-field physics is a temporal contrast of the pulses. In ultrahigh-peak power lasers, a nanosecond background of the amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) is generated at the same time as the femtosecond pulse. This background is mostly generated in the preamplifier (regenerative, multipass amplifier). Even though the contrast level is usually in the range from 10$$^{-5}$$ to 10$$^{-6}$$, this level is not sufficiently low at relativistic intensities greater than 10$$^{18} $$W/cm$$^{2}$$ to avoid unwanted pre-plasmas generation. We demonstrated a high-contrast, high-peak power laser with optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). With the use of OPCPA, contrast is enhanced to better than 7$$times$$10$$^{-9}$$ in a few picoseconds before the main pulse, which corresponds to an improvement of three to four orders in magnitude compared with conventional systems.

Journal Articles

Laser ion acceleration via control of the near-critical density target

Yogo, Akifumi; Daido, Hiroyuki; Bulanov, S. V.; Nemoto, Koshichi*; Oishi, Yuji*; Nayuki, Takuya*; Fujii, Takashi*; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

Physical Review E, 77(1), p.016401_1 - 016401_6, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:102 Percentile:97.52(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The duration-controlled amplified spontaneous emission with intensity of $$10^{13}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ is used to convert a 7.5 $$mu$$m thick polyimide foil into a near-critical plasma, in which the $$p$$-polarized, 45 fs, $$10^{19}$$ W/cm$$^2$$ laser pulse generates 3.8 MeV protons, emitted at some angle between the target normal and the laser propagation direction of 45$$^{circ}$$. Particle-in-cell simulations reveal that the efficient proton acceleration is due to generation of the quasistatic magnetic field on the target rear side with the magnetic pressure inducing and sustaining a charge separation electrostatic field.

Journal Articles

Super-parallel simulation systems for sophisticated radiation therapy

Saito, Kimiaki; Saito, Hidetoshi*; Kunieda, Etsuo*; Narita, Yuichiro*; Myojoyama, Atsushi*; Fujisaki, Tatsuya*; Kawase, Takatsugu*; Kaneko, Katsutaro*; Ozaki, Masahiro*; Deloar, H. M.*; et al.

Joho Shori, 48(10), p.1081 - 1088, 2007/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

High-resolution beam energy-spread measurements using combination of nuclear resonant reactions and a 0$$^{circ}$$ beam line separation

Ishii, Yasuyuki; Chiba, Atsuya; Uno, Sadanori; Saito, Yuichi; Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Tajima, Satoshi*; Kamiya, Tomihiro

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 260(1), p.15 - 19, 2007/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Measurement of beam energy spreads caused by an accelerator are needed to evaluation the choromatic aberration when ion beams with micorometer or nanometer sizes are formed at a focusing point. A measurement method of the beam energy spreads without using a analyzing magnet with a high resolution was developed to evaluate the chromatic aberration in a light-ion micorbeam system connected to the 3MV JAEA single-ended accelerator. The accurate beam energy spread measurement method within a resolution of 10$$^{-4}$$ was developed using resonance nuclear reactions with narrow energy spreads of $$^{27}$$A$$ell$$(p,$$gamma$$)$$^{28}$$Si and $$^{24}$$Mg(p,$$gamma$$)$$^{25}$$A$$ell$$ in a MeV energy range. Furthermore, ion species separating method, in a 0-degree beam line connected to the accelerator, was developed using parmanent magnets attached on the accelerator tube in the accelerator. The two kinds of developmet resulted in measuring baem energy spreads generated from the accelerator directly.

Journal Articles

High quality laser-produced proton beam generation by phase rotation

Noda, Akira*; Nakamura, Shu*; Iwashita, Yoshihisa*; Shirai, Toshiyuki*; Tongu, Hiromu*; Soda, Hikaru*; Daido, Hiroyuki; Mori, Michiaki; Kado, Masataka; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

International Journal of Modern Physics B, 21(3&4), p.319 - 330, 2007/02

Laser ion production has been studied for downsizing of the accelerator dedicated for cancer therapy. For optimization of various parameters such as pre-pulse condition, target position, laser spot size on target, laser pulse width and so on, time of flight (TOF) measurement utilizing the detected signal by a plastic scintillation counter played an essential role for real time measurement. Protons up to 900 keV and 600 keV are produced from the thin foil targets of Ti 3 micron and 5 micron in thickness, respectively. Modification of the energy distribution of the laser-produced ions with Maxwell distribution by utilizing an RF electric field synchronized to the pulse laser, which is the rotation of the ion beam in the longitudinal phase space (phase rotation), has been demonstrated for the first time.

Journal Articles

Development of laser driven proton sources and their applications

Daido, Hiroyuki; Sagisaka, Akito; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Mori, Michiaki; Ma, J.-L.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Proceedings of 7th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO-PR 2007) (CD-ROM), p.77 - 79, 2007/00

We are developing a proton accelerator using an intense lasers with a focused intensity of $$>$$ 10$$^{17}$$ W/cm$$^{2}$$. To monitor proton energy spectra as well as plasma parameters at each laser shot, we are using real time detectors. The proton energy of MeV is stably obtained for applications.

Journal Articles

Intense femto-second laser-driven X-ray source coupled with multiple directional quantum beams for applications

Daido, Hiroyuki; Sagisaka, Akito; Ogura, Koichi; Orimo, Satoshi; Nishiuchi, Mamiko; Yogo, Akifumi; Mori, Michiaki; Li, Z.*; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

X-Ray Lasers 2006; Springer Proceedings in Physics, Vol.115, p.595 - 605, 2007/00

At present, using ultra-short high intensity lasers at APRC, JAEA Kansai photon research institute, we are developing laser driven multiple quantum beams such as protons, X-rays, electrons and THz waves. These beams are perfectly synchronized with each other. The pulse duration of each beam is lass than a pico-second. They have sharp directionality with high brightness. If we properly combined these, we have new pump-probe techniques for various applications.

Journal Articles

Measurement of carbon cluster charge state passing through thin foils using a luminance plate

Chiba, Atsuya; Saito, Yuichi; Tajima, Satoshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 232(1-4), p.32 - 36, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:57.47(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The structure of cluster ion may be important parameter for resolution of physical effect and interaction with cluster ion and solid. In this paper, we report a Coulomb explosion imaging of the constituent atoms of a swift carbon cluster (Cn, n=2, 3 and 6) passing through a thin foil and their average charge state that related with the structure of the cluster. The experimental setup is based on the 3MV TANDEM accelerator at the JAERI Takasaki. The cluster ion beam is pulsed by electrical deflection plates and an aperture. A few clusters pass trough the thin foil during 1 second, and the resulting are collected by the luminance plate detector. The average charge state was shown an almost same tendency as calculate theoretical value.

Journal Articles

Development of beam current stabilization system using wire type beam attenuator

Okoshi, Kiyonori; Chiba, Atsuya; Mizuhashi, Kiyoshi; Tajima, Satoshi

JAERI-Review 2004-025, TIARA Annual Report 2003, p.324 - 325, 2004/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Operation and maintenance for JAERI AVF cyclotron system

Nakamura, Yoshiteru; Nara, Takayuki; Agematsu, Takashi; Ishibori, Ikuo; Kurashima, Satoshi; Fukuda, Mitsuhiro; Okumura, Susumu; Yokota, Wataru; Arakawa, Kazuo; Miyawaki, Nobumasa; et al.

KEK Proceedings 2003-19, p.8 - 13, 2004/03

Takasaki Ion Accelerators for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA) facility at JAERI Takasaki was constructed to promote the various researches of wide field for materials science and biotechnology. The AVF cyclotron system, which is the one of four ion accelerators in TIARA, has been smoothly operated without any serious troubles since the first beam extraction in March 1991. The operation time for a year is about 3200 hours on an average through recent 8 years. In especial, the cyclotron system is needed the frequent alteration of operation condition according to many kinds of ion species required from the experimenters. On the other hand, because of the improvement of the beam quality, intensity and reliability, we have carried out continuously so far many reconstruction and development, several items of which are the renewal of a computer control system, reinforcement of the ion source, acceleration technique for some series of cocktail beams, stabilization of the cyclotron beam and design of a new gradient corrector including an active coil. Furthermore, now we are advancing various countermeasure to form the micro beam of 1mm size by means of focused type, such as the introduction of a flat-top acceleration system, reconstruction of the cyclotron center region, installation of a pair of precise micro slit systems in the trunk beam transport line, and so on.

Journal Articles

An Operator assistance system for beam adjustment of JAERI AVF cyclotron

Agematsu, Takashi; Arakawa, Kazuo; Okumura, Susumu; Nakamura, Yoshiteru; Tajima, Satoshi

KEK Proceedings 2003-19, p.27 - 29, 2004/03

Cyclotron start-up operations require dozens of adjustable parameters to be tuned to maximize extracted beam current. Experienced operators perform this process through trial and error using their experience and intuition. However, the process is difficult for inexperienced operators because operator need to adjust parameters using little information such as measured beam data, alarm, status of components, and so on. We have developed a computer-based visual assistance system for JAERI AVF cyclotron. The system provides a CRT display: the cyclotron beam trajectories, feasible setting regions, search traces and the beam envelopes for external beam transport designed to optimize beam parameter adjustment. The evaluation experiment for the system was carried out and the operation time to reach required beam conditions of the injection region of the cyclotron was reduced by approximately 65%. Also the system is very useful to study the problems on the beam transport such as beam trajectory, envelope, beam profile, spot size and so on.

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