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Journal Articles

High order harmonics from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Faenov, A. Y.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; Koga, J. K.; Mori, Michiaki; Kawase, Keigo*; et al.

RAL-TR-2015-025, P. 22, 2015/00

Journal Articles

High order harmonics from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T. A.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

New Journal of Physics (Internet), 16(9), p.093003_1 - 093003_30, 2014/09

 Times Cited Count:20 Percentile:19.6(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Temporal contrast enhancement of petawatt-class laser pulses

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Tanoue, Manabu; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Mori, Michiaki; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Optics Letters, 37(16), p.3363 - 3365, 2012/08

 Times Cited Count:32 Percentile:12.7(Optics)

We demonstrate the temporal contrast enhancement in a petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system. An extra saturable absorber, introduced downstream a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier, has improved the temporal contrast in the system to 1.4$$times$$10$$^{12}$$ on the sub-nanosecond time scale at 70 TW power level. We have achieved 28 J of uncompressed broadband output energy with this system, indicating the potential for reaching peak powers near 600 TW.

Journal Articles

Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.167 - 171, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:48.11

Journal Articles

High-order harmonics from bow wave caustics driven by a high-intensity laser

Esirkepov, T. Z.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A.*; Pikuz, T.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.172 - 180, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

The bow wave induced mechanism of high-order harmonics generation was discovered using simulations and catastrophe theory. This mechanism feasibility was successfully demonstrated in 3D and 2D PIC simulations. The mechanism and the simulations explained high-order harmonics in the XUV spectral region seen in recent experiments with terawatt lasers. Development of new XUV light and X-ray source based on the high-order harmonics generation mechanism is proposed.

Journal Articles

X-ray emission from relativistically moving electron density cusps

Kando, Masaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Kawase, Keigo*; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Fukuda, Yuji; Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Okada, Hajime; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, p.159 - 166, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:100

Journal Articles

Soft-X-ray harmonic comb from relativistic electron spikes

Pirozhkov, A. S.; Kando, Masaki; Esirkepov, T. Z.; Gallegos, P.*; Ahmed, H.*; Ragozin, E. N.*; Faenov, A. Ya.*; Pikuz, T.; Kawachi, Tetsuya; Sagisaka, Akito; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 108(13), p.135004_1 - 135004_5, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:8.05(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We demonstrate a new high-order harmonic generation mechanism reaching the "water window" spectral region in experiments with multi-terawatt femtosecond lasers irradiating gas jets. A few hundred harmonic orders are resolved, giving $$mu$$J/sr pulses. Harmonics are collectively emitted by an oscillating electron spike formed at the joint of the boundaries of a cavity and bow wave created by a relativistically self-focusing laser in underdense plasma. The spike sharpness and stability are explained by catastrophe theory. The mechanism is corroborated by particle-in-cell simulations.

Journal Articles

Development of a compact high-spatiotemporal-quality Yb:YAG thin-disk laser system using an optical parametric preamplifier

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; Maeda, Junya*; Matsuoka, Shinichi*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 40(2), p.143 - 145, 2012/02

We demonstrate a compact, high-spatiotemporal-quality, high-intensity diode-pumped Yb:YAG thin-disk chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) laser system that incorporates a nonlinear preamplifier based on optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA). The stretched pulses are amplified in the OPCPA preamplifier and the following Yb:YAG main amplifier to $$sim$$100 mJ at 10 Hz. The broadband amplified beam quality of 1.1 (horizontal direction) and 1.4 (vertical direction) times diffraction limited and pulse compression down to 470 fs with contrast of better than 10$$^{-8}$$ have been achieved successfully.

Journal Articles

Development of a sub-MeV X-ray source via Compton backscattering

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L. M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 637(1, Suppl.), p.S141 - S144, 2011/05

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:43.39(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We report the present status of the sub-MeV X-ray generation via Compton backscattering by using 150-MeV electron beam and the Nd:YAG laser. In particular, we show the result of the X-ray generation experiment and of the laser pulse compression for increasing the X-ray flux.

Journal Articles

Ion acceleration in subcritical density plasma via interaction of intense laser pulse with cluster-gas target

Fukuda, Yuji; Faenov, A.*; Tampo, Motonobu; Pikuz, T.*; Nakamura, Tatsufumi; Kando, Masaki; Hayashi, Yukio; Yogo, Akifumi; Sakaki, Hironao; Kameshima, Takashi*; et al.

Progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science VII, p.225 - 240, 2011/05

We present substantial enhancement of the accelerated ion energies up to 10-20 MeV per nucleon by utilizing the unique properties of the cluster-gas target irradiated with 40-fs laser pulses of only 150 mJ energy, corresponding to approximately tenfold increase in the ion energies compared to previous experiments using thin foil targets. A particle-in-cell simulation infers that the high energy ions are generated at the rear side of the target due to the formation of a strong dipole vortex structure in sub-critical density plasmas. The demonstrated method can be important in the development of efficient laser ion accelerators for hadron therapy and other applications.

Journal Articles

Feeling the texture of vacuum; Laser acceleration toward PeV

Tajima, Toshiki*; Kando, Masaki; Teshima, Masahiro*

Progress of Theoretical Physics, 125(3), p.617 - 631, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:37.21(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Development of a high-contrast, high beam-quality, high-intensity laser

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime*; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.669 - 675, 2010/09

This paper reviews the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality improvement techniques in a high intensity Ti:sapphire laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier that uses high energy, clean pulse seeding and is shown to significantly improve the contrast to better than 10$$^{-10}$$-10$$^{-11}$$ relative to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. We also report the use of a diffractive optical element for beam homogenization of a 100 J level Nd:glass green pump laser, achieving a flat-topped spatial profile with a filling factor near 80 %.

Journal Articles

High contrast femtosecond laser-driven intense hard X-ray source for imaging application

Chen, L. M.*; Wang, W. M.*; Kando, Masaki; Hudson, L. T.*; Liu, F.*; Lin, X. X.*; Ma, J. L.*; Li, Y. T.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Tajima, Toshiki*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 619, p.128 - 132, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:52.05(Instruments & Instrumentation)

In this report we address the current situation of laser-driven hard X-ray sources for imaging applications, especially the saturation of X-ray conversion efficiency and the serious impact upon imaging quality. By employing high contrast laser pulses, the conversion efficiency to X-rays from solid foil targets is improved and the structure of the spectrum can be optimized with respect to imaging applications. In addition, bright Ar K-shell X-rays with very little continuum background have been generated by irradiating, with an ultra-high contrast laser, a target of Ar gas clusters created by a gas jet. These improvements show great potential for single-shot ultrafast X-ray imaging.

Journal Articles

Improvement of SBS laser pulse compression system for the Compton backscattered X-ray source

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Hayakawa, Takehito; Daito, Izuru; Kondo, Shuji; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Chen, L. M.*; Fukuda, Yuji; et al.

JAEA-Conf 2010-002, p.95 - 98, 2010/06

At the previous symposium in Advanced Photon Research, we proposed and demonstrated the laser pulse compression via stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) for increasing the flux of the Compton backscattered X rays. After that, we improved the SBS pulse compression system by introducing the image relay in the laser transport line. As a result, we achieve the stably compressed laser pulse with a duration of 2.1 ns and with an energy of 0.84 J. By installing this system into the Compton backscattered X-ray source, the X-ray flux will be increased 3.2 times for the present system at the KPSI-JAEA.

Journal Articles

Metrology of wide field of view nano-thickness foils' homogeneity by conventional and phase contrast soft X-ray imaging

Faenov, A. Y.; Pikuz, T.*; Fukuda, Yuji; Kando, Masaki; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Homma, Takayuki; Kawase, Keigo; Skobelev, I.*; Gasilov, S.*; Kawachi, Tetsuya; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 49(6), p.06GK03_1 - 06GK03_5, 2010/06

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:61.33(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

High temporal and spatial quality petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Tanoue, Manabu*; Kanazawa, Shuhei; Wakai, Daisuke*; Sasao, Fumitaka*; Okada, Hajime; et al.

Optics Letters, 35(10), p.1497 - 1499, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:80 Percentile:3.53(Optics)

OPCPA (Optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification) operation with low gain by seeding with high energy, clean pulses is shown to significantly improve the contrast to better than $$10^{-10}$$-$$10^{-11}$$ in a high intensity Ti:sapphire laser system that is based on chirped pulse amplification. In addition to the high contrast broadband high energy output from the final amplifier is achieved with a flat-topped spatial profile of filling factor near 77%. This is the result of pump beam spatial profile homogenization with diffractive optical elements. Final pulse energies exceed 30-Joules indicating capability for reaching peak powers in excess of 500-TW.

Journal Articles

Intense high-contrast femtosecond $$K$$-shell X-ray source from laser-driven Ar clusters

Chen, L. M.*; Liu, F.*; Wang, W. M.*; Kando, Masaki; Mao, J. Y.*; Zhang, L.*; Ma, J.*; Li, Y. T.*; Bulanov, S. V.; Tajima, Toshiki; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 104(21), p.215004_1 - 215004_4, 2010/05

 Times Cited Count:59 Percentile:9.35(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

High spatiotemporal-quality petawatt-class laser system

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Okada, Hajime; Kondo, Shuji; et al.

Applied Optics, 49(11), p.2105 - 2115, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:13.72(Optics)

We have developed a femtosecond high intensity laser system, which combines both Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification (CPA) and optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) techniques, that produces more than 30-J broadband output energy, indicating the potential for achieving peak powers in excess of 500-TW. With a cleaned high-energy seeded OPCPA preamplifier as a front-end in the system, for the compressed pulse without pumping the final amplifier we found that the temporal contrast in this system exceeds 10$$^{10}$$ on the sub-nanosecond timescales, and is near 10$$^{12}$$ on the nanosecond timescale prior to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. Using diffractive optical elements for beam homogenization of 100-J level high-energy Nd:glass green pump laser in a Ti:sapphire final amplifier, we have successfully generated broadband high-energy output with a near-perfect top-hat-like intensity distribution.

Journal Articles

Method of observing the spot where full-power counter-propagating laser pulses collide in plasma media

Kawase, Keigo; Kando, Masaki; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Homma, Takayuki; Kameshima, Takashi*; Daito, Izuru; Hayashi, Yukio; Kotaki, Hideyuki; Fukuda, Yuji; Esirkepov, T. Z.; et al.

Applied Physics Express, 3, p.016101_1 - 016101_3, 2010/01

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:87.97(Physics, Applied)

A new observation method of providing a precise collision of two full-power counter-propagating laser pulses is proposed and demonstrated. The method is a combination of top-view imaging, side-view shadowgram, extra-ultraviolet (XUV) spectrograph, and returning pulse monitoring. This allows us to align two counter-propagating laser pulses at their colliding point in a real situation (full power laser operation in plasma). The achieved spatial resolution of the monitor in the plasma is 1.35 $$mu{rm m}$$ with the precision level of alignment better than 15 $$mu{rm m}$$ even when there is plasma present.

Journal Articles

A Parameter study of pencil beam proton dose distributions for the treatment of ocular melanoma utilizing spot scanning

Sutherland, K.*; Miyajima, Satoshi*; Date, Hiroyuki*; Shirato, Hiroki*; Ishikawa, Masayori*; Murakami, Masao*; Yamagiwa, Mitsuru; Bolton, P.; Tajima, Toshiki

Radiological Physics and Technology, 3(1), p.16 - 22, 2010/01

211 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)