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Journal Articles

Development of nondestructive elemental analysis system for Hayabusa2 samples using muonic X-rays

Osawa, Takahito; Nagasawa, Shunsaku*; Ninomiya, Kazuhiko*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Nakamura, Tomoki*; Wada, Taiga*; Taniguchi, Akihiro*; Umegaki, Izumi*; Kubo, Kenya*; Terada, Kentaro*; et al.

ACS Earth and Space Chemistry (Internet), 7(4), p.699 - 711, 2023/04

The concentrations of carbon and other major elements in asteroid samples provide very important information on the birth of life on the Earth and the solar-system evolution. Elemental analysis using muonic X-rays is one of the best analytical methods to determine the elemental composition of solid materials, and notably, is the only method to determine the concentration of light elements in bulk samples in a non-destructive manner. We developed a new analysis system using muonic X-rays to measure the concentrations of carbon and other major elements in precious and expectedly tiny samples recovered from the asteroid Ryugu by spacecraft Hayabusa2. Here we report the development process of the system in 4 stages and their system configurations, The analysis system is composed of a stainless-steel analysis chamber, an acrylic glove box for manipulating asteroid samples in a clean environment, and Ge semiconductor detectors arranged to surround the analysis chamber. The performance of the analysis system, including the background level, which is crucial for the measurement, was greatly improved from the first stage to the later ones. Our feasibility study showed that the latest model of our muonic X-ray analysis system is capable of determining the carbon concentration in Hayabusa2's sample model with an uncertainty of less than 10 percent in a 6-day measurement.

Journal Articles

X ray spectroscopy on $$Xi$$$$^-$$ atoms (J-PARC E03, E07 and future)

Yamamoto, Takeshi; Fujita, Manami; Gogami, Toshiyuki*; Harada, Takeshi*; Hayakawa, Shuhei*; Hosomi, Kenji; Ichikawa, Yudai; Ishikawa, Yuji*; Kamata, K.*; Kanauchi, H.*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 271, p.03001_1 - 03001_5, 2022/11

Journal Articles

Strain distribution visualization of punched electrical steel sheets using neutron Bragg-edge transmission imaging

Sasada, Seiji*; Takahashi, Yoshihito*; Takeuchi, Keisuke*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Su, Y. H.; Shinohara, Takenao; Watanabe, Kenichi*; Uritani, Akira*

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 61(4), p.046004_1 - 046004_8, 2022/03

Journal Articles

Benchmark analysis of ductile fracture simulation for circumferentially cracked pipes subjected to bending

Kumagai, Tomohisa*; Miura, Yasufumi*; Miura, Naoki*; Marie, S.*; Almahdi, R.*; Mano, Akihiro; Li, Y.; Katsuyama, Jinya; Wada, Yoshitaka*; Hwang, J.-H.*; et al.

Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, 144(1), p.011509_1 - 011509_18, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:24.39(Engineering, Mechanical)

To predict fracture behavior for ductile materials, some ductile fracture simulation methods different from classical approaches have been investigated based on appropriate models of ductile fracture. For the future use of the methods to overcome restrictions of classical approaches, the applicability to the actual components is of concern. In this study, two benchmark problems on the fracture tests supposing actual components were provided to investigate prediction ability of simulation methods containing parameter decisions. One was the circumferentially through-wall and surface cracked pipes subjected to monotonic bending, and the other was the circumferentially through-wall cracked pipes subjected to cyclic bending. Participants predicted the ductile crack propagation behavior by their own approaches, including FEM employed GTN yielding function with void ratio criterion, are FEM employed GTN yielding function, FEM with fracture strain or energy criterion modified by stress triaxiality, XFEM with J or delta J criterion, FEM with stress triaxiality and plastic strain based ductile crack propagation using FEM, and elastic-plastic peridynamics. Both the deformation and the crack propagation behaviors for monotonic bending were well reproduced, while few participants reproduced those for cyclic bending. To reproduce pipe deformation and fracture behaviors, most of groups needed parameters which were determined toreproduce pipe deformation and fracture behaviors in benchmark problems themselves and it is still difficult to reproduce them by using parameters only from basic materials tests.

Journal Articles

Prediction of Double-heavy Tetraquarks Bound States in Quark Model

Meng, Q.*; Hiyama, Emiko; Hosaka, Atsushi; Oka, Makoto; Gubler, P.; Can, K. U.*; Takahashi, Toru*; Zong, H. S.*

Few-Body Systems, 62(4), p.79_1 - 79_5, 2021/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Dynamical response of transition-edge sensor microcalorimeters to a pulsed charged-particle beam

Okumura, Takuma*; Azuma, Toshiyuki*; Bennet, D. A.*; Caradonna, P.*; Chiu, I.-H.*; Doriese, W. B.*; Durkin, M. S.*; Fowler, J. W.*; Gard, J. D.*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; et al.

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 31(5), p.2101704_1 - 2101704_4, 2021/08

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:12.26(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

A superconducting transition-edge sensor (TES) microcalorimeter is an ideal X-ray detector for experiments at accelerator facilities because of good energy resolution and high efficiency. To study the performance of the TES detector with a high-intensity pulsed charged-particle beam, we measured X-ray spectra with a pulsed muon beam at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) in Japan. We found substantial temporal shifts of the X-ray energy correlated with the arrival time of the pulsed muon beam, which was reasonably explained by pulse pileup due to the incidence of energetic particles from the initial pulsed beam.

Journal Articles

Development of delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy for nuclear safeguards, 2; Designing a compact DGS instrument

Rossi, F.; Abbas, K.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone

Proceedings of INMM & ESARDA Joint Virtual Annual Meeting (Internet), 7 Pages, 2021/08

Journal Articles

Deexcitation dynamics of muonic atoms revealed by high-precision spectroscopy of electronic $$K$$ X rays

Okumura, Takuma*; Azuma, Toshiyuki*; Bennet, D. A.*; Caradonna, P.*; Chiu, I. H.*; Doriese, W. B.*; Durkin, M. S.*; Fowler, J. W.*; Gard, J. D.*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 127(5), p.053001_1 - 053001_7, 2021/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:77.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We observed electronic $$K$$X rays emitted from muonic iron atoms using a superconducting transition-edge-type sensor microcalorimeter. The energy resolution of 5.2 eV in FWHM allowed us to observe the asymmetric broad profile of the electronic characteristic $$K$$$$alpha$$ and $$K$$$$beta$$ X rays together with the hypersatellite $$K$$$$alpha$$ X rays around 6 keV. This signature reflects the time-dependent screening of the nuclear charge by the negative muon and the $$L$$-shell electrons, accompanied by electron side-feeding. Assisted by a simulation, this data clearly reveals the electronic $$K$$- and $$L$$-shell hole production and their temporal evolution during the muon cascade process.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of high-energy delayed gamma-ray spectra dependence on interrogation timing patterns

Rodriguez, D.; Bogucarska, T.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Pedersen, B.*; Rossi, F.; Takahashi, Tone; Varasano, G.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 997, p.165146_1 - 165146_13, 2021/05

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:20.42(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Origin of magnetovolume effect in a cobaltite

Miao, P.*; Tan, Z.*; Lee, S. H.*; Ishikawa, Yoshihisa*; Torii, Shuki*; Yonemura, Masao*; Koda, Akihiro*; Komatsu, Kazuki*; Machida, Shinichi*; Sano, Asami; et al.

Physical Review B, 103(9), p.094302_1 - 094302_18, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:19.61(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The layered perovskite PrBaCo$$_{2}$$O$$_{5.5}$$ demonstrates a strong negative thermal expansion (NTE) which holds potential for being fabricated into composites with zero thermal expansion. The NTE was found to be intimately associated with the spontaneous magnetic ordering, known as magneto-volume effect (MVE). Here we report with compelling evidences that the continuous-like MVE in PrBaCo$$_{2}$$O$$_{5.5}$$ is intrinsically of discontinuous character, originating from an magnetoelectric transition from an antiferromagnetic insulating large-volume (AFILV) phase to a ferromagnetic less-insulating small-volume (FLISV) phase. Furthermore, the magnetoelectric effect (ME) shows high sensitivity to multiple external stimuli such as temperature, carrier doping, hydrostatic pressure, magnetic field etc. In contrast to the well-known ME such as colossal magnetoresistance and multi-ferroic effect which involve symmetry breaking of crystal structure, the ME in the cobaltite is purely isostructural. Our discovery provides a new path way to realizing the ME as well as the NTE, which may find applications in new techniques.

Journal Articles

Stable double-heavy tetraquarks; Spectrum and structure

Meng, Q.*; Hiyama, Emiko*; Hosaka, Atsushi; Oka, Makoto; Gubler, P.; Can, K. U.*; Takahashi, Toru*; Zong, H. S.*

Physics Letters B, 814, p.136095_1 - 136095_6, 2021/03

 Times Cited Count:29 Percentile:98.96(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

JAEA-JRC collaborative development of delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy for nuclear material evaluation, 3; Fissile mass estimation with uranium samples

Rossi, F.; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone; Abbas, K.*; Bogucarska, T.*; Crochemore, J.-M.*; Pedersen, B.*; Varasano, G.*

61st Annual Meeting of the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM 2020), Vol.2, p.907 - 911, 2021/00

Journal Articles

Radionuclides from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial systems

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kato, Hiroaki*; Takahashi, Junko*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Coppin, F.*; Smith, H.*

Nature Reviews Earth & Environment (Internet), 1(12), p.644 - 660, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:66 Percentile:89.93(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Author correction; Radionuclides from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in terrestrial systems

Onda, Yuichi*; Taniguchi, Keisuke*; Yoshimura, Kazuya; Kato, Hiroaki*; Takahashi, Junko*; Wakiyama, Yoshifumi*; Coppin, F.*; Smith, H.*

Nature Reviews Earth & Environment (Internet), 1(12), P. 694_1, 2020/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.26(Environmental Sciences)

Journal Articles

Correlating the fissile mass of standard uranium samples with delayed gamma rays from fission products

Rossi, F.; Bogucarska, T.*; Koizumi, Mitsuo; Lee, H.-J.; Pedersen, B.*; Rodriguez, D.; Takahashi, Tone; Varasano, G.*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 977, p.164306_1 - 164306_7, 2020/10

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:37.81(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Charmed baryon spectrum from lattice QCD near the physical point

Bahtiyar, H.*; Can, K. U.*; Erkol, G.*; Gubler, P.; Oka, Makoto; Takahashi, Toru*

Physical Review D, 102(5), p.054513_1 - 054513_18, 2020/09

AA2020-0041.pdf:2.4MB

 Times Cited Count:25 Percentile:87.59(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Spectrum of the ground state and excited states of charmed baryons was evaluated in the lattice QCD, the first principle of hadronic interaction. We deliver the spectrum of the positive and negative parity baryons with one, two or three charmed quarks. A variational approach was employed by the use of multiple operators with different Dirac matrix configurations and the smearings.

Journal Articles

Local structure of rare earth elements (REE) in marine ferromanganese oxides by extended X-ray absorption fine structure and its comparison with REE in ion-adsorption type deposits

Nagasawa, Makoto*; Qin, H.-B.*; Yamaguchi, Akiko; Takahashi, Yoshio*

Chemistry Letters, 49(8), p.909 - 911, 2020/08

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:10.79(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Pre- and post-accident $$^{14}$$C activities in tree rings near the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant

Matsunaka, Tetsuya*; Sasa, Kimikazu*; Takahashi, Tsutomu*; Matsumura, Masumi*; Satou, Yukihiko; Shen, H.*; Sueki, Keisuke*; Matsuzaki, Hiroyuki*

Radiocarbon, 61(6), p.1633 - 1642, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:12.08(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Journal Articles

Radiative transitions of singly and doubly charmed baryons in lattice QCD

Bahtiyar, H.*; Can, K. U.*; Erkol, G.*; Oka, Makoto; Takahashi, Toru*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.022027_1 - 022027_4, 2019/11

Transition amplitude of spin 3/2 single and double-charm baryon to spin 1/2 ground state was evaluated in the lattice QCD, the first principle.

Journal Articles

Spectrum of the charmed baryons in 2+1-flavor lattice QCD

Can, K. U.*; Bahtiyar, H.*; Erkol, G.*; Gubler, P.; Oka, Makoto; Takahashi, Toru*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.022028_1 - 022028_5, 2019/11

Spectrum of the ground state and excited states of charmed baryons was evaluated in the lattice QCD, the first principle.

125 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)