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Journal Articles

Study on plutonium burner high temperature gas-cooled reactor in Japan; Introduction scenario, reactor safety and fabrication tests of the 3S-TRISO fuel

Ueta, Shohei; Mizuta, Naoki; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Tachibana, Yukio; Honda, Masaki*; Saiki, Yohei*; Takahashi, Masashi*; Ohira, Koichi*; Nakano, Masaaki*; et al.

Nuclear Engineering and Design, 357, p.110419_1 - 110419_10, 2020/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:39.17(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The concept of a plutonium (Pu) burner HTGR is proposed to incarnate highly-effective Pu utilization by its inherent safety features. The security and safety fuel (3S-TRISO fuel) employs the coated fuel particle with a fuel kernel made of plutonium dioxide (PuO$$_{2}$$) and yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) as an inert matrix. This paper presents feasibility study of Pu burner HTGR and R&D on the 3S-TRISO fuel.

Journal Articles

Upgrade of the 3-MeV linac for testing of accelerator components at J-PARC

Kondo, Yasuhiro; Hirano, Koichiro; Ito, Takashi; Kikuzawa, Nobuhiro; Kitamura, Ryo; Morishita, Takatoshi; Oguri, Hidetomo; Okoshi, Kiyonori; Shinozaki, Shinichi; Shinto, Katsuhiro; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 1350, p.012077_1 - 012077_7, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.07

We have upgraded a 3-MeV linac at J-PARC. The ion source is same as the J-PARC linac's, and the old 30-mA RFQ is replaced by a spare 50-mA RFQ, therefore, the beam energy is 3 MeV and the nominal beam current is 50 mA. The main purpose of this system is to test the spare RFQ, but also used for testing of various components required in order to keep the stable operation of the J-PARC accelerator. The accelerator has been already commissioned, and measurement programs have been started. In this paper, present status of this 3-MeV linac is presented.

Journal Articles

Conceptual study of a plutonium burner high temperature gas-cooled reactor with high nuclear proliferation resistance

Goto, Minoru; Demachi, Kazuyuki*; Ueta, Shohei; Nakano, Masaaki*; Honda, Masaki*; Tachibana, Yukio; Inaba, Yoshitomo; Aihara, Jun; Fukaya, Yuji; Tsuji, Nobumasa*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st International Conference & Exhibition; Nuclear Fuel Cycle for a Low-Carbon Future (GLOBAL 2015) (USB Flash Drive), p.507 - 513, 2015/09

A concept of a plutonium burner HTGR named as Clean Burn, which has a high nuclear proliferation resistance, had been proposed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency. In addition to the high nuclear proliferation resistance, in order to enhance the safety, we propose to introduce PuO$$_{2}$$-YSZ TRISO fuel with ZrC coating to the Clean Burn. In this study, we conduct fabrication tests aiming to establish the basic technologies for fabrication of PuO$$_{2}$$-YSZ TRISO fuel with ZrC coating. Additionally, we conduct a quantitative evaluation of the security for the safety, a design of the fuel and the reactor core, and a safety evaluation for the Clean Burn to confirm the feasibility. This study is conducted by The University of Tokyo, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., and Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. It was started in FY2014 and will be completed in FY2017, and the first year of the implementation was on schedule.

Journal Articles

Spontaneous formation of suboxidic coordination around Co in ferromagnetic rutile Ti$$_{0.95}$$Co$$_{0.05}$$O$$_2$$ film

Hu, W.*; Hayashi, Koichi*; Fukumura, Tomoteru*; Akagi, Kazuto*; Tsukada, Masaru*; Happo, Naohisa*; Hosokawa, Shinya*; Owada, Kenji; Takahashi, Masamitsu; Suzuki, Motohiro*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 106(22), p.222403_1 - 222403_5, 2015/06

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:82.92(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Irradiation performance of HTGR fuel in WWR-K research reactor

Ueta, Shohei; Shaimerdenov, A.*; Gizatulin, S.*; Chekushina, L.*; Honda, Masaki*; Takahashi, Masashi*; Kitagawa, Kenichi*; Chakrov, P.*; Sakaba, Nariaki

Proceedings of 7th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2014) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2014/10

A capsule irradiation test with the high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) fuel is being carried out using WWR-K research reactor in the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Republic of Kazakhstan (INP) to attain 100 GWd/t-U of burnup under normal operating condition of a practical small-sized HTGR. This is the first HTGR fuel irradiation test for INP in Kazakhstan collaborated with Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) in frame of International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) project. In the test, TRISO coated fuel particle with low-enriched UO$$_{2}$$ (less than 10% of $$^{235}$$U) is used, which was newly designed by JAEA to extend burnup up to 100 GWd/t-U comparing with that of the HTTR (33 GWd/t-U). Both TRISO and fuel compact as the irradiation test specimen were fabricated in basis of the HTTR fuel technology by Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd. in Japan. A helium-gas-swept capsule and a swept-gas sampling device installed in WWR-K were designed and constructed by INP. The irradiation test has been started in October 2012 and will be completed up to the end of February 2015. The irradiation test is in the progress up to 69 GWd/t of burnup, and integrity of new TRISO fuel has been confirmed. In addition, as predicted by the fuel design, fission gas release was observed due to additional failure of as-fabricated SiC-defective fuel.

JAEA Reports

Research for spectroscopy of fuel debris using superconducting phase transition edge sensor microcalorimeter; Measurement experiment and simulated calculation (Joint research)

Takasaki, Koji; Yasumune, Takashi; Onishi, Takashi; Nakamura, Keisuke; Ishimi, Akihiro; Ito, Chikara; Osaka, Masahiko; Ono, Masashi*; Hatakeyama, Shuichi*; Takahashi, Hiroyuki*; et al.

JAEA-Research 2013-043, 33 Pages, 2014/01

JAEA-Research-2013-043.pdf:13.81MB

In the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, it is assumed that the core fuels melted partially or wholly, and the normal technique of accounting for a fuel assembly is not applicable. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the transparent and rational technique of accounting in the process of collection and storage of fuel debris. In this research, an application of the superconducting phase Transition Edge Sensor microcalorimeter (TES microcalorimeter) is studied for the accounting of nuclear materials in the fuel debris. It is expected that the detailed information of nuclear materials and fission products in fuel debris is obtained by using a high-resolution characteristic of TES microcalorimeter. In this report, the principle of TES microcalorimeter, the measurement experiment using TES in JAEA, and the simulated calculation using the EGS5 code system are summarized.

Journal Articles

Lanthanides ($$^{151}$$Eu and $$^{155}$$Gd)-M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopic study of defect-fluorite oxides coupled with new defect crystal chemistry model

Nakamura, Akio; Igawa, Naoki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Hinatsu, Yukio*; Wang, J.*; Takahashi, Masashi*; Takeda, Masuo*

M$"o$ssbauer Spectroscopy; Applications in Chemistry, Biology, and Nanotechnology, p.71 - 94, 2013/10

Journal Articles

Defect-fluorite oxides; Ln (Eu and Gd) M$"o$ssbauer study coupled with new defect-crystal-chemistry model

Nakamura, Akio; Igawa, Naoki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Wang, J.*; Hinatsu, Yukio*; Takahashi, Masashi*; Takeda, Masuo*

Hyperfine Interactions, 217(1-3), p.17 - 26, 2013/04

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:54.32

Journal Articles

Uniaxial-pressure control of magnetic phase transitions in a frustrated magnet CuFe$$_{1-x}$$Ga$$_{x}$$O$$_{2}$$ (x =0, 0.018)

Nakajima, Taro*; Mitsuda, Setsuo*; Takahashi, Keiichiro*; Yoshitomi, Keisuke*; Masuda, Kazuya*; Kaneko, Chikafumi*; Homma, Yuki*; Kobayashi, Satoru*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Kosaka, Masashi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(9), p.094710_1 - 094710_8, 2012/09

Journal Articles

Uniaxial-pressure control of magnetic phase transitions in a frustrated magnet CuFe$$_{1-x}$$Ga$$_{x}$$O$$_{2}$$ ($$x$$ = 0, 0.018)

Nakajima, Taro*; Mitsuda, Setsuo*; Takahashi, Keiichiro*; Yoshitomi, Keisuke*; Masuda, Kazuya*; Kaneko, Chikafumi*; Homma, Yuki*; Kobayashi, Satoru*; Kitazawa, Hideaki*; Kosaka, Masashi*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(9), p.094710_1 - 094710_8, 2012/09

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:62.78(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Systematic measurement of lineal energy distributions for proton, He and Si ion beams over a wide energy range using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Satoh, Daiki; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Ban, Shuichi*; Takada, Masashi*

Journal of Radiation Research, 53(2), p.264 - 271, 2012/04

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:49.51(Biology)

Deposit energy distribution in microscopic site is basic information for understanding of biological effects of energetic heavy ion beams. To estimate RBE, lineal energy, $$y$$, can be an appropriate physical index. In this work, a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter has been designed and used for the measurement of $$y$$ distributions, $$y$$$$f$$($$y$$), for 160 MeV H, 150 MeV/u He, 290 MeV/u C, 490 MeV/u Si and 500 MeV/u Ar. Data of $$y$$$$f$$($$y$$) were also obtained in the wide range of LET. The dose-means of $$y$$, $$overline{y}$$$$_{D}$$, were compared with those calculated by the microdosimetric function of PHITS. It is found that the calculated $$y$$$$f$$($$y$$) and $$overline{y}$$$$_{D}$$ agree fairly well with those measured. The values of $$overline{y}$$$$_{D}$$ are larger than those of LET less than $$sim$$10 keV/$$mu$$m because of the discrete energy deposition by delta rays, while the relation is reversed above 10 keV/$$mu$$m. The results indicate that care should be taken in the difference between $$overline{y}$$$$_{D}$$ and LET when the values of RBE of energetic heavy ions are estimated.

Journal Articles

$$^{155}$$Gd M$"o$ssbauer spectroscopic and powder X-ray diffraction study of CeO$$_{2}$$ - GdO$$_{1.5}$$ solid solution

Nakamura, Akio; imai, kazutaka*; Igawa, Naoki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Yamamoto, Etsuji; Matsukawa, Shiro*; Takahashi, Masashi*

Hyperfine Interactions, 207(1-3), p.67 - 71, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:88.89

Journal Articles

Measurement of lineal energy distribution of heavy ion using wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Satoh, Daiki; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Ban, Shuichi*; Takada, Masashi*

KEK Proceedings 2011-8, p.100 - 108, 2011/12

Deposit energy distribution in microscopic site is basic information for understanding of biological effects of energetic heavy ion beams. To estimate RBE, lineal energy, y, can be an appropriate physical index. In this work, a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter has been designed and used for the measurement of y distributions, $$yf(y)$$, for 160 MeV H, 150 MeV/u He and 490 MeV/u Si ion beams. Data of $$yf(y)$$ and the dose-means of $$y$$, $$overline{y}_D$$, were compared with those calculated by the microdosimetric function of PHITS. It is found that the calculated $$yf(y)$$ and $$overline{y}_D$$ agree fairly well with those measured, as well as the already reported result of 290 MeV/u carbon beam.

Journal Articles

Measurement of deposit energy distribution of heavy ions using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Saito, Kiwamu*; Takada, Masashi*

HIMAC-136, p.219 - 220, 2011/11

Measurements of lineal energy distribution were employed using 160 MeV proton and 490 MeV/u Si. The calculated $$yf(y)$$ by PHITS and $$overline{y}_D$$ agree fairly well with those measured. The LET dependence of $$overline{y}_D$$ was obtained from 3 to 300 keV/um in this project.

Journal Articles

Analysis of the effect of structural materials in a wall-less tissue-equivalent proportional counter irradiated by 290 MeV u$$^{-1}$$ carbon beam

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Satoh, Daiki; Endo, Akira; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Ban, Shuichi*; Takada, Masashi*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 143(2-4), p.450 - 454, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:36.36(Environmental Sciences)

A wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter, wall-less TEPC, has been designed and used for the measurement of the y distributions for energetic heavy ions in order to verify a biological dose calculation model incorporated in the PHITS code. It is found that the dose-mean value of y obtained by the wall-less TEPC is 50 - 60% of the LET of the argon ions in water, since the delta-rays with relatively low y can be measured.

Journal Articles

Measurement of microdosimetric spectra with a wall-less tissue-equivalent proportional counter for 290 MeV/u $$^{12}$$C beam

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Satoh, Daiki; Endo, Akira; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Ban, Shuichi*; Takada, Masashi*

Physics in Medicine & Biology, 55(17), p.5089 - 5101, 2010/09

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:57.41(Engineering, Biomedical)

The frequency distribution of the lineal energy of 290 MeV/u carbon beam was measured using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter (wall-less TEPC) in a cylindrical volume with simulated diameter 0.72 $$mu$$m in verifying the accuracy of a dose calculation model. The measured lineal energy distribution as well as its dose-mean value agreed fairly well with the corresponding data from microdosimetric calculations using the PHITS code within the experimental uncertainty. It is found that a wall-less TEPC is needed to measure the precise energy deposition spectra of the delta rays produced secondarily by energetic heavy ion beams. The measured data also indicate that more than 11% of the energy escaped from the path of the trajectory of the carbon beam.

Journal Articles

Measurement of deposit energy distribution of heavy ions using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Endo, Akira; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Saito, Kiwamu*; Takada, Masashi*

HIMAC-134 (CD-ROM), p.227 - 228, 2010/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of lineal energy distribution by a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter for heavy ion beams

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Satoh, Daiki; Endo, Akira; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Iwase, Hiroshi*; Ban, Shuichi*; Takada, Masashi*

KEK Proceedings 2009-12, p.36 - 44, 2010/01

Knowledge of energy deposition at micrometer dimensions along heavy ion tracks is essential to understand the biological effects of radiation. Wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter (wall-less TEPC) was produced for the purpose of measurement of lineal energy distribution including secondary-produced high-energy electrons, delta-rays. The measurement using the wall-less TEPC was performed at Heavy Ion Medical Accelerator at NIRS, Japan. It is found that lineal energy distributions could be measured for primary carbon beam with energy of 400MeV per nucleon and delta-rays. Detail of the experiment, energy calibration and estimation of delta-rays production will be presented.

Journal Articles

Measurement of deposit energy distribution of heavy ions using a wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter

Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko; Satoh, Daiki; Takahashi, Fumiaki; Endo, Akira; Sasaki, Shinichi*; Namito, Yoshihito*; Sanami, Toshiya*; Saito, Kiwamu*; Takada, Masashi*

NIRS-M-226, HIMAC-132, p.264 - 265, 2009/06

A wall-less tissue equivalent proportional counter was designed and applied to measuring deposit energy distribution of heavy ion beams, including the contribution of delta-rays produced along heavy ion tracks. Lineal energy distributions were obtained for 400 MeV/u carbon and 490 MeV/u silicon beams.

Journal Articles

Correlation between initial deformation ratio of convergence and lining stress in shaft excavation

Yamazaki, Masanao; Tsusaka, Kimikazu; Hatsuyama, Yoshihiro*; Minamide, Masashi*; Takahashi, Akihiro*

Dai-38-Kai Gamban Rikigaku Ni Kansuru Shimpojiumu Koen Rombunshu (CD-ROM), p.196 - 201, 2009/01

The Underground Research Laboratory in Hokkaido has been constructed by JAEA. In shaft excavation, convergence, lining stress, etc. are measured and analyzed in order to evaluate the validity of a support design. In this report, correlation between initial deformation ratio of convergence and lining stress in shaft excavation is discussed. Prediction equation of the lining stress from the initial deformation ratio of convergence in the short step method is also proposed.

54 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)