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Journal Articles

Observation of morphological abnormalities in silkworm pupae after feeding $$^{137}$$CsCl-supplemented diet to evaluate the effects of low dose-rate exposure

Tanaka, Sota; Kinouchi, Tadatoshi*; Fujii, Tsuguru*; Imanaka, Tetsuji*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Maki, Daisuke*; Notomi, Akihiro*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.16055_1 - 16055_7, 2020/09

Since the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, morphological abnormalities of the lepidopteran insects have been reported. However, it is unclear whether the abnormalities were caused directly by radiation because they did not study on absorbed dose and dose-effect relationship. In this study, we conducted an internal exposure experiment on silkworm using $$^{137}$$CsCl-supplemented artificial diet and estimated the absorbed dose to evaluate the morphological abnormalities in silkworm. The ratio of wing to whole body of pupae was compared between the $$^{137}$$CsCl-exposured and control groups and no significant differences were observed between the groups. This result suggest that morphological abnormalities in lepidopterans are unlikely due to direct radiation effects from $$^{137}$$Cs contamination after the FDNPP accident.

Journal Articles

Radioactive cesium contamination of arthropods and earthworms after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

Tanaka, Sota; Adachi, Taro*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems; Long-Term Study on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, p.43 - 52, 2020/00

To understand the behavior of radiocesium in terrestrial invertebrates, chronological changes in the concentration of radiocesium in arthropods and earthworms from different trophic levels were investigated after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The median radiocesium concentrations in the rice grasshopper, Oxya yezoensis, and the Emma field cricket, Teleogryllus emma, were 0.46 and 0.15 Bq/g fw in 2012, respectively, which dropped continuously to 0.05 and 0.01 Bq/g fw in 2016. In contrast, no significant reduction in radiocesium concentration was observed in the Joro Spider, Nephila clavata, in which the concentration was 0.31 Bq/g fw in 2012 and remained at 0.14 Bq/g fw in 2016. The comparison of radiocesium concentrations at each trophic level showed that the amount in detritivorous earthworms was 85 times higher than in herbivorous grasshoppers. This suggests that detritus food web could be a primary pathway of radiocesium through food webs.

Journal Articles

Radiocesium concentration in flying insects collected from a radioactive contaminated area after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

Tanaka, Sota; Kakinuma, Hotaru*; Adachi, Taro*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

KEK Proceedings 2019-2, p.179 - 182, 2019/11

The concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in flying insects was investigated after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident. The insects were collected at about 11 km north west of the FDNPP at two different sites in the forest and riverside. The median concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in flying insects in the forest was significantly higher than riverside. However, high concentration of $$^{137}$$Cs in detritus fly (Diptera: Calliphoridae) was observed at both sites. The concentration of fly at the forest and riverside were 16$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ Bq/kg fw and 18$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ Bq/kg fw, respectively. The result shows that the concentration of radiocesium in detritus fly were still high 8 years after the accident. This suggests that detritus food chain is a dominant transfer pathway of radiocesium to higher trophic level species such as spiders.

Journal Articles

Estimation of the release time of radio-tellurium during the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident and its relationship to individual plant events

Takahashi, Sentaro*; Kawashima, Shigeto*; Hidaka, Akihide; Tanaka, Sota*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*

Nuclear Technology, 205(5), p.646 - 654, 2019/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:28.85(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Oral presentation

Biodistribution and biological half-life of radioactive cesium in epigeic earthworms

Tanaka, Sota; Adachi, Taro*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Takahashi, Sentaro*

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

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