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Journal Articles

Increase in cell motility by carbon ion irradiation via the Rho signaling pathway and its inhibition by the ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

Murata, Kazutoshi*; Noda, Shinei*; Oike, Takahiro*; Takahashi, Akihisa*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Ono, Tatsuya*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Takahashi, Takeo*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 55(4), p.658 - 664, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:60.96(Biology)

The effect of carbon ion irradiation on cell motility through the Rho signaling pathway in the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line A549 was studied. At 48 h after irradiation, the cell motility of A549 cells became significantly greater, and the formation of protrusions significantly increased in cells irradiated with carbon ion. The observed increase in cell motility due to carbon ion irradiation was similar to that observed due to X-ray irradiation. Western-blot analysis showed that carbon ion irradiation increased P-MLC2-S19 expression compared with in unirradiated controls, while total MLC2 expression was unchanged. Exposure to a non-toxic concentration of Y-27632, a specific inhibitor of ROCK, reduced the expression of P-MLC2-S19 after C-ion irradiation, resulting in a significant reduction in migration. These data suggest that carbon irradiation increases cell motility in A549 cells via the Rho signaling pathway and that ROCK inhibition reduces that effect.

Journal Articles

Synergistic effect of heat shock protein 90 inhibitor, 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin and X-rays, but not carbon-ion beams, on lethality in human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells

Musha, Atsushi*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Takahashi, Takeo*; Ando, Koichi*; Funayama, Tomoo; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Negishi, Akihide*; Yokoo, Satoshi*; Nakano, Takashi*

Journal of Radiation Research, 53(4), p.545 - 550, 2012/07

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:49.51(Biology)

Journal Articles

Radiation-induced ICAM-1 expression via TGF-$$beta$$1 pathway on human umbilical vein endothelial cells; Comparison between X-ray and carbon-ion beam irradiation

Kiyohara, Hiroki*; Ishizaki, Yasuki*; Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Kato, Hiroyuki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Ono, Tatsuya*; Takahashi, Takeo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Nakano, Takashi*

Journal of Radiation Research, 52(3), p.287 - 292, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:52.22(Biology)

Journal Articles

Effectiveness of carbon-ion beams for apoptosis induction in rat primary immature hippocampal neurons

Kaminuma, Takuya*; Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Shirai, Katsuyuki*; Mizui, Toshiyuki*; Noda, Shinei*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Funayama, Tomoo; Takahashi, Takeo*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Shirao, Tomoaki*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 51(6), p.627 - 631, 2010/11

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:37.34(Biology)

JAEA Reports

Conceptual design of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi*; Enoeda, Mikio; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Hayashi, Takumi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Uto, Hiroyasu; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nishitani, Takeo; Isono, Takaaki; et al.

JAEA-Research 2010-019, 194 Pages, 2010/08

JAEA-Research-2010-019-01.pdf:48.47MB
JAEA-Research-2010-019-02.pdf:19.4MB

This report describes the results of the conceptual design study of the SlimCS fusion DEMO reactor aiming at demonstrating fusion power production in a plant scale and allowing to assess the economic prospects of a fusion power plant. The design study has focused on a compact and low aspect ratio tokamak reactor concept with a reduced-sized central solenoid, which is novel compared with previous tokamak reactor concept such as SSTR (Steady State Tokamak Reactor). The reactor has the main parameters of a major radius of 5.5 m, aspect ratio of 2.6, elongation of 2.0, normalized beta of 4.3, fusion out put of 2.95 GW and average neutron wall load of 3 MW/m$$^{2}$$. This report covers various aspects of design study including systemic design, physics design, torus configuration, blanket, superconducting magnet, maintenance and building, which were carried out increase the engineering feasibility of the concept.

Journal Articles

Recent advances in the biology of heavy-ion cancer therapy

Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Imaoka, Tatsuhiko*; Masunaga, Shinichiro*; Ogata, Toshiyuki*; Okayasu, Ryuichi*; Takahashi, Akihisa*; Kato, Takamitsu*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Onishi, Takeo*; Ono, Koji*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Research, 51(4), p.365 - 383, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:102 Percentile:91.64(Biology)

Journal Articles

Compact DEMO, SlimCS; Design progress and issues

Tobita, Kenji; Nishio, Satoshi; Enoeda, Mikio; Kawashima, Hisato; Kurita, Genichi; Tanigawa, Hiroyasu; Nakamura, Hirofumi; Honda, Mitsuru; Saito, Ai*; Sato, Satoshi; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(7), p.075029_1 - 075029_10, 2009/07

 Times Cited Count:125 Percentile:98.18(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Recent design study on SlimCS focused mainly on the torus configuration including blanket, divertor, materials and maintenance scheme. For vertical stability of elongated plasma and high beta access, a sector-wide conducting shell is arranged in between replaceable and permanent blanket. The reactor adopts pressurized-water-cooled solid breeding blanket. Compared with the previous advanced concept with supercritical water, the design options satisfying tritium self-sufficiency are relatively scarce. Considered divertor technology and materials, an allowable heat load to the divertor plate should be 8 MW/m$$^{2}$$ or lower, which can be a critical constraint for determining a handling power of DEMO (a combination of alpha heating power and external input power for current drive).

Journal Articles

Functional materials for diagnostics and plasma control

Nishitani, Takeo; Ishitsuka, Etsuo; To, Kentaro; Shikama, Tatsuo*; Takahashi, Koji

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(10), p.635 - 645, 2008/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Vanguards of paradigm shift in radiation biology; Radiation-induced adaptive and bystander responses

Matsumoto, Hideki*; Hamada, Nobuyuki*; Takahashi, Akihisa*; Kobayashi, Yasuhiko; Onishi, Takeo*

Journal of Radiation Research, 48(2), p.97 - 106, 2007/03

 Times Cited Count:116 Percentile:91.55(Biology)

The risks of low dose ionizing irradiation ($$<$$ 100 mSv) have been estimated using a linear no-threshold model by extrapolating from data obtained after high dose irradiation. The validity of this dose-response model is, however, controversial because evidence accumulated for over the past decade has shown that response of living organisms including humans to low dose/low dose-rate radiation is different from that to high dose/high dose-rate radiation. In another words, findings that cannot be explained by the classical "target theory" of radiobiology have accumulated. The radiation-induced adaptive response, bystander effects, low-dose radio-hypersensitivity, and genomic instability are specifically observed in response to low dose/low dose-rate radiation, and underpinnings of these responses often involve biochemical/molecular signals responding to targeted and non-targeted events. Recently, interrelations between the radioadaptive and bystander responses have been increasingly reported. We review observations supporting the existence of the latter two phenomena, and discuss the possible link between them from the aspect of production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species.

Journal Articles

Charged-particle spectrometry using a pencil-beam DT neutron source for double-differential cross-section measurement

Kondo, Keitaro; Murata, Isao*; Ochiai, Kentaro; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Takagi, Satoshi*; Shido, Shoichi*; Takahashi, Akito*; Nishitani, Takeo

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 568(2), p.723 - 733, 2006/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:73.49(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Deuteron-tritium (DT) neutron induced charged-particle emission double-differential cross section (DDXc) is quite important to estimate nuclear heating, material damages for a fusion reactor. In order to realize the accurate measurement of the DDXc data especially for light nuclei, we propose a unique spectrometer system and a data processing method in this paper. The spectrometer overcomes the fundamental difficulty of the DDXc measurement with a pencil-beam neutron source and a counter telescope consisting of silicon surface barrier detectors. A superior S/N ratio, fine energy and angular resolutions, a wide detection energy range, and a excellent particle discrimination are realized. In order to confirm the validity of the spectrometer, measurements of the emitted $$alpha$$-particle from $$^{27}$$Al(${it n,x$alpha$}$) reaction and the recoiled proton from $$^{1}$$H(${it n,n}$) reaction are carried out. Based on the results, we conclude the validity and the superiority of the present spectrometry technique.

JAEA Reports

Development of measurement technique for charged-particle emission double-differential cross section using pencil-beam neutron source (Cooperative research)

Kondo, Keitaro; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Nishitani, Takeo; Murata, Isao*; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Akito*

JAEA-Research 2006-016, 50 Pages, 2006/03

JAEA-Research-2006-016.pdf:6.25MB

Charged-particle emission double- differential cross section (DDXc) is quite important to estimate nuclear heating, material damages of a fusion reactor. We have developed a new technique for detailed measurement of DDXc. The technique overcomes fundamental difficulties of DDXc measurement with a pencil-beam neutron source and a counter telescope consisting of silicon surface barrier detectors. A superior S/N ratio, fine energy and angular resolutions, a wide detection energy range, and an excellent particle discrimination are realized together with a reasonable measurement time. In order to confirm the validity of the spectrometer, measurements of the emitted $$alpha$$-particle from $$^{27}$$Al(n,x$$alpha$$) reaction and the recoiled proton from $$^{1}$$H(n,n) reaction are carried out. Based on the results, we conclude the validity and the superiority of the present spectrometry technique.

Journal Articles

New approach to measure double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections of several materials for a fusion reactor

Kondo, Keitaro; Takagi, Satoshi*; Murata, Isao*; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Akito*; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Ochiai, Kentaro; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1527 - 1533, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:65.95(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In a fusion reactor development, double-differential charged-particle emission cross sections(DDXc) are necessary to estimate nuclear heating and material damages of candidate materials irradiated with neutrons. Especially in light nuclei such as Be, Li, and C, nuclear reactions are complicated and difficult to estimate energy spectra of emitted particles based only on theoretical calculations Therefore development of a new technique for precise measurements of DDXc is quite important. Recently we successfully developed a new spectrometer for measurement of DDXc using a pencil-beam DT neutron source of FNS in JAERI. In the present study we carried out measurements of DDXc of $$^{9}$$Be, $$^{12}$$C, $$^{19}$$F, and $$^{27}$$Al using the spectrometer. The present technique was valid from the result of measurement for the $$^{27}$$Al(n,x$$alpha$$) reactions. Slight differences appeared between measured data and evaluation or previous experimental values for $$^{9}$$Be(n,x$$alpha$$) reactions at backward scattering angle and in lower energy region.

Journal Articles

Measurement of energetic charged particles produced in fusion materials with 14 MeV neutron irradiation

Ochiai, Kentaro; Kondo, Keitaro; Murata, Isao*; Miyamaru, Hiroyuki*; Kubota, Naoyoshi; Takahashi, Akito*; Nishitani, Takeo

Fusion Engineering and Design, 75-79, p.859 - 863, 2005/11

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The Fusion Neutronics Source (FNS) of JAERI currently carries out the measurements of energetic charged particles emitted from fusion materials irradiated with a well-collimated 14 MeV neutron beam. At the beginning, the double differential cross section beryllium was measured. We have measured proton, triton and a particle emitted from a beryllium sample of 100 $$mu$$m in thickness.The a particle and triton were produced by $$^{9}$$Be(n,$$alpha$$)$$^{6}$$He, $$^{9}$$Be(n,2n)2$$alpha$$ and $$^{9}$$Be(n,t)$$^{7}$$Li reactions respectively. Measured total reaction rates from the counts of a particles and tritons were 2.7$$times$$10$$^{-24}$$ and 6$$times$$10$$^{-27}$$/atom/neutron, respectively, which were consistent with the calculated values from the nuclear data JENDL-3.2.

Journal Articles

D-T neutron skyshine experiments and the MCNP analysis

Nishitani, Takeo; Ochiai, Kentaro; Yoshida, Shigeo*; Tanaka, Ryohei*; Wakisaka, Masashi*; Nakao, Makoto*; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Hori, Junichi; Wada, Masayuki*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 41(Suppl.4), p.58 - 61, 2004/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Measurement of radiation skyshine with D-T neutron source

Yoshida, Shigeo*; Nishitani, Takeo; Ochiai, Kentaro; Kaneko, Junichi*; Hori, Junichi; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Tanaka, Ryohei*; Nakao, Makoto*; Wada, Masayuki*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 69(1-4), p.637 - 641, 2003/09

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:47.54(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

D-T neutron skyshine experiments at JAERI/FNS

Nishitani, Takeo; Ochiai, Kentaro; Yoshida, Shigeo*; Tanaka, Ryohei*; Wakisaka, Masashi*; Nakao, Makoto*; Sato, Satoshi; Yamauchi, Michinori*; Hori, Junichi; Takahashi, Akito*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 79(3), p.282 - 289, 2003/03

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Establishment of a clean chemistry laboratory at JAERI; Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research (CLEAR)

Hanzawa, Yukiko; Magara, Masaaki; Watanabe, Kazuo; Esaka, Fumitaka; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Gunji, Katsubumi*; Yamamoto, Yoichi; Takahashi, Tsukasa; Sakurai, Satoshi; et al.

JAERI-Tech 2002-103, 141 Pages, 2003/02

JAERI-Tech-2002-103.pdf:10.38MB

The JAERI has established a facility with a cleanroom: the Clean Laboratory for Environmental Analysis and Research (CLEAR). This report is an overview of the design, construction and performance evaluation of the CLEAR in the initial stage of the laboratory operation in June 2001. The CLEAR is a facility to be used for ultra trace analyses of nuclear materials in environmental samples for the safeguards, for the CTBT verification and for researches on environmental sciences. The CLEAR meets double requirements of a cleanroom and for handling of nuclear materials. Much attention was paid to the construction materials of the cleanroom for trace analysis of metal elements using corrosive acids. The air conditioning and purification system, experimental equipment, utilities and safety systems are also demonstrated. The potential contamination from the completed cleanroom atmosphere during the analytical procedure was evaluated. It can be concluded that the CLEAR has provided a suitable condition for reliable analysis of ultra trace amounts of nuclear materials in environmental samples.

Journal Articles

Recent status of developments in analytical methods for safeguards environmental samples; Focused on particle analysis

Esaka, Fumitaka; Magara, Masaaki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Sakurai, Satoshi; Taguchi, Takuji; Takai, Konomi; Sakakibara, Takaaki; Kurosawa, Setsumi; Takahashi, Masato; Yasuda, Kenichiro; et al.

Dai-22-Kai Kaku Busshitsu Kanri Gakkai Nihon Shibu Nenji Taikai Rombunshu, 8 Pages, 2001/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of trace analytical technology for nuclear materials in the clean laboratory for environmental analysis and research

Usuda, Shigekazu; Watanabe, Kazuo; Sakurai, Satoshi; Magara, Masaaki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Esaka, Fumitaka; Miyamoto, Yutaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Saito, Yoko; Gunji, Katsubumi*; et al.

KEK Proceedings 2001-14, p.88 - 92, 2001/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Current status of JAERI program on development of ultra-trace-analytical technology for safeguards environmental samples

Adachi, Takeo; Usuda, Shigekazu; Watanabe, Kazuo; Sakurai, Satoshi; Magara, Masaaki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Esaka, Fumitaka; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Saito, Yoko; Takahashi, Masato; et al.

IAEA-SM-367/10/02 (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2001/00

no abstracts in English

28 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)