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JAEA Reports

Study on the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute (FY2020)

Asakura, Kazuki; Shimomura, Yusuke; Donomae, Yasushi; Abe, Kazuyuki; Kitamura, Ryoichi; Miyakoshi, Hiroyuki; Takamatsu, Misao; Sakamoto, Naoki; Isozaki, Ryosuke; Onishi, Takashi; et al.

JAEA-Review 2021-020, 42 Pages, 2021/10

JAEA-Review-2021-020.pdf:2.95MB

The disposal of radioactive waste from the research facility need to calculate from the radioactivity concentration that based on variously nuclear fuels and materials. In Japan Atomic Energy Agency Oarai Research and Development Institute, the study on considering disposal is being advanced among the facilities which generate radioactive waste as well as the facilities which process radioactive waste. This report summarizes a study result in FY2020 about the evaluation method to determine the radioactivity concentration in radioactive waste on Oarai Research and Development Institute.

Journal Articles

High temperature gas-cooled reactors

Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki; Aihara, Jun; Aoki, Takeshi; Fujiwara, Yusuke; Fukaya, Yuji; Goto, Minoru; Ho, H. Q.; Iigaki, Kazuhiko; Imai, Yoshiyuki; et al.

High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.5, 464 Pages, 2021/02

As a general overview of the research and development of a High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor (HTGR) in JAEA, this book describes the achievements by the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) on the designs, key component technologies such as fuel, reactor internals, high temperature components, etc., and operational experience such as rise-to-power tests, high temperature operation at 950$$^{circ}$$C, safety demonstration tests, etc. In addition, based on the knowledge of the HTTR, the development of designs and component technologies such as high performance fuel, helium gas turbine and hydrogen production by IS process for commercial HTGRs are described. These results are very useful for the future development of HTGRs. This book is published as one of a series of technical books on fossil fuel and nuclear energy systems by the Power Energy Systems Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers.

JAEA Reports

Report of summer holiday practical training 2018; Feasibility study on nuclear battery using HTTR core; Feasibility study for nuclear design

Ishitsuka, Etsuo; Matsunaka, Kazuaki*; Ishida, Hiroki*; Ho, H. Q.; Ishii, Toshiaki; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Kenzhina, I.*; Chikhray, Y.*; Kondo, Atsushi*; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2019-008, 12 Pages, 2019/07

JAEA-Technology-2019-008.pdf:2.37MB

As a summer holiday practical training 2018, the feasibility study for nuclear design of a nuclear battery using HTTR core was carried out. As a result, it is become clear that the continuous operations for about 30 years at 2 MW, about 25 years at 3 MW, about 18 years at 4 MW, about 15 years at 5 MW are possible. As an image of thermal design, the image of the nuclear battery consisting a cooling system with natural convection and a power generation system with no moving equipment is proposed. Further feasibility study to confirm the feasibility of nuclear battery will be carried out in training of next fiscal year.

Journal Articles

Synthesis and characterization of CeO$$_{2}$$-based simulated fuel containing CsI

Takamatsu, Yuki*; Ishii, Hiroto*; Oishi, Yuji*; Muta, Hiroaki*; Yamanaka, Shinsuke*; Suzuki, Eriko; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Miwa, Shuhei; Osaka, Masahiko; Kurosaki, Ken*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 17(3/4), p.106 - 110, 2018/12

In order to establish the synthesis method of simulated fuel contacting Cesium (Cs) which is required for the evaluation of physical/chemical characteristics in fuel and release behavior of Cs, sintering tests of the cerium dioxide (CeO$$_{2}$$) based simulated fuels containing Cesium iodide (CsI) are performed by using spark plasma sintering (SPS) method. The sintered CeO$$_{2}$$ pellets with homogeneous distribution of several micro meter of CsI spherical precipitates were successfully obtained by optimizing SPS conditions.

Journal Articles

2016 Professional Engineer (PE) test preparation course "Nuclear and Radiation Technical Disciplines"

Takahashi, Naoki; Yoshinaka, Kazuyuki; Harada, Akio; Yamanaka, Atsushi; Ueno, Takashi; Kurihara, Ryoichi; Suzuki, Soju; Takamatsu, Misao; Maeda, Shigetaka; Iseki, Atsushi; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Homu Peji (Internet), 64 Pages, 2016/00

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Design and manufacture of Joyo upper core structure for replacement

Ota, Katsu; Ushiki, Hiroshi*; Maeda, Shigetaka; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Takamatsu, Misao; Kobayashi, Tetsuhiko; Kikuchi, Yuki; Tobita, Shigeharu; Nagai, Akinori

JAEA-Technology 2015-026, 180 Pages, 2015/11

JAEA-Technology-2015-026.pdf:79.87MB

In the experimental fast reactor Joyo, it was confirmed that the top of the irradiation test sub-assembly of "MARICO-2" (material testing rig with temperature control) had bent onto the in-vessel storage rack as an obstacle and had damaged the upper core structure (UCS). The replacement of the UCS was conducted from May to December 2014. The design and manufacture of UCS was started from 2008, and the installation of UCS was completed successfully in November 21th 2014. The major results gained during the design and manufacture of UCS is as follows.

Journal Articles

Study of the flow characteristics of coolant channel of fuel blocks for HTGR

Tsuji, Nobumasa*; Ohashi, Kazutaka*; Tazawa, Yujiro*; Tachibana, Yukio; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi

FAPIG, (190), p.20 - 24, 2015/07

In a loss of forced cooling accident, decay heat in HTGRs must be removed by radiation, thermal conduction and natural convection. Passive heat removal performance is of primary concern for enhancing inherent safety features of HTGRs. Therefore, the thermal hydraulic analyses for normal operation and a loss of forced cooling accident are conducted by using thermal hydraulic CFD code. And further, a multi-hole type fuel block of MHTGR is also modeled and the flow and heat transfer characteristics are compared with a pin-in-block type fuel block.

Journal Articles

High-temperature continuous operation of the HTTR

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Sawa, Kazuhiro; Kunitomi, Kazuhiko; Hino, Ryutaro; Ogawa, Masuro; Komori, Yoshihiro; Nakazawa, Toshio*; Iyoku, Tatsuo; Fujimoto, Nozomu; Nishihara, Tetsuo; et al.

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.290 - 300, 2011/12

A high temperature (950$$^{circ}$$C) continuous operation has been performed for 50 days on the HTTR from January to March in 2010, and the potential to supply stable heat of high temperature for hydrogen production for a long time was demonstrated for the first time in the world. This successful operation could establish technological basis of HTGRs and show potential of nuclear energy as heat source for innovative thermo-chemical-based hydrogen production, emitting greenhouse gases on a "low-carbon path" for the first time in the world.

Journal Articles

Development of a simple-material discrimination method with three plastic scintillator strips; For easy inspection of mass-conserved system

Shoji, Daigo*; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 654(1), p.608 - 612, 2011/10

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.01(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Muon radiography based on the multiple Coulomb scattering of cosmic-ray muons has been performed. In this work, we discuss experimental results obtained with a cost-effective simple detection system assembled with three plastic scintillator strips. We counted the number of muons that were not largely deflected by restricting the zenith angle in one direction to 0.8. The capability of the apparatus to discriminate Fe, Pb and C is presented. This principle can be applied to inspect large constructions with mass-conserved reactions such as a nuclear reactor. We show that materials lighter than Pb also can be discriminated with this system.

Journal Articles

Development of passive shutdown system for SFR

Nakanishi, Shigeyuki*; Hosoya, Takusaburo; Kubo, Shigenobu*; Kotake, Shoji; Takamatsu, Misao; Aoyama, Takafumi; Ikarimoto, Iwao*; Kato, Jungo*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Harada, Kiyoshi*

Nuclear Technology, 170(1), p.181 - 188, 2010/04

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:68.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A self-actuated shutdown system (SASS) for sodium cooled fast reactor (SFR) is a passive safety feature which inserts control rods by the gravity force, where the detachment of the rods would be achieved by the coolant temperature rise under anticipated transient without scram (ATWS) conditions. Various out-of-pile tests have already carried out to investigate the basic characteristics of SASS, and a demonstration test of holding stability under the reactor operation condition has been performed, where a function test of the driving system to re-connect and of pulling out the control rod have been done in the experimental reactor JOYO. The element irradiation tests have been also conducted to confirm that no impact will be foreseen by the irradiation. The effectiveness of SASS for a reference core design of JSFR has been evaluated through all types of ATWS. As a result, it is ensured that JSFR will have a reliable passive shutdown system.

JAEA Reports

Test plan using the HTTR for commercialization of GTHTR300C

Tachibana, Yukio; Nishihara, Tetsuo; Sakaba, Nariaki; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Sato, Hiroyuki; Ueta, Shohei; Aihara, Jun; Goto, Minoru; Sumita, Junya; Shibata, Taiju; et al.

JAEA-Technology 2009-063, 155 Pages, 2010/02

JAEA-Technology-2009-063.pdf:17.27MB

This report describes full scope of the feasible future test plan mainly using the HTTR. The test items cover fuel performance and radionuclide transport, core physics, reactor thermal hydraulics and plant dynamics, and reactor operations, maintenance, control, etc. The test results will be utilized for realization of Japan's commercial Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) system, GTHTR300C.

Journal Articles

Development of observation techniques in reactor vessel of experimental fast reactor Joyo

Takamatsu, Misao; Imaizumi, Kazuyuki; Nagai, Akinori; Sekine, Takashi; Maeda, Yukimoto

Journal of Power and Energy Systems (Internet), 4(1), p.113 - 125, 2010/00

During the investigation of an incident that occurred with the experimental fast reactor Joyo, in-vessel observations using a standard Video Camera (VC) and a Radiation-Resistant Fiberscope (RRF) took place at (1) the top of the Sub-Assemblies (S/As) and the In-Vessel Storage rack (IVS), (2) the bottom face of the Upper Core Structure (UCS) under the condition with the level of sodium at -50 mm below the top of the S/As. A simple 6 m overhead view of each S/A, through the fuel handling or inspection holes etc, was photographed using a VC fixed to the rotating-plug with the acrylic panel for making observations of the top of S/As and IVS. About 650 photographs were required to create a composite photograph of the top of the entire S/As and IVS, and a resolution was estimated to be approximately 1 mm. In order to observe the bottom face of the UCS, a remote handling device equipped with RRFs (approximately 13 m long) was specifically developed for Joyo with a tip that could be bent into an L-shape and inserted into the 70 mm gap between the top of the S/As and the bottom of the UCS. A total of about 35,000 photographs were needed for the full investigation. Regarding the resolution, the sodium flow regulating grid of 0.8 mm in thickness could be discriminated, and the base of thermocouple sleeves 6 mm in diameter located 450 mm above the top of S/As were also clearly observed. In both types of observations, it was confirmed that lighting adjustments play a critical role. Particularly in narrow space observations, scattered lighting with automatic dimming controlled light source was available for achieving close observations of the in-vessel structures. In addition to the successful result of the incident investigation, these experiments provided valuable insights for use in further improving and verifying in-vessel observation techniques in sodium cooled fast reactors.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary study on HTTR tests for development of commercial HTGRs

Goto, Minoru; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Ueta, Shohei; Hamamoto, Shimpei; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Furusawa, Takayuki; Saito, Kenji; Shimazaki, Yosuke; Nishihara, Tetsuo

JAEA-Technology 2009-053, 48 Pages, 2009/10

JAEA-Technology-2009-053.pdf:3.41MB

Preliminary studies on the HTTR (High Temperature engineering Test Reactor) tests were conducted to obtain characteristics and demonstration data which were required to develop commercial HTGRs (high temperature gas-cooled reactors). The tests proposed in this study are as follows: nuclear heat supply characteristics tests, burned core tests, reactivity insertion tests, safety demonstration tests, fuel characteristics tests, annular core tests, fuel failure tests, tritium measurement tests, and health confirmation tests of high temperature equipments. Requirements for a development of commercial HTGRs and confirmation methods of the requirements by the HTTR tests were summarized. Preliminary analyses were performed for the burned core test and the safety demonstration test to obtain prediction data, which is compared with experimental data. Additionally, a feasibility analysis was performed on four types annular cores, which is composed of the HTTR's fresh fuels, from the point of view of shutdown margin and excess reactivity.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of xenon spatial oscillations on annular cores

Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Inagaki, Yoshiyuki

Proceedings of 13th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-13) (CD-ROM), 12 Pages, 2009/09

Xenon spatial oscillations on the cylindrical cores used in light water reactors such as BWR and PWR have already been theoretically and experimentally much-studied. On the other hand, evaluations of the oscillations on annular cores applied to VHTR have still not been fully evaluated. It is essential to investigate the relationship among the oscillations, annular core geometry and feedback effect with temperature coefficient. In this paper, a neutron binding parameter related to core geometry as one of dimensionless parameters are proposed and these parameters are useful for the evaluation of xenon spatial oscillations in annular cores.

Journal Articles

Development of observation techniques in reactor vessel of experimental fast reactor Joyo

Takamatsu, Misao; Imaizumi, Kazuyuki; Nagai, Akinori; Sekine, Takashi; Maeda, Yukimoto

Proceedings of 17th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-17) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2009/07

During the investigation of an incident in Joyo, in-vessel observations using a Video Camera (VC) and a Radiation-Resistant Fiberscope (RRF) took place at (1) the top of the Sub-Assemblies (S/As) and the In-Vessel Storage rack (IVS), (2) the bottom face of the Upper Core Structure (UCS). A simple 6 m overhead view of each S/A was photographed using a VC fixed to the rotating-plug for making observations of the top of S/As and IVS. A resolution was estimated to be approximately 1mm. In order to observe the bottom face of the UCS, a remote handling device equipped with RRFs was specifically developed for Joyo with a tip that can be bent into an L-shape and inserted into the 70 mm gap between the top of the S/As and the bottom of the UCS. The sodium flow regulating grid of 0.8mm in thickness could be discriminated. These experiments provided valuable insights for use in further improving and verifying in-vessel observation techniques in sodium cooled fast reactors.

Journal Articles

In-vessel visual inspection of experimental fast reactor Joyo

Itagaki, Wataru; Sekine, Takashi; Imaizumi, Kazuyuki; Maeda, Shigetaka; Ashida, Takashi; Takamatsu, Misao; Nagai, Akinori; Maeda, Yukimoto

Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Advancements in Nuclear Instrumentation, Measurement Methods and their Applications (ANIMMA 2009) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2009/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Preliminary analysis of the loss of primary coolant flow test in the HTTR

Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Goto, Minoru; Takeda, Tetsuaki*; Nakao, Yasuyuki*

Proceedings of 4th International Topical Meeting on High Temperature Reactor Technology (HTR 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/09

Loss of primary coolant flow test is under planning by using the HTTR to demonstrate the inherent safety features during the accident condition such as the depressurization accident which is selected as the severest accident in the HTGR. All the gas circulators are tripped in the test and the position of all control rods keeps its initial one. Because the core temperature increases just after the loss of coolant flow, the reactor power decreases according to coolant flow decrease due to negative reactivity feedback effect and the reactor becomes subcritical. The reactor performance after becoming subcritical during the loss of coolant flow is subject to a reactivity balance of core temperature and xenon concentration changes. The loss of primary coolant flow test in the HTTR simulates the depressurization accident and the data obtained from the test is useful for the validation and improvement of the calculation code applied to the safety analysis in the future HTGR.

Journal Articles

Development of advanced loop-type fast reactor in Japan, 5; Adoption of self-actuated shutdown system to JSFR

Nakanishi, Shigeyuki; Kubo, Shigenobu*; Takamatsu, Misao; Ikarimoto, Iwao*; Kato, Jungo*; Shimakawa, Yoshio*; Harada, Kiyoshi*

Proceedings of 2008 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP '08) (CD-ROM), p.519 - 525, 2008/06

A self-actuated shutdown system (SASS) is a passive safety feature which inserts control rods by the gravity force, where the detachment of the rods would be achieved by the coolant temperature rise under anticipated transient without scram (ATWS) conditions. Various out-of-pile tests have already carried out to investigate the basic characteristics of SASS, and a demonstration test of holding stability under the reactor operation condition has been performed, where a function test of the driving system to re-connect and of pulling out the control rod have been done in the experimental reactor JOYO. The element irradiation tests have been also conducted to confirm that no impact will be foreseen by the irradiation. The effectiveness of SASS for a reference core design of JSFR has been evaluated through all types of ATWS. As a result, it is ensured that JSFR will have a reliable passive shutdown system.

JAEA Reports

Periodic Safety Review of the Experimental Fast Reactor JOYO; Review of Aging Management

Isozaki, Kazunori; Ogawa, Toru; Nishino, Kazunari; Kaito, Yasuaki; Ichige, Satoshi; Sumino, Kozo; Suto, Masayoshi; Kawahara, Hirotaka; Suzuki, Toshiaki; Takamatsu, Misao; et al.

JNC TN9440 2005-003, 708 Pages, 2005/05

JNC-TN9440-2005-003.pdf:31.46MB

Periodic safety review (Review of the aging management) which consisted of Technical review on aging for the safety related structures, systems and components and Establish a long term maintenance program was carried out up to April 2005.1. Technical review on aging for the safety related structures, systems and components It was technically confirmed to prevent the loss of function of the safety related structures, systems and components due to aging phenomena, which (1) irradiation damage, (2) corrosion, (3) abrasion and erosion, (4) thermal aging, (5) creep and fatigue, (6) Stress Corrosion Cracking, (7) insulation deterioration and (8) general deterioration, under the periodic monitoring or renewal of them 2. Establish a long term maintenance program The long term maintenance program during JPY2005 to 2014 were established based on the technical review on aging for the safety related structures, systems and components. It was evaluated that the inspection or renewal based on the long term maintenance program, in addition to the spontaneous inspection long-term schedule of the long term voluntary inspection plan, could prevent the loss of function of the safety related structures, systems and components in future.

JAEA Reports

Safety demonstration test (SR-3/S1C-3/S2C-3/SF-2) plan using the HTTR (Contract research)

Nakagawa, Shigeaki; Sakaba, Nariaki; Takamatsu, Kuniyoshi; Takada, Eiji*; Tochio, Daisuke; Owada, Hiroyuki*

JAERI-Tech 2005-015, 26 Pages, 2005/03

JAERI-Tech-2005-015.pdf:1.77MB

Safety demonstration tests using the HTTR are in progress since 2002 to verify the inherent safety features and to improve the safety design and evaluation technologies for HTGRs, as well as to contribute to not only the commercial HTGRs but also the research and development for the VHTR one of the Generation IV reactor candidates. This paper describes the reactivity insertion test (SR-3), the coolant flow reduction test by tripping of gas circulators (S1C-3/S2C-3), and the partial flow loss of coolant test (SF-2) planned in March 2005 with their detailed test method, procedure and results of pre-test analysis. From the analytical results, it was found that the negative reactivity feedback effect of the core brings the reactor power safely to a stable level without a reactor scram.

53 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)