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Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Evidence of electronic polarization of the As ion in the superconducting phase of F-doped LaFeAsO

Kim, J.*; Fujiwara, Akihiko*; Sawada, Tomohiro*; Kim, Y.*; Sugimoto, Kunihisa*; Kato, Kenichi*; Tanaka, Hiroshi*; Ishikado, Motoyuki*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Takata, Masaki*

IUCrJ, 1(3), p.155 - 159, 2014/05

 Times Cited Count:2 Percentile:24.15(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Using a charge density analysis based on synchrotron radiation X-ray powder diffraction data, we found that the charge carriers only accumulated in the iron layer of the superconducting phase of LaFeAsO$$_{1-x}$$F$$_{x}$$ at low temperatures. Analysis of the electrostatic potential distribution revealed the concerted enhancement of the electronic polarization of the As ions and the carrier redistribution.

Journal Articles

Emergent phenomena in perovskite-type manganites

Taguchi, Yasujiro*; Sakai, Hideaki*; Okuyama, Daisuke*; Ishiwata, Shintaro*; Fujioka, Jun*; Fukuda, Tatsuo; Hashizume, Daisuke*; Kagawa, Fumitaka*; Takahashi, Yoichiro*; Shimano, Ryo*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 407(11), p.1685 - 1688, 2012/06

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:16.62(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Journal Articles

Structural analysis and superconductivity of CeFeAsO$$_{1-x}$$H$$_{x}$$

Matsuishi, Satoru*; Hanna, Taku*; Muraba, Yoshinori*; Kim, S. W.*; Kim, J. E.*; Takata, Masaki*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Smith, R. I.*; Hosono, Hideo*

Physical Review B, 85(1), p.014514_1 - 014514_6, 2012/01

 Times Cited Count:41 Percentile:85.51(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We performed the neutron powder diffraction and synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements on CeFeAsO$$_{1-x}$$(D,H)$$_{x}$$ ($$x$$ = 0.0-0.48) as a representative of 1111-type family of iron-based superconductors LnFeAsO$$_{1-x}$$H$$_{x}$$ ($$Ln$$ = lanthanoid). These results strongly suggest that H$$^{-}$$ ions exclusively occupy the oxygen sites in both samples, regardless of the hydrogen species in the starting material.

Journal Articles

Phase-change materials; Vibrational softening upon crystallization and its impact on thermal properties

Matsunaga, Toshiyuki*; Yamada, Noboru*; Kojima, Rie*; Shamoto, Shinichi; Sato, Masugu*; Tanida, Hajime*; Uruga, Tomoya*; Kohara, Shinji*; Takata, Masaki*; Zalden, P.*; et al.

Advanced Functional Materials, 21(12), p.2232 - 2239, 2011/06

 Times Cited Count:103 Percentile:95.79(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Thermal properties of the amorphous and crystalline state of phase-change materials show remarkable differences such as higher thermal displacements and a more pronounced anharmonic behavior in the crystalline phase. These findings are related to the change of bonding upon crystallization.

Journal Articles

High-resolution photoemission study of the hybridization gap in the Kondo semiconductor CeRhAs

Shimada, Kenya*; Higashiguchi, Mitsuharu*; Arita, Masashi*; Namatame, Hirofumi*; Taniguchi, Masaki*; Fujimori, Shinichi; Saito, Yuji; Fujimori, Atsushi; Takata, Yasutaka*; Shin, S.*; et al.

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 310(2, Part1), p.e57 - e58, 2007/03

We have examined the electronic states of the Kondo semiconductor CeRhAs and the semimetal CeRhSb by means of high-resolution photoemission spectroscopy using tunable photon energies from 40 up to 5948 eV. On the basis of the photon-energy dependence ofthe photoionization cross-section, we have elucidated the p-d-f hybridized states in these compounds.

Journal Articles

Structural basis for the fast phase change of Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$; Ring statistics analogy between the crystal and amorphous states

Kohara, Shinji*; Kato, Kenichi*; Kimura, Shigeru*; Tanaka, Hitoshi*; Usuki, Takeshi*; Suzuya, Kentaro; Tanaka, Hiroshi*; Moritomo, Yutaka*; Matsunaga, Toshiyuki*; Yamada, Noboru*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 89(20), p.201910_1 - 201910_3, 2006/11

 Times Cited Count:183 Percentile:97.85(Physics, Applied)

The three-dimensional atomic configuration of amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ were derived by reverse Monte Carlo simulation with synchrotron-radiation X-ray diffraction data. The authors found that amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ can be regarded as "even-numbered ring structure", because the ring statistics is dominated by four- and six-fold rings analogous to the crystal phase. On the other hand, the formation of Ge-Ge homopolar bonds in amorphous GeTe constructs both odd- and even-numbered rings. They believe that the unusual ring statistics of amorphous Ge$$_{2}$$Sb$$_{2}$$Te$$_{5}$$ is the key for the fast crystallization speed of the material.

Journal Articles

The Disordered 3-dimensional structure visualized by a combination of high-energy synchrotron X-rays and computer simulations

Kohara, Shinji*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Takata, Masaki*; Yoneda, Yasuhiro; Suzuya, Kentaro

Nihon Kessho Gakkai-Shi, 47(2), p.123 - 129, 2005/04

The use of high-energy (E $$>$$ 50 keV) X-rays from SPring-8 allows us to perform X-ray diffraction experiments on disordered materials with the following advantages: high resolution in real space due to the wide range of scattering vector, small correction terms (particularly the absorption correction), and fast diffraction measurement with small amount of samples. Recently, high-energy X-ray diffraction data have been combined with neutron diffraction data from a pulsed neutron source to provide more detailed and reliable structural information than has hitherto been available. Furthermore, the use of reverse Monte Carlo modelling and PDF (pair distribution function) simulation based on high-energy X-ray diffraction data have succeeded in illustrating 3-dimensional structure of disordered materials and disorder in crystalline materials.

Journal Articles

Stability of magnesite and its high-pressure form in the lowermost mantle

Isshiki, Maiko*; Irifune, Tetsuo*; Hirose, Kei*; Ono, Shigeaki*; Oishi, Yasuo*; Watanuki, Tetsu; Nishibori, Eiji*; Takata, Masaki*; Sakata, Makoto*

Nature, 427(6969), p.60 - 63, 2004/01

 Times Cited Count:205 Percentile:96.47(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Anomalous spin density distribution in CeB$$_{6}$$

Saito, Masahiro*; Okada, Noriko*; Nishibori, Eiji*; Takagiwa, Hiroyuki*; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nishi, Masakazu*; Kakurai, Kazuhisa; Kunii, Satoru*; Takata, Masaki*; Sakata, Makoto*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 71(10), p.2369 - 2372, 2002/10

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:59.94(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Void distribution in oxide glasses

Suzuya, Kentaro; Kohara, Shinji*; Takata, Masaki*; Ono, Hideo*; Akola, J.*

no journal, , 

Void distributions in various oxide glasses were analyzed using atomic configurations obtained by reverse Monte Carlo modeling on the basis of high-energy X-ray and pulsed-neutron diffraction data. We found that silica glass exhibits about 30% of volume assigned to the void. Furthermore we discuss the relationship between void and glass forming ability.

Oral presentation

Current status of the new polarized neutron reflectometer (SHARAKU) at J-PARC, and prospects for study on multilayers

Kubota, Masato; Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Sakasai, Kaoru; To, Kentaro; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Current status of a newly developed polarized neutron reflectometer (Sharaku) at bemaline BL 17 of J-PARC

Kubota, Masato; Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Oikawa, Kenichi; Yamazaki, Tatsuya*; Aizawa, Kazuya; et al.

no journal, , 

13 (Records 1-13 displayed on this page)
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