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Journal Articles

Design and actual performance of J-PARC 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron for high-intensity operation

Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 32 Pages, 2022/02

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.02(Nuclear Science & Technology)

In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.

Journal Articles

Comparison of cosmic-ray environments on earth, moon, mars and in spacecraft using PHITS

Sato, Tatsuhiko; Nagamatsu, Aiko*; Ueno, Haruka*; Kataoka, Ryuho*; Miyake, Shoko*; Takeda, Kazuo*; Niita, Koji*

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 180(1-4), p.146 - 149, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:84.19(Environmental Sciences)

Cosmic-ray dose rates spatially and temporally change very much. In this study, we compared the calculated cosmic-ray environments on the Earth, Moon, and Mars as well as inside spacecraft on low-earth orbit (LEO) and at interplanetary space. In the calculation, a galactic cosmic-ray model developed in DLR and trapped proton/electron models AP9/AE9 were used for determining the incident cosmic-ray fluxes, and the Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System, PHITS, was employed for the cosmic-ray transport simulation in the Earth, Lunar, and Martian systems as well as spacecraft. The virtual International Space Station (ISS) model developed by JAXA was adopted as the representative of spacecraft in the PHITS simulation. This paper focuses on the comprehensive discussions on the difference of cosmic-ray environments and the effective methods of their shielding in various exposure situations.

Journal Articles

Element specific electronic states and spin-flip-like behavior of Ce in (Ce$$_{0.2}$$Gd$$_{0.8}$$)Ni composed of heavy fermion CeNi and ferri-magnet GdNi through XMCD method

Yano, Kazuo*; Okane, Tetsuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Fujimori, Atsushi; Nishimura, Katsuhiko*; Sato, Kiyoo*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 515, p.118 - 125, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:7.19(Physics, Condensed Matter)

The electronic states of the three constituent elements in the crystal mixed system between CeNi and GdNi, Ce$$_{0.2}$$Gd$$_{0.8}$$Ni, were investigated by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Not only Gd 4f but also Ni 3d and Ce 4f electrons were magnetic and both magnetic moments of Ni and Ce were coupled anti-parallel to the direction of the Gd magnetic moment. After saturation, Ce magnetic moment decreased over 2 T and this behavior was explained by a spin-flip behavior of the Ce magnetic moment. In addition, sum rule analysis has revealed that the magnetic moments of Gd 4 f and Ni 3d electrons could retain small values of orbital magnetic moments.

Journal Articles

Space radiation dosimetry to evaluate the effect of polyethylene shielding in the Russian segment of the International Space Station

Nagamatsu, Aiko*; Casolino, M.*; Larsson, O.*; Ito, Tsuyoshi*; Yasuda, Nakahiro*; Kitajo, Keiichi*; Shimada, Ken*; Takeda, Kazuo*; Tsuda, Shuichi; Sato, Tatsuhiko

Physics Procedia, 80, p.25 - 35, 2015/12

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:90.08

JAXA has been investigated the effect of the shielding material for dosimeters in the ISS Russian segment under the ALTCRISS project. The PADLES package is a passive dosimeters which usually consists of two types of passive and integrating dosimeters, a CR-39 plastic nuclear track detector and a thermoluminescence dosimeter. In the ALTCRISS experiments, both tissue-equivalent material CR-39 PNTDs and NAN-JAERI were enclosed in the PADLES packages as radiators for CR-39 to precisely measure a personal exposed doses. We compared the doses obtained by PADLESs with or without the PEs, and with or difference of the two tissue-equivalent materials. The results of space radiation measurements of the ALTCRISS project Phase 1 to 4 using the PADLES system will be reported in this time: Phase 1 experiments was from December 2005 to April 2006, Phase 2 was from April to September 2006, phase 3 was from Sep 2006 to April 2007, and Phase 4 was conducted from May to October 2007.

Journal Articles

X-ray magnetic circular dichroism study of Ce$$_{0.5}$$Gd$$_{0.5}$$Ni

Okane, Tetsuo; Takeda, Yukiharu; Yano, Kazuo*; Fujimori, Atsushi; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Nishimura, Katsuhiko*; Ishikawa, Yoshikazu*; Sato, Kiyoo*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 3, p.011028_1 - 011028_6, 2014/06

Journal Articles

Three-dimensional and multienergy $$gamma$$-ray simultaneous imaging by using a Si/CdTe Compton camera

Suzuki, Yoshiyuki*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Shimada, Hirofumi*; Yoshida, Yukari*; Torikai, Kota*; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; et al.

Radiology, 267(3), p.941 - 947, 2013/06

 Times Cited Count:14 Percentile:51.64(Radiology, Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging)

Journal Articles

An Evaluation of three-dimensional imaging by use of Si/CdTe Compton cameras

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka; Nagao, Yuto; Kawachi, Naoki; Fujimaki, Shu; Kamiya, Tomihiro; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Kokubun, Motohide*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Watanabe, Shin*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; et al.

Proceedings of 2013 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record (NSS/MIC), 3 Pages, 2013/00

Journal Articles

Experimental evidence of nonthermal acceleration of relativistic electrons by an intensive laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physical Review E, 83(2), p.026401_1 - 026401_6, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:66.63(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An energy distribution function of energetic particles in the universe or cosmic rays is well represented by a power-law spectrum, therefore, nonthermal acceleration is essential to understand the origin of cosmic rays. A possible candidate for the origin of cosmic rays is wakefield acceleration at relativistic astrophysical perpendicular shocks. Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma.

Journal Articles

Model experiment of cosmic ray acceleration due to an incoherent wakefield induced by an intense laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 18(1), p.010701_1 - 010701_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:63.9(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma. An intensive laser pulse was propagated in a plasma tube created by imploding a hollow polystyrene cylinder, as the large amplitude light waves propagated in the upstream plasma at an astrophysical shock. Nonthermal electrons were generated, and the energy distribution functions of the electrons have a power-law component with an index of 2.

Journal Articles

Basic characteristics of a newly developed Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical imaging

Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shigeki; Sato, Takahiro; Arakawa, Kazuo; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Watanabe, Shin*; Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; et al.

2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (CD-ROM), p.1540 - 1543, 2008/10

Journal Articles

Monte Carlo simulation of multi-head Si/CdTe Compton camera for medical imaging

Yamaguchi, Mitsutaka*; Kawachi, Naoki; Watanabe, Shin*; Odaka, Hirokazu*; Takeda, Shinichiro*; Ishikawa, Shinnosuke*; Aono, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Tadayuki*; Arakawa, Kazuo; Nakano, Takashi*

2008 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium Conference Record (CD-ROM), p.4000 - 4002, 2008/10

Journal Articles

Spectrum modulation of relativistic electrons by laser wakefield

Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; Tanimoto, Tsuyoshi*; et al.

Applied Physics Letters, 93(8), p.081501_1 - 081501_3, 2008/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:19.55(Physics, Applied)

Energetic electrons were generated by the interaction of a high-intensity laser pulse with a plasma preformed from a hollow plastic cylinder via laser-driven implosion. The spectra of a comparatively high-density plasma had a bump around 10 MeV. Simple numerical calculations explained the spectra obtained in this experiment. This indicates that the plasma tube has sufficient potential to convert a Maxwellian spectrum to a comparatively narrow spectrum.

JAEA Reports

Example of answers to the problems of 31st to 35th examinations for the chief engineer of nuclear fuel, 1999 to 2003

Yachi, Shigeyasu; Sato, Tadashi; Suga, Shinichi*; Komuro, Yuichi; Uchida, Masaaki; Nakajima, Kunihisa; Nakamura, Jinichi; Amezawa, Hiroo; Omura, Hideaki*; Minato, Kazuo; et al.

JAERI-Review 2003-025, 162 Pages, 2003/09

JAERI-Review-2003-025.pdf:5.96MB

The report contains example of answers to the Problems of 31st(1999) to 35th(2003) Examinations for the Chief Engineer of Nuclear Fuel which were conducted as a national qualification examination. Brief explanations or references are given to some answers.

Journal Articles

R&D status of superconducting proton linear accelerator for ADS at JAERI

Ouchi, Nobuo; Akaoka, Nobuo*; Asano, Hiroyuki*; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Takeda, Osamu; Yoshikawa, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Masanori*; Otani, Toshihiro*; Kako, Eiji*; et al.

Proceedings of 11th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-11) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2003/04

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Thermal hydraulic analysis of the JMTR improved LEU-core

Tabata, Toshio; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Komukai, Bunsaku; Naka, Michihiro; Takeda, Takashi*; Fujiki, Kazuo

JAERI-Tech 2002-100, 108 Pages, 2003/01

JAERI-Tech-2002-100.pdf:4.44MB

After the investigation of the new core arrangement for the JMTR reactor in order to enhance the fuel burn-up and consequently extend the operation period, the "improved LEU core" that utilized 2 additional fuel elements instead of formerly installed reflector elements, was adopted. This report describes the results of the thermal-hydraulic analysis of the improved LEU core as a part of safety analysis for the licensing. The analysis covers steady state, abnormal operational transients and accidents, which were described in the annexes of the licensing documents as design bases events. Calculation conditions for the computer codes were conservatively determined based on the neutronic analysis results and others. The results of the analysis, that revealed the safety criteria were satisfied on the fuel temperature, DNBR and primary coolant temperature, were used in the licensing. The operation license of the JMTR with the improved LEU core was granted in March 2001, and the reactor operation with new core started in November 2001 as 142nd operation cycle.

Journal Articles

Cold test of 600MHz superconducting cryomodule for high intensity proton linac

Ouchi, Nobuo; Akaoka, Nobuo*; Asano, Hiroyuki*; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Takeda, Osamu*; Yoshikawa, Hiroshi; Matsuoka, Masanori*; Otani, Toshihiro*; Kako, Eiji*; et al.

Proceedings of 21st International Linear Accelerator Conference, p.488 - 490, 2003/00

Development of a superconducting proton linac is in progress in collaboration with KEK. In order to demonstrate cavity performance and to study stable accelerating field in a pulsed operation, a 600MHz superconducting cryomodule has been fabricated. The cryomodule includes two 5-cell superconducting cavities of $$beta$$=0.6 and is designed to perform 2K operation. Cold tests of the cryomodule have been performed at the temperature of 4K and 2K. In the tests, heat leak to the cavities, loaded quality factors, tuning sensitivities, frequency shifts against helium vessel pressure and Lorentz force detuning of the cavities were measured. Most of the measured data agreed with their design values, except for the heat leak and the Lorentz force detuning. As the preliminary horizontal test of the cryomodule, high power RF test has been also performed, where the surface peak fields of 10 and 16 MV/m were achieved in CW and pulsed operation, respectively. Now, the optimization of the RF control system is in progress to demonstrate stable accelerating field in a pulsed operation.

JAEA Reports

Neutronics analysis of the improved LEU core in JMTR

Komukai, Bunsaku; Naka, Michihiro; Tabata, Toshio; Nagao, Yoshiharu; Takeda, Takashi*; Fujiki, Kazuo

JAERI-Tech 2002-067, 75 Pages, 2002/08

JAERI-Tech-2002-067.pdf:3.41MB

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Published literature on the research activities using the JMTR

Nagao, Yoshiharu; Ishii, Tadahiko; Takeda, Takashi; Fujiki, Kazuo

JAERI-Review 2002-007, 191 Pages, 2002/03

JAERI-Review-2002-007.pdf:10.97MB

The published reports on the research activities using the JMTR since 1971 to date have been surveyed by the search of literature database and questionnaire survey. This report summarized the result of survey as the title lists by research categories.

Journal Articles

Present status of R&D for the superconducting proton linac at JAERI

Mizumoto, Motoharu; Kusano, Joichi; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Ouchi, Nobuo; Oguri, Hidetomo; Ichihara, Masahiro; Tomisawa, Tetsuo; Ito, Takashi; Chishiro, Etsuji*; Ikegami, Masanori*; et al.

KEK Proceedings 99-25, p.3 - 5, 2000/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of superconducting linac for the KEK/JAERI joint project

Ouchi, Nobuo; Mizumoto, Motoharu; Kusano, Joichi; Chishiro, Etsuji; Hasegawa, Kazuo; Akaoka, Nobuo*; Saito, Kenji*; Noguchi, Shuichi*; Kako, Eiji*; Inoue, Hitoshi*; et al.

Proceedings of 20th International Linac Conference (CD-ROM), 1 Pages, 2000/00

no abstracts in English

57 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)