Uchikawa, Sadao; Okubo, Tsutomu; Kugo, Teruhiko; Akie, Hiroshi; Takeda, Renzo*; Nakano, Yoshihiro; Onuki, Akira; Iwamura, Takamichi
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 44(3), p.277 - 284, 2007/03
no abstracts in English
Okubo, Tsutomu; Morooka, Shinichi*; Takeda, Renzo*
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 48(7), p.484 - 489, 2006/07
Reduced-Modeartion Water Reactors are attractive reactor concepts, which enable plutonium multiple recycling and/or breeding based on Light Water Reactor tecnologies. Since they introduce the tight-lattice fuel rod configuration, there are some related issues such as heat removal capability and void reactivity coefficient, which tends to become positive value. In recent years, a lot of technical knowledge have been accumulated, and hence, technical development on these issues has been proceeded, being also supported by the governmental competitive budget program by MITI and MEXT. This article summarizes accumulated technical knowlege and the future issues.
Okubo, Tsutomu; Uchikawa, Sadao; Kugo, Teruhiko; Akie, Hiroshi; Takeda, Renzo*
Proceedings of International Conference on Nuclear Energy System for Future Generation and Global Sustainability (GLOBAL 2005) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2005/10
In order to ensure sustainable energy supply in the future based on the commercialized LWR technologies, a concept of Innovative Water Reactor for Flexible Fuel Cycle (FLWR) has been investigated in JAERI. Results on the FLWR recycling characteristics under possible various reprocessing schemes are presented in the present paper. The results show the recycling is possible a few times at most as long as the fissile Pu content stays over 60%, even in the high conversion type core with the conversion ratio around 0.9, under the simplified PUREX reprocessing, with relatively high average decontamination factor. For breeding core, the results have indicated that even under the reprocessing with relatively low DFs and with whole MA, the recycling is also feasible, suggesting all MAs from the core can be possibly recycled itself, although the core performances are a little degraded depending on MA and FP contents.
Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Akie, Hiroshi; Kugo, Teruhiko; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Kureta, Masatoshi; Ishikawa, Nobuyuki; Nagaya, Yasunobu; Araya, Fumimasa; Okajima, Shigeaki; et al.
JAERI-Research 2004-008, 383 Pages, 2004/06
The present report contains the achievement of "Research and Development on Reduced-Moderation Light Water Reactor with Passive Safety Features", which was performed by Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI), Hitachi Ltd., Japan Atomic Power Company and Tokyo Institute of Technology in FY2000-2002 as the innovative and viable nuclear energy technology (IVNET) development project operated by the Institute of Applied Energy (IAE). In the present project, the reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) has been developed to ensure sustainable energy supply and to solve the recent problems of nuclear power and nuclear fuel cycle, such as economical competitiveness, effective use of plutonium and reduction of spent fuel storage. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as high burnup, long operation cycle, multiple recycling of plutonium (Pu) and effective utilization of uranium resources based on accumulated LWR technologies.
Okubo, Tsutomu; Iwamura, Takamichi; Takeda, Renzo*; Moriya, Kumiaki*; Yamauchi, Toyoaki*; Aritomi, Masanori*
Nihon Kikai Gakkai 2003-Nendo Nenji Taikai Koen Rombunshu, Vol.3, p.245 - 246, 2003/08
A design study on a 300MWe class small Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor (RMWR) has been performed, based on the experienced LWR technology. The core can be cooled by the natural circulation and can achieve a conversion ratio of 1.01, a negative void reactivity coefficient, a core average burn-up of 65 GWd/t and a cycle length of 25 months. The system has been simplified as much as possible by introducing the passive safety components, in order to reduce the construction cost per electric power output overcoming “the scale demerit" for a small reactor comparing with the large one. The results show a 1.35 times higher cost than for the ABWR case, but suggest the possible lower cost when the effects such as the mass production are taken into account.
Okubo, Tsutomu; Iwamura, Takamichi; Takeda, Renzo*; Yamauchi, Toyoaki*; Okada, Hiroyuki*
Proceedings of International Conference on Global Environment and Advanced Nuclear Power Plants (GENES4/ANP 2003) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2003/00
A water-cooled reactor concept named Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor is under development for effective fuel utilization through plutonium multiple recycling based on the water-cooled reactor technology. The reactor aims at achievement of a high conversion ratio more than 1.0 with MOX fuel. Especially, the core performances during the Pu multiple recycling have been investigated for the advanced fuel reprocessing schemes with low decontamination factors than the current PUREX process, and are shown to achieve the conversion ratio more than 1.0 and the negative void reactivity coefficient.
Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Kureta, Masatoshi; Nakatsuka, Toru; Takeda, Renzo*; Yamamoto, Kazuhiko*
Proceedings of 13th Pacific Basin Nuclear Conference (PBNC 2002) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2002/10
In order to ensure sustainable energy supply in Japan, the reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) has been developed by JAERI since 1998. MOX fuel assemblies with tight lattice arrangement are used to increase the conversion ratio. In order to establish negative void reactivity coefficient, the core should be short and flat to increase neutron leakage from the core. The core designs were accomplished to a large core with 1,356MWe and a small core with 330MWe. For both cores, negative void coefficient and natural circulation cooling of the core were realized. To confirm thermal-hydraulic feasibility, critical heat flux experiments were performed using 7-rod bundles with the gap width of 1mm and 1.3mm. The results indicated that enough cooling was assured for the tight lattice core. Further R&D studies, including large scale thermal-hydraulic experiments, reactor physics experiments, development of high burn-up fuel cladding material and simplified reprocessing technology, are necessary to realize commercial introduction of RMWR by 2020's for the replacement of current generation LWRs.
Okubo, Tsutomu; Suzuki, Motoe; Iwamura, Takamichi; Takeda, Renzo*; Moriya, Kumiaki*; Kanno, Minoru*
Proceedings of International Conference on the New Frontiers of Nuclear Technology; Reactor Physics, Safety and High-Performance Computing (PHYSOR 2002) (CD-ROM), 10 Pages, 2002/10
A small scale around 300 MWe reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) concept has been developed. For the core, a BWR type core concept with the tight-lattice fuel rod arrangement and the high void fraction is adopted to attain a high conversion ratio over 1.0. The negative void reactivity coefficients are also required, and the very flat short core concept is adopted to make the natural circulation cooling (NC) possible. The core burn-up of 60 GWd/t and the operation cycle of 24 months are also attained. For the system, simplification of the system with the passive safety features is a basic approach to overcome the scale demerit as well as the NC. For example, the HPCF system is replaced with the passive accumulator system resulting in the expensive emergency DGs reduction. The cost evaluation for concerned NSSS components gives about 20% reduction. Since MOX fuels in the RMWR contains Pu around 30 wt% and is irradiated to a high burn-up, the fuel safety evaluation has been performed and the acceptable results have been obtained from the thermal feasibility point of view.
Iwamura, Takamichi; Okubo, Tsutomu; Yonomoto, Taisuke; Takeda, Renzo*; Moriya, Kumiaki*; Kanno, Minoru*
Proceedings of International Congress on Advanced Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2002/00
Research and developments of reduced-moderation water reactor (RMWR) have been performed. The RMWR can attain the favorable characteristics such as high burn-up, long operation cycle, multiple recycling of plutonium and effective utilization of uranium resources, based on the matured LWR technologies. MOX fuel assemblies in the tight-lattice fuel rod arrangement are used to reduce the moderation of neutron, and hence, to increase the conversion ratio. The conceptual design has been accomplished for the small 330MWe RMWR core with the discharge burn-up of 60GWd/t and the operation cycle of 24 months, under the natural circulation cooling of the core. A breeding ratio of 1.01 and the negative void reactivity coefficient are simultaneously realized in the design. In the plant system design, the passive safety features are intended to be utilized mainly to improve the economy. At present, a hybrid one under the combination of the passive and the active components, and a fully passive one are proposed. The former has been evaluated to reduce the cost for the reactor components.
Okubo, Tsutomu; Takeda, Renzo*; Iwamura, Takamichi; Yamamoto, Kazuhiko*; Okada, Hiroyuki*
Proceedings of International Conference on Back-End of the Fuel Cycle: From Research to Solutions (GLOBAL 2001) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2001/09
An advanced water-cooled reactor concept named the Reduced-Moderation Water Reactor (RMWR) has been proposed to attain a high conversion ratio more than 1.0 and to achieve the negative void reactivity coefficient. At present, several types of design concepts satisfying both the design targets have been proposed based on the evaluation for the fuel without fission products and minor actinides. In this paper, the feasibility of the RMWR core is investigated and confirmed for the plutonium multiple recycling under advanced reprocessing schemes with low decontamination factors as proposed for the FBR fuel cycle.
Okubo, Tsutomu; Takeda, Renzo*; Iwamura, Takamichi
JAERI-Research 2001-021, 84 Pages, 2001/03
no abstracts in English
Okubo, Tsutomu; Shirakawa, Toshihisa*; Takeda, Renzo*; Yokoyama, Tsugio*; Iwamura, Takamichi; Wada, Shigeyuki*
Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE-8) (CD-ROM), p.7 - 0, 2000/00
no abstracts in English
Maekawa, Hiroshi; Mukaiyama, Takehiko; Yamane, Tsuyoshi; *; *; Suzuki, Atsuyuki*; Takeda, Renzo*; *; Kawashima, Masatoshi*; *; et al.
Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai-Shi, 40(12), p.963 - 965, 1998/12
no abstracts in English