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Journal Articles

Structure of nitride layer formed on titanium alloy surface by N$$_{2}$$-gas exposure at high temperatures

Takeda, Yusuke; Iida, Kiyoshi*; Sato, Shinji*; Matsuo, Tadatoshi*; Nagashima, Yasuyuki*; Okubo, Nariaki; Kondo, Keietsu; Hirade, Tetsuya

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 25, p.011023_1 - 011023_3, 2019/03

In this study, we prepared samples under two different conditions, (1) 810$$^{circ}$$C, for 600 min, and (2) 850$$^{circ}$$C, for 720 min. A depth-profile analysis of the surfaces of the samples is conducted through Doppler broadening (DB) measurements of positron annihilation $$gamma$$ rays using a slow positron beam. It was indicated that many of positrons annihilated in defects near the surface. According to the TEM image, there are nano-crystal grains near the surface and then positrons can diffuse in the grains and annihilate in defects at the grain boundaries. Furthermore, DB measurements indicated that there is a depth dependence on the chemical composition where positrons annihilate. EDS spectroscopy measurements also indicated that there is a depth dependence of impurities such as Vanadium. These results indicated change of the chemical composition at the grain boundaries.

Journal Articles

First ionization potentials of Fm, Md, No, and Lr; Verification of filling-up of 5f electrons and confirmation of the actinide series

Sato, Tetsuya; Asai, Masato; Borschevsky, A.*; Beerwerth, R.*; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Mitsukai, Akina*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Osa, Akihiko; Toyoshima, Atsushi; et al.

Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140(44), p.14609 - 14613, 2018/11

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:70.21(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

The first ionization potential (IP$$_1$$) yields information on valence electronic structure of an atom. IP$$_1$$ values of heavy actinides beyond einsteinium (Es, Z = 99), however, have not been determined experimentally so far due to the difficulty in obtaining these elements on scales of more than one atom at a time. Recently, we successfully measured IP$$_1$$ of lawrencium (Lr, Z = 103) using a surface ionization method. The result suggests that Lr has a loosely-bound electron in the outermost orbital. In contrast to Lr, nobelium (No, Z = 102) is expected to have the highest IP$$_1$$ among the actinide elements owing to its full-filled 5f and the 7s orbitals. In the present study, we have successfully determined IP$$_1$$ values of No as well as fermium (Fm, Z = 100) and mendelevium (Md, Z = 101) using the surface ionization method. The obtained results indicate that the IP$$_1$$ value of heavy actinoids would increase monotonically with filling electrons up in the 5f orbital like heavy lanthanoids.

Journal Articles

Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, 2; Neutron scattering instruments

Nakajima, Kenji; Kawakita, Yukinobu; Ito, Shinichi*; Abe, Jun*; Aizawa, Kazuya; Aoki, Hiroyuki; Endo, Hitoshi*; Fujita, Masaki*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Gong, W.*; et al.

Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12

The neutron instruments suite, installed at the spallation neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), is reviewed. MLF has 23 neutron beam ports and 21 instruments are in operation for user programs or are under commissioning. A unique and challenging instrumental suite in MLF has been realized via combination of a high-performance neutron source, optimized for neutron scattering, and unique instruments using cutting-edge technologies. All instruments are/will serve in world-leading investigations in a broad range of fields, from fundamental physics to industrial applications. In this review, overviews, characteristic features, and typical applications of the individual instruments are mentioned.

Journal Articles

Structure of nitride layer formed on titanium alloy surface by N$$_{2}$$-gas exposure at high temperatures

Takeda, Yusuke; Iida, Kiyoshi*; Sato, Shinji*; Matsuo, Tadatoshi*; Nagashima, Yasuyuki*; Okubo, Nariaki; Kondo, Keietsu; Hirade, Tetsuya

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 791(1), p.012022_1 - 012022_4, 2017/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:49.45

Titanium alloy is widely used for applications such as golf club heads and structural materials for aircrafts. The surface can be exceedingly hardened by nitriding treatment that initiates defects, but there are some difficulties on use of titanium nitride because the layer can be exfoliated by stress. Therefore, we prepared samples in two different treatment conditions, (1) 810$$^{circ}$$C 600 min and (2) 850$$^{circ}$$C 720 min and performed depth profile analysis of Doppler broadening of positron annihilation $$gamma$$-rays (DB) for these samples. According to a calculation of nitrogen diffusion depth, the nitride layer should be only about 0.05-0.1$$mu$$m. However, the depth profile analysis of the DB measurement indicated that the defects introduced by nitriding treatment extended to a depth of 0.5$$mu$$m.

Journal Articles

Vacuum chromatography of Tl on SiO$$_{2}$$ at the single-atom level

Steinegger, P.*; Asai, Masato; Dressler, R.*; Eichler, R.*; Kaneya, Yusuke*; Mitsukai, Akina*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Piguet, D.*; Sato, Tetsuya; Sch$"a$del, M.; et al.

Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120(13), p.7122 - 7132, 2016/04

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:63.22(Chemistry, Physical)

A new experimental method "vacuum chromatography" has been developed to measure adsorption enthalpy of superheavy elements, and its feasibility has been examined using short-lived thallium isotopes. The short-lived thallium isotopes were produced at the JAEA tandem accelerator. The thallium ion beam prepared with an on-line isotope separator which ionized and mass-separated the thallium isotopes was injected into an isothermal vacuum chromatography apparatus. A temperature-dependent adsorption property of thallium atom on SiO$$_{2}$$ surface were measured. The adsorption enthalpy of thallium was determined to be 158 kJ/mol. The thallium is a homolog of element 113. Thus, the vacuum chromatography developed in this study enables us to perform chemical experiments for short-lived superheavy elements with half-lives of a order of one second.

Journal Articles

Non-volcanic seismic swarm and fluid transportation driven by subduction of the Philippine Sea slab beneath the Kii Peninsula, Japan

Kato, Aitaro*; Saiga, Atsushi; Takeda, Tetsuya*; Iwasaki, Takaya*; Matsuzawa, Toru*

Earth, Planets and Space (Internet), 66, p.86_1 - 86_8, 2014/08

 Times Cited Count:17 Percentile:54.31(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

To understand the mechanism of an intensive non-volcanic seismic swarm in the Kii Peninsula, Japan, we used a dense seismic linear array to measure fine-scale variations of seismic velocities and converted teleseismic waves. A low-velocity anomaly confined to just beneath the seismic swarm area is clearly imaged, which spatially correlates with an uplifted surface area, and a highly conductive and strong attenuative body. These results suggest that fluids such as partial melt or water are present beneath this non-volcanic seismic swarm area. It is notable that the island arc Moho below the seismic swarm area is at depths of ca. 32 km in the northern part of the seismic swarm area, and shallows to ca. 20 km towards the south, due to an upwardly raised structure of serpentinized mantle wedge. In addition, we show that hydrated oceanic crust of the subducting Philippine Sea slab is characterized by low-velocities with a high Poisson's ratio at depths shallower than 40 km. Water released from the subducting oceanic crust could cause serpentinization of the mantle wedge and infiltration into the forearc base of the overlying plate. The interaction between dehydration of the subducting oceanic crust and hydration of the mantle wedge and overlying plate exerts an important role in driving the non-volcanic seismic swarm activity in the Kii Peninsula.

Journal Articles

Observation of a $$p$$-wave one-neutron halo configuration on $$^{37}$$Mg

Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Nakamura, Takashi*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Barthelemy, R.*; Famiano, M. A.*; Fukuda, Naoki*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(24), p.242501_1 - 242501_5, 2014/06

 Times Cited Count:70 Percentile:94.21(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Deformation-driven $$p$$-wave halos at the drip-line; $$^{31}$$Ne

Nakamura, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Sato, Yoshiteru*; Tostevin, J. A.*; Utsuno, Yutaka; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Gibelin, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 112(14), p.142501_1 - 142501_5, 2014/04

 Times Cited Count:43 Percentile:89.11(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Magnetic structures of FeTiO$$_3$$-Fe$$_2$$O$$_3$$ solid solution thin films studied by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and ab initio multiplet calculations

Hojo, Hajime*; Fujita, Koji*; Ikeno, Hidekazu*; Matoba, Tomohiko*; Mizoguchi, Teruyasu*; Tanaka, Isao*; Nakamura, Tetsuya*; Takeda, Yukiharu; Okane, Tetsuo; Tanaka, Katsuhisa*

Applied Physics Letters, 104(11), p.112408_1 - 112408_5, 2014/03

AA2015-0416.pdf:1.6MB

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:26.55(Physics, Applied)

Journal Articles

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution

Li, Z.*; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Nagame, Yuichiro; Sch$"a$del, M.; Pershina, V.*; et al.

Radiochimica Acta, 100(3), p.157 - 164, 2012/03

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:65.97(Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear)

Journal Articles

Evaluation of soft X-ray laser with ${it in situ}$ imaging device of high spatial resolution ZnO scintillator

Nakazato, Tomoharu*; Shimizu, Toshihiko*; Yamanoi, Kohei*; Sakai, Kohei*; Takeda, Kohei*; Nishi, Ryosuke*; Minami, Yuki*; Cadatal-Raduban, M.*; Sarukura, Nobuhiko*; Nishimura, Hiroaki*; et al.

Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 50(12), p.122202_1 - 122202_4, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:37.66(Physics, Applied)

We demonstrate the potential of a hydrothermal method-grown ZnO as a high-spatial resolution imaging device for in-situ soft X-ray laser diagnostics by characterizing the exciton emission patterns. By plotting the emission pattern radii at each position, we estimated the evolution of the beam radius around the focal point. The beam profile of the Ni-like Ag ion plasma laser was estimated from the waist radii as 29 and 21$$mu$$m, the divergence angle as 7.2 and 11 mrad and the M2 factor as 47 and 50 in the horizontal- and vertical-axis, respectively. Spatial resolution of the magnifier was estimated to be 6$$mu$$m and is expected to improve by optimizing the optics of the magnifier and using a telescope. Our results would enhance the use of ZnO as an imaging device that would play a crucial role in the development and application of soft X-ray light sources.

Journal Articles

Halo structure of the island of inversion nucleus $$^{31}$$Ne

Nakamura, Takashi*; Kobayashi, Nobuyuki*; Kondo, Yosuke*; Sato, Yoshiteru*; Aoi, Nori*; Baba, Hidetada*; Deguchi, Shigeki*; Fukuda, Naoki*; Gibelin, J.*; Inabe, Naoto*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 103(26), p.262501_1 - 262501_4, 2009/12

 Times Cited Count:167 Percentile:97.39(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Magnetic and superconducting properties of LaIrSi$$_3$$ and CeIrSi$$_3$$ with the non-centrosymmetric crystal structure

Okuda, Yusuke*; Miyauchi, Yuichiro*; Ida, Yuki*; Takeda, Yuji*; Tonohiro, Chie*; Ozuchi, Yasuhiro*; Yamada, Tsutomu*; Nguyen, D.; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 76(4), p.044708_1 - 044708_11, 2007/04

 Times Cited Count:78 Percentile:91.73(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Single crystals of LaIrSi$$_3$$ and CeIrSi$$_3$$ were grown by the Czochralski pulling method in a tetra-arc furnace and the magnetic and superconducting properties, together with super- conductivity in CeIr$$_{1-x}$$Co$$_x$$Si$$_3$$, were clarified by measuring the electrical resistivity, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, magnetization and de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect. From the results of the dHvA experiment for LaIrSi$$_3$$, the Fermi surface is found to split into two Fermi surfaces due to the spin-orbit interaction arising from the non-centrosymmetric crystal structure. The electronic state of CeIrSi$$_3$$ is tuned from the antiferro- magnetic state to the superconducting state by applying pressure. The upper critical field H$$_{c2}$$(0) at a pressure of 2.65 GPa is found to be highly anisotropic. Large magnitude and anisotropy of H$$_{c2}$$(0) in CeIrSi$$_3$$ are consistent with the theoretical prediction for superconductivity in the non-centrosymmetric crystal structure.

Journal Articles

Thermal performance of a circular tube filled with a high porous material

Ichimiya, Koichi*; Takeda, Tetsuaki; Uemura, Takuya*; Norikuni, Tetsuya*

Nihon Kikai Gakkai Rombunshu, B, 72(723), p.2747 - 2752, 2006/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Highly polarized electrons from GaAs-GaAsP and InGaAs-AlGaAs strained-layer superlattice photocathodes

Nishitani, Tomohiro; Nakanishi, Tsutomu*; Yamamoto, Masahiro*; Okumi, Shoji*; Furuta, Fumio*; Miyamoto, Masaharu*; Kuwahara, Makoto*; Yamamoto, Naoto*; Naniwa, Kenichi*; Watanabe, Osamu*; et al.

Journal of Applied Physics, 97(9), p.094907_1 - 094907_6, 2005/05

 Times Cited Count:58 Percentile:86.84(Physics, Applied)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Giant monopole resonances in deformed nuclei

Ito, M.*; Sakaguchi, Harutaka*; Ishikawa, Takatsugu*; Kawabata, Takahiro*; Murakami, Tetsuya*; Takeda, H.*; Taki, T.*; Tsukahara, N.*; Uchida, Makoto*; Yasuda, Yusuke*; et al.

Nuclear Physics A, 687(1-2), p.52c - 57c, 2001/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

All metal valve using shape memory alloy actuator

Abe, Tetsuya; Takeda, Ryuji; Murakami, Yoshio; Ito, Ichio*; Kamoshida, Toshi*

Shinku, 30(5), p.414 - 417, 1987/05

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Current status of the chopper spectrometer 4SEASONS at MLF, J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Mizuno, Fumio; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Chopper-type neutron inelastic spectrometer 4SEASONS at MLF, J-PARC

Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Yokoo, Tetsuya*; Nakamura, Mitsutaka; Nakajima, Kenji; Inamura, Yasuhiro; Takahashi, Nobuaki; Maruyama, Ryuji; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Mizuno, Fumio; Shibata, Kaoru; et al.

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Sulfate complexation of element 104, Rf, in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solution ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M)

Li, Z.; Toyoshima, Atsushi; Asai, Masato; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Tetsuya; Sato, Nozomi; Kikuchi, Takahiro; Sch$"a$del, M.*; Nagame, Yuichiro; Liang, X. H.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Cation-exchange behavior of $$^{261}$$Rf (T$$_{1/2}$$ = 78 s) produced in the $$^{248}$$Cm($$^{18}$$O, 5n) reaction was studied on a "one-atom-at-a-time" scale in H$$_{2}$$SO$$_{4}$$ (0.15-0.69 M)/HNO$$_{3}$$ mixed solutions ([H$$^{+}$$] = 1.0 M) using an automated ion-exchange separation apparatus coupled with the detection system for alpha-spectroscopy. It was found that adsorption probability (%ads) of $$^{261}$$Rf on cation-exchange resin decreases with increasing [HSO$$_{4}$$$$^{-}$$], showing a successive formation of its sulfate complexes. Rf exhibited much weaker formation of the complexes than the lighter homologues Zr and Hf, which is qualitatively in good agreement with theoretical calculations including relativistic effects.

35 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)