川崎 郁斗; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 100(3), p.035111_1 - 035111_8, 2019/07
We have carried out angle-integrated photoemission spectroscopy (AIPES) and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) experiments using soft X-rays on single crystals of EuCuGe and EuCuSi grown by the Bridgman method to investigate their electronic structures. The AIPES results showed that the Eu ions in EuCuGe and EuCuSi are in a divalent state and a nearly trivalent state, respectively, in accord with the previously reported magnetic properties. The three-dimensional band structures and shapes of the Fermi surfaces of EuCuGe and EuCuSi were studied by ARPES measurements. We found that the band structures near the Fermi level and Fermi surfaces of EuCuGe and EuCuSi are very different from each other and are well reproduced by the band structure calculations based on density-functional theory for SrCuGe and YCuSi. This suggests that a charge transfer from the localized 4 states into the valence bands is responsible for the difference in the electronic states between EuCuGe and EuCuSi.
Ye, M.*; Xu, T.*; Li, G.*; Qiao, S.*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; Zhu, S.-Y.*; Nurmamat, M.*; 角田 一樹*; 石田 行章*; et al.
Physical Review B, 99(14), p.144413_1 - 144413_7, 2019/04
We investigate the microscopic origin of ferromagnetism coupled with topological insulators in V-doped (Sb,Bi)Te employing X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and angle-resolved two-photon photoemission spectroscopies, combined with first-principles calculations. We found an magnetic moment at the Te site anti-parallel to that of the V and Sb sites, which plays a key role in the ferromagnetic order. We ascribe it to the hybridization between Te 5 and V 3 majority spin states at the Fermi energy, consistent with the Zener-type - exchange interaction scenario. The substitution of Bi for Sb suppresses the bulk ferromagnetism by introducing extra electron carriers in the majority spin channel of the Te states that compensates the antiparallel magnetic moment on the Te site. Our findings reveal important clues to designing magnetic topological insulators with higher Curie temperature that work under ambient conditions.
Shikin, A. M.*; Estyunin, D. A.*; Surnin, Yu. I.*; Koroleva, A. V.*; Shevchenko, E. V.*; Kokh, K. A.*; Tereshchenko, O. E.*; Kumar, S.*; Schwier, E. F.*; 島田 賢也*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 9(1), p.4813_1 - 4813_17, 2019/03
A new kind of magnetically-doped antiferromagnetic (AFM) topological insulators (TIs), BiGdSbTe, has been studied by angle-resolved photoemission, superconducting magnetometry (SQUID) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). It has been shown that this TI is characterized by the Dirac gap at the Fermi level. In the paramagnetic phase, a surface magnetic layer is supposed to develop, where the coupling between the Gd magnetic moments is mediated by the topological surface states (TSSs). This assumption can be confirmed by opening a gap at the Dirac point indicated by the surface-sensitive ARPES, a weak hysteresis loop measured by SQUID, the XMCD showing a surface magnetic moment and the temperature dependence of electrical resistance demonstrating a mid-gap semiconducting behavior, which correlates with the temperature dependence of the surface magnetization and confirms the conclusion that only TSSs are located at the Fermi level.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 99(3), p.035109_1 - 035109_5, 2019/01
In the present study, we have elucidated the nature of the electron correlation effect in uranium compounds by imaging the partial density of states (pDOS) of typical itinerant, localized, and heavy fermion uranium compounds by using the 4-5 resonant photoemission spectroscopy. Obtained pDOS exhibit a systematic trend depending on the physical properties of compounds: Although the coherent peak at the Fermi level can be explained by the band-structure calculation, an incoherent peak emerges on the higher binding energy side () in the cases of localized and heavy fermion compounds. The intensity and energy position of the incoherent peak is increased and shifted to a higher binding energy as the localization of the state increases. These behaviors are consistent with the prediction of the Mott metal-insulator transition, suggesting that the Hubbard- type mechanism takes an essential role in the electronic structure of actinide materials.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.82 - 85, 2018/11
One of the most remarkable properties of actinide compounds is the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetic ordering which has been realized in several strongly-correlated uranium based compounds. In these compounds, both superconductivity and magnetic ordering originate from U 5f states. To understand the origin of the coexistence as well as the mechanism of the superconductivity, it is essential to reveal their U 5f electronic structures. In this presentation, the U 5f electronic structures of heavy Fermion superconductors UPdAl and URuSi studied by photoelectron spectroscopy using soft X-rays from SPring-8 BL23SU are presented. For UPdAl, U 4d-5f resonant photoemission experiment was performed, and its partial U 5f spectrum was revealed experimentally. Furthermore, we have applied the three-dimentional ARPES to the hidden order compound URuSi, and revealed its complete 3D electronic structure in the paramagnetic phase. Their electronic structures are discussed based on these results.
竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範
Progress in Nuclear Science and Technology (Internet), 5, p.171 - 174, 2018/11
In order to investigate the electronic and magnetic states of UGe element-specifically, we have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments at the U N and Ge L absorption edges. We have detected the XMCD signals at both the U and Ge sites and observed clear hysteresis loops in the ferromagnetic (FM) state at T = 5.5 K. From the branching ratio B, it is found that the occupation number of 5f electrons (n) in UGe is close to 3. In addition, applying the magneto-optical sum rules analysis to the XMCD spectrum at the U N edges, the ratio of orbital magnetic moment to the spin magnetic moment (-M/M) is estimated to be 2.17. These values of B and -M/M are comparable compared with the results of other FM superconductors: URhGe and UCoGe
堀尾 眞史*; 竹田 幸治; 並木 宏允*; 片桐 隆雄*; 若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 野中 洋亮*; 芝田 悟朗*; 池田 啓祐*; 斎藤 祐児; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(10), p.105001_1 - 105001_2, 2018/10
We have performed X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) measurements on the iron-based superconductor SrVFeAsO to study the origin of weak ferromagnetism (WFM) reported for this compound. While Fe 3d electrons show a magnetic response similar to the other iron pnictides, signals from V 3d electrons remain finite at zero magnetic field and may be responsible for the WFM.
若林 勇希*; 野中 洋亮*; 竹田 幸治; 坂本 祥哉*; 池田 啓祐*; Chi, Z.*; 芝田 悟朗*; 田中 新*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; et al.
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(10), p.104416_1 - 104416_12, 2018/10
We study the electronic structure and magnetic properties of epitaxial (NiCo)FeO(111) layers with thicknesses = 1.7 - 5.2 nm grown on AlO(111)/Si(111) structures. We revealed the crystallographic (octahedral or tetrahedral ) sites and the valences of the Fe, Co, and Ni cations using experimental soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra and configuration-interaction cluster-model calculation.
竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 岡根 哲夫; 山上 浩志; 松田 達磨*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 97(18), p.184414_1 - 184414_7, 2018/05
We have performed soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments on the itinerant-electron metamagnet UCoAl at the U 4-5 () and Co 2-3 () absorption edges in order to investigate the magnetic properties of the U 5 and Co 3 electrons separately. From the line shape of the XMCD spectrum, it is deduced that the orbital magnetic moment of the Co 3 electrons is unusually large. Through the systematic temperature ()- and magnetic field ()-dependent XMCD measurements, we have obtained two types of the magnetization curve as a function of and (M-H curve and M-T curve, respectively). The metamagnetic transition from a paramagnetic state to a field-induced ferromagnetic state was observed clearly under 15 K at . The value of the and its -dependence agree well between the U and Co sites, and the bulk magnetization. Whereas, we have discovered the remarkable differences in the M-H and M-T curves between the U and Co sites. The present findings show clearly that the role of the Co 3 electrons should be considered more carefully in order to understand the origin of the magnetic ordering in UCoAl.
高田 郁弥*; 伊藤 啓太*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 高梨 弘毅*; 木村 昭夫*; 末益 崇*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 2(2), p.024407_1 - 024407_5, 2018/02
X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements were performed at the Ni and Fe absorption edges for NiFeN ( = 1 and 3) epitaxial films. Shoulders at approximately 2 eV above the Ni main peaks in the XAS spectrum of NiFeN were interpreted to originate from hybridization of orbitals between Ni 3 at face-centered (II) sites and N 2 at body-centered sites, while such features were missing in NiFeN film. Similar shoulders were observed at Fe edges in both films. Hence, Ni atoms preferentially occupied corner (I) sites, where the hybridization was weak because of the relatively long distance between Ni at I sites and N atoms. The relatively large magnetic moment deduced from sum-rule analysis of NiFeN also showed a good agreement with the presence of Ni atoms at I sites.
永井 浩大*; 藤原 秀紀*; 荒谷 秀和*; 藤岡 修平*; 右衛門佐 寛*; 中谷 泰博*; 木須 孝幸*; 関山 明*; 黒田 文彬*; 藤井 将*; et al.
Physical Review B, 97(3), p.035143_1 - 035143_8, 2018/01
フェリ磁性体MnVAl単結晶の電子構造を軟X線吸収磁気円二色性(XMCD)、軟X線共鳴非弾性散乱(RIX)によって調べた。全ての構成元素のXMCD信号を観測した。Mn L XMCDの結果は、密度汎関数理論を基にしたスペクトル計算により再現でき、Mn 3状態の遍歴的性質が明らかとなった。V LXMCDの結果はイオンモデル計算によって定性的に説明され、V 3電子はかなり局在的である。この描像は、V L RIXSで明らかとなった局所的な遷移と矛盾しない。
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 松本 裕司*; 山本 悦嗣; 立岩 尚之; et al.
Physical Review B, 96(12), p.125117_1 - 125117_9, 2017/09
The Fermi surface and band structure of have been studied by angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES) with the incident photon energies of = 665-735 eV. Detailed band structure and the three-dimensional shape of the Fermi surface were derived experimentally, and they are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation based on the density functional approximation. Comparison of the experimental ARPES spectra of with those of shows that they have considerably different spectral profiles particularly in the energy range of - 1 eV. Some energy bands with their energy dispersions of about 1 eV observed in are missing in the ARPES spectra of measured along the same high symmetry line of Brillouin zone, suggesting that U 5 states form these bands in . The relationship between the ARPES spectra of and is very different from the case between and where their intrinsic difference is limited only in the very vicinity of the Fermi energy. The present result argues that the U 5 electrons in have strong hybridization with ligand states, and essentially have an itinerant character.
藤森 伸一; 小畠 雅明; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 96(11), p.115126_1 - 115126_10, 2017/09
The electronic structures of U (=Al, Ga, and In) were studied by photoelectron spectroscopy to understand the the relationship between their electronic structure and magnetic properties. The band structures and Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa were revealed experimentally by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and they were compared with the result of band structure calculations. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces and the band structures of UAl and UGa were explained reasonably well by the calculation, although bands near the Fermi level () were renormalized owing to the finite electron correlation effect. The topologies of the Fermi surfaces of UAl and UGa are very similar to each other, except for some minor differences. Such minor differences in their Fermi surface or electron correlation effect might take an essential role in their magnetism.
矢野 一雄*; 岡根 哲夫; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳; 西村 克彦*; 佐藤 清雄*
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 515, p.118 - 125, 2017/06
CeNi, GdNi、並びにCeGdNiについて、構成元素の電子状態を軟X線吸収磁気円二色性(XMCD)測定により調べた。実験の結果、この系では、Gd 4f電子だけでなく、NI 3d電子並びにCe 4f電子も磁性も有しており、NI並びにCeの磁気モーメントはGdの磁気モーメントとは反平行にカップリングしていることがわかった。Ceの磁気モーメントは、いったん飽和した後、2T以上の磁場領域で減少していくが、これはスピンフリップ挙動と考えられる。サムルール解析からは、Gd 4f電子とNi 3d電子に小さい軌道磁気モーメントが残っていることが示唆された。
坂本 祥哉*; 若林 勇希*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 鈴木 博人*; 伴 芳祐*; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; 藤森 淳*
Physical Review B, 95(7), p.075203_1 - 075203_5, 2017/02
GeFe (Ge:Fe) shows ferromagnetic behavior up to a relatively high temperature of 210 K and hence is a promising material for spintronic applications compatible with Si technology. We have studied its underlying electronic structure by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy measurements and first-principles supercell calculation. We observed finite Fe 3 components in the states at the Fermi level () in a wide region of momentum space, and the was located 0.35 eV above the valence-band maximum of the host Ge. Our calculation indicates that the is also within the deep acceptor-level impurity band induced by the strong -() hybridization. We conclude that the additional minority-spin electron characteristic of the Fe state is responsible for the short-range ferromagnetic coupling between Fe atoms.
若林 勇希*; 秋山 了太*; 竹田 幸治; 堀尾 眞史*; 芝田 悟朗*; 坂本 祥哉*; 伴 芳祐*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; et al.
Physical Review B, 95(1), p.014417_1 - 014417_6, 2017/01
GeMn (GeMn) granular thin films are a unique and promising material for spintronic applications owing to their large positive magnetoresistance (MR). The microscopic origin of the MR has not yet been clarified. Here, we develop a method to separately investigate the magnetic properties of the nanoparticles and the matrix, utilizing the extremely high sensitivity of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) to the local magnetic state of each atom. We find that the MR ratio is proportional to the product of the magnetizations originating from the nanoparticles and the matrix. This result indicates that the spin-polarized holes in the nanoparticles penetrate into the matrix and that these holes undergo first order magnetic scattering by the paramagnetic Mn atoms in the matrix, which induces the large MR.
小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 小林 啓介*; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(9), p.094703_1 - 094703_6, 2016/09
The electronic structure of a divalent compound EuAl, which shows the charge density wave transition at , was studied by the hard X-ray angle-integrated photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) and the soft X-ray angle resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES). The valence band and core-level spectra obtained by the HAXPES are consistent with the divalent nature of Eu atoms in EuAl. Furthermore, the Fermi surface as well as the band structure in the vicinity of the Fermi Energy () of EuAl are very similar to those of its isostructural divalent compound SrAl, which does not have electrons. These suggest that Eu atoms are divalent in EuAl, and electrons are completely localized with electronic configuration in the ground state. The ARPES spectra measured along the --Z high-symmetry line did not show significant temperature dependences above and below within the energy resolution of . Moreover, the Fermi surface mapping along the direction showed that both of EuAl and SrAl have highly three-dimensional electronic structures, suggesting that the nesting of Fermi surface is not straightforward. The Fermi surface and band structure of SrAl were well explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 芳賀 芳範; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(6), p.062001_1 - 062001_33, 2016/06
The electronic structures of uranium-based compounds are studied by photoelectron spectroscopies with soft X-ray synchrotron radiation. Angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy with soft X-rays made it possible to directly observe their bulk band structures and Fermi surfaces. It is shown that the band structure and Fermi surface of itinerant compounds are quantitatively explained by the band-structure calculation treating all U 5 electrons as being itinerant. Furthermore, the overall electronic structures of heavy Fermion compounds are also explained by the band-structure calculation although there exist some disagreements which might be originated from the electron correlation effect. This suggests that the itinerant description of U states is an appropriate starting point for their description. The local electronic structures of uranium site are probed by the core-level photoelectron spectroscopy with soft X-rays. The comparisons of core-level spectra of these compounds with typical itinerant and localized compounds suggest that the local electronic structures of most of itinerant and heavy Fermion compounds are close to U 5 configuration.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 岡根 哲夫; 斎藤 祐児; 藤森 淳; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範; 大貫 惇睦
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena, 208, p.105 - 110, 2016/04
若林 勇希*; 坂本 祥哉*; 竹田 幸治; 石上 啓介*; 高橋 文雄*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 藤森 淳*; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 6, p.23295_1 - 23295_9, 2016/03
We investigate the local electronic structure and magnetic properties of the group-IV-based ferromagnetic semiconductor, GeFe (GeFe), using soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism. Our results show that the doped Fe 3 electrons are strongly hybridized with the Ge 4 states, and have a large orbital magnetic moment relative to the spin magnetic moment, namely / 0.1. We find that nanoscale local ferromagnetic regions, which are formed through ferromagnetic exchange interactions in the high-Fe-content regions of the GeFe films, exist even at room temperature, well above the Curie temperature of 20 - 100K. We observe the intriguing nanoscale expansion of the local ferromagnetic regions with decreasing temperature, followed by a transition of the entire film into a ferromagnetic state at the Curie temperature.