角田 一樹; 日下 翔太郎*; 竹田 幸治; 小林 功佳*; 平原 徹*
Physical Review B, 106(19), p.195421_1 - 195421_7, 2022/11
We systematically investigated the electronic properties of monolayer and multilayer vanadium selenide films grown with different conditions using in situ angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and first-principles calculations. We observed the band dispersions of pristine VSe in a sample grown at substrate temperature () of 250C, while the significant modulations of the Se-derived bands can be seen at = 380C. For = 420C, we found that the V self-intercalated VSe was formed. As a simple and convenient way, we also demonstrate that the monolayer VSe can be fabricated by annealing from the multilayer VSe film, and the possible formation mechanism is discussed. The establishment of the growth methods of VSe film and verifying its electronic properties provide the substantial step for the creation of the 2D vDW heterostructures.
山神 光平*; 藤澤 唯太*; Markel, P.-A.*; Barnaby, S.*; 角田 一樹; 竹田 幸治; 岡田 佳憲*
Physical Review B, 106(4), p.045137_1 - 045137_8, 2022/07
FeGeTe is a van der Waals (vdW) coupled unconventional ferromagnetic metal with a high Curie temperature (), exceeding 300 K. The formation of an anomalous ground state far below has attracted great interest, leading to a need to understand the spin-polarized electronic state near the Fermi energy () at low temperature. Despite recent extensive study, a microscopic understanding of the spin polarized electronic structure around has not been established yet due to the intrinsic complexity of both the crystal and band structures. In this work, we investigate the temperature dependence of element-specific soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Systematic temperature evolution in the XMCD signal from both magnetic Fe and its ligand Te is clearly observed. Importantly, the enhancement of the hybridization between Fe 3 and Te 5 states in the zero-magnetic field limit has been revealed. In light of the possible emergence of an exotic ground state, we discuss the temperature and magnetic field evolution of the element specific XMCD results.
窪田 崇秀*; 高野 大地*; 小田 洋平*; Mohanty, S.*; 伊藤 啓太*; 松木 充弘*; 林田 誠弘*; Sun, M.*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; et al.
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(4), p.044405_1 - 044405_12, 2022/04
This study focuses on an inverse-type Heusler alloy, MnCoGa (MCG), with a small off-stoichiometry (), showing perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). We observed a relatively large uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy constant () on the order of 10 J/m at room temperature in the MCG films with a small tetragonal distortion of a few percent. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) was employed to get insight into the origin for the PMA. Negligible angular variation of the orbital magnetic moment evaluated using the XMCD spectra suggested a minor role of the so-called Bruno's term to . The origin of the PMA was discussed based on the second-order perturbation theory in terms of the spin-orbit coupling, and first principles calculations, claiming that the mixing of the occupied - and the unoccupied -spin states is responsible for the PMA of the MCG films.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; Pospil, J.*; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範
Physical Review B, 105(11), p.115128_1 - 115128_6, 2022/03
The electronic structure of , which is isostructural to the heavy fermion superconductor , was investigated by photoelectron spectroscopy. The band structure and Fermi surfaces of were obtained by angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy (ARPES), and the results were well-explained by the band-structure calculation based on the local density approximation. The comparison between the ARPES spectra and the band-structure calculation suggests that the Fermi surface of mainly consists of the and states with a minor contribution from the states. The comparison of the band structures between and argues that the states form Fermi surfaces in through hybridization with the state in the layer, suggesting that the Fermi surface of has a strong three-dimensional nature.
角田 一樹; 竹田 幸治; 日下 翔太郎*; 小林 功佳*; 平原 徹*
Physical Review Materials (Internet), 6(1), p.014006_1 - 014006_8, 2022/01
川崎 郁斗; 小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
Physical Review B, 104(16), p.165124_1 - 165124_8, 2021/10
We carried out angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) experiments using soft X rays to investigate the electronic structure of the intermediate valence compound EuNiP. Both the Eu and Eu components arising from the 4 and 4 final states were observed in the valence spectra, directly confirming an intermediate character of Eu ions. The three-dimensional band structure was studied by ARPES measurements, and we found that the ARPES spectra up to just below the Fermi level can well be explained by a calculation based on the density-functional theory for the non-4 reference compound SrNiP. The heavy-fermion bands in EuNiP are thus considered to be formed through the hybridization between the dispersive valence bands, which resemble those for SrNiP, and the Eu components located at the very vicinity of the Fermi level.
藤原 秀紀*; 梅津 理恵*; 黒田 文彬*; 宮脇 淳*; 樫内 利幸*; 西本 幸平*; 永井 浩大*; 関山 明*; 入澤 明典*; 竹田 幸治; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 11(1), p.18654_1 - 18654_9, 2021/09
Band-gap engineering is one of the fundamental techniques in semiconductor technology. To fully utilize the spintronic material, it is essential to optimize the spin-dependent electronic structure in operando conditions by applying the magnetic and/or electric fields. Here we present a new spectroscopic technique to probe the spin-polarized electronic structures by using magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) in resonant inelastic soft X-ray scattering (RIXS) under an external magnetic field. Thanks to the spin-selective dipole-allowed transitions in the RIXS-MCD, we have successfully demonstrated the direct evidence of the perfectly spin-polarized electronic structures for the prototypical halfmetallic Heusller alloy, CoMnSi. The RIXS-MCD is a promising tool to probe the spin-dependent carriers and band-gap with element specific way induced in buried magnetic layers under operando conditions.
窪田 崇秀*; 嶋田 雄介*; 土屋 朋生*; 吉川 智己*; 伊藤 啓太*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 今野 豊彦*; 木村 昭夫*; 高梨 弘毅*
Nanomaterials (Internet), 11(7), p.1723_1 - 1723_11, 2021/07
Heusler alloys exhibit various magnetic properties. In this study, a layered sample consisting of a Heusler alloy, MnVAl and a ferromagnet, Fe, is selected as a material system exhibiting exchange bias. Although the fully ordered MnVAl is known as a ferrimagnet, the MnVAl/Fe layered structure exhibits exchange bias. The high-angle annular dark field STEM images demonstrated the formation of MnVAl clusters with the L2 phase distributed only around the interface to the Fe layer in the sample. Furthermore, the antiferromagnetic coupling between the Mn- and Fe-moments were observed in element specific hysteresis loops measured using XMCD. The locally ordered L2 phase and antiferromagnetic Mn-moments in the MnVAl layer are important for the exchange bias.
藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 山本 悦嗣; 芳賀 芳範
Electronic Structure (Internet), 3(2), p.024008_1 - 024008_8, 2021/06
The three-dimensional (3D) electronic structure of the hidden order compound in a paramagnetic phase was revealed using a 3D angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy where the electronic structure of the entire Brillouin zone is obtained by scanning both incident photon energy and detection angles of photoelectrons. The quasi-particle bands with enhanced contribution from the state were observed near , formed by the hybridization with the states. The energy dispersion of the quasi-particle band is significantly depend on, indicating that they inherently have a 3D nature. The band-structure calculation qualitatively explain the characteristic features of the band structure and Fermi surface although the electron correlation effect strongly renormalizes the quasi-particle bands. The 3D and strongly-correlated nature of the quasi-particle bands in is an essential ingredient for modeling its hidden-order transition.
深澤 拓朗*; 日下 翔太郎*; 角田 一樹; 橋爪 瑞葵*; 一ノ倉 聖*; 竹田 幸治; 出田 真一郎*; 田中 清尚*; 清水 亮太*; 一杉 太郎*; et al.
Physical Review B, 103(20), p.205405_1 - 205405_6, 2021/05
We successfully fabricated a MnBiTe/BiTe heterostructure by incorporating Mn and Te inside the topmost quintuple layer of BiTe, as unambiguously confirmed by LEED I-V scanning transmission electron microscopy measurements. The surface-state Dirac cone of the heterostructure showed little change compared to that of the pristine BiTe and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements showed that the system was paramagnetic down to 5.6 K. These results are in contrast to the previous works on related materials that showed magnetic order around 10 K as well as theoretical predictions and suggests the intricacy of the magnetic properties of two-dimensional van der Waals magnets.
松岡 秀樹*; Barnes, S. E.*; 家田 淳一; 前川 禎通; Bahramy, M. S.*; Saika, B. K.*; 竹田 幸治; 和達 大樹*; Wang, Y.*; 吉田 訓*; et al.
Nano Letters, 21(4), p.1807 - 1814, 2021/02
Magnetocrystalline anisotropy, a key ingredient for establishing long-range order in a magnetic material down to the two-dimensional (2D) limit, is generally associated with spin-orbit interaction (SOI) involving a finite orbital angular momentum. Here we report strong out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy without orbital angular momentum, emerging at the interface between two different van der Waals (vdW) materials, an archetypal metallic vdW material NbSe possessing Zeeman-type SOI and an isotropic vdW ferromagnet VSe. We found that the Zeeman SOI in NbSe induces robust out-of-plane magnetic anisotropy in VSe down to the 2D limit with a more than 2-fold enhancement of the transition temperature. We propose a simple model that takes into account the energy gain in NbSe in contact with a ferromagnet, which naturally explains our observations. Our results demonstrate a conceptually new magnetic proximity effect at the vdW interface, expanding the horizons of emergent phenomena achievable in vdW heterostructures.
藤森 伸一; 川崎 郁斗; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 本間 佳哉*; 青木 大*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 90(1), p.015002_1 - 015002_2, 2021/01
The valence state of was studied by core-level photoelectron spectroscopy. The main peak position of the core-level spectrum of coincides with that of , which is anitinerant compound with a nearly configuration. However, the main peak of is broader than that of, and satellite structures are observed in the higher binding energy side of the main peak, which are characteristics of mixed-valence uranium compounds. These results suggest that the state in isin a mixed valence state with a dominant contribution from the itinerant configuration.
竹田 幸治; 大矢 忍*; Pham, N. H.*; 小林 正起*; 斎藤 祐児; 山上 浩志; 田中 雅明*; 藤森 淳*
Journal of Applied Physics, 128(21), p.213902_1 - 213902_11, 2020/12
In order to understand the mechanism of the ferromagnetism in GaMnAs ((Ga,Mn)As), we have investigated the magnetic behavior on a microscopic level through systematic temperature () and magnetic-field () dependent soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments at the Mn absorption edges. The and dependences of XMCD intensities have been analyzed using a model consisting of the ferromagnetic (FM), paramagnetic, and superparamagnetic (SPM) components. Intriguingly, we have found a common behavior for the ferromagnetic ordering process in (Ga,Mn)As samples with different Mn concentrations and different Curie temperature () values. In particular, the SPM component develops well above , indicating that local FM regions are formed well above . The present findings indicate that the onset of ferromagnetic ordering is triggered by local electronic states around the substitutional Mn ions. Insight into the most representative ferromagnetic semiconductor, (Ga,Mn)As, will be an important step in understanding the mechanism of ferromagnetic ordering in various ferromagnetic semiconductor families.
平原 徹*; Otrokov, M. M.*; 佐々木 泰祐*; 角田 一樹*; 友弘 雄太*; 日下 翔太郎*; 奥山 裕磨*; 一ノ倉 聖*; 小林 正起*; 竹田 幸治; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 11, p.4821_1 - 4821_8, 2020/09
We fabricate a novel magnetic topological heterostructure MnBiTe/BiTe where multiple magnetic layers are inserted into the topmost quintuple layer of the original topological insulator BiTe. A massive Dirac cone (DC) with a gap of 40-75 meV at 16 K is observed. By tracing the temperature evolution, this gap is shown to gradually decrease with increasing temperature and a blunt transition from a massive to a massless DC occurs around 200-250 K. Magnetic measurements show that there are two distinct Mn components in the system that corresponds to the two heterostructures; MnBiTe/BiTe is paramagnetic at 6 K while MnBiTe/BiTe is ferromagnetic with a negative hysteresis (critical temperature 20 K). This novel heterostructure is potentially important for future device applications.
吉川 智己*; Antonov, V. N.*; 河野 嵩*; 鹿子木 将明*; 角田 一樹; 宮本 幸治*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 後藤 一希*; 桜庭 裕弥*; et al.
Physical Review B, 102(6), p.064428_1 - 064428_7, 2020/08
X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy were applied at the Ge (Ga) edge to unravel the spin-resolved unoccupied electronic states of CoMnGe (Ga). Complicated spectral features were observed in both XAS and XMCD spectra. For their interpretation, we compared the experimental XAS and XMCD spectra with the calculated Ge (Ga) 4 and 4 orbital partial density of states. The comparison enabled a qualitative explanation of the XMCD spectra as the difference between the majority and minority-spin unoccupied density of states summed over the 4 and 4 orbitals. Our finding provides a new approach to uncover the spin-split partial density of states above the Fermi level.
Shikin, A. M.*; Estyunin, D. A.*; Klimovskikh, I. I.*; Filnov, S. O.*; Kumar, S.*; Schwier, E. F.*; 宮本 幸治*; 奥田 太一*; 木村 昭夫*; 黒田 健太*; et al.
Scientific Reports (Internet), 10, p.13226_1 - 13226_13, 2020/08
Modification of the gap at the Dirac point (DP) in axion antiferromagnetic topological insulator MnBiTe and its electronic and spin structure have been studied by angle- and spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) under laser excitation at various temperatures, light polarizations and photon energies. We have distinguished both large and reduced gaps at the DP in the ARPES dispersions, which remain open above the Nel temperature of = 24.5 K. We propose that the gap above remains open due to a short-range magnetic field generated by chiral spin fluctuations. Spin-resolved ARPES, XMCD and circular dichroism ARPES measurements show a surface ferromagnetic ordering for the large gap sample and apparently significantly reduced effective magnetic moment for the reduced gap sample.
川崎 郁斗; 小畠 雅明; 藤森 伸一; 竹田 幸治; 山上 浩志; 仲村 愛*; 伊覇 航*; 辺土 正人*; 仲間 隆男*; 大貫 惇睦*
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 89(4), p.044704_1 - 044704_6, 2020/04
EuPd is a rare Eu-based compound, whose Eu ions are in a trivalent state. The electronic structure of EuPd was investigated by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) using soft X rays. Eu components arising from the 4f final state multiplet were clearly observed in the valence spectra, and no Eu components were observed within an experimental accuracy, confirming a robust Eu state. The band structure and Fermi surfaces revealed by ARPES measurements were compared to the band structure calculations based on the density-functional theory for LaPd andYPd. We found that the calculation for LaPd provides a better description for our ARPES results. The effective electron masses estimated from the ARPES spectra near the Fermi level are in good agreement with the corresponding cyclotron effective masses in previous de Haas-van Alphen experiments.
伊藤 啓太*; 安富 陽子*; Zhu, S.*; Nurmamat, M.*; 田原 昌樹*; 都甲 薫*; 秋山 了太*; 竹田 幸治; 斎藤 祐児; 小口 多美夫*; et al.
Physical Review B, 101(10), p.104401_1 - 104401_8, 2020/03
Spintronics devices utilizing a magnetic domain wall motion have attracted increasing attention, and ferrimagentic materials with almost compensated magnetic moments are highly required to realize the fast magnetic domain wall motion. Here, we report a key function for this purpose in anti-perovskite CoMnN films. Perpendicular magnetization emerges for , and the saturation magnetization reaches a minimum value at .
米田 安宏; 吉越 章隆; 竹田 幸治; 塩飽 秀啓; 松村 大樹; 菖蒲 敬久; 田村 和久
まてりあ, 58(12), p.763 - 769, 2019/12
中野 匡規*; Wang, Y.*; 吉田 訓*; 松岡 秀樹*; 真島 裕貴*; 池田 啓祐*; 平田 靖透*; 竹田 幸治; 和達 大樹*; 小濱 芳允*; et al.
Nano Letters, 19(12), p.8806 - 8810, 2019/12
The discoveries of intrinsic ferromagnetism in atomically thin van der Waals crystals have opened a new research field enabling fundamental studies on magnetism at two-dimensional (2D) limit as well as development of magnetic van der Waals heterostructures. Here we demonstrate that VSe epitaxial thin films grown by molecular-beam epitaxy exhibit emergent 2D ferromagnetism with intrinsic spin polarization of the V 3d electrons although the bulk counterpart is originally antiferromagnetic. Moreover, thickness-dependence measurements reveal that this newly developed 2D ferromagnet could be classified as an itinerant 2D Heisenberg ferromagnet with weak magnetic anisotropy.