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Journal Articles

Neutron transport

Tamura, Itaru

Hamon, 28(4), p.204 - 207, 2018/11

A Neutron guide is one of the devices to transport neutron beam for long distance without sacrificing much neutrons; therefore, it can supply neutrons to many experimental instruments distributed in a large experimental hall. Also, by using a curved guide, only the neutrons in a required energy range can be transported, and $$gamma$$ rays and fast neutrons can be effectively eliminated, therefore the signal to background ratio is improved. In addition, a neutron beam can be branched by applying curved guides. Neutron guides are also used to control the divergence angle and intensity of the neutron beam supplied to the neutron instrument.

Journal Articles

Magnetic structure of divalent europium compound EuGa$$_{4}$$ studied by single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffraction

Kawasaki, Takuro; Kaneko, Koji; Nakamura, Ai*; Aso, Naofumi*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; Tamura, Itaru; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 85(11), p.114711_1 - 114711_5, 2016/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:47.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

SENJU; A New time-of-flight single-crystal neutron diffractometer at J-PARC

Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kaneko, Koji; Kawasaki, Takuro; Tamura, Itaru; Nakao, Akiko*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; Munakata, Koji*; Moyoshi, Taketo*; et al.

Journal of Applied Crystallography, 49(1), p.120 - 127, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:33 Percentile:94.36(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

JAEA Reports

Developments of high-performance moderator vessel for JRR-3 cold neutron source

Arai, Masaji; Tamura, Itaru; Hazawa, Tomoya

JAEA-Technology 2015-010, 52 Pages, 2015/05

JAEA-Technology-2015-010.pdf:7.11MB

In the Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator, developments of high-performance CNS moderator vessel that can produce cold neutron intensity about two times higher compared to the existing vessel have been performed in the second medium term plans. We compiled this report about the technological development to solve several problems with the design and manufacture of new vessel. In the present study, design strength evaluation, mockup test, simulation for thermo-fluid dynamics of the liquid hydrogen and strength evaluation of the different-material-bonding were studied. By these evaluation results, we verified that the developed new vessel can be applied to CNS moderator vessel of JRR-3.

JAEA Reports

Characterization of NiC/Ti supermirror deposited on a metallic substrate

Tamura, Itaru; Kashima, Yoichi; Soyama, Kazuhiko

JAEA-Research 2014-029, 12 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-029.pdf:1.89MB

Neutron guide tubes, which are installed near reactor cores, are damaged by neutrons and $$gamma$$ rays irradiation. Those glass substrates which contain boron material are affected by (n, $$alpha$$) reaction, and ionization effect of $$gamma$$ rays on material strength decrease duration of use of neutron guide tubes. In order to increase resistance to radiation, we have fabricated a supermirror with Ni-P metallic substrate. The substrate roughness with 0.2 - 0.3 nm (rms) was produced by super- polishing. The neutron reflectivity reached 76 % for an m=3 supermirror.

Journal Articles

Development of a compact vertical splitting system for the cold neutron beam at JRR-3

Tamura, Itaru; Maruyama, Ryuji; Yamazaki, Dai; Nakamura, Kiyoshi; Yamamoto, Kazuyoshi; Aizawa, Kazuya; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 528, p.012012_1 - 012012_7, 2014/07

 Times Cited Count:0 Percentile:0.03

To achieve efficient implementation of usage of neutron beam instruments, the instruments were rearranged at C2 cold neutron beam line at JRR-3 by using a newly developed compact vertical splitting system. The splitting system has two compact multi channel benders. The bender has been developed using Ni/Ti supermirrors coated on both sides of 0.2 mm thickness silicon substrates. The curvature radius of the bender is 938 mm and the length of the bender is 320 mm yielding deflection angles of 20$$^{circ}$$. Supermirrors with m=3 were deposited on both sides of silicon substrate by an ion beam sputtering apparatus in JAEA. Neutron flux at the end of the neutron guide that installed at the bender exit of which the deflection angle is 20$$^{circ}$$ was measured by the gold foil activation method. It was measured 1.58 $$times$$ 10$$^{7}$$ n/cm$$^{2}$$/s. The present study showed that the supermirrors coated on both sides with high reflectivity are suitable for the compact bender.

Journal Articles

Instrument design and performance evaluation of a new single crystal neutron diffractometer SENJU at J-PARC

Oikawa, Kenichi; Kawasaki, Takuro; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Kaneko, Koji; Tamura, Itaru; Nakamura, Tatsuya; Harada, Masahide; Nakao, Akiko*; Hanashima, Takayasu*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.014013_1 - 014013_5, 2014/03

A new single crystal time-of-flight neutron diffractometer has been installed at BL18 of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of J-PARC. The diffractometer "SENJU" was designed for precise crystal and magnetic structure analyses using a small crystal less than 1.0 mm$$^3$$ under multiple extreme environments such as low-temperature and high-magnetic field. The first neutron beam was delivered to the sample position on March 5, 2012. Subsequently, the hardware and software of SENJU have been checked and confirmed that they worked fine. At the same time, diffraction experiments of several organic and inorganic crystals have been done using NaCl, C12A7, and so on. In these measurements, Bragg reflections in the high-Q region (d-spacing $$<$$ 0.5 ${AA}$) were clearly observed and analyzed successfully. In this presentation, we will show the instrument design and performance evaluation of SENJU in detail.

Journal Articles

Single crystal neutron diffraction study of high neutron absorbing compound EuGa$$_{4}$$

Kawasaki, Takuro; Kaneko, Koji; Aso, Naofumi*; Nakamura, Ai*; Hedo, Masato*; Nakama, Takao*; Onuki, Yoshichika*; Ohara, Takashi; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Oikawa, Kenichi; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 1, p.014009_1 - 014009_4, 2014/03

Journal Articles

Damage and recovery of JAEA instruments and neutron guides at JRR-3

Wakimoto, Shuichi; Sasajima, Fumio; Nagahori, Kazuhisa; Tamura, Itaru

Hamon, 22(3), p.242 - 245, 2012/08

The journal of Japanese Society of Neutron Science "Hamon" will publish a special issue of "Recovery from the earthquake" in August. Authors were asked to right the recovery of instruments and neutron guides. In this article, we review the damage and recovery process done in FY2011.

Journal Articles

Current status of a new polarized neutron reflectometer at the intense pulsed neutron source of the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF) of J-PARC

Takeda, Masayasu; Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Maruyama, Ryuji; Hayashida, Hirotoshi; Asaoka, Hidehito; Yamazaki, Tatsuya; Kubota, Masato; Aizawa, Kazuya; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Chinese Journal of Physics, 50(2), p.161 - 170, 2012/04

Journal Articles

Current status of a time-of-flight single crystal neutron diffractometer SENJU at J-PARC

Tamura, Itaru; Oikawa, Kenichi; Kawasaki, Takuro; Ohara, Takashi; Kaneko, Koji; Kiyanagi, Ryoji; Kimura, Hiroyuki*; Takahashi, Miwako; Kiyotani, Tamiko*; Arai, Masatoshi; et al.

Journal of Physics; Conference Series, 340, p.012040_1 - 012040_4, 2012/02

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:94.91

Journal Articles

Relationship between hypocentral distribution and geological structure in the Horonobe area, northern Hokkaido, Japan

Tokiwa, Tetsuya; Asamori, Koichi; Hiraga, Naoto*; Yamada, Osamu; Moriya, Hirokazu*; Hotta, Hikaru*; Kitamura, Itaru*; Yokota, Hideharu

Proceedings of 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management (ICEM 2010) (CD-ROM), p.117 - 122, 2010/10

In this paper, we discuss the relationship between the accurate hypocentral distribution and 3-D geological structure in and around the Horonobe area, Japan. We carried out multiplet-clustering analysis by using data of the 421 micro-earthquakes which occurred from 1st September, 2003 to 30th September, 2007. The 3-D geological structure model was mainly constructed from previous seismic reflection profiles and drilling data. As a result of this analysis, although there are some differences in depth between them, the hypocenters are distributed in NNW-SSE direction and become deeper from the west toward the east. The distributed pattern of the hypocenters is similar to the one of the geological structure. These results indicate that the hypocentral distribution may represent existence of active zone related to the geological structure, and provide effective information which can contribute to establishing methods for estimating the future evolution of the geological environment.

JAEA Reports

Study on the method of exchanging JRR-3 cold neutron guide tubes

Hazawa, Tomoya; Tamura, Itaru; Takazawa, Hiromitsu

JAEA-Technology 2008-079, 76 Pages, 2009/01

JAEA-Technology-2008-079.pdf:6.17MB

The Department of Research Reactor and Tandem Accelerator has planned the project of increasing cold neutron intensities by ten times by upgrading the cold neutron guide tubes with super-mirrors also and the moderator cell of cold neutron source. An exchange of the guide tubes requires taking the beam shutter of about 6 ton out of the narrow guide tunnel. The cold neutron guide tubes in the front end are 3 times longer then thermal ones and set very close to the reactor core. Therefore, the work has to be done under a high radiation dose as well as paying close attention to setting the tubes precisely. This report describes the result of study on replacing the Ni-guide tubes with super-mirror guide tubes as the first step of the 10-times upgrading project for cold neutrons.

Journal Articles

Instrumental design and expected performance of coupled-moderator near-backscattering spectrometer at J-PARC

Takahashi, Nobuaki; Shibata, Kaoru; Sato, Taku*; Tamura, Itaru; Kajimoto, Ryoichi; Harjo, S.; Oikawa, Kenichi; Arai, Masatoshi; Mezei, F.*

Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 68(11), p.2199 - 2203, 2007/11

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:37(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

A near-backscattering crystal-analyzer neutron inelastic spectrometer, DIANA has been proposed to construct at Materials and Life Science Facility (MLF) of Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). It has firstly been designed to see a decoupled non-poisoned moderator in order to obtain higher intensity and better energy resolution. In deed, the decoupled moderator has a narrower pulse width than a coupled moderator, and so it will give us a better energy resolution. However, the peak neutron flux of the decoupled moderator has only a half of the coupled moderator. In order to decide the best choice of this type of near-backscattering instruments, we have reconsidered instrumental parameters including the type of moderators. We have performed Monte-Carlo neutron ray-tracing simulations, using McStas and have compared these results in various viewpoints such as intensities, resolutions, shape of resolution functions, scan ranges and so on.

JAEA Reports

Development of a neutron reflectometer SUIREN at JRR-3

Yamazaki, Dai; Moriai, Atsushi; Tamura, Itaru; Maruyama, Ryuji; Ebisawa, Toru*; Takeda, Masayasu; Soyama, Kazuhiko

JAEA-Technology 2007-030, 21 Pages, 2007/03

JAEA-Technology-2007-030.pdf:4.13MB

A new neutron reflectometer "SUIREN" has been developed and started its operation at the research reactor JRR-3 of JAEA in 2006. SUIREN (Apparatus for Surface and Interface investigations with Reflection of Neutrons) provides monochromatic neutron beam with wavelength of 3.8 $$AA$$ and vertical sample geometry, which is suitable for studies on interfaces involving solid layers of soft materials, magnetic materials, neutron mirrors and many other things. Collimated neutron intensity is about 2.1$$times$$10$$^4$$$$sim$$2.6$$times$$10$$^4$$ n/s/cm$$^{2}$$ with =0.08 deg at the sample position. Background is as low as 4.5$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ n/s when a local beam shutter is closed. A demonstration experiment showed that specular reflectivity of a silicon substrate of 3 inches in diameter can be measured down to 10$$^{-6}$$ over 0 $$<$$ Qz $$<$$ 0.22 $$AA$$$$^{-1}$$ in 27 hours. This paper describes the beam-line and components of the SUIREN reflectometer, some results of test measurements and future plans.

Journal Articles

A New neutron reflectometer SUIREN at JRR-3

Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Moriai, Atsushi; Tamura, Itaru; Nakamura, Kiyoshi

Hamon, 16(3), p.174 - 176, 2006/07

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Performance of upgraded thermal neutron guides with supermirrors at JRR-3

Tamura, Itaru; Suzuki, Masatoshi; Hazawa, Tomoya; Moriai, Atsushi; Hori, Naohiko; Sasajima, Fumio; Soyama, Kazuhiko

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 529(1-3), p.234 - 237, 2004/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:32.11(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Thermal neutron guides at JRR-3 reactor have been upgraded from Nickel mirrors to Ni/Ti multilayer supermirrors. We performed the characteristics experiment of neutron beams transmitted through supermirror neutron guides. Neutron fluxes at the end of the thermal neutron guides were measured by the gold foil activation method on March 2003. We have confirmed that neutron fluxes at the end of thermal neutron guide increases by 6 times. The neutron spectra were also measured at the end of the thermal neutron guides by the time-of-flight method. The wavelength range for the neutron beam is extended and the shorter wavelength neutrons, which had been filtered by the characteristics of curved neutron guides before upgrade, were observed. In this paper, we have performed several Monte Carlo simulation codes using the McStas package in the consideration of the performance of fabricated supermirrors and its alignment errors for the purpose of estimation of instruments performance. We discuss the comparison of the experimental results with results of simulation.

Journal Articles

High efficiency indirect geometory crystal analyzer TOF spectrometer; DYANA dedicated to biology, planning in JSNS

Shibata, Kaoru; Tamura, Itaru; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Arai, Masatoshi; Middendorf, H. D.*; Niimura, Nobuo

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 1, p.351 - 354, 2003/07

In this research report we describe the design of DYANA, a new neutron spectrometer dedicated for biology, biomaterials, and related soft-matter studies, which will be installed in the material and life science experimental facility project at the JAERI Tokai establishment. The DYANA spectrometer is an indirect-geometry crystal-analyzer instrument and its energy and momentum transfer range are from several 10$$mu$$eV to several meV and from 0.1$$AA ^{-1}$$ to several $$AA ^{-1}$$ , respectively. These specifications will become possible to do the study of protein dynamics analysis.

Journal Articles

Creation of new McStas components of moderators of JSNS for developing new pulse spectrometer

Tamura, Itaru; Aizawa, Kazuya; Harada, Masahide; Shibata, Kaoru; Maekawa, Fujio; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Arai, Masatoshi

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 1, p.529 - 539, 2003/07

Moderator components of the McStas code have been created for the design of the spectrometers of JSNS. Three cryogenic moderators are adopted in JSNS, One is a coupled H$$_{2}$$ moderator for high intensity experiments and other two are decoupled H$$_{2}$$ with poisoned or unpoisoned for high resolution moderators. Monte Carlo simulations have turned out to be useful for design of neutron scattering instruments with high complexity. The software package McStas is selected for its own flexibility. Since the characteristics of neutron beams generated from moderators make influence on the performance of pulse neutron spectrometers, it is important to perform the simulation with neutron source component written precisely. Both Energy dependence of neutron spectrum and time structure of neutrons were calculated using NMTC/JAERI97 and MCNP4a codes.The simulation parameters, which describe the pulse shape as a function of time, are optimized. The creation of neutron source components viewed to coupled H$$_{2}$$ moderator and viewed to decoupled H$$_{2}$$ moderator of JSNS are reported.

Journal Articles

Development of drabkin energy filters for J-PARC project

Yamazaki, Dai; Soyama, Kazuhiko; Ebisawa, Toru*; Tamura, Itaru; Tasaki, Seiji*

Proceedings of ICANS-XVI, Volume 1, p.407 - 415, 2003/06

Drabkin energy filters extract neutrons of required wavelength using spatial neutron spin resonance. If they are applied to pulsed neutrons, they could sharpen pulse width and cut tail neutrons without reducing band-width or peak-intensity. Shaping of J-PARC coupled-moderator pulse by a Drabkin energy filter was simulated. In the simulation, discrete field gradient to Bx is introduced and total field B is varied in accordance with the dominant wavelength at each moment at the filter position. The results suggest that about 90 % or more of tail neutrons from coupled moderator are cut and a fliter with fields of 200 periods could reduce pulse width up to that of decoupled moderator. Effects of fluctuations of width of each half period were studied and it was found that fluctuation within $$pm$$1 % are tolerable for a flipper with field of 100 or 200 periods.

105 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)