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Journal Articles

Continuous liquid-liquid extraction of uranium from uranium-containing wastewater using an organic phase-refining-type emulsion flow extractor

Nagano, Tetsushi; Naganawa, Hirochika; Suzuki, Hideya; Toshimitsu, Masaaki*; Mitamura, Hisayoshi*; Yanase, Nobuyuki*; Grambow, B.

Analytical Sciences, 34(9), p.1099 - 1102, 2018/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:44.18(Chemistry, Analytical)

A previously reported emulsion flow (EF) extraction system does not include a device for refining used solvent. Therefore, the processing of large quantities of wastewater by using the EF extractor alone could lead to the accumulation of wastewater components into the solvent and diminished extraction performance. In the present study, we have developed a solvent-washing-type EF system, which is equipped with a unit for washing used solvent to prevent accumulation, and successfully applied it for treating uranium-containing wastewater.

Journal Articles

Recontamination prevention technologies to prevent radioactive cesium from its runoff from not decontaminated forests to living areas

Nagasu, Ryosuke*; Tanabe, Daijiro*; Yokotsuka, Satoshi*; Kumazawa, Noriyuki*; Ajiki, Takaya*; Aizawa, Yusuke*; Naganawa, Hirochika; Nagano, Tetsushi; Yanase, Nobuyuki*; Mitamura, Hisayoshi*; et al.

Kankyo Joka Gijutsu, 17(2), p.58 - 61, 2018/03

A new technology to suppress cesium migration from forests has been developed collaboratively by Ibaraki University, Kumagai-gumi Co., Ltd. and its group company, Technos, and JAEA. The new technology utilizes polyelectrolytes (polymers with electric charges) and clay minerals to control Cs migration with the aid of natural forces such as rainfall and rainwater runoff. In Imitate-mura, Fukushima, verification tests of the new technology have been performed and its effect on controlling Cs migration from forests to grass farm adjoining the forests has been proven.

Journal Articles

Role of multichance fission in the description of fission-fragment mass distributions at high energies

Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Tanaka, Shoya*; L$'e$guillon, R.*; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 119(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_6, 2017/12

 Times Cited Count:26 Percentile:7.98(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Fission-fragment mass distributions were measured for $$^{237-240}$$U, $$^{239-242}$$Np and $$^{241-244}$$Pu populated in the excitation-energy range from 10 to 60 MeV by multi-nucleon transfer channels in the reaction $$^{18}$$O + $$^{238}$$U at the JAEA tandem facility. Among them, the data for $$^{240}$$U and $$^{240,241,242}$$Np were observed for the first time. It was found that the mass distributions for all the studied nuclides maintain a double-humped shape up to the highest measured energy in contrast to expectations of predominantly symmetric fission due to the washing out of nuclear shell effects. From a comparison with the dynamical calculation based on the fluctuation-dissipation model, this behavior of the mass distributions was unambiguously attributed to the effect of multi-chance fission.

Journal Articles

Simultaneous measurement of neutron-induced fission and capture cross sections for $$^{241}$$Am at neutron energies below fission threshold

Hirose, Kentaro; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Ota, Shuya*; Nagayama, Tatsuro*; Tamura, Nobuyuki*; Goto, Shinichi*; Andreyev, A.; Vermeulen, M. J.; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 856, p.133 - 138, 2017/06

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:49.25(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Fission fragments mass distributions of nuclei populated by the multinucleon transfer channels of the $$^{18}$$O + $$^{232}$$Th reaction

L$'e$guillon, R.; Nishio, Katsuhisa; Hirose, Kentaro; Makii, Hiroyuki; Nishinaka, Ichiro*; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Smallcombe, J.*; Chiba, Satoshi*; Aritomo, Yoshihiro*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 761, p.125 - 130, 2016/10

 Times Cited Count:27 Percentile:6.1(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Journal Articles

Decontamination and volume reduction of cesium-contaminated soil by combining soil solidification with interpolyelectrolyte complex and wet classification

Yamashita, Yuji*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Naganawa, Hirochika

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 305(2), p.583 - 587, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:4 Percentile:53.79(Chemistry, Analytical)

We propose a method for the decontamination and waste volume reduction of cesium-contaminated soil. The soils were solidified with an interpolyelectrolyte complex solution and classified into several size fractions by wet sieving. $$gamma$$-ray spectrometry of these fractions showed that the distribution ratio of the activity concentration of coarse soil particles decreased, whereas that of soil particles under 0.075 mm increased relative to reference samples. Results show that the fine soil particles, on which radioactive cesium accumulates, were removed from the surface of the coarse soil particles during, and remained in the washing water.

Journal Articles

On-site monitoring method of radioactive cesium in water sample using cesium adsorption disk and GM survey meter

Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Naganawa, Hirochika; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Yamaguchi, Hiroaki*

Hoshasei Busshitsu No Kyuchaku, Josen Oyobi Taihoshasen Gjutsu Ni Okeru Zairyo, Seko, Sokutei No Shin Gijutsu, p.400 - 408, 2014/11

A method for monitoring radioactive cesium concentration in water using a cesium adsorption disk and a GM survey meter has been developed to ascertain whether the water quality meets standards on radiological contaminants in water. This method was successfully applied to monitoring of decontaminated water of an outdoor school swimming pool in Date City after Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

Journal Articles

Continuous liquid-liquid extraction of nickel from simulated electroless nickel plating liquid wastes by using a counter current emulsion flow extractor

Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Yamashita, Yuji; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Suzuki, Hideya; Naganawa, Hirochika

Solvent Extraction Research and Development, Japan, 21(1), p.111 - 117, 2014/00

Simulated electroless nickel plating liquid wastes have been processed by using an emulsion flow extractor of a counter current type with a special focus on influences of dilution of the liquid wastes on the extraction performance. The emulsion flow extractor provides an efficient liquid-liquid extraction by sending solutions without additional stirring or shaking. A solvent used in the present study was Shellsol D70 solution containing LIX84-I as an extractant for nickel and PC88A as an accelerating agent. As a result, it was found that increasing degree of dilution with water resulted in improvement of nickel extractabilities obtained from the emulsion flow experiments with a maximum value of 96% as well as those obtained from batch experiments. Droplet sizes at the lower and the upper sides of emulsion phases, estimated by using high-speed microscope, were 214 $$pm$$ 36 $$mu$$m and 415 $$pm$$ 110 $$mu$$m, respectively.

Journal Articles

Continuous extraction of uranium from actual uranium-containing liquid wastes using an "emulsion flow" extractor

Nagano, Tetsushi; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Naganawa, Hirochika; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Mita, Yutaka; Kanda, Nobuhiro; Ohashi, Yusuke; Endo, Yuji; Matsubara, Tatsuo

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 12(4), p.277 - 285, 2013/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Method for monitoring radioactive cesium concentration in water using cesium adsorption disk and GM survey meter

Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Naganawa, Hirochika; Yasuda, Kenichiro; Yoshida, Zenko; Yamaguchi, Hiroaki*

Nippon Hoshasen Anzen Kanri Gakkai-Shi, 11(2), p.139 - 145, 2012/11

An on-site monitoring method for radioactive cesium concentration in water using a cesium adsorption disk and a GM survey meter has been developed to rapidly and easily ascertain whether the water quality meets standards on radiological contaminants in water. In this method, both dissolved and suspended forms of radioactive cesium are collected on the cesium adsorption disk by means of filtration of a water sample. Beta counting rate of the disk is converted into radioactivity using a conservative calibration factor obtained here. The present on-site method was applied to monitoring of decontaminated water of an outdoor school swimming pool in Date city after Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident.

Journal Articles

Removal of radioactive cesium from surface soils solidified using polyion complex; Rapid communication for decontamination test at Iitate-mura in Fukushima Prefecture

Naganawa, Hirochika; Kumazawa, Noriyuki*; Saito, Hiroshi*; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Nagano, Tetsushi; Kashima, Kaoru*; Fukuda, Tatsuya*; Yoshida, Zenko; Tanaka, Shunichi*

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 10(4), p.227 - 234, 2011/12

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Evaluation of the affinity of some toxic elements to schwertmannite in natural streams contaminated with acid mine drainage

Nagano, Tetsushi; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Takada, Morio*; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Sato, Tsutomu*; Naganawa, Hirochika

Water Air and Soil Pollution, 216(1-4), p.153 - 166, 2011/03

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:72.91(Environmental Sciences)

Schwertmannite is a poorly-crystalline ferric sulphate mineral that secondarily forms in acid mine drainages (AMD) as a result of the oxidative weathering of pyrite (FeS2), and is known to work as a naturally-occurring scavenger of some toxic elements in AMD-contaminated streams due to its high fixation potentials. In this study, to examine the feasibility of using schwertmannite in water purification technique, we evaluate the affinity of some selected elements to schwertmannite using two parameters: (1) conventional apparent solid-liquid partition coefficients between schwertmannite and stream waters, and (2) newly introduced parameters that correspond to ratios of ions fixed by schwertmannite to those existing as dissolved phases. As a result, both of the two parameters revealed that schwertmannite has high fixation potential for fluvial transport of various toxic anions such as V, Cr, As, Mo and Sb in AMD-contaminated streams, and that it could be used for purification of waters contaminated with these toxic anions.

Journal Articles

29th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Isayama, Akihiko; Sakakibara, Satoru*; Furukawa, Masaru*; Matsunaga, Go; Yamazaki, Kozo*; Watanabe, Kiyomasa*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; Tamura, Naoki*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 86(6), p.374 - 377, 2010/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

27th report of ITPA topical group meeting

Osakabe, Masaki*; Shinohara, Koji; Toi, Kazuo*; Todo, Yasushi*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Murakami, Sadayoshi*; Yamamoto, Satoshi*; Idomura, Yasuhiro; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tanaka, Kenji*; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 85(12), p.839 - 842, 2009/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Extraction and separation of uranium from simulated uranium-containing liquid wastes of Ningyo-toge environmental engineering center

Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Naganawa, Hirochika; Nagano, Tetsushi; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Hanzawa, Yukiko; Shimojo, Kojiro; Matsubara, Tatsuo; Mita, Yutaka; Taki, Tomihiro; Murata, Masato

JAEA-Research 2008-113, 27 Pages, 2009/03


An effective mass processing equipment using solvent extraction method, named "emulsion flow extractor," is the most promising apparatus for removal and recovery of uranium from liquid waste originated from decontamination of uranium-contaminated fluoride waste in the uranium conversion test facility and of used gas centrifuges in the uranium enrichment facility at Ningyo-toge environmental engineering center. Prior to application of the emulsion flow extractor for actual uranium-containing liquid waste, properties of some phosphorous extractants for extraction and separation of uranium and constituents from simulated liquid wastes were examined through batch tests. These preliminary tests revealed that D2EHPA would be a promising candidate for extractant used for treatment of the actual uranium-containing liquid wastes, and that the extractants with a surfactant like AOT would not be useful.

Journal Articles

Report on ITPA meetings, 24

Idomura, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Maiko; Yagi, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Tamura, Naoki*; Oyama, Naoyuki; Urano, Hajime; Aiba, Nobuyuki; et al.

Purazuma, Kaku Yugo Gakkai-Shi, 84(12), p.952 - 955, 2008/12

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Feasibility Study on Commercialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Cycle Systems Interim Report of Phase II; Technical Study Report for Reactor Plant Systems

Konomura, Mamoru; Ogawa, Takashi; Okano, Yasushi; Yamaguchi, Hiroyuki; Murakami, Tsutomu; Takaki, Naoyuki; Nishiguchi, Youhei; Sugino, Kazuteru; Naganuma, Masayuki; Hishida, Masahiko; et al.

JNC-TN9400 2004-035, 2071 Pages, 2004/06


The attractive concepts for Sodium-, lead-bismuth-, helium- and water-cooled FBRs have been created through using typical plant features and employing advanced technologies. Efforts on evaluating technological prospects of feasibility have been paid for these concepts. Also, it was comfirmed if these concepts satisfy design requierments of capability and performance presumed in the feasibilty study on commertialization of Fast Breeder Reactor Systems. As results, it was concluded that the selection of sodium-cooled reactor was most rational for practical use of FBR technologies in 2015.

Journal Articles

Diagnostics system of JT-60U

Sugie, Tatsuo; Hatae, Takaki; Koide, Yoshihiko; Fujita, Takaaki; Kusama, Yoshinori; Nishitani, Takeo; Isayama, Akihiko; Sato, Masayasu; Shinohara, Koji; Asakura, Nobuyuki; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology (JT-60 Special Issue), 42(2-3), p.482 - 511, 2002/09

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:96.97(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The diagnostic system of JT-60U (JT-60upgrade) is composed of about 50 individual diagnostic devices. Recently, the detailed radial profile measurements of plasma parameters have been improved, so that the internal structure of plasmas has been explored. The understanding of plasma confinement has been enhanced by density and temperature fluctuation measurements using a mm-wave reflectometer and electron cyclotron emission measurements respectively. In addition, the real-time control experiments of electron density, neutron yield, radiated power and electron temperature gradient have been carried out successfully by corresponding diagnostic devices. These measurements and the real time control contribute to improving plasma performance. Diagnostic devices for next generation fusion devices such as a CO2 laser interferometer/polarimeter and a CO2 laser collective Thomson scattering system have been developed.

Oral presentation

New solvent extraction apparatus "Emulsion Flow"

Naganawa, Hirochika; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Noro, Junji*

no journal, , 

JP, 2007-136496   Licensable Patent Information Database   Patent publication (In Japanese)

no abstracts in English

Oral presentation

Extraction and separation of cadmium(II) from process residue of scallop by "emulsion flow"

Ishioka, Minami; Yanase, Nobuyuki; Nagano, Tetsushi; Mitamura, Hisayoshi; Ohashi, Akira*; Yamaguchi, Akira*; Kim, H.-B.*; Naganawa, Hirochika

no journal, , 

no abstracts in English

35 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)