Hirata, Sakiko*; Kusaka, Ryoji; Meiji, Shogo*; Tamekuni, Seita*; Okudera, Kosuke*; Hamada, Shoken*; Sakamoto, Chihiro*; Honda, Takumi*; Matsushita, Kosuke*; Muramatsu, Satoru*; et al.
Inorganic Chemistry, 62(1), p.474 - 486, 2023/01
Yamamoto, Kazami; Kinsho, Michikazu; Hayashi, Naoki; Saha, P. K.; Tamura, Fumihiko; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Tani, Norio; Takayanagi, Tomohiro; Kamiya, Junichiro; Shobuda, Yoshihiro; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 59(9), p.1174 - 1205, 2022/09
In the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex, the purpose of the 3 GeV rapid cycling synchrotron (RCS) is to accelerate a 1 MW, high-intensity proton beam. To achieve beam operation at a repetition rate of 25 Hz at high intensities, the RCS was elaborately designed. After starting the RCS operation, we carefully verified the validity of its design and made certain improvements to establish a reliable operation at higher power as possible. Consequently, we demonstrated beam operation at a high power, namely, 1 MW. We then summarized the design, actual performance, and improvements of the RCS to achieve a 1 MW beam.
Komeda, Masao; Toh, Yosuke; Tanabe, Kosuke*; Kitamura, Yasunori*; Misawa, Tsuyoshi*
Annals of Nuclear Energy, 159, p.108300_1 - 108300_8, 2021/09
Patwary, M. K. A*; Kin, Tadahiro*; Aoki, Katsumi*; Yoshinami, Kosuke*; Yamaguchi, Masaya*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Tsukada, Kazuaki; Sato, Nozomi*; Asai, Masato; Sato, Tetsuya; et al.
Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 58(2), p.252 - 258, 2021/02
While designing deuteron accelerator neutron sources for radioisotopes production, nuclear data for light elements such as Li, Be, and C have been systematically measured in the deuteron energy range from a few MeV to around 50 MeV. Currently, the experimental data available on double-differential thick-target neutron yields (DDTTNYs) is insufficient, especially for deuteron energies between 18 and 33 MeV. In this study, we measured the DDTTNYs of () reactions on C target for incident deuteron energies of 12, 20, and 30 MeV using the multiple-foils activation method to improve nuclear data insufficiency. We applied the GRAVEL code for the unfolding process to derive the DDTTNYs. The results were compared with the calculation by DEURACS. The present data were also used to confirm the systematics of the differential neutron yields at 0 and total neutron yield per incident deuteron in the wide range of deuteron energy.
Fujimori, Kosuke*; Kitaura, Mamoru*; Taira, Yoshitaka*; Fujimoto, Masaki*; Zen, H.*; Watanabe, Shinta*; Kamada, Kei*; Okano, Yasuaki*; Kato, Masahiro*; Hosaka, Masahito*; et al.
Applied Physics Express, 13(8), p.085505_1 - 085505_4, 2020/08
To clarify the existence of cation vacancies in Ce-doped GdAlGaO (Ce:GAGG) scintillators, we performed gamma-ray-induced positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy (GiPALS). GiPAL spectra of GAGG and Ce:GAGG comprised two exponential decay components, which were assigned to positron annihilation at bulk and defect states. By an analogy with Ce:YAlO, the defect-related component was attributed to Al/Ga-O divacancy complexes. This component was weaker for Ce, Mg:GAGG, which correlated with the suppression of shallow electron traps responsible for phosphorescence. Oxygen vacancies were charge compensators for Al/Ga vacancies. The lifetime of the defect-related component was significantly changed by Mg co-doping. This was understood by considering aggregates of Mg ions at Al/Ga sites with oxygen vacancies, which resulted in the formation of vacancy clusters.
Watanabe, Kosuke*; Matsuda, Shohei; Cuevas, C. A.*; Saiz-Lopez, A.*; Yabushita, Akihiro*; Nakano, Yukio*
ACS Earth and Space Chemistry (Internet), 3(4), p.669 - 679, 2019/04
The photooxidation of aqueous iodide ions (I) at sea surface results in the emission of gaseous iodine molecules (I) into the atmosphere. It plays a certain role in the transport of iodine from ocean to the atmosphere in the natural cycle of iodine. In this study, we determined the photooxidation parameters, the molar absorption coefficient (()) and the photooxidative quantum yields (()) of I, in the range of 290-500 nm. Through the investigation of the influence of pH and dissolved oxygen (DO) on (), the subsequent emission rates of I following the photooxidation of I in deionized water solution (pH 5.6, DO 7.8 mg L) and artificial seawater solution (pH 8.0, DO 7.0 mg L) were estimated. A global chemistry-climate model employed herein to assess the I ocean emission on a global scale indicated that the photooxidation of I by solar light can enhance the atmospheric iodine budget by up to 8% over some oceanic regions.
Ito, Yuta*; Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Arai, Fumiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Ishizawa, Satoshi*; Kaji, Daiya*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 120(15), p.152501_1 - 152501_6, 2018/04
Masses of Es, Fm and the transfermium nuclei Md, and No, produced by hot- and cold-fusion reactions, in the vicinity of the deformed neutron shell closure, have been directly measured using a multi-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrograph. The masses of Es and Md were measured for the first time. Using the masses of Md as anchor points for decay chains, the masses of heavier nuclei, up to Bh and Mt, were determined. These new masses were compared with theoretical global mass models and demonstrated to be in good agreement with macroscopic-microscopic models in this region. The empirical shell gap parameter derived from three isotopic masses was updated with the new masses and corroborate the existence of the deformed neutron shell closure for Md and Lr.
Tanaka, Taiki*; Narikiyo, Yoshihiro*; Morita, Kosuke*; Fujita, Kunihiro*; Kaji, Daiya*; Morimoto, Koji*; Yamaki, Sayaka*; Wakabayashi, Yasuo*; Tanaka, Kengo*; Takeyama, Mirei*; et al.
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 87(1), p.014201_1 - 014201_9, 2018/01
Excitation functions of quasielastic scattering cross sections for the Ca + Pb, Ti + Pb, and Ca + Cm reactions were successfully measured by using the gas-filled recoil-ion separator GARIS. Fusion barrier distributions were extracted from these data, and compared with the coupled-channels calculations. It was found that the peak energies of the barrier distributions for the Ca + Pb and Ti + Pb systems coincide with those of the 2n evaporation channel cross sections for the systems, while that of the Ca + Cm is located slightly below the 4n evaporation ones. This results provide us helpful information to predict the optimum beam energy to synthesize superheavy nuclei.
Mamiya, Hiroaki*; Oba, Yojiro; Terada, Noriki*; Watanabe, Norimichi*; Hiroi, Kosuke; Shinohara, Takenao; Oikawa, Kenichi
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.15516_1 - 15516_8, 2017/11
no abstracts in English
Schury, P.*; Wada, Michiharu*; Ito, Yuta*; Kaji, Daiya*; Haba, Hiromitsu*; Hirayama, Yoshikazu*; Kimura, Sota*; Koura, Hiroyuki; MacCormick, M.*; Miyatake, Hiroari*; et al.
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 407, p.160 - 165, 2017/06
Various isotopes of Ac, Ra, Fr, and Rn were produced by fusion-evaporation reactions using a Ca beam. The energetic ions were stopped in and extracted from a helium gas cell. The extracted ions were identified using a multi-reflection time-of-fight mass spectrograph. In all cases, it was observed that the predominant charge state for the extracted ions, including the alkali Fr, was 2+.
Matsuda, Kosuke*; Muramatsu, Ken*; Muta, Hitoshi*; Sato, Hiroyuki; Nishida, Akemi; Ohashi, Hirofumi; Itoi, Tatsuya*; Takada, Tsuyoshi*; Hida, Takenori*; Tanabe, Masayuki*; et al.
Proceedings of 2017 International Congress on Advances in Nuclear Power Plants (ICAPP 2017) (CD-ROM), 7 Pages, 2017/04
This paper proposes a set of procedures for accident sequence analysis in seismic PRAs of HTGRs that can consider the unique accident progression characteristics of HTGRs. Main features of our proposed procedure are as follows: (1) Systematic analysis techniques including Master Logic Diagrams are used to ensure reasonable completeness in identification of initiating events and classification of accident sequences, (2) Information on factors that govern the accident progression and source terms are effectively reflected to the construction of event trees for delineation of accident sequences, and (3) Frequency quantification of seismically-initiated accident sequence frequencies that involve multiplepipe ruptures are made with the use of the Direct Quantification of Fault Trees by Monte Carlo (DQFM) method by a computer code SECOM-DQFM.
Takahashi, Hiroki; Maebara, Sunao; Sakaki, Hironao; Hirabayashi, Keiichi*; Hidaka, Kosuke*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Sagara, Kenshi*
Fusion Engineering and Design, 87(7-8), p.1235 - 1238, 2012/08
The Engineering Validation of the IFMIF/EVEDA prototype accelerator, up to 9 MeV by supplying the deuteron beam of 125 mA, will be performed at the BA site in Rokkasho. A design of this area monitoring system, comprising of Si semiconductors and ionization chambers for covering wide energy spectrum of -rays and He counters for neutrons, is now in progress. To establish an applicability of this monitoring system, photon and neutron energies have to be suppressed to the detector ranges of 1.5 MeV and 15 MeV, respectively. For this purpose, the reduction of neutron and photon energies throughout shield of water in a beam dump and concrete layer is evaluated by PHITS code, using the experimental data of neutron source spectra. In this article, a similar model using the beam dump structure and the position with a degree of leaning for concrete wall in the accelerator vault is used, and their energy reduction including the air is evaluated.
Takahashi, Hiroki; Maebara, Sunao; Kojima, Toshiyuki; Kubo, Takashi; Sakaki, Hironao; Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Shidara, Hiroyuki; Hirabayashi, Keiichi*; Hidaka, Kosuke*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; et al.
Fusion Engineering and Design, 86(9-11), p.2795 - 2798, 2011/10
In the IFMIF/EVEDA accelerator, the engineering validation up to 9 MeV by employing the deuteron beam of 125 mA are planning at the BA site in Rokkasho, Aomori, Japan, the personnel protection system (PPS) is indispensable. The PPS inhibit the beam by receiving the interlock signal from the -ray and neutron monitoring system. The -ray and neutron detection level which is planned to be adopted are "80 keV to 1.5 MeV (-ray)" and "0.025 eV to 15 MeV (neutron)". For the present shielding design, it is absolutely imperative for the safety review to validate the shielding ability which makes detection level lower than these -ray and neutron detector. For this purpose, the energy reduction of neutron and photon for water and concrete is evaluated by PHITS code. From the calculating results, it is found that the photon energy range extended to 10 MeV by water and concrete shielding material only, an additional shielding to decrease the photon energy of less than 1.5 MeV is indispensable.
Maebara, Sunao; Takahashi, Hiroki; Sakaki, Hironao; Hirabayashi, Keiichi*; Hidaka, Kosuke*; Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Watanabe, Yukinobu*; Sagara, Kenshi*
JAEA-Conf 2011-002, p.199 - 204, 2011/09
Shigyo, Nobuhiro*; Hidaka, Kosuke*; Hirabayashi, Keiichi*; Nakamura, Yasuhiro*; Moriguchi, Daisuke*; Kumabe, Masahiro*; Hirano, Hidetaka*; Hirayama, Shusuke*; Naito, Yuki*; Motooka, Chikahide*; et al.
Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 59(2), p.1725 - 1728, 2011/08
Aizawa, Kosuke; Nakanishi, Shigeyuki; Yamano, Hidemasa; Kotake, Shoji; Hayakawa, Satoshi*; Watanabe, Osamu*; Fujimata, Kazuhiro*
Proceedings of 6th Japan-Korea Symposium on Nuclear Thermal Hydraulics and Safety (NTHAS-6) (USB Flash Drive), 7 Pages, 2008/11
To evaluate the flow-induced vibration in the actual-sized pipings of JSFR, computer simulation is necessary. In this study, as the first step, sensitivity analysis of turbulence flow models for unsteady short-elbow pipe flow has been carried out with the STAR-CD thermal-hydraulic simulation code. Through the sensibility analysis, the objective of this study is to propose the best analysis models which can reproduce the unsteady characteristics obtained in the 1/3-scale test results with 9.2 m/s of main flow. In this study, to take into account anisotropic characteristics of turbulence, two turbulent flow models were used: large eddy simulation (LES) and Reynolds stress model (RSM). The both validated simulations have reproduced flow separation region and periodic vortex shedding. The simulation results with both models were compared with power spectrum densities of pressure fluctuations which were used in the pipe vibration evaluation. Only the RSM simulation with the best combination has reproduced the pressure-fluctuation power spectrum densities, which were characterized by a peak frequency of 10 Hz in the 1/3 test with 9.2 m/s.
Ueda, Yoshio*; Fukumoto, Masakatsu*; Watanabe, Jun*; Otsuka, Yusuke*; Arai, Takashi; Asakura, Nobuyuki; Nobuta, Yuji*; Sato, Masayasu; Nakano, Tomohide; Yagyu, Junichi; et al.
Proceedings of 22nd IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2008) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2008/10
Deposition profiles of tungsten released from the outer divertor were studied in JT-60U. A neutron activation method was used for the first time to accurately measure deposited tungsten. Surface density of tungsten in the thick carbon deposition layer can be measured by this method. Tungsten was mainly deposited on the inner divertor (around inner strike points) and on the outer wing of the dome. Toroidal distribution of the W deposition was significantly localized near the tungsten released position, while other metallic impurities such as Fe, Cr, Ni were distributed more uniformly. These data indicate that inward drift in the divertor region played a significant role in tungsten transport in JT-60U.
Li, M.*; Nagashio, Kosuke*; Ishikawa, Takehiko*; Mizuno, Akitoshi*; Adachi, Masayoshi*; Watanabe, Masahito*; Yoda, Shinichi*; Kuribayashi, Kazuhiko*; Katayama, Yoshinori
Acta Materialia, 56(11), p.2514 - 2525, 2008/06
Co-61.8 at.% Si (CoSe-CoSi) eutectic alloys were solidified on an electromagnetic levitator (EML) and an electrostatic levitator (ESL) at different undercooling levels. The results indicated that there is only a single recalescence event at low undercooling with the CoSi intermetallic compound as primary phase, which is independent of processing facilities, on either an EML or an ESL. The microstructure, however, is strongly dependent on the processing facility. On high undercooling, double recalescence takes place regardless of levitation condition. In situ X-ray diffraction of alloys solidified on the EML demonstrates that the CoSi compound becomes the primary phase upon the first recalescence, and the CoSi intermetallic phase crystallizes during the second recalescence. In addition to phase identification, real-time diffraction patterns can also provide additional evidence of the fragmentation of the primary phase.
Wada, Atsushi*; Watanabe, Masayuki; Yamanoi, Yoshinori*; Nankawa, Takuya; Namiki, Kosuke*; Yamasaki, Mikio*; Murata, Masaki*; Nishihara, Hiroshi*
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan, 80(2), p.335 - 345, 2007/02
Lanthanide complexes with linear and cyclic octadentate oligopyridine-amine ligands were synthesized, and their molecular structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallography. All of the complexes had a distorted capped square antiprism (CSAP) geometry, and the coordination environments of lanthanide complexes were more distortedfor the complexes with the linear ligand than those with the cyclic ligand. The Eu complexes with the linear ligand showed more intense emissions, which were attributed to the D F transition, than the complex withthe cyclic ligand in acetonitrile, which can be attributed to the distortion in the coordination environments. These results indicate that the coordination environments of lanthanide complexes, and thus the luminescence properties, can be controlled by tuning the geometrical structures of polydentate ligands.
Nagashio, Kosuke*; Kuribayashi, Kazuhiko*; Vijaya Kumar, M. S.*; Niwata, Kenji*; Hibiya, Taketoshi*; Mizuno, Akitoshi*; Watanabe, Masahito*; Katayama, Yoshinori
Applied Physics Letters, 89(24), p.241923_1 - 241923_3, 2006/12
A time-resolved X-ray diffraction (XRD) experiment at 250 Hz using a synchrotron radiation source was carried out during the containerless solidification of ReFeO (Re=Y and Lu) in order to identify the metastable phase . The metastable phase solidified primarily from the undercooled YFeO melt finally transformed to the stable orthorhombic YFeO phase during the short period of recalescence (0.035 s). Although the metastable phase could not be detected in the as-solidified sample by the powder XRD, the successfully obtained diffraction pattern of the metastable phase in the YFeO system was consistent with that of the metastable hexagonal LuFeO phase.