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Impact of the ground-state 4${it f}$ symmetry for anisotropic ${it cf}$ hybridization in the heavy-fermion superconductor CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$

藤原 秀紀*; 中谷 泰博*; 荒谷 秀和*; 金井 惟奈*; 山神 光平*; 濱本 諭*; 木須 孝幸*; 山崎 篤志*; 東谷 篤志*; 今田 真*; et al.

Physical Review B, 108(16), p.165121_1 - 165121_10, 2023/10

We report the ground-state symmetry of the Ce 4${it f}$ states in the heavy-fermion superconductor CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$, yielding anisotropic ${it cf}$ hybridization between the Ce 4${it f}$ states and conducting electrons. By analyzing linear dichroism in soft X-ray absorption and core-level hard X-ray photoemission spectra, the 4${it f}$ symmetry is determined as $$Sigma$$-type $$Gamma$$$$_{7}$$, promoting predominant hybridization with the conducting electrons originating from the Ge site. The band structures probed by soft X-ray angle-resolved photoemission indicates that the Ge 4${it p}$ components contribute to the band renormalization through the anisotropic hybridization effects, suggesting that the control of the electronic structures of Ge orbital gives an impact to achieve the exotic phenomena in CeNi$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$.



江連 俊樹; 秋元 雄太; 松下 健太郎; 田中 正暁

第27回動力・エネルギー技術シンポジウム講演論文集(インターネット), 5 Pages, 2023/09



Interlaboratory comparison of electron paramagnetic resonance tooth enamel dosimetry with investigations of the dose responses of the standard samples

豊田 新*; 井上 一彦*; 山口 一郎*; 星 正治*; 廣田 誠子*; 岡 壽崇; 島崎 達也*; 水野 秀之*; 谷 篤史*; 保田 浩志*; et al.

Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 199(14), p.1557 - 1564, 2023/09

EPR(electron paramagnetic resonance, electron spin resonance (ESR)ともいう)線量計測法の汎用性評価のため、相互比較試験を行った。線量を推定するために必要な、数十から数百mGyの線量を与えた標準試料は、各参加機関が作成した。同様にして作成した試料に未知線量を与えたものとあわせた試料セットを測定した後、他の参加機関に送り、また、他の参加機関が作成した別の試料セットを測定するということを繰り返した。既知線量の試料で作成した検量線の傾きには若干の差が見られるが、未知線量試料の測定値の差は系統的であり、測定値ではなく試料に起因するところが大きいことが示唆された。詳細な解析結果も報告する予定である。


Angular correlation of the two gamma rays produced in the thermal neutron capture on gadolinium-155 and gadolinium-157

Goux, P.*; Glessgen, F.*; Gazzola, E.*; Singh Reen, M.*; Focillon, W.*; Gonin, M.*; 田中 智之*; 萩原 開人*; Ali, A.*; 須藤 高志*; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2023(6), p.063H01_1 - 063H01_15, 2023/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.01(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated the angular correlation of two $$gamma$$-rays emitted in neutron capture at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of J-PARC. The 14 Ge crystals in a cluster detector and one coaxial Ge crystal were employed. We obtained angular correlation functions for two $$gamma$$-rays emerging in the electromagnetic transitions of the capture reactions on $$^{155}$$Gd and $$^{157}$$Gd. We found mild angular correlations for the strong, but rare transitions from the resonance state to two excited levels with known spin and parities. In contrast, angular correlations was negligibly small for arbitrary pairs of two $$gamma$$-rays produced in the majority of transitions in continuum states.


ナトリウム冷却高速炉の設計最適化フレームワークの開発,2; 最適化解析制御機能の開発

堂田 哲広; 中峯 由彰*; 桑垣 一紀; 浜瀬 枝里菜; 菊地 紀宏; 吉村 一夫; 松下 健太郎; 田中 正暁

計算工学講演会論文集(CD-ROM), 28, 5 Pages, 2023/05



Development plan for coupling technology between high temperature gas-cooled reactor HTTR and Hydrogen Production Facility, 2; Development plan for coupling equipment between HTTR and Hydrogen Production Facility

水田 直紀; 守田 圭介; 青木 健; 沖田 将一朗; 石井 克典; 倉林 薫; 安田 貴則; 田中 真人; 井坂 和義; 野口 弘喜; et al.

Proceedings of 30th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE30) (Internet), 6 Pages, 2023/05

High temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) is expected to extend the use of nuclear heat to a wider spectrum of industrial applications such as hydrogen production, high efficiency power generation, etc., due largely to high temperature heat supply capability as well as inherent safe characteristics. Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) have been contracted by the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, part of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan, to conduct its Hydrogen Production Demonstration Project Utilizing Very High Temperature. The primary objective of this project is to establish "coupling technology" between HTGR and hydrogen production facility in accordance with "Green Growth Strategy Through Achieving Carbon Neutrality in 2050". From this fiscal year, JAEA initiated a program to produce hydrogen using an HTTR (High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor) to develop coupling technologies between HTGR and hydrogen production facility required for a massive, cost-effective and carbon-free hydrogen production technology. This paper describes the development plan for coupling equipment which is required for an HTTR heat application test as coupling technologies between an HTTR and a hydrogen production facility. The coupling equipment is composed of a high temperature isolation valve to prevent the ingress of the flammable gas and/or the leakage of radioactive materials for nuclear facility, a secondary helium gas circulator to feed a high temperature helium gas, and a high temperature insulation pipe to transport of a high temperature helium gas from an Internal Heat Exchanger (IHX) to a hydrogen production facility. The development plan of coupling equipment contains each target and draft schedule.


Origin of magnetically dead layers in spinel ferrites $$M$$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$ grown on Al$$_2$$O$$_3$$; Effects of postdeposition annealing studied by XMCD

野中 洋亮*; 若林 勇希*; 芝田 悟朗; 坂本 祥哉*; 池田 啓祐*; Chi, Z.*; Wan, Y.*; 鈴木 雅弘*; 田中 新*; 田中 雅明*; et al.

Physical Review Materials (Internet), 7(4), p.044413_1 - 044413_10, 2023/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We study the electronic and magnetic states of as-grown and annealed $$M$$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$(111)/Al$$_2$$O3(111) ($$M =$$Co, Ni) thin films with various thicknesses grown on Si(111) substrates with the $$gamma$$-Al$$_2$$O$$_3$$(111)buffer layers by using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), to investigate magnetically dead layers in these films. Although the magnetically dead layers in the as-grown samples are formed near the interface with the Al$$_2$$O$$_3$$ buffer layer, we reveal that ferrimagnetic order is partially recovered by postdeposition annealing at 973 K for 48 hours in air. By analyzing the line shapes of the XAS and XMCD spectra, we conclude that, in the dead layers, there are a significant number of vacancies at the $$T_d$$ sites of the spinel structure, which may be the microscopic origin of the degraded ferrimagnetic order in the $$M$$Fe$$_2$$O$$_4$$ thin films.


垂直磁気異方性を示す鉄挿入遷移金属ダイカルコゲナイドFe$$_x$$TaS$$_2$$のX線磁気円二色性による研究; Fe$$_x$$TiS$$_2$$との比較

芝田 悟朗; Won, C.*; Kim, J.*; 野中 洋亮*; 池田 啓祐*; Wan, Y.*; 鈴木 雅弘*; 小出 常晴*; 田中 新*; Cheong, S.-W.*; et al.

Photon Factory Activity Report 2022 (インターネット), 2 Pages, 2023/00



Development of evaluation method of gas entrainment on the free surface in the reactor vessel in pool-type sodium-cooled fast reactors; Gas entrainment judgment based on three-dimensional evaluation of vortex center line and distribution of pressure decrease

松下 健太郎; 江連 俊樹; 今井 康友*; 藤崎 竜也*; 田中 正暁

Proceedings of 29th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering (ICONE 29) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2022/08



Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors

大島 宏之; 森下 正樹*; 相澤 康介; 安藤 勝訓; 芦田 貴志; 近澤 佳隆; 堂田 哲広; 江沼 康弘; 江連 俊樹; 深野 義隆; et al.

Sodium-cooled Fast Reactors; JSME Series in Thermal and Nuclear Power Generation, Vol.3, 631 Pages, 2022/07

ナトリウム冷却高速炉(SFR: Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor)の歴史や、利点、課題を踏まえた安全性、設計、運用、メンテナンスなどについて解説する。AIを利用した設計手法など、SFRの実用化に向けた設計や研究開発についても述べる。


Magnetic properties and electronic configurations of Mn ions in the diluted magnetic semiconductor Ba$$_{1-x}$$K$$_x$$(Zn$$_{1-y}$$Mn$$_y$$)$$_2$$As$$_2$$ studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering

鈴木 博人*; Zhao, G.*; 岡本 淳*; 坂本 祥哉*; Chen, Z.-Y.*; 野中 洋亮*; 芝田 悟朗; Zhao, K.*; Chen, B.*; Wu, W.-B.*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 91(6), p.064710_1 - 064710_5, 2022/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The magnetic properties and the electronic excitations of the new diluted magnetic semiconductor Ba$$_{1-x}$$K$$_x$$(Zn$$_{1-y}$$Mn$$_y$$)$$_2$$As$$_2$$ have been studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) and resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS). The sum rule analysis of the XMCD spectra indicates that the Mn atoms are in the high-spin configurations of $$d^5$$, whereas the presence of competing ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions between the Mn ions reduces the net spin moment. Based on a comparison of the RIXS line shapes with those of Ga$$_{1-x}$$Mn$$_x$$As, it is concluded that the ground state of Mn in Ba$$_{1-x}$$K$$_x$$(Zn$$_{1-y}$$Mn$$_y$$)$$_2$$As$$_2$$ consists of both the $$3d^5 underline{L}$$ and $$3d^5$$ electron configurations.


Synthesis of hybrid magnesium hydroxide/magnesium oxide nanorods [Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$/MgO] for prompt and efficient adsorption of ciprofloxacin from aqueous solutions

Falyouna, O.*; Bensaida, K.*; Maamoun, I.; Ashik, U. P. M.*; 田原 淳士*; 田中 万也; 青柳 登; 杉原 裕司*; Eljamal, O.*

Journal of Cleaner Production, 342, p.130949_1 - 130949_15, 2022/03

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:98.83(Green & Sustainable Science & Technology)

The antibiotic ciprofloxacin is recognized as a contaminant of emerging concern because its persistent occurrence in water accelerates the growth of deadly antimicrobial resistance genes. For the first time, the conventional precipitation technique was thermally modified to produce hybrid magnesium hydroxide/magnesium oxide nanorods for efficient and rapid adsorption of CIP from water. The successful synthesis was confirmed by the outcomes of TEM, EDS, XRD, and FTIR analysis. Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$/MgO exhibited an extraordinary capability to adsorb CIP from water regardless of CIP initial concentration under neutral pH and room temperature. FTIR analysis for the spent Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$/MgO revealed that bridging complexation with carboxylic group and electrostatic attraction with the positive amine group are the responsible mechanisms for CIP adsorption by Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$/MgO. Moreover, simulated CIP-contaminated river water was efficiently treated by Mg (OH)$$_{2}$$/MgO which proves the promising performance of Mg(OH)$$_{2}$$/MgO in field scale applications.



鳥川 智旦*; 大平 直也*; 伊藤 大介*; 伊藤 啓*; 齊藤 泰司*; 松下 健太郎; 江連 俊樹; 田中 正暁

混相流, 36(1), p.63 - 69, 2022/03



Gas entrainment phenomenon from free liquid surface in a sodium-cooled fast reactor; Measurements and evaluation on a gas core growth form the liquid surface

内田 真緒*; Alzahrani, H.*; 塩野 幹人*; 堺 公明*; 松下 健太郎; 江連 俊樹; 田中 正暁

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 16 Pages, 2022/03



Development of numerical analysis codes for multi-level and multi-physics approaches in an advanced reactor design study

田中 正暁; 堂田 哲広; 森 健郎; 横山 賢治; 上羽 智之; 岡島 智史; 松下 健太郎; 橋立 竜太; 矢田 浩基

Proceedings of 19th International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Reactor Thermal Hydraulics (NURETH-19) (Internet), 16 Pages, 2022/03



Atmospheric resuspension of insoluble radioactive cesium bearing particles found in the difficult-to-return area in Fukushima

Tang, P.*; 北 和之*; 五十嵐 康人*; 佐藤 志彦; 畑中 恒太郎*; 足立 光司*; 木名瀬 健*; 二宮 和彦*; 篠原 厚*

Progress in Earth and Planetary Science (Internet), 9(1), p.17_1 - 17_15, 2022/03

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:66.57(Geosciences, Multidisciplinary)

The deposition of insoluble radiocesium bearing microparticles (CsMPs), which were released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (F1NPP) accident in March 2011, has resulted in the widespread contamination of eastern Japan. Obviously, these deposited insoluble CsMPs may become the secondary contamination sources by atmospheric migration or other environmental transferring process, however, the understanding of the transport mechanism remains non-elucidation, and the relevant evidence has not been directly provided. This study, for the first time, provides the direct evidence for the resuspension of these insoluble CsMPs to the atmosphere from (1) proximity of $$^{137}$$Cs radioactivity and resemblance of the morphology and the elemental compositions of CsMPs in the samples of soil and aerosol derived from the same sampling site, (2) the special characteristics of the resuspended CsMPs of which the ratios of Na/Si, K/Si and/or Cs/Si were smaller than those from the initially released CsMPs collected at either long distance or near F1NPP, which can be ascribed to the slowly natural corrosion of CsMPs by the loss of the small amount of soluble contents in CsMPs, and (3) high CsMPs concentration of 10 granules/gram in the surface soil of our sampling site, and high resuspension frequency of CsMPs in spring when predominant suspended particles were soil dust.


Long-term density-dependent groundwater flow analysis and its effect on nuclide migration for safety assessment of high-level radioactive waste disposal with consideration of interaction between fractures and matrix of rock formation in coastal crystalline groundwater systems

Park, Y.-J.*; 澤田 淳; 小堤 健紀*; 田中 達也*; 橋本 秀爾*; 森田 豊*

Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Discrete Fracture Network Engineering (DFNE 2022) (Internet), 8 Pages, 2022/00



Hybridization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles between adjacent CuO$$_2$$ layers in the triple-layer cuprate Bi$$_2$$Sr$$_2$$Ca$$_2$$Cu$$_3$$O$$_{10+delta}$$ studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy

出田 真一郎*; Johnston, S.*; 吉田 鉄平*; 田中 清尚*; 森 道康; 安齋 太陽*; 井野 明洋*; 有田 将司*; 生天目 博文*; 谷口 雅樹*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 127(21), p.217004_1 - 217004_6, 2021/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:43.5(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Hybridization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles (BQPs) between the CuO$$_2$$ layers in the triple-layer cuprate high-temperature superconductor Bi$$_2$$Sr$$_2$$Ca$$_2$$Cu$$_3$$O$$_{10+delta}$$ is studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES). In the superconducting state, an anti-crossing gap opens between the outer- and inner-BQP bands, which we attribute primarily to interlayer single-particle hopping with possible contributions from interlayer Cooper pairing. We find that the $$d$$-wave superconducting gap of both BQP bands smoothly develops with momentum without abrupt jump in contrast to a previous ARPES study. Hybridization between the BQPs also gradually increases in going from the off-nodal to the anti-nodal region, which is explained by the momentum-dependence of the interlayer single-particle hopping. As possible mechanisms for the enhancement of the superconducting transition temperature, the hybridization between the BQPs, as well as the combination of phonon modes of the triple CuO$$_2$$ layers and spin fluctuations are discussed.



松下 健太郎; 江連 俊樹; 今井 康友*; 藤崎 竜也*; 田中 正暁

日本機械学会関東支部茨城講演会2021年度講演論文集(インターネット), 4 Pages, 2021/08

ナトリウム冷却高速炉の原子炉容器内自由液面部でのガス巻込み現象の評価において、ガス巻込み現象の評価ツールとして「Stream Viewer」の開発を進めている。Stream Viewerは、渦周りの速度分布およびBurgus渦モデルを用いて渦中心の減圧量を算出し、その渦のくぼみ深さを予測するツールである。本報では、速度分布から連続的な渦中心線を抽出する機能をStream Viewerに実装し、渦中心線に沿った減圧量の3次元分布を評価する手法を検討した結果を報告する。矩形流路体系での非定常渦の水流動実験を対象に、渦中心線抽出機能を実装したStream Viewerを適用し、渦中心線の抽出が可能であることを確認した。また、渦中心線に沿った減圧量の分布特性から、ガス巻込みの成長の有無を予測し、評価手法を高精度化できる見通しを得た。


Alternation of magnetic anisotropy accompanied by metal-insulator transition in strained ultrathin manganite heterostructures

小林 正起*; Anh, L. D.*; 鈴木 雅弘*; 金田-高田 真悟*; 竹田 幸治; 藤森 伸一; 芝田 悟朗*; 田中 新*; 田中 雅明*; 大矢 忍*; et al.

Physical Review Applied (Internet), 15(6), p.064019_1 - 064019_10, 2021/06

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:8.72(Physics, Applied)

A fundamental understanding of the interfacial magnetic properties in ferromagnetic heterostructures is essential for utilizing ferromagnetic materials for spintronic device applications. Here, we investigate the interfacial magnetic and electronic structures of epitaxial single-crystalline LaAlO$$_3$$(LAO)/La$$_{0.6}$$Sr$$_{0.4}$$MnO$$_3$$(LSMO)/Nb:SrTiO$$_3$$(Nb:STO) heterostructures with varying LSMO layer thicknesses, in which the magnetic anisotropy strongly changes with the LSMO thickness due to the delicate balance between strains originating from both the Nb:STO and LAO layers, using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism and photoemission spectroscopy. We successfully detect the clear change of the magnetic behavior of the Mn ions concomitant with the thickness-dependent metal-insulator transition. Our results suggest that the double-exchange interaction induces ferromagnetism in the metallic LSMO film under tensile strain caused by the STO substrate, while the superexchange interaction determines the magnetic behavior in the insulating LSMO film under compressive strain originating from the top LAO layer. The change in strain, depending on LSMO layer thickness, is confirmed by scanning transmission electron microscopy. Based on those findings, the formation of a magnetic dead layer near the LAO/LSMO interface is attributed to competition between the superexchange interaction via Mn $$3d_{3z^2-r^2}$$ orbitals under compressive strain and the double-exchange interaction via the $$3d_{x^2-y^2}$$ orbitals. These findings provide key aspects of ferromagnetic oxide heterostructures for the development of spintronic device applications.

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