Refine your search:     
Report No.
 - 
Search Results: Records 1-20 displayed on this page of 86

Presentation/Publication Type

Initialising ...

Refine

Journal/Book Title

Initialising ...

Meeting title

Initialising ...

First Author

Initialising ...

Keyword

Initialising ...

Language

Initialising ...

Publication Year

Initialising ...

Held year of conference

Initialising ...

Save select records

Journal Articles

Development of field estimation technique and improvement of environmental tritium behavior model

Yokoyama, Sumi*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Ota, Masakazu; Kakiuchi, Hideki*; Sugihara, Shinji*; Hirao, Shigekazu*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shima, Nagayoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 14(Sp.2), p.3405099_1 - 3405099_4, 2019/06

The Large Helical Device of the National Institute for Fusion Science started D-D experiments in 2017. To ensure the safety of the facility, it is important to develop evaluation methods for environmental tritium transfer. Tritiated water (HTO) in atmosphere and soil is transferred to plants, and organically bound tritium (OBT) is formed by photosynthesis. Prediction of OBT formation is important, because OBT accumulates in plants and causes dose through ingestion. The objective of this study is to estimate environmental tritium transfer using a simple compartment model and practical parameters. We proposed a simple compartment model consisting of air-soil-plant components, and tried to validate the model by comparison with a sophisticated model, SOLVEG. In this study, we plan to add wet deposition to the model and obtain parameters from measurements of soil permeability and tritium concentrations in air, soil and plants. We also establish rapid pretreatment methods for OBT analysis.

Journal Articles

Evaluation of influence of splay fault growth on groundwater flow around geological disposal system

Takai, Shizuka; Takeda, Seiji; Sakai, Ryutaro*; Shimada, Taro; Munakata, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tadao

Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 16(1), p.34 - 48, 2017/03

In geological disposal, direct effect on geological repositories by active faults is avoided at a stage of site characterization; however, uncertainty remains for avoidance of faults derived from the active faults, which are concealed deep under the ground and difficult to detect in advance. In this research, the influence of growth of undetected splay faults on natural barrier in a geological disposal system, which will caused by attack of the faults in the future, was evaluated. We investigated examples of splay faults in Japan and set conditions for growth of splay faults. Furthermore, we assumed a disposal site composed of sedimentary rocks and made a hydrogeological model of growth of splay faults. We carried out groundwater flow analyses, changing parameters such as location and depth of repository and growth velocity of splay faults. The results indicate that main flow path from the repository is changed into upward flow along the splay fault due to its growth and the average velocity to the ground surface becomes one or two orders of magnitude higher than that before its growth. The results also suggest that the splay fault growth leads into the possibility of downward flow of oxidizing groundwater from ground surface area.

Journal Articles

Progress in the geological disposal program in Japan

Deguchi, Akira*; Umeki, Hiroyuki*; Ueda, Hiroyoshi*; Miyamoto, Yoichi; Shibata, Masahiro; Naito, Morimasa; Tanaka, Toshihiko*

LBNL-1006984 (Internet), p.12_1 - 12_22, 2016/12

The H12 report demonstrated the feasibility of safe and technically reliable geological disposal in 1999. The Government of Japan re-evaluated the geological disposal program in terms of technical feasibility based on state-of-the-art geosciences and implementation process, because more than 10 years have passed from H12 and the Great Earthquake and nuclear accident have increased public concern regarding nuclear issues and natural hazards to cause accidents at nuclear facilities. Following the re-evaluation, the Government concluded further to promote geological disposal program, and thus the Basic Policy for Final Disposal was revised in 2015 including a new approach to siting process with identification of "Scientifically Preferable Areas". NUMO and relevant research organizations such as JAEA have been carrying out R and D activities to increase technical reliability for geological disposal. NUMO has started to develop a generic safety case.

Journal Articles

Numerical analysis of flow field around simulated wire-wrapped fuel pins of fast reactor

Kikuchi, Norihiro; Ohshima, Hiroyuki; Imai, Yasutomo*; Hiyama, Tomoyuki; Nishimura, Masahiro; Tanaka, Masaaki

Nippon Kikai Gakkai Kanto Shibu Ibaraki Koenkai 2015 Koen Rombunshu, p.179 - 180, 2015/08

In an economically improved sodium-cooled fast reactor, a narrower gap is considered among the fuel pins so as to achieve a high burn-up. Therefore, it is needed to evaluate thermal-hydraulic characteristics in case of a change of the gap geometry due to deformation of fuel pin caused by such as a swelling and a thermal bowing. For this purpose, a FEM analysis code, SPIRAL has been being developed in JAEA and the code validations using water or sodium experimental results have also being performed. In this study, a numerical analysis of a flow field around wire-wrapped fuel pins based on a 3-pin bundle water experiment was carried out as a validation study of SPIRAL. As a result, it was demonstrated that the hybrid-type turbulent model incorporated in SPIRAL has a high applicability to investigate the flow structure of the narrow gap in the fuel assembly.

Journal Articles

Silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector with multichannel scaling system for pulsed synchrotron X-ray experiments

Kishimoto, Shunji*; Mitsui, Takaya; Haruki, Rie*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Shimazaki, Shoichi*; Ikeno, Masahiro*; Saito, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Masanobu*

Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 10(5), p.C05030_1 - C05030_6, 2015/05

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:55.5(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Analysis of radionuclide migration with consideration of spatial and temporal change of migration parameters due to uplift and denudation

Shimada, Taro; Takeda, Seiji; Mukai, Masayuki; Munakata, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tadao

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, Vol.1744, p.229 - 234, 2015/04

Integrated safety assessment methodology which analyzes radionuclide migration reflecting the spatial and temporal changes of disposal systems was developed for a geological disposal site with uplift and denudation, and then some case analyses for an assumed site with sedimentary rocks were carried out. The combination of uniform uplift and denudation has the most effect on the radionuclide migration because the groundwater flow velocity increases with decreasing the depth from the ground surface. In the case without denudation, tilted uplift has more effect than uniform uplift because flow velocity in tilted uplift increase with increasing hydraulic gradient. The long-term change of the geological structures including the uplift and denudation, the hydraulic conditions, and the recharge and outlet of the groundwater around a candidate site should be carefully investigated to determine the appropriate the place,depth and layout of the repository.

JAEA Reports

Enhancement of the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment for preliminary investigation stage, 3; Progress report on NUMO-JAEA collaborative research in FY2013 (Joint research)

Shibata, Masahiro; Sawada, Atsushi; Tachi, Yukio; Makino, Hitoshi; Wakasugi, Keiichiro; Mitsui, Seiichiro; Kitamura, Akira; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Oda, Chie; Ishidera, Takamitsu; et al.

JAEA-Research 2014-030, 457 Pages, 2015/03

JAEA-Research-2014-030.pdf:199.23MB

JAEA and NUMO have conducted a collaborative research work which is designed to enhance the methodology of repository design and post-closure performance assessment in preliminary investigation stage. With regard to (1) study on rock suitability in terms of hydrology, based on some examples of developing method of hydro-geological structure model, acquired knowledge are arranged using the tree diagram, and model uncertainty and its influence on the evaluation items were discussed. With regard to (2) study on scenario development, the developed approach for "defining conditions" has been reevaluated and improved from practical viewpoints. In addition, the uncertainty evaluation for the effect of use of cementitious material, as well as glass dissolution model, was conducted with analytical evaluation. With regard to (3) study on setting radionuclide migration parameters, based on survey of precedent procedures, multiple-approach for distribution coefficient of rocks was established, and the adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to sedimentary rock and granitic rock. Besides, an approach for solubility setting was developed including the procedure of selection of solubility limiting solid phase. The adequacy of the approach was confirmed though its application to key radionuclides.

Journal Articles

Towards optimizing the performance of self-regenerating Pt-based perovskite catalysts

Jarrige, I.*; Ishii, Kenji; Matsumura, Daiju; Nishihata, Yasuo; Yoshida, Masahiro*; Kishi, Hirofumi*; Taniguchi, Masashi*; Uenishi, Mari*; Tanaka, Hirohisa*; Kasai, Hideaki*; et al.

ACS Catalysis, 5(2), p.1112 - 1118, 2015/02

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:61.22(Chemistry, Physical)

Journal Articles

Nuclear resonant scattering measurements on $$^{57}$$Fe by multichannel scaling with a 64 pixel silicon avalanche photodiode linear-array detector

Kishimoto, Shunji*; Mitsui, Takaya; Haruki, Rie*; Yoda, Yoshitaka*; Taniguchi, Takashi*; Shimazaki, Shoichi*; Ikeno, Masahiro*; Saito, Masatoshi*; Tanaka, Masanobu*

Review of Scientific Instruments, 85(11), p.113102_1 - 113102_5, 2014/11

 Times Cited Count:5 Percentile:60.1(Instruments & Instrumentation)

Journal Articles

Direct disposal

Hatanaka, Koichiro; Shibata, Masahiro

Tekisuto "Kakunenryo Saikuru" (Internet), 6 Pages, 2014/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Modification and verification of regional groundwater flow model

Munakata, Masahiro; Amano, Kenji; Tanaka, Tadao

JNES-RE-2013-9032, p.36 - 54, 2014/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Construction of evaluation model for rainwater cultivation amount

Munakata, Masahiro; Amano, Kenji; Tanaka, Tadao

JNES-RE-2013-9032, p.63 - 78, 2014/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of advanced divertor magnetic configuration for DEMO tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shinya, Kichiro*; Tobita, Kenji; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Uto, Hiroyasu; Someya, Yoji; Nakamura, Makoto; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kobayashi, Masahiro*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.70 - 75, 2013/05

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Investigation of advanced divertor magnetic configuration for Demo tokamak reactor

Asakura, Nobuyuki; Shinya, Kichiro*; Tobita, Kenji; Hoshino, Kazuo; Shimizu, Katsuhiro; Uto, Hiroyasu; Someya, Yoji; Nakamura, Makoto; Ono, Noriyasu*; Kobayashi, Masahiro*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 63(1T), p.70 - 75, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:10 Percentile:22.62(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Design study of poloidal field coil (PFC) locations and current distribution for the advanced divertor in the Demo tokamak reactor was presented. Concept of the super-X divertor (SXD) for Demo reactor has an outer divertor leg longer than the conventional divertor, and it extends outboard to increase both the target wetted area and connection length to the outer target ($$L_{//}$$). Equilibrium calculation code, TOSCA, was developed by introducing two parameters, i.e. super-X null radius ($$R_{SX}$$) and a ratio of the poloidal flux at the super-X null to that at the separatrix ($$f_{SX}$$). Some SXD magnetic configurations with minimal number of PFCs located outside toroidal field coil (TFC) were Demonstrated. Locations of the divertor target were also investigated. It was found that the flux expansion can be increased up to 4-10 depending on the target location and $$f_{SX}$$, and that SXD has an advantage to increase $$L_{//}$$ with $$f_{SX}$$. Thus, the divertor plasma temperature is expected to decrease at the same upstream plasma density. On the other hand, large currents for the divertor PFCs were necessary. Other arrangements of PFCs such as (1) larger $$R_{SX}$$ and (2) inside TFC, can reduce the PFC currents.

Journal Articles

Time-evolution of thermal oxidation on high-index silicon surfaces; Real-time photoemission spectroscopic study with synchrotron radiation

Ono, Shinya*; Inoue, Kei*; Morimoto, Masahiro*; Arae, Sadanori*; Toyoshima, Hiroaki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Ogata, Shoichi*; Yasuda, Tetsuji*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

Surface Science, 606(21-22), p.1685 - 1692, 2012/11

 Times Cited Count:6 Percentile:63.42(Chemistry, Physical)

JAEA Reports

Research on diffusion behavior in oxide fuels (Joint research)

Sato, Isamu; Arima, Tatsumi*; Nishina, Masahiro*; Tanaka, Kosuke; Onose, Shoji; Idemitsu, Kazuya*

JAEA-Research 2012-006, 66 Pages, 2012/05

JAEA-Research-2012-006.pdf:13.55MB

As one of the important properties for fuel manufacturability and burning behavior, the diffusion behavior of actinides in oxide fuels was investigated by both the experimental and the molecular dynamics simulation (MD). Using diffusion couples consisted of an Am containing mixed oxide fuel and a UO$$_{2}$$ fuel, the diffusion tests were performed. The diffusion coefficients were estimated to be 10$$^{-12}$$m$$^{2}$$/s $$sim$$ 10$$^{-14}$$m$$^{2}$$/s. In addition, the difference between Pu and Am diffusion coefficients was vanishingly small. The temperature dependence of bulk diffusion coefficients of actinides in mixed oxide fuels could be evaluated by MD. An evaluation technique for the grain boundary diffusion could be established based on the coincidence site lattice theory. The practical diffusion coefficients were obtained by combining data from the experiments with those predicted from MD. The practical diffusion coefficients obtained was discussed for use of a fuel behavior analysis code.

JAEA Reports

Preliminary study on development of a methodology for evaluating the performance of host rock for geological disposal based on surface-based investigations

Inagaki, Manabu*; Tanaka, Tatsuya*; Hashimoto, Shuji*; Maekawa, Keisuke; Shibata, Masahiro

JAEA-Research 2011-056, 37 Pages, 2012/03

In Japan, a step-wise approach is applied in the site selection process for the geologic disposal site. Preliminary surface-based investigations will be followed by detailed investigations. The basic repository concept, including underground design and layout, will be discussed at the end of surface-based investigations. The repository concept will depend on the spatial extent of the candidate rock formation(s) and their barrier performance. However, information obtained from the surface is limited and includes uncertainties. It is thus important to assess host rock performance considering uncertainties. In this study, methodology for evaluation of geological conditions has been developed that focuses on determining the usable volume of host rock with specific performance characteristics. Initially, multiple performance indices have been discussed and defined from the viewpoint of barrier performance. Then the evaluation procedure is illustrated by using the dataset obtained from the Horonobe Underground Research Laboratory Project. Finally the proposed procedure is reviewed and future challenges are extracted.

Journal Articles

Characteristic heavy fermion properties in YbCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and YbT$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ (T: Co, Rh, Ir)

Onuki, Yoshichika; Yasui, Shinichi*; Matsushita, Masaki*; Yoshiuchi, Shingo*; Oya, Masahiro*; Hirose, Yusuke*; Dung, N. D.*; Honda, Fuminori*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Settai, Rikio*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.A), p.SA003_1 - SA003_6, 2011/12

Journal Articles

Behavior of environmental tritium at NIFS Toki Site of Japan

Sugihara, Shinji*; Tanaka, Masahiro*; Tamari, Toshiya*; Shimada, Jun*; Takahashi, Tomoyuki*; Momoshima, Noriyuki*; Fukutani, Satoshi*; Atarashi-Andoh, Mariko; Sakuma, Yoichi*; Yokoyama, Sumi*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 60(4), p.1300 - 1303, 2011/11

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:86.64(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The purpose of this study is to develop the technique to evaluate the environmental tritium behavior of the nuclear facility origin. Tritium concentrations of river water, precipitation and ground water around the NIFS site were determined by low background liquid scintillation measurement system combined with the electrolysis using solid polymer electrolyte. The electric conductivity and flow rate of the river and isotopic ratio of oxygen and hydrogen of water samples were also measured. The tritium concentrations in precipitation showed the seasonal variation and the range were 0.09-0.78 Bq/L. The tritium concentrations of river water and ground water were almost constant, 0.34 and 0.24 Bq/L respectively. The simple dynamic model for the site around the NIFS facilities was developed using measured data, and the behavior of tritium was simulated.

Journal Articles

Characterization of initial oxidation process on high-index silicon surfaces by real-time photoemission spectroscopy

Ono, Shinya*; Inoue, Kei*; Morimoto, Masahiro*; Arae, Sadanori*; Toyoshima, Hiroaki*; Yoshigoe, Akitaka; Teraoka, Yuden; Ogata, Shoichi*; Yasuda, Tetsuji*; Tanaka, Masatoshi*

Shingaku Giho, 111(114), p.23 - 27, 2011/07

The initial oxidation on high-index silicon surfaces with (113) and (120) orientations at 820 K has been investigated by real-time X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (Si 2p and O 1s) using 687 eV photons. The time evolutions of the Si$$^{n+}$$ (n=1-4) components in the Si 2p spectrum indicate that the Si$$^{2+}$$ state is suppressed on high-index surfaces compared with Si(001). The O 1s state consists of two components, a low-binding-energy component (LBC) and a high-binding-energy component (HBC). It is suggested that the O atom in strained Si-O-Si contributes to the LBC component. The reaction rates are slower on high-index surfaces compared with that on Si(001).

86 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)