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Journal Articles

Three-dimensional modeling for deformation and movement of siltfence in water; Coupled simulation of water flow and siltfence

Yamada, Susumu; Machida, Masahiko; Tanaka, Minori*; Seki, Katsumi*; Arikawa, Taro*

Nihon Oyo Suri Gakkai Rombunshi, 31(1), p.20 - 43, 2021/03

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Study on the effect of preventing the spread of pollutants due to double installation of siltfence

Tanaka, Minori*; Watabane, Masashi*; Machida, Masahiko; Yamada, Susumu; Enomoto, Yota*; Gunji, Kota*; Arikawa, Taro*

Doboku Gakkai Rombunshu, B2 (Kaigan Kogaku) (Internet), 76(2), p.I_103 - I_108, 2020/11

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

New precise measurements of muonium hyperfine structure at J-PARC MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Abe, Mitsushi*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Choi, S.*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; et al.

EPJ Web of Conferences, 198, p.00003_1 - 00003_8, 2019/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:99.33

Journal Articles

Adsorption of Cs onto biogenic birnessite; Effects of layer structure, ionic strength, and competition cations

Yu, Q.*; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*; Onuki, Toshihiko

ACS Earth and Space Chemistry (Internet), 2(8), p.797 - 810, 2018/08

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:58.02(Chemistry, Multidisciplinary)

Most of Mn oxides are biogenic and known to adsorb cesium (Cs) on the surface. This study investigated structural transformation of biogenic birnessite by accommodating commonly occurring natural heavy metals (Zn, Ni) during the formation of Mn oxides and the influence of those metals on the adsorption behavior of Cs on Mn oxides. It was found that the presence of heavy metals during bio-oxidation of Mn(II), followed by exposure to a low pH aqueous solution, increased the number of available layer vacancies, which consequently increased the adsorption capacity of Cs in the final product birnessite.

Journal Articles

Complexation of Eu(III), Pb(II), and U(VI) with a ${{it Paramecium}}$ glycoprotein; Microbial transformation of heavy elements in the aquatic environment

Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tanaka, Kazuya; Onuki, Toshihiko; Sato, Takahiro*; Kamiya, Tomihiro*; Grambow, B.

Chemosphere, 196, p.135 - 144, 2018/04

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:14.97(Environmental Sciences)

Transformation of heavy elements by microbes such as bacteria and fungi has been an intense research subject; however, little is known about that of protozoa. This study investigated interaction of a representative protozoa, ${{it Paramecium}}$, with heavy elements (Eu(III), Pb(II), U(VI)). Non-destructive elemental analysis by micro-PIXE hardly detected those elements on living cells after sorption experiments but clearly detected on the cells that were killed with a fixative beforehand. Chromatographic analysis of aquatic species of those heavy elements after the sorption experiments revealed a fraction of those elements bound to a glycoprotein dissolved from the cell surface of living ${{it Paramecium}}$ cells to form soluble pseudocolloid. These findings suggest that complexation of heavy elements with the dissolved surface glycoprotein reduced the sorption of those heavy elements on living cells.

Journal Articles

New precise measurement of muonium hyperfine structure interval at J-PARC

Ueno, Yasuhiro*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 238(1), p.14_1 - 14_6, 2017/11

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:86.59

Journal Articles

Quantitative analysis of radiocesium retention onto birnessite and todorokite

Yu, Q.*; Onuki, Toshihiko*; Kozai, Naofumi; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tanaka, Kazuya; Sasaki, Keiko*

Chemical Geology, 470, p.141 - 151, 2017/10

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:57.39(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

In this work, the Cs retention onto two types of Mn oxide was investigated. We found that Todorokite has sorption sites with a higher selectivity for Cs than birnessite. When the initial Cs concentration was 10$$^{-9}$$ mol/L for the sorption experiments, approximately 34% of the sorbed Cs was residual in the todorokite after the extraction using 1 M NaCl and NH$$_{4}$$Cl; this value was much higher than the results for the Cs-sorbed birnessite. These results strongly suggest that todorokite contributes to the fixation of radioactive Cs in soils.

Journal Articles

New muonium HFS measurements at J-PARC/MUSE

Strasser, P.*; Aoki, Masaharu*; Fukao, Yoshinori*; Higashi, Yoshitaka*; Higuchi, Takashi*; Iinuma, Hiromi*; Ikedo, Yutaka*; Ishida, Katsuhiko*; Ito, Takashi; Iwasaki, Masahiko*; et al.

Hyperfine Interactions, 237(1), p.124_1 - 124_9, 2016/12

 Times Cited Count:7 Percentile:91.62

Journal Articles

Fungus-promoted transformation of lanthanides during the biooxidation of divalent manganese

Yu, Q.; Onuki, Toshihiko; Tanaka, Kazuya; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Tani, Yukinori*

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 174, p.1 - 12, 2016/02

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:60.18(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

Although microorganisms possess high sorption capability for lanthanides (Lns), their biological response affecting Lns migration is unclear. We investigated the effects of microbial activity on transformation of Lns by contact of Lns with Aeremonium strictum under metabolically active condition with Mn(II). A biomolecule that specifically complex to Ce(IV) was found to be released from the fungal cell, facilitating the desorption of Ce(IV) from Mn oxide. This biomolecule was not associated with any other trivalent Lns or Fe, which differed from those non-nuclide-specific organic substances released from resting cells, as reported previously.

Journal Articles

Sorption of trivalent cerium by a mixture of microbial cells and manganese oxides; Effect of microbial cells on the oxidation of trivalent cerium

Onuki, Toshihiko; Jiang, M.*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kozai, Naofumi; Yamasaki, Shinya*; Yu, Q.; Tanaka, Kazuya; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*; Xia, X.*; Yange, K.*; et al.

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 163, p.1 - 13, 2015/08

 Times Cited Count:18 Percentile:56.71(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

The association of Ce(III) with the microbial cell surface and the formation of Ce phosphate nano-particles are responsible for suppressing the oxidation of Ce(III) to Ce(IV) in the mixtures.

Journal Articles

High power laser developments with femtosecond to nanosecond pulse durations for laser shock science and engineering

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Suzuki, Masayuki*; Daito, Izuru*; Okada, Hajime; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanaka, Momoko; Sato, Masatoshi*; Tamaoki, Yoshinori*; Yoshii, Takehiro*; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 42(6), p.441 - 447, 2014/06

We describe three specific high power laser systems that are being developed in our laboratory for many applications in high field science, nonlinear optics and material processing. We report on a femtosecond petawatt-class Ti:sapphire chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can produce a pulse energy of 20 J of 40 fs pulse duration, a picosecond high intensity Yb:YAG chirped-pulse amplification laser system that can generate a pulse energy of 100 mJ of 0.5 ps pulse duration, and a nanosecond high repetition rate Nd:YAG laser system that can provide an average power of 360 W with a pulse duration of 30 ns delivered at a 1 kHz repetition rate. We discuss the basic design aspects and present the results from our experimental investigations of these laser systems.

Journal Articles

Local area distribution of fallout radionuclides from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant determined by autoradiography analysis

Sakamoto, Fuminori; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Igarashi, Shosuke*; Yamasaki, Shinya; Yoshida, Zenko; Tanaka, Shunichi*

Nihon Genshiryoku Gakkai Wabun Rombunshi, 11(1), p.1 - 7, 2012/01

The autoradiography analyses of plants and soils collected in Fukushima showed radioactive Cs was distributed on the branch and leaves of trees that were present at the accident and that only small fraction may be transported to new branch and leaves grown after the accident. Radioactive Cs was present on the grass and rice stubble on the soils, but not in the soils beneath the grass and rice stubble, indicating that the radioactive Cs was deposited on the grass and the rice plant. In addition the ratio of the radioactive Cs penetrated into soil layer by weathering was very small for two months after the accident. These results indicate that trees and plant would be the reservoir of the fallout Cs and function for retardation of the fallout Cs migration with rain water.

Journal Articles

Characteristic heavy fermion properties in YbCu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ and YbT$$_2$$Zn$$_{20}$$ (T: Co, Rh, Ir)

Onuki, Yoshichika; Yasui, Shinichi*; Matsushita, Masaki*; Yoshiuchi, Shingo*; Oya, Masahiro*; Hirose, Yusuke*; Dung, N. D.*; Honda, Fuminori*; Takeuchi, Tetsuya*; Settai, Rikio*; et al.

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(Suppl.A), p.SA003_1 - SA003_6, 2011/12

Journal Articles

Accumulation of Co in yeast cells under metabolically active condition; Implication for role of yeast in migration of radioactive Co

Kozai, Naofumi; Onuki, Toshihiko; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Tanaka, Kazuya*; Iefuji, Haruyuki*; Sakai, Takuro

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 48(8), p.1206 - 1213, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:53.92(Nuclear Science & Technology)

The accumulation and chemical states change of Co have been studied to elucidate the role of yeast ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ in the migration of radioactive-cobalt in the environment. These results indicate that the yeast performs higher retardation of the migration of Co in the metabolically active condition than the resting one.

Journal Articles

High field magnetoresistance and de Haas-van Alphen effect in LaRu$$_2$$Al$$_{10}$$

Sakoda, Masahito*; Tanaka, Shuhei*; Matsuoka, Eiichi*; Sugawara, Hitoshi*; Harima, Hisatomo*; Honda, Fuminori*; Settai, Rikio*; Onuki, Yoshichika; Matsuda, Tatsuma; Haga, Yoshinori

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(8), p.084716_1 - 084716_5, 2011/08

 Times Cited Count:8 Percentile:51.12(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Journal Articles

Experimental evidence of nonthermal acceleration of relativistic electrons by an intensive laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physical Review E, 83(2), p.026401_1 - 026401_6, 2011/02

 Times Cited Count:16 Percentile:66.23(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

An energy distribution function of energetic particles in the universe or cosmic rays is well represented by a power-law spectrum, therefore, nonthermal acceleration is essential to understand the origin of cosmic rays. A possible candidate for the origin of cosmic rays is wakefield acceleration at relativistic astrophysical perpendicular shocks. Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma.

Journal Articles

Model experiment of cosmic ray acceleration due to an incoherent wakefield induced by an intense laser pulse

Kuramitsu, Yasuhiro*; Nakanii, Nobuhiko*; Kondo, Kiminori; Sakawa, Yoichi*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Miura, Eisuke*; Tsuji, Kazuki*; Kimura, Kazuya*; Fukumochi, Shuji*; Kashihara, Mamoru*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 18(1), p.010701_1 - 010701_4, 2011/01

 Times Cited Count:19 Percentile:63.12(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Substituting an intensive laser pulse for the large amplitude light waves, we performed a model experiment of the shock environments in a laboratory plasma. An intensive laser pulse was propagated in a plasma tube created by imploding a hollow polystyrene cylinder, as the large amplitude light waves propagated in the upstream plasma at an astrophysical shock. Nonthermal electrons were generated, and the energy distribution functions of the electrons have a power-law component with an index of 2.

Journal Articles

Biological nano-mineralization of Ce phosphate by ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$

Jiang, M.; Onuki, Toshihiko; Kozai, Naofumi; Tanaka, Kazuya; Suzuki, Yoshinori*; Sakamoto, Fuminori; Kamiishi, Eigo*; Utsunomiya, Satoshi*

Chemical Geology, 277(1-2), p.61 - 69, 2010/10

 Times Cited Count:36 Percentile:67.46(Geochemistry & Geophysics)

We have investigated the mechanism underlying Ce sequestration by yeast ${it Saccharomyces cerevisiae}$ after exposure to Ce(III) solution at pH 3, 4, or 5. We found that needle-shaped Ce(III) phosphate nanocrystallites with a monazite structure formed on the yeast cells by exposure to Ce(III) for 42 h, even though the initial solutions did not contain any P species. These results suggest that the sorbed Ce on the cell surfaces reacted with P released from inside the yeast cell, resulting in the formation of Ce(III) phosphate nanocrystallites.

Journal Articles

Development of a high-contrast, high beam-quality, high-intensity laser

Kiriyama, Hiromitsu; Mori, Michiaki; Nakai, Yoshiki*; Shimomura, Takuya; Sasao, Hajime*; Tanaka, Momoko; Ochi, Yoshihiro; Tanoue, Manabu*; Kondo, Shuji; Kanazawa, Shuhei; et al.

Reza Kenkyu, 38(9), p.669 - 675, 2010/09

This paper reviews the temporal contrast and spatial beam quality improvement techniques in a high intensity Ti:sapphire laser system that is based on chirped-pulse amplification (CPA). We describe a low gain optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) preamplifier that uses high energy, clean pulse seeding and is shown to significantly improve the contrast to better than 10$$^{-10}$$-10$$^{-11}$$ relative to the peak of the main femtosecond pulse. We also report the use of a diffractive optical element for beam homogenization of a 100 J level Nd:glass green pump laser, achieving a flat-topped spatial profile with a filling factor near 80 %.

Journal Articles

Correlation between laser accelerated MeV proton and electron beams using simple fluid model for target normal sheath acceleration

Tampo, Motonobu; Awano, Shinya*; Bolton, P.; Kondo, Kiminori; Mima, Kunioki*; Mori, Yoshitaka*; Nakamura, Hirotaka*; Nakatsutsumi, Motoaki*; Stephens, R. B.*; Tanaka, Kazuo*; et al.

Physics of Plasmas, 17(7), p.073110_1 - 073110_5, 2010/07

 Times Cited Count:11 Percentile:42.9(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

94 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)