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Journal Articles

The Deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates in undisturbed fields around the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant; Their temporal changes for five years after the accident

Mikami, Satoshi; Tanaka, Hiroyuki*; Matsuda, Hideo*; Sato, Shoji*; Hoshide, Yoshifumi*; Okuda, Naotoshi*; Suzuki, Takeo*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Ando, Masaki; Saito, Kimiaki

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105941_1 - 105941_12, 2019/12

 Times Cited Count:9 Percentile:16.15(Environmental Sciences)

The deposition densities of radiocesium and the air dose rates were repeatedly measured in a large number of undisturbed fields within the 80km zone that surrounds the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant site between 2011 and 2016, and features of their temporal changes were clarified. The average air dose rate excluding background radiation in this zone decreased to about 20% of the initial value during the period from June 2011 to August 2016, which was essentially a result of the radioactive decay of $$^{134}$$Cs with a half-life of 2.06y. The air dose rate reduction was faster than that expected from the decay of radiocesium by a factor of about two, with most of this reduction being attributed to the penetration of radiocesium into the soil. The average deposition densities of $$^{134}$$Cs and $$^{137}$$Cs in fields that were not decontaminated were found to have decreased nearly according to their expected radioactive decay, which indicated that the movement of radiocesium in the horizontal direction was relatively small. The effect of decontamination was apparently observed in the measurements of air dose rates and deposition densities. Nominally, the average air dose rates in the measurement locations were reduced by about 20% by decontamination and other human activities, of which accurate quantitative analysis is and continue to be a challenge.

Journal Articles

Investigation of the cause of peculiar irradiation behavior of 9Cr-ODS steel in BOR-60 irradiation tests

Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji; Yano, Yasuhide; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Koyama, Shinichi; Tanaka, Kenya

Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 50(5), p.470 - 480, 2013/05

 Times Cited Count:3 Percentile:67.8(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Four experimental fuel assemblies (EFAs) containing 9Cr-ODS steel cladding fuel pins were previously irradiated in the BOR-60. One of the EFAs achieved the best data, a peak burn-up of 11.9at% and a neutron dose of 51 dpa, without any microstructure instability or any fuel pin rupture. On the other hand, in another EFA (peak burn-up, 10.5at%; peak neutron dose, 44 dpa), peculiar irradiation behaviors such as microstructure instability and fuel pin rupture occurred. The combined effects of matrix Cr heterogeneity (presence of metallic Cr inclusions) and high-temperature irradiation were concluded to be the main cause of the peculiar microstructure change of 9Cr-ODS steel cladding tubes in the BOR-60 irradiation tests. They contributed to the fuel pin rupture.

Journal Articles

Irradiation performance of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel claddings for fast reactor fuels

Kaito, Takeji; Otsuka, Satoshi; Yano, Yasuhide; Tanno, Takashi; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Tanaka, Kenya

Proceedings of International Conference on Fast Reactors and Related Fuel Cycles; Safe Technologies and Sustainable Scenarios (FR-13) (USB Flash Drive), 11 Pages, 2013/03

The oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steel claddings developed by Japan Atomic Energy Agency were irradiated in Joyo and BOR-60 in order to confirm their irradiation performance and thus judge their applicability to high burnup and high temperature fast reactor fuels. In Joyo, material irradiation tests up to 33 dpa were carried out at in the temperature range of 693 - 1108 K. The irradiation data were obtained concerning mainly mechanical properties and of microstructure stability. In BOR-60, fuel pin irradiation tests were conducted up to burnup of 11.9 at% and neutron dose of 51 dpa. The irradiation data were obtained concerning fuel-cladding chemical interaction, dimensional stability under irradiation and so on. These results showed the superior irradiation performance of the ODS ferritic steel claddings and their application possibility as fast reactor fuels. This paper describes the evaluation of the obtained irradiation data of ODS ferritic steel claddings.

Journal Articles

Effects of neutron irradiation on tensile properties of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel claddings

Yano, Yasuhide; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji; Akasaka, Naoaki; Inoue, Masaki; Yoshitake, Tsunemitsu; Tanaka, Kenya

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 419(1-3), p.305 - 309, 2011/12

 Times Cited Count:12 Percentile:25.68(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The effects of fast neutron irradiation on ring tensile properties of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) steel claddings for fast reactor were investigated. Specimens were irradiated in the experimental fast reactor Joyo using the material irradiation rig at temperatures between 693 and 1108 K to fast neutron doses ranging from 16 to 33 dpa. The post-irradiation ring tensile tests were carried out at irradiation temperatures. The experimental results showed that there was no significant change in tensile strengths after neutron irradiation below 923 K, but the tensile strengths at neutron irradiation above 1023 K up to 33 dpa were decreased by about 20%. On the other hand, uniform elongation after irradiation was more than 2% at all irradiation conditions. The ring tensile properties of these ODS claddings remained excellent within these irradiation conditions compared with conventional 11Cr ferritic/martensitic steel (PNC-FMS) claddings.

Journal Articles

Oxide fuel fabrication technology development of the FaCT project, 5; Current status on 9Cr-ODS steel cladding development for high burn-up fast reactor fuel

Otsuka, Satoshi; Kaito, Takeji; Yano, Yasuhide; Yamashita, Shinichiro; Ogawa, Ryuichiro; Uwaba, Tomoyuki; Koyama, Shinichi; Tanaka, Kenya

Proceedings of International Conference on Toward and Over the Fukushima Daiichi Accident (GLOBAL 2011) (CD-ROM), 6 Pages, 2011/12

This paper describes evaluation results of in-reactor integrity of 9Cr and 12Cr-ODS steel cladding tubes and the plan for reliability improvement in homogeneous tube production. A fuel assembly in the BOR-60 irradiation test including 9Cr and 12Cr-ODS fuel pins has achieved the highest burn-up, i.e. peak burn-up of 11.9at% and peak neutron dose of 51dpa, without any fuel pin rupture and microstructure instability. In another fuel assembly containing 9Cr and 12Cr-ODS steel fuel pins whose peak burn-up was 10.5at%, one 9Cr-ODS steel fuel pin failed near the upper end of the fuel column. A peculiar microstructure change occurred in the vicinity of the ruptured area. The primary cause of this fuel pin rupture and microstructure change was shown to be the presence of metallic Cr inclusions in the 9Cr-ODS steel tube, which had passed an ultrasonic inspection test for defects. In the next stage from 2011 to 2013, the fabrication technology of full pre-alloy 9Cr-ODS steel cladding tube will be developed.

Journal Articles

Dynamic transport study of the plasmas with transport improvement in LHD and JT-60U

Ida, Katsumi*; Sakamoto, Yoshiteru; Inagaki, Shigeru*; Takenaga, Hidenobu; Isayama, Akihiko; Matsunaga, Go; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Ide, Shunsuke; Fujita, Takaaki; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 49(1), p.015005_1 - 015005_7, 2009/01

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:48.54(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Transport analysis during the transient phase of heating (a dynamic transport study) applied to the plasma with internal transport barriers (ITBs) in the Large Helical Device (LHD) heliotron and the JT-60U tokamak is described. In the dynamic transport study the time of transition from the L-mode plasma to the ITB plasma is clearly determined by the onset of flattening of the temperature profile in the core region and a spontaneous phase transition from a zero curvature ITB (hyperbolic tangent shaped ITB) or a positive curvature ITB (concaved shaped ITB) to a negative curvature ITB (convex shaped ITB) and its back-transition are observed. The flattening of the core region of the ITB transition and the back-transition between a zero curvature ITB and a convex ITB suggest the strong interaction of turbulent transport in space.

Journal Articles

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

Yamasaki, Chisato*; Murakami, Katsuhiko*; Fujii, Yasuyuki*; Sato, Yoshiharu*; Harada, Erimi*; Takeda, Junichi*; Taniya, Takayuki*; Sakate, Ryuichi*; Kikugawa, Shingo*; Shimada, Makoto*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 Times Cited Count:50 Percentile:24.18(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

Here we report the new features and improvements in our latest release of the H-Invitational Database, a comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts. H-InvDB, originally developed as an integrated database of the human transcriptome based on extensive annotation of large sets of fulllength cDNA (FLcDNA) clones, now provides annotation for 120 558 human mRNAs extracted from the International Nucleotide Sequence Databases (INSD), in addition to 54 978 human FLcDNAs, in the latest release H-InvDB. We mapped those human transcripts onto the human genome sequences (NCBI build 36.1) and determined 34 699 human gene clusters, which could define 34 057 protein-coding and 642 non-protein-coding loci; 858 transcribed loci overlapped with predicted pseudogenes.

Journal Articles

Overview of national centralized tokamak program; Mission, design and strategy to contribute ITER and DEMO

Ninomiya, Hiromasa; Akiba, Masato; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ikeda, Yoshitaka; Inoue, Nobuyuki; et al.

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, 49, p.S428 - S432, 2006/12

To contribute DEMO and ITER, the design to modify the present JT-60U into superconducting coil machine, named National Centralized Tokamak (NCT), is being progressed under nationwide collaborations in Japan. Mission, design and strategy of this NCT program is summarized.

Journal Articles

Overview of the national centralized tokamak programme

Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Tamai, Hiroshi; Matsukawa, Makoto; Fujita, Takaaki; Takase, Yuichi*; Sakurai, Shinji; Kizu, Kaname; Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Kurita, Genichi; Morioka, Atsuhiko; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 46(3), p.S29 - S38, 2006/03

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:54.2(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The National Centralized Tokamak (NCT) facility program is a domestic research program for advanced tokamak research to succeed JT-60U incorporating Japanese university accomplishments. The mission of NCT is to establish high beta steady-state operation for DEMO and to contribute to ITER. The machine flexibility and mobility is pursued in aspect ratio and shape controllability, feedback control of resistive wall modes, wide current and pressure profile control capability for the demonstration of the high-b steady state.

Journal Articles

Engineering design and control scenario for steady-state high-beta operation in national centralized tokamak

Tsuchiya, Katsuhiko; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujii, Tsuneyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Fujiwara, Masami*; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 81(8-14), p.1599 - 1605, 2006/02

 Times Cited Count:1 Percentile:89.15(Nuclear Science & Technology)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Design study of national centralized tokamak facility for the demonstration of steady state high-$$beta$$ plasma operation

Tamai, Hiroshi; Akiba, Masato; Azechi, Hiroshi*; Fujita, Takaaki; Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Hashizume, Hidetoshi*; Hayashi, Nobuhiko; Horiike, Hiroshi*; Hosogane, Nobuyuki; Ichimura, Makoto*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 45(12), p.1676 - 1683, 2005/12

 Times Cited Count:15 Percentile:50.65(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

Design studies are shown on the National Centralized Tokamak facility. The machine design is carried out to investigate the capability for the flexibility in aspect ratio and shape controllability for the demonstration of the high-beta steady state operation with nation-wide collaboration, in parallel with ITER towards DEMO. Two designs are proposed and assessed with respect to the physics requirements such as confinement, stability, current drive, divertor, and energetic particle confinement. The operation range in the aspect ratio and the plasma shape is widely enhanced in consistent with the sufficient divertor pumping. Evaluations of the plasma performance towards the determination of machine design are presented.

Journal Articles

Comparison of confinement degradation in high density and particle transport between tokamak and helical

Takenaga, Hidenobu; Oyama, Naoyuki; Fujita, Takaaki; Yamada, Hiroshi*; Nishimura, Kiyohiko*; Tanaka, Kenji*; Sakamoto, Ryuichi*

Annual Report of National Institute for Fusion Science; April 2003 - March 2004, P. 12, 2003/10

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Effect of $$gamma$$-irradiation on microflora and fermentation quality of silages containing tofu cake or brewer's gain

Tanaka, Osamu*; Akiyama, Fumiaki*; Yamada, Akihisa*; Ando, Sada*; Uegaki, Ryuichi*; Kobayashi, Ryoei*; Kume, Tamikazu

Nippon Sochi Gakkai-Shi, 47(3), p.274 - 282, 2001/08

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of a sub-micron ion beam system in the keV range

Ishii, Yasuyuki; Isoya, Akira*; Arakawa, Kazuo; Kojima, Takuji; Tanaka, Ryuichi*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 181(1-4), p.71 - 77, 2001/07

 Times Cited Count:13 Percentile:30.26(Instruments & Instrumentation)

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Ionization chamber system for calibration of $$^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray high dose rate at radiation processing level

Kojima, Takuji; Tachibana, Hiroyuki; Haneda, Noriyuki; Kaneko, Hirohisa; Haruyama, Yasuyuki; Tanaka, Ryuichi*

Radioisotopes, 50(7), p.291 - 300, 2001/07

Plaque type $${}^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray sources having wide radiation field with high absorbed dose rates ranging of about 100$$sim$$10,000Gy/h is widely used in radiation processing e.g. radiation sterilization of health care products. Calibration of such radiation processing doses or dose rates is not easy to be performed at the present standard dosimetry laboratories, since characteristics of most of their radiation field can provide collimated gamma-rays from a point source and/or lower dose rates, which are quite different from those of panoramic (uncollimated) radiation fields used in radiation processing. The high-dose calibration technique using a parallel-plate ionization chamber system has developed in the JAERI dose calibration facility. The facility equips two $${}^{60}$$Co $$gamma$$-ray plaque sources covering wide dose-rate range of 5$$sim$$20,000 Gy/h which have overlapping dose-rate region with that at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology(AIST), the national standard Dosimetry laboratory in Japan. Consistency of dose calibration results at JAERI and those at AIST was verified without additional correction regarding to difference in characteristics of radiation fields involving current/exposure -rate conversion coefficients given in the dose rate level of 10$$sim$$100 Gy/h at the AIST and high-dose rates of 5$$sim$$20,000 Gy/h at JAERI. It demonstrates our dose traceability to the AIST from the technical point of view. The dose calibration at JAERI covers the high-dose range of 0.5 to $$1.60times{10}^5$$ Gy with uncertainty of $$pm$$2.2% at 95% confidence level.

Journal Articles

Effect of $$gamma$$ irradiation on microflora and fermentation quality of alfalfa, orchardgrass, maize and sorgum silage

Tanaka, Osamu*; Akiyama, Fumiaki*; Yamada, Akihisa*; Ando, Sada*; Uegaki, Ryuichi*; Kobayashi, Ryoei*; Kume, Tamikazu

Nippon Sochi Gakkai-Shi, 47(1), p.62 - 67, 2001/04

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Development of the ultra-fine ion microbeam apparatus, 2

Ishii, Yasuyuki; Isoya, Akira*; Arakawa, Kazuo; Tanaka, Ryuichi*

JAERI-Conf 2000-019, p.117 - 120, 2001/02

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

The Economic scale of utilization of radiation in Japan

Tanaka, Ryuichi*

Genshiryoku Shisutemu Nyusu, 11(1), p.14 - 20, 2000/06

no abstracts in English

Journal Articles

Characterization and evaluation studies on some JAERI dosimetry systems

Kojima, Takuji; Sunaga, Hiromi; Tachibana, Hiroyuki; Takizawa, Haruki; Tanaka, Ryuichi

IAEA-TECDOC-156, p.91 - 98, 2000/06

no abstracts in English

JAEA Reports

Investigation of food irradiation technology for application to plant quarantine; Working group report of food irradiation technology

Sunaga, Hiromi; *; *; Takizawa, Haruki; Yotsumoto, Keiichi; *; Tanaka, Ryuichi; *

JAERI-Tech 99-046, 63 Pages, 1999/06

JAERI-Tech-99-046.pdf:3.7MB

no abstracts in English

112 (Records 1-20 displayed on this page)